A report on Island country

Sovereign states and states with limited recognition fully on islands (Australia is regarded a continent): those with land borders shaded green, and those without shaded dark blue
Cuba is the largest island nation in the Caribbean Sea and in the Antilles
Japan is an archipelago in Asia that constitutes one of the richest and most populated nations on Earth
Landscape of Iceland in Europe

Island nation is a country whose primary territory consists of one or more islands or parts of islands.

- Island country
Sovereign states and states with limited recognition fully on islands (Australia is regarded a continent): those with land borders shaded green, and those without shaded dark blue

11 related topics with Alpha



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Country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian and Pacific oceans.

Country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian and Pacific oceans.

A Borobudur ship carved on Borobudur temple, c. 800 CE. Outrigger boats from the archipelago may have made trade voyages to the east coast of Africa as early as the 1st century CE.
The submission of Prince Diponegoro to General De Kock at the end of the Java War in 1830
Mount Semeru and Mount Bromo in East Java. Indonesia's seismic and volcanic activity is among the world's highest.
Rainforest in Mount Palung National Park, West Kalimantan
Köppen-Geiger climate classification map for Indonesia
Major volcanoes in Indonesia. Indonesia is in the Pacific Ring of Fire area.
Low visibility in Bukittinggi, West Sumatra, due to deforestation-related haze.
A presidential inauguration by the MPR in the Parliament Complex Jakarta, 2014
Embassy of Indonesia, Canberra, Australia
Vast palm oil plantation in Bogor, West Java. Indonesia is the world's largest producer of palm oil.
A proportional representation of Indonesia exports, 2019
Jatiluhur Dam, Indonesia's first and largest dam.
Palapa satellite launch in 1984
Borobudur in Central Java, the world's largest Buddhist temple, is the single most visited tourist attraction in Indonesia.
Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua, has the highest recorded level of diversity in marine life, according to Conservation International.
Population pyramid 2016
A map of ethnic groups in Indonesia
A Hindu shrine dedicated to King Siliwangi in Pura Parahyangan Agung Jagatkarta, Bogor. Hinduism has left a legacy on Indonesian art and culture.
Menara Kudus, a mosque with a traditional Indonesian architectural style.
Catholic Mass at the Jakarta Cathedral
Bandung Institute of Technology in West Java
Riots on the streets of Jakarta on 14 May 1998.
Traditional Balinese painting depicting cockfighting
An avenue of Tongkonan houses in a Torajan village, South Sulawesi
An Indonesian batik
Pandava and Krishna in an act of the Wayang Wong performance
Advertisement for Loetoeng Kasaroeng (1926), the first fiction film produced in the Dutch East Indies
Metro TV at Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, reporting the 2010 AFF Championship
Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Indonesia's most famous novelist. Many considered him to be Southeast Asia's leading candidate for a Nobel Prize in Literature.
Nasi Padang with rendang, gulai and vegetables
A demonstration of Pencak Silat, a form of martial arts
A Hindu prayer ceremony at Besakih Temple in Bali, the only Indonesian province where Hinduism is the predominant religion.
Baiturrahman Grand Mosque in Banda Aceh, Aceh. The spread of Islam in Indonesia began in the region.

Indonesia is the world's largest island country, the largest archipelagic country, and the 14th-largest country by area, at 1,904,569 km2.

New Zealand

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Detail from a 1657 map showing the western coastline of Nova Zeelandia (in this map, North is at the bottom).
The Māori people descend from Polynesians whose ancestors emigrated from Taiwan to Melanesia between 3000 and 1000 BCE and then travelled east, reaching the Society Islands c. 1000 CE. After a pause of 200 to 300 years, a new wave of exploration led to the discovery and settlement of New Zealand.
Map of the New Zealand coastline as Cook charted it on his first visit in 1769–70. The track of the Endeavour is also shown.
The Waitangi sheet from the Treaty of Waitangi
A meeting of European and Māori inhabitants of Hawke's Bay Province. Engraving, 1863.
A statue of Richard Seddon, the "Beehive" (Executive Wing), and Parliament House (right), in Parliament Grounds, Wellington.
Māori Battalion haka in Egypt, 1941
Anzac Day service at the National War Memorial
Map of regions (coloured) and territorial authorities (outlined) in New Zealand.
The snow-capped Southern Alps dominate the South Island, while the North Island's Northland Peninsula stretches towards the subtropics.
The endemic flightless kiwi is a national icon.
The giant Haast's eagle died out when humans hunted its main prey, the moa, to extinction.
Waterfront along Auckland CBD, a major hub of economic activity
Milford Sound / Piopiotahi is one of New Zealand's most famous tourist destinations.
Wool has historically been one of New Zealand's major exports.
A Boeing 787–9 Dreamliner of Air New Zealand, the flag carrier of New Zealand
Population pyramid (2017)
Pedestrians on Queen Street in Auckland, an ethnically diverse city
A Rātana church on a hill near Raetihi. The two-tower construction is characteristic of Rātana buildings.
Portrait of Hinepare of Ngāti Kahungunu by Gottfried Lindauer, showing chin moko, pounamu hei-tiki and woven cloak
The Hobbiton Movie Set, located near Matamata, was used for The Lord of the Rings film trilogy.
A haka performed by the national rugby union team ("All Blacks") before a game. The haka is a challenge with vigorous movements and stamping of the feet.
Ingredients to be prepared for a hāngi
Rural scene near Queenstown
Hokitika Gorge, West Coast
The Emerald Lakes, Mt Tongariro
Lake Gunn
Pencarrow Head, Wellington
Speakers of Māori according to the 2013 census 
Less than 5%
More than 5%
More than 10%
More than 20%
More than 30%
More than 40%
More than 50%

New Zealand (Aotearoa ) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

East Timor

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A demonstration for independence from Indonesia held in Australia during September 1999
José Ramos-Horta, 1996 Nobel Peace Prize winner, second president of East Timor
Xanana Gusmão, the first East Timorese president after Indonesian occupation
The fourteen municipalities of East Timor
Demonstration against Australia in December 2013
Köppen climate classification map for East Timor
Nominal GDP of East Timor (previous and data)
Fractional coins, "centavos", used locally as part of the United States dollar
A proportional representation of East Timor exports, 2019
Population pyramid
Major language groups in East Timor by suco
Escola Portuguesa Ruy Cinatti, the Portuguese School of Díli
The Church of Santo António de Motael, Dili
Igreja da Imaculada Conceição church, in Viqueque
Sacred house (lee teinu) in Lospalos
Traditional Timorese dancers
Players of the Timorese club Sport Dili e Benfica

East Timor, also known as Timor-Leste (Timór Lorosa'e ), officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (República Democrática de Timor-Leste, Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste ), is an island country in Southeast Asia.

Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. Depending on the convention and model, some continents may be consolidated or subdivided: for example, Eurasia is most often subdivided into Asia and Europe (red shades), while North and South America are sometimes recognised as one American continent (green shades)


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Any of several large landmasses.

Any of several large landmasses.

Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. Depending on the convention and model, some continents may be consolidated or subdivided: for example, Eurasia is most often subdivided into Asia and Europe (red shades), while North and South America are sometimes recognised as one American continent (green shades)
Map of island countries: these states are often grouped geographically with a neighbouring continental landmass
Reconstruction of the supercontinent Pangaea approximately 200 million years ago.
The Indian subcontinent
The Ancient Greek geographer Strabo holding a globe showing Europa and Asia
Medieval T and O map showing the three continents as domains of the sons of Noah—Asia to Sem (Shem), Europe to Iafeth (Japheth), and Africa to Cham (Ham).
Universalis Cosmographia, Waldseemüller's 1507 world map—the first to show the Americas separate from Asia
Hollandia Nova, 1659 map prepared by Joan Blaeu based on voyages by Abel Tasman and Willem Jansz, this image shows a French edition of 1663
Principal tectonic plates of the continents and the floor of the oceans

As previously mentioned, some geographers use the name Oceania for a region including most of the island countries and territories in the Pacific Ocean as well as the continent of Australia.


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Legendary Emperor Jimmu (神武天皇)
Samurai warriors battling Mongols during the Mongol invasions of Japan, depicted in the
Emperor Meiji (明治天皇); 1852–1912
Japan's imperial ambitions ended on September 2, 1945, with the country's surrender to the Allies.
The Japanese archipelago
Mount Fuji in Spring, view from Arakurayama Sengen Park
Autumn maple leaves at Kongōbu-ji on Mount Kōya, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
The National Diet Building
Japan is a member of both the G7 and the G20.
JMSDF class destroyer
The Tokyo Stock Exchange
A rice paddy in Aizu, Fukushima Prefecture
A plug-in hybrid car manufactured by Toyota. Japan is the third-largest maker of motor vehicles in the world.
The Japanese Experiment Module (Kibō) at the International Space Station
Japan Airlines, the flag carrier of Japan
The Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant
The Greater Tokyo Area is ranked as the most populous metropolitan area in the world.
The torii of Itsukushima Shinto Shrine near Hiroshima
Kanji and hiragana signs
Students celebrating after the announcement of the results of the entrance examinations to the University of Tokyo
12th-century illustrated handscroll of The Tale of Genji, a National Treasure
Noh performance at a Shinto shrine
Young ladies celebrate Coming of Age Day (成人の日) in Harajuku, Tokyo
A plate of nigiri-zushi
Sumo wrestlers form around the referee during the ring-entering ceremony
Japanese samurai boarding a Mongol vessel during the Mongol invasions of Japan, depicted in the, 1293
Skyscrapers in Nakanoshima, Osaka; a major financial centre in Japan

Japan (日本, or, and formally 日本国, Nihonkoku) is an island country in East Asia.

Hurricane Ida (2021) flooding effects in Pennsylvania, US

Climate change vulnerability

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Defined as the "propensity or predisposition to be adversely affected" by climate change.

Defined as the "propensity or predisposition to be adversely affected" by climate change.

Hurricane Ida (2021) flooding effects in Pennsylvania, US
World gross national income per capita.
Topographic map of Abaco Islands in northern Bahamas- An example of a low elevation island community likely to be impacted by rising sea level associated with changing climate (colors indicate elevation above sea level).

Island nations are usually noted as more vulnerable but communities that rely heavily on a sustenance based lifestyle are also at greater risk.


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Monument of Hatuey, an early Taíno chief of Cuba
Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, conquistador of Cuba
A map of Cuba, circa 1680
Map of Cuba by Cornelius Wytfliet in 1597 (National Library of Sweden)
A painting of the British capture of Havana in 1762
Slaves in Cuba unloading ice from Maine, c. 1832
Carlos Manuel de Céspedes is known as Father of the Homeland in Cuba, having declared the nation's independence from Spain in 1868.
Calixto García, a general of Cuban separatist rebels (right) with U.S. Brigadier General William Ludlow (Cuba, 1898)
Cuban victims of Spanish reconcentration policies
Raising the Cuban flag on the Governor General's Palace at noon on 20 May 1902
The Pentarchy of 1933. Fulgencio Batista, who controlled the armed forces, appears at far right
Slum (bohio) dwellings in Havana, Cuba in 1954, just outside Havana baseball stadium. In the background is advertising for a nearby casino.
Che Guevara and Fidel Castro, photographed by Alberto Korda in 1961
Since 1959, Cuba has regarded the U.S. presence in Guantánamo Bay as illegal.
Fidel Castro and members of the East German Politburo in 1972
Raúl Castro and U.S. President Barack Obama at their joint press conference in Havana, Cuba, 21 March 2016
The headquarters of the Communist Party
Propaganda sign in front of the United States Interests Section in Havana
Raúl Castro with Mongolian President Elbegdorj during the Moscow Victory Day Parade, 9 May 2015
A Lada Riva police car in Holguín
Provinces of Cuba
Ladies in White demonstration in Havana (April 2012)
Cuban dissidents Antonio Rodiles, Antúnez and Orlando Gutierrez-Boronat in 2017
Historical GDP per capita development
A proportional representation of Cuba, 2019
Cigar production in Santiago de Cuba
Cubans are now permitted to own small businesses in certain sectors.
Tobacco fields in Viñales
Varadero beach
Topographic map of Cuba
Köppen climate classification of Cuba
The Cuban trogon is the island's national bird. Its white, red and blue feathers match those of the Cuban flag.
Mixed heritage is common in Cuba, shown in this 1919 photograph of the Barrientos family, headed by a former Spanish soldier and an indigenous woman from Baracoa, Cuba.
North Hudson, New Jersey, is home to a large Cuban American population.
Havana Cathedral
University of Havana, founded in 1728
Life expectancy development in Cuba
Users of a public WiFi hotspot in Havana, Cuba
A local musical house, Casa de la Trova in Santiago de Cuba
A traditional meal of ropa vieja (shredded flank steak in a tomato sauce base), black beans, yellow rice, plantains and fried yuca with beer
Cuban-style tamales

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba (República de Cuba ), is an island country comprising the island of Cuba, as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.


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A 1745 Bellin map of the historical region of Bahrain
Map showing the locations of the ancient burial mounds. There are an estimated 350,000 burial mounds.
The Persian Empire in Sassanid era on the eve of the Arab conquest, c. 600 AD.
Facsimile of a letter sent by Muhammad to Munzir ibn-Sawa al-Tamimi, governor of Bahrain, in AD 628
The Portuguese Fort of Barém, built by the Portuguese Empire while it ruled Bahrain from 1521 to 1602.
Arad Fort in Arad; constructed before the Portuguese assumed control.
Purple – Portuguese in the Persian Gulf in the 16th and 17th centuries. Main cities, ports and routes.
This photograph shows the coronation of Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa as the Hakim of Bahrain in February 1933.
Map of Bahrain in 1825.
Manama harbor, c. 1870
A photograph of the First Oil Well in Bahrain, with oil first being extracted in 1931
Overview of Manama, 1953.
Manama souq in 1965
Satellite view of Bahrain and eastern Saudi Arabia in 2016.
Bahrain map 2014
Greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus roseus) are native to Bahrain.
Shaikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, the King of Bahrain
of the Royal Bahraini Navy taking part in a multilateral sea exercise
King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa meets U.S. President Donald Trump, May 2017
Bahraini protests against the ruling Al Khalifa family in 2011
Several people held a sit-in in solidarity with human rights activist Nabeel Rajab
GDP per capita development in Bahrain
A proportional representation of Bahrain exports, 2019
Manama skyline as viewed from Juffair
The cities of Muharraq (foreground) and Manama (background)
The Tree of Life, a 9.75 meters high Prosopis cineraria tree that is over 400 years old
The King Fahd Causeway as seen from space
Bahrainis observing public prayers in Manama
Gudaibiya mosque, in Manama
Female students at the University of Bahrain dressed in traditional garb
Ambulance in International Hospital of Bahrain
The Isa ibn Ali Al Khalifa house is an example of traditional architecture in Bahrain.
An artisan making pottery using the traditional mud and water mixture on a revolving wheel.
The Bahrain national football team playing Australia on June 10, 2009, in a World Cup qualifier
The podium ceremony at the 2007 Bahrain Grand Prix

Bahrain (البحرين, locally ), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain, is an island country in Western Asia.


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Norsemen landing in Iceland – a 19th-century depiction by Oscar Wergeland
Ingólfr Arnarson (modern Icelandic: Ingólfur Arnarson), the first permanent Scandinavian settler
Ósvör, a replica of an old fishing outpost outside Bolungarvík
A map of Iceland published in the early 17th century by Gerardus Mercator
led the British invasion of Iceland.
British and Icelandic vessels collide in the Atlantic Ocean during the Cod Wars. The Icelandic vessel is shown on the left; the British vessel is on the right.
General topographic map
Three typical Icelandic landscapes
The erupting Geysir in Haukadalur valley, the oldest known geyser in the world
Gullfoss, an iconic waterfall of Iceland
High-field overview of area around Reykir
Köppen climate classification types of Iceland
The Arctic fox is the only indigenous land mammal in Iceland and was the only land mammal prior to the arrival of humans.
The political system of Iceland
A 19th-century depiction of the Alþingi of the Commonwealth in session at Þingvellir
Nordic prime ministers and the president of Finland visiting the White House in 2016, with Iceland's Sigurður second from the left
The Prime Minister of Iceland meets with the First Minister of Scotland Nicola Sturgeon at Bute House in 2019.
A proportional representation of Iceland exports, 2019
Akureyri is the largest town in Iceland outside the Capital Region. Most rural towns are based on the fishing industry, which provides 40% of Iceland's exports.
Graphical depiction of Iceland's product exports in 28 colour-coded categories
2009 Icelandic financial crisis protests
The Ring Road of Iceland and some towns it passes through: 1. Reykjavík, 2. Borgarnes, 3. Blönduós, 4. Akureyri, 5. Egilsstaðir, 6. Höfn, 7. Selfoss
The Nesjavellir Geothermal Power Station services the Capital Region's hot water and electricity needs. Virtually all of Iceland's electricity comes from renewable resources.
Iceland electricity production by source
Reykjavík Junior College (Menntaskólinn í Reykjavík), located in downtown Reykjavík, is the oldest gymnasium in Iceland.
Reykjavík, Iceland's largest metropolitan area and the centre of the Capital Region which, with a population of 233,034, makes for 64% of Iceland's population. (numbers from 2020)
Life expenctancy in Iceland, 1838 to 2019
A church in the northwest of Iceland
A page of Njáls saga from Möðruvallabók. The sagas are a significant part of the Icelandic heritage.
Þingvellir by Þórarinn B. Þorláksson
Björk, the best-known Icelandic musician
Icelandic director Baltasar Kormákur, best known for the films 101 Reykjavík, Jar City and Contraband, and television series Trapped
A typical Þorramatur assortment
The Iceland men's national handball team (pictured) won the silver medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics. Handball is considered Iceland's national sport.
Iceland fans at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia
Regions of Iceland
Constituencies of Iceland
Municipalities of Iceland

Iceland (Ísland; ) is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic Ocean and the most sparsely populated country in Europe.


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The 1565 Siege of Malta: The bombardment of the bastion of Castille.
Ġgantija megalithic temple complex
The temple complex of Mnajdra
The lands which comprise modern-day Malta, were a part of the Byzantine Empire (The empire in 555 under Justinian the Great, at its greatest extent since the fall of the Western Roman Empire (its vassals in pink))
Roman mosaic from the Domvs Romana
The Maymūnah Stone, a Roman period marble stone, was reused as a 12th-century tombstone believed to have been found in Gozo.
Roger I of Sicily returned Malta to Christian rule
Flag of the Aragonese Kingdom of Sicily
St. Paul's Cathedral, Mdina built in the Baroque style
The Beheading of Saint John, by Caravaggio. Oil on canvas, 361 x. Oratory of the Co-Cathedral.
Bust of Bonaparte at Palazzo Parisio in Valletta
The heavily bomb-damaged Kingsway (now Republic Street) in Valletta during the Siege of Malta, 1942
Monument to the independence of Malta in Floriana
Malta joined the European Union in 2004 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
The Parliament House in Valletta
Auberge de Castille houses the Office of the Prime Minister of Malta
Administrative divisions of Malta
Protector-class patrol boats of the Maritime Squadron of the AFM
Topographic map of Malta
Maltese landscape, Mġarr.
The main urban area of Malta. Valletta is the central peninsula.
National plant: Maltese centaury (Widnet il‑Baħar, since 1971)
A proportional representation of Malta exports, 2019
The dolphin show at Mediterraneo Marine Park. Tourism generates a significant part of the GDP of Malta.
Malta is part of a monetary union, the eurozone (dark blue)
Portomaso Business Tower, the tallest building in Malta
Principal internal transportation
Maltese Otokar and King Long buses
Grand Harbour
Malta Freeport, one of the largest European ports
An Air Malta Airbus A320.
Mellieħa Bay beach
Valletta, Malta's capital city
Il-Kantilena by Pietru Caxaro, the oldest text in Maltese language, 15th century
The St. Paul Polyptych dates to the early 15th century and is associated with the medieval Università and the Mdina cathedral. Featuring the style of the Catalan Gothic, it was probably made in the workshop of Lluis Borassa and is a testament to the strong Pauline tradition present on the islands since the Middle Ages.
Żejtun city centre Parish church
The Greek Orthodox church of St. George in Valletta
Child Migrants' Memorial at the Valletta Waterfront, commemorating the 310 child migrants who travelled to Australia between 1950 and 1965
University of Malta
National Library in Valletta
The Sacra Infermeria was used as a hospital from the 16th to 20th centuries. It is now the Mediterranean Conference Centre.
Mater Dei Hospital
Manoel Theatre, Europe's third-oldest working theatre. Now Malta's National Theatre and home to the Malta Philharmonic Orchestra.
Lower Barrakka Gardens
The Siege of Malta – Flight of the Turks, by Matteo Perez d'Aleccio
Saint Jerome Writing, by Caravaggio, 1607. Held in St John's Co-Cathedral, Valletta.
Francesco Noletti's Still Life of Pomegranates, Peaches and other Fruits
Pastizzi, a typical Maltese snack
Re-enactment of a traditional Maltese 18th-century wedding
The statue of St. George at the festa of Victoria, Gozo
Holy Week procession in Żebbuġ
Maltese Otokar and King Long buses

Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta ), is an island country in the European Union consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea, and considered part of Southern Europe.