Isle of Wight

IOWWightIslandIsle of Wight, EnglandCowes HarbourIsle of Wight facilitiesAngel Radio (Isle of Wight)boat-buildingCounty of the Isle of WightI.O.W.
The Isle of Wight is a county and the largest and second-most populous island in England.wikipedia
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The Solent

SolentHamble Lifeboat/RescueRiver Solent
It is in the English Channel, between 2 and 5 miles off the coast of Hampshire, separated by the Solent.
The Solent is the strait that separates the Isle of Wight from the mainland of England.

Hampshire

County of SouthamptonHampshire, EnglandCounty of Hampshire
It is in the English Channel, between 2 and 5 miles off the coast of Hampshire, separated by the Solent. Historically part of Hampshire, the island became a separate administrative county in 1890.
The Isle of Wight, historically part of Hampshire, became a separate ceremonial county in 1974.

East Cowes

Cowes
The island has been home to the poets Swinburne and Tennyson and to Queen Victoria, who built her much-loved summer residence and final home Osborne House at East Cowes.
East Cowes is a town and civil parish to the north of the Isle of Wight, on the east bank of the River Medina next to its neighbour on the west bank, Cowes.

Isle of Wight Festival

Isle of WightThe Isle of Wight FestivalIsle of Wight Music Festival
The island hosts annual music festivals including the Isle of Wight Festival, which in 1970 was the largest rock music event ever held.
The Isle of Wight Festival is a British music festival which takes place annually in Newport on the Isle of Wight, England.

Osborne House

OsborneOsbourne HouseDurbar Lawn at Osborne House
The island has been home to the poets Swinburne and Tennyson and to Queen Victoria, who built her much-loved summer residence and final home Osborne House at East Cowes.
Osborne House is a former royal residence in East Cowes, Isle of Wight, United Kingdom.

English Channel

Channelthe Channelcross-channel
It is in the English Channel, between 2 and 5 miles off the coast of Hampshire, separated by the Solent.
There are several major islands in the Channel, the most notable being the Isle of Wight off the English coast, and the Channel Islands, British Crown dependencies off the coast of France.

Queen Victoria

VictoriaVictoria of the United KingdomDiamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria
The island has been home to the poets Swinburne and Tennyson and to Queen Victoria, who built her much-loved summer residence and final home Osborne House at East Cowes.
She died on the Isle of Wight in 1901.

Wihtwara

WihtgarKings of the Isle of WightStuf
The isle was owned by a Norman family until 1293 and was earlier a kingdom in its own right. During the Dark Ages the island was settled by Jutes as the pagan kingdom of Wihtwara under King Arwald.
Wihtwara was the kingdom founded on the Isle of Wight, a 147 sqmi island off the south coast of England, during the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain.

Anglican Diocese of Portsmouth

PortsmouthDiocese of PortsmouthDiocese
Apart from a shared police force, and the island's Anglican churches belonging to the Diocese of Portsmouth (originally Winchester), there is now no administrative link with Hampshire; although a combined local authority with Portsmouth and Southampton was considered, this is now unlikely to proceed.
The diocese covers south-east Hampshire and the Isle of Wight.

Ryde

Ryde, Isle of WightRyde Castle
The quickest public transport link to the mainland is the hovercraft from Ryde to Southsea; three vehicle ferry and two catamaran services cross the Solent to Southampton, Lymington and Portsmouth.
Ryde is an English seaside town and civil parish on the north-east coast of the Isle of Wight.

Diocese of Winchester

Winchestersee of WinchesterWinchester Diocese
Apart from a shared police force, and the island's Anglican churches belonging to the Diocese of Portsmouth (originally Winchester), there is now no administrative link with Hampshire; although a combined local authority with Portsmouth and Southampton was considered, this is now unlikely to proceed.
This Wessex diocese not only covered most of Hampshire, Isle of Wight, Surrey, Berkshire, parts of Oxfordshire and Wiltshire but for the first few decades three more south-western counties mentioned below.

Spanish Armada

ArmadaBattle of GravelinesSpanish invasion
The island has played an important part in the defence of the ports of Southampton and Portsmouth, and been near the front-line of conflicts through the ages, including the Spanish Armada and the Battle of Britain.
The Armada could have anchored in The Solent between the Isle of Wight and the English mainland and occupied the Isle of Wight, but Medina Sidonia was under orders from King Philip II to meet up with the Duke of Parma's forces in the Netherlands so England could be invaded by Parma's soldiers and other soldiers carried in ships of the Armada.

Counties of England

English countycountyEnglish counties
The Isle of Wight is a county and the largest and second-most populous island in England.
Bristol, Herefordshire, Isle of Wight, Northumberland and Rutland are ceremonial counties consisting of a non-metropolitan county of a single district, and are known as unitary authorities.

Chine

chinesChinCäcilien-Chine
The island has resorts that have been holiday destinations since Victorian times, and is known for its mild climate, coastal scenery, and verdant landscape of fields, downland and chines.
The word is still in use in central Southern England—notably in East Devon, Dorset, Hampshire and the Isle of Wight—to describe such topographical features.

Administrative counties of England

administrative countyadministrative countiesadministrative
Historically part of Hampshire, the island became a separate administrative county in 1890.
The Isle of Wight was previously administered as part of Hampshire but became its own administrative county in 1890.

Algernon Charles Swinburne

SwinburneAlgernon SwinburneA. C. Swinburne
The island has been home to the poets Swinburne and Tennyson and to Queen Victoria, who built her much-loved summer residence and final home Osborne House at East Cowes.
He grew up at East Dene in Bonchurch on the Isle of Wight.

Portsmouth

Portsmouth, EnglandCity of PortsmouthPortsmouth, Hampshire
The quickest public transport link to the mainland is the hovercraft from Ryde to Southsea; three vehicle ferry and two catamaran services cross the Solent to Southampton, Lymington and Portsmouth. The island has played an important part in the defence of the ports of Southampton and Portsmouth, and been near the front-line of conflicts through the ages, including the Spanish Armada and the Battle of Britain. Under Henry VIII, who developed the Royal Navy and its Portsmouth base, the island was fortified at Yarmouth, Cowes, East Cowes, and Sandown.
In 1336 a French fleet under the command of David II of Scotland attacked the English Channel, ransacked the Isle of Wight and threatened the town.

Sandown

Sandown, Isle of Wight
Under Henry VIII, who developed the Royal Navy and its Portsmouth base, the island was fortified at Yarmouth, Cowes, East Cowes, and Sandown.
Sandown is a seaside resort and civil parish on the south-east coast of the Isle of Wight, United Kingdom with the resort of Shanklin to the south and the settlement of Lake in between.

Mary Rose

The Mary Rosean English ship sunk in 1545Hatch
The French invasion on 21 July 1545 (famous for the sinking of the Mary Rose on the 19th) was repulsed by local militia.
She led the attack on the galleys of a French invasion fleet, but she sank in the Solent, the straits north of the Isle of Wight.

British space programme

Britain's first man in spaceBritish astronautscivil space programme
It has a maritime and industrial tradition including boat-building, sail-making, the manufacture of flying boats, the hovercraft, and Britain's space rockets.
Rockets were tested on the Isle of Wight and RAF Spadeadam, Cumbria and both tested and launched from Woomera in South Australia.

Cædwalla of Wessex

CædwallaCaedwallaCaedwalla of Wessex
In 685 it was invaded by Caedwalla, who tried to replace the inhabitants with his own followers.
After his accession Cædwalla returned to Sussex and won the territory again, and also conquered the Isle of Wight, engaging in genocide, extinguishing the ruling dynasty there, and forcing the population of the island at sword point to renounce their pagan beliefs for Christianity.

Yarmouth, Isle of Wight

YarmouthYarmouth HarbourYarmouth Roads
Under Henry VIII, who developed the Royal Navy and its Portsmouth base, the island was fortified at Yarmouth, Cowes, East Cowes, and Sandown.
Yarmouth is a town, port and civil parish in the west of the Isle of Wight, off the south coast of England.

Carisbrooke Castle

Carisbrook CastleCarisbrookecastle
Carisbrooke Priory and the fort of Carisbrooke Castle were then founded.
Carisbrooke Castle is a historic motte-and-bailey castle located in the village of Carisbrooke (near Newport), Isle of Wight, England.

Arwald

During the Dark Ages the island was settled by Jutes as the pagan kingdom of Wihtwara under King Arwald.
Arwald (died 686 CE) was the last Jutish King of the Isle of Wight and last pagan king in Anglo-Saxon England until the Vikings in the 9th century.

River Solent

Solentpart of a river
During the last Ice Age, sea levels were lower and the Solent was part of a river flowing southeast from current day Poole Harbour towards mid-Channel of Doggerland.
The River Solent is a now-extinct river which during the Paleocene would have flowed around the area which is now the coastlines of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight.