Israel Defense Forces

Emblem of the Israel Defense Forces
Major-Gen. Ariel Sharon (left), during the Battle of Abu-Ageila, June 1967
Operation Gazelle, Israel's ground maneuver, encircles the Egyptian Third Army, October 1973
IDF Kirya Compound, Tel Aviv
Structure of the Israel Defense Forces (click to enlarge)
Israeli officers of the Paratrooper Battalion 890 in 1955 with Moshe Dayan (standing, third from the left). Ariel Sharon is standing, second from the left and commando Meir Har Zion is standing furthest left.
Soldiers of the Golani Brigade on the Golan Heights
Soldiers of the "Yanshuf" (Owl) Battalion, which specializes in CBRN warfare
IDF Alpinist Unit dispatched to Mount Hermon
Israeli soldiers coming back from the Second Lebanon war, armed with the M4 Carbine and the IMI Negev light machinegun
Israeli soldiers during Operation Brothers' Keeper (2014) armed with IWI X95s.
IDF uniform colors
Female IDF corporal with the Spike missile launcher, wearing the golden-olive Madei Alef uniform
IDF female Military Police wearing skirts with their White caps and belts.
Nahal Brigade soldier with full combat gear.
163rd IAF Flight Course Graduates (2011)
IAF Flight academy graduates receive their ranks as air force officers
IDF Recruits trying on uniforms for the first time
IDF Nahal Brigade soldiers on their regular service
IDF Reservists train in the Golan Heights
The Israel Border Police (Magav) is responsible for security in urban or rural areas
The unisex Caracal Battalion, which serves in routine security missions
IDF shooting instructors, a common role for women in the IDF
IDF Warrant Officers with the M16 and IWI X95; two common assault rifles of the IDF.
Druze commander of the IDF Herev battalion
Bedouin soldiers in 1949
Israeli Arab soldiers, serving in the Galilee in 1978
Bedouin Desert Reconnaissance Battalion, visiting an Arab school
An Ethiopian-Jewish soldier
IDF soldiers of the religious 97th "Netzah Yehuda" Infantry Battalion
Israeli "Netzah Yehuda" recon company in full combat gear prepare for a night raid in the West Bank
IDF snipers in IDF international sniping contest, 2019
IDF soldier, Asael lubotzky prays with tefillin.
A female soldier of the IDF Search and Rescue Unit.
Israeli soldiers during the Battle of Nablus
The Engineering Corps's Atomic-Biological-Chemical Unit
Nahal Brigade soldiers pay respect to fallen comrades at Mt. Herzl's Military Cemetery
Two IDF Medical Doctors in a training exercise
IDF soldiers treat an injured Palestinian man
IDF soldiers rescued an eighty-year-old Lebanese woman, after she got tangled in the security fence on the northern border, on the Lebanese side
Israeli Air Force F-16I and F-35I
Merkava ('Chariot')– Israeli main battle tank, with 4 generations
Israeli Navy Sa'ar 5-class corvette INS Lahav
IDF's current (2017) armored fighting vehicles, clockwise: IDF Namer, IDF Caterpillar D9, M270 MLRS and Merkava Mk 4M
An IDF ceremony for Yom Hazikaron
Israeli female soldiers on parade, Jerusalem, 1968
Former IDF Chief of Staff Benny Gantz (right) meets with Martin Dempsey (left), Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Israeli soldiers training alongside the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit on the USS Kearsarge
A German-made Dolphin class submarine
Sailors of the Israeli Navy
Two IAF Apache AH-64D Longbows and one Greek AH-64A fly above the Greek countryside during a joint exercise, June 2011
Two IDF commando operators in a joint training in Greece, November 2019
IDF infantry with the IWI X95 "Micro-Tavor"
A profile of a Merkava Mk 4M tank, armed with an IMI 120 mm gun, a M2 Browning .50-cal, a 7.62x51 mm NATO commander's FN MAG, and equipped with the Trophy active protection system.
Israeli Air Force F-35I Adir.
M4A1 carbine
Tavor X95 flattop 380
IWI Negev LMG
M24 Sniper Weapon System (2018)
M2HQCB 0.5
Sa'ar 4.5-class missile boat
Hermes 900 UAV
Soldier armed with the IWI Tavor assault rifle
Spike ATGM
Arrow anti-ballistic missile
Wolf Armoured Vehicle
Israel Aerospace Industries EL/W-2085, a development of the EL/M-2075
"Saraph" AH-64D Apache Longbow
IDF Caterpillar D9 armored bulldozer
Iron Dome anti-rocket system launcher
Typhoon Weapon Station armed with 25 mm gun
The Python missile series.
IAI Harop.
The LITENING targeting pod, which is today used by more than 20 international air-forces.<ref>ISRAELI TARGETING POD LEADING BOMBINGS IN LIBYA BY YAAKOV KATZ Jerusalem Post, 1 May 2011</ref>
David's Sling Weapons System Stunner Missile
Merkava Mk 4m with Trophy active protection system, the first operationally tested Active Protection System for tanks.
M2 Browning on Catlanit RCWS
Israeli Air Force F-35I Adir.

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF; צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל ; ), commonly referred to by the Hebrew-language acronym Tzahal (צה״ל), are the combined military forces of the State of Israel, consisting of three branches: the Israeli Ground Forces, the Israeli Air Force, and the Israeli Navy.

- Israel Defense Forces

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Lehi (militant group)

Zionist paramilitary and terrorist organization founded by Avraham ("Yair") Stern in Mandatory Palestine. Its avowed aim was to evict the British authorities from Palestine by use of violence, allowing unrestricted immigration of Jews and the formation of a Jewish state, a "new totalitarian Hebrew republic". It was initially called the National Military Organization in Israel, upon being founded in August 1940, but was renamed Lehi one month later. The group referred to its members as terrorists and admitted to having carried out terrorist attacks.

Lehi symbol. The hand represents the Lehi salute, only two raised fingers in the right hand to represent the "If I forget thee / O Jerusalem...may my right hand forget its skill." (Ps. 137:5) pledge. The acronym "Lehi" is written below the hand.
Avraham Stern
Lehi Commemoration in Petah Tikva. Half-clenched fist, in reference to Psalms 137:5.
18 Principles of Rebirth
Wanted Poster of the Palestine Police Force offering rewards for the capture of Stern Gang members: Jaacov Levstein (Eliav), Yitzhak Yezernitzky (Shamir), and Natan Friedman-Yelin
German cover letter from 11 January 1941 attached to a description of an offer for an alliance with Nazi Germany attributed to Lehi.
Betty Knouth, Tel Aviv, 24 August 1948
Jewish military briefing at Deir Yassin
Lehi female fighters in 1948
UN mediator Count Folke Bernadotte was assassinated by Lehi in Jerusalem in 1948.
Declaration of Lehi as a terrorist organization, September 20, 1948
The Lehi ribbon
Geula Cohen, announcer of the Lehi underground radio station (1948)

On 29 May 1948, the government of Israel, having inducted its activist members into the Israel Defense Forces, formally disbanded Lehi, though some of its members carried out one more terrorist act, the assassination of Folke Bernadotte some months later, an act condemned by Bernadotte's replacement as mediator, Ralph Bunche.

Israeli security forces

Security forces in Israel (also known as Israel security establishment, מערכת הבטחון, Ma'arechet ha'Bitachon) include a variety of organizations, including military, law enforcement, paramilitary, governmental, and intelligence agencies.

Israeli security forces standing at attention.
Israeli police officers and a patrol car

Israel Defense Forces: Israel's Defense forces, comprising the Ground Forces, Air Force and Navy.

Israeli Navy

Emblem of the Israeli Navy
INS Eilat, ex-Royal Navy sold to Israel in 1955
INS Gal at the Naval Museum, Haifa
Israeli missile boats on parade, 1971
Torpedo boats of the Israeli Navy. Built by Chantiers Navals de Meulan, France.
Sa'ar 5-class missile сorvettes of the Israeli Navy
Shayetet 13, Naval commandos
Structure of the Israel Navy
Yaltam divers in training
Israeli AS565MA Atalef, 2007
Israel Aerospace Industries Gabriel missile
The Sarah I: a 190-foot four-masted schooner of 750 tons used as a training ship by the Betar Naval Academy.

The Israeli Navy (חיל הים הישראלי, Ḥeil HaYam HaYisraeli (English: Sea Corps of Israel); البحرية الإسرائيلية) is the naval warfare service arm of the Israel Defense Forces, operating primarily in the Mediterranean Sea theater as well as the Gulf of Eilat and the Red Sea theater.

Israeli Air Force

Emblem of the Israeli Air and Space Arm
Avia S-199
201 Squadron IAF F-4E Phantom II with 3 kill markings
A-4N Skyhawk
An F-16A Netz 107 with 7.5 kills including one for Operation Opera
69 Squadron F-15I Ra'ams at Red Flag 04-3
The F-35I Adir recorded its first operational strike, targeting Iranian military facilities in Syria during 2018's clashes.
IAF Boeing 707 refueling F-15s
A F-16I "Sufa" in flight
The Israeli AH-64D "Saraf"
The F-35I "Adir’s” first flight in Israel
An Israeli UH-60 Yanshuf
A C-130J Shimshon during Israel's 68th Independence Day
IAF Pilots sit atop an F-16D Barak
The F-35I "Adir’s” first flight in Israel

The Israeli Air Force (IAF; זְרוֹעַ הָאֲוִיר וְהֶחָלָל, "Air and Space Arm", commonly known as, Kheil HaAvir, "Air Corps") operates as the aerial warfare branch of the Israel Defense Forces.

Israeli Ground Forces

Emblem of the Israeli Ground Forces
Major-Gen. Ariel Sharon (left), during the Battle of Abu-Ageila, June 1967
Operation Gazelle, Israel's ground maneuver, encircles the Egyptian Third Army, October 1973
Structure GOC
Israeli officers of the Paratrooper Battalion 890 in 1955 with Moshe Dayan (standing, third from the left). Ariel Sharon is standing, second from the left and commando Meir Har Zion is standing furthest left.
Soldiers of the Golani Brigade on the Golan Heights
Soldiers of the "Yanshuf" (Owl) Battalion, which specializes in CBRN warfare
IDF Alpinist Unit dispatched to Mount Hermon
Israeli soldiers coming back from the Second Lebanon war, armed with the M4 Carbine and the IMI Negev light machinegun
Israeli soldiers during Operation Brothers' Keeper (2014) armed with IWI X95s.
IDF uniform colours
Female IDF corporal with the Spike missile launcher, wearing the golden-olive Madei Alef uniform
IDF female Military Police wearing skirts with their White caps and belts.
Nahal Brigade soldier with full combat gear.
The unisex Caracal Battalion, which serves in routine security missions
IDF shooting instructors, a common role for women in the IDF
Israeli "Netzah Yehuda" recon company in full combat gear prepare for a night raid in the West Bank
IDF soldier, Asael lubotzky prays with tefillin.
Merkava – Israeli main battle tank, with 4 generations
IDF's current (2017) armored fighting vehicles, clockwise: IDF Namer, IDF Caterpillar D9, M270 MLRS and Merkava Mk 4M
IDF infantry with the IWI X95 "Micro-Tavor"
A profile of a Merkava Mk 4M tank, armed with an IMI 120 mm gun, a M2 Browning .50-cal, a 7.62x51 mm NATO commander's FN MAG, and equipped with the Trophy active protection system.

The Israeli Ground Forces (זרוע היבשה) are the ground forces of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF).

Uzi

Family of Israeli open-bolt, blowback-operated submachine guns and machine pistols first designed by Major Uziel "Uzi" Gal in the late 1940s, shortly after the establishment of the State of Israel.

Uzi submachine gun
Uzi with a wooden stock
Uzi with folding stock
An Israeli soldier with an Uzi during the Yom Kippur War
Israeli soldiers on parade with Uzis, Jerusalem, 1968
Secret Service agents cover Press Secretary James Brady and police officer Thomas Delahanty during the assassination attempt of President Ronald Reagan by John Hinckley Jr. on March 30, 1981. Secret Service agent Robert Wanko unfolds the stock of an Uzi in case of further attack.
A Mini Uzi
Argentinian special forces with a Micro Uzi
UZI PRO
An Uzi pistol with a 20-round magazine
Strojnica ERO
An Uzi-armed Israeli on guard duty in the Negev (1956), note wooden stock
Israeli paratroopers armed with Uzis in 1958
An Uzi submachine gun
Uzi with suppressor
An Uzi pistol
An Uzi seized during Operation Urgent Fury

It was first introduced to Israel Defense Forces (IDF) special forces in 1954, and the weapon was placed into general issue two years later.

Conscription in Israel

Limited to Israelis of three ethnicities: Jews, Druze, and Circassians.

Officers in reserve duty before parachuting exercise. Reserve service may continue until the age of 51.

In 2013, 26 percent of all potential conscripts were exempted from military service in the Israel Defense Forces; 13.5 percent for religious reasons, 4 percent for psychological reasons, 2 percent for physical health reasons, 3 percent due to existing criminal records, and 3 percent due to residing abroad.

Merkava

Merkava Mk 4M, 2016
Merkava Mark I tank at the Military museum Lešany, Czech Republic
Merkava Mark I at Yad La-Shiryon
Merkava IIID Baz fires – the Baz Fire-control system increases the Merkava's accuracy and lethality
Merkava Mark IV
The Merkava Mark IV in its first public show at Yad La-Shiryon during Israeli Independence Day celebrations in 2002.
A profile of a Merkava Mk 4M tank, armed with an IMI 120 mm gun, a M2 Browning .50-cal, a 7.62×51 mm NATO commander's FN MAG, and equipped with the Trophy active protection system.
The AT-14 Kornet anti-tank laser-guided missile
Merkava IV with Trophy active defense system.
IDF Merkava Mk. IVm tank pictured on the Gaza border. It has the Trophy APS installed, which have become operational in the IDF since 2011.
Merkava Mk 4M Windbreaker, fitted with Trophy active protection system, during Operation Protective Edge
Merkava Mk 3D Baz with LIC upgrades
Namer in Yad La-Shiryon 62nd Independence Day exhibition.
Namer CEV in Yad La-Shiryon 68th Independence Day exhibition.
Sholef in Beit ha-Totchan, Zikhron Ya'akov, Israel.

The Merkava (מרכבה,, "chariot") is a series of main battle tanks used by the Israel Defense Forces and is the backbone of the IDF's armored corps.

Chief of the General Staff (Israel)

The Chief of the General Staff, also known as the Commander-in-Chief of the Israel Defense Forces (רֹאשׁ הַמַּטֶּה הַכְּלָלִי, abbreviated Ramatkal—), is the supreme commander and head of the Israel Defense Forces.

Iron Dome

Mobile all-weather air defense system developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and Israel Aerospace Industries.

Iron Dome launcher deployed next to Sderot in 2011
The EL/M-2084 active electronically scanned array scaled down derivative radar of the Iron Dome
US Ambassador Dan Shapiro visits the Battle Management & Control (BMC) unit of the Iron Dome
Iron Dome launcher deployed near Ashkelon
Iron Dome launches during Operation Pillar of Defense, November 2012
Iron Dome intercepting rockets during Operation Pillar of Defense, 2012
Iron Dome launching a Tamir interceptor during Operation Guardian of the Walls, May 2021
Iron Dome intercepting two rockets over Tel Aviv during Operation Protective Edge, 2014
Iron Dome launch during Operation Guardian of the Walls, May 2021
IDF Air Defense personnel operate the Iron Dome, May 2021

In 2004, the idea for Iron Dome gained momentum with the installation of Brig. Gen. Daniel Gold as the head of the research and development bureau of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF).