Israel Eldad

Yisrael EldadIsrael Scheib (later Eldad)
Israel Eldad (11 November 1910 – 22 January 1996), was an Israeli Revisionist Zionist philosopher and member of the pre-state underground group Lehi.wikipedia
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Pidvolochysk

PodwołoczyskaPodwolocyska
Israel Scheib (later Eldad) was born in 1910 in Pidvolochysk, Galicia in a traditional Jewish home.
Pidvolochysk was the birthplace (1910) of Israel Scheib (later Eldad), radical nationalist Israeli politician and a leader of the anti-British Lehi underground organization.

Lehi (militant group)

LehiStern GangLechi
Israel Eldad (11 November 1910 – 22 January 1996), was an Israeli Revisionist Zionist philosopher and member of the pre-state underground group Lehi.
The arrest of several other members led momentarily to the group's eclipse, until it was revived after the September 1942 escape of two of its leaders, Yitzhak Shamir and Eliyahu Giladi, aided by two other escapees Natan Yellin-Mor (Friedman) and Israel Eldad (Sheib).

Yitzhak Shamir

Yitzak ShamirShamirForeign Minister Shamir
After Stern's killing by the British, Eldad became one of a triumvirate of Lehi commanders, serving with Natan Yellin-Mor and future prime minister Yitzhak Shamir.
In 1943, he became one of the three leaders of the group, serving with Nathan Yellin-Mor and Israel Eldad.

Revisionist Zionism

Revisionist ZionistRevisionistRevisionists
Israel Eldad (11 November 1910 – 22 January 1996), was an Israeli Revisionist Zionist philosopher and member of the pre-state underground group Lehi. He also published articles in Revisionist Zionist journals and became the commander of a local Betar section.
Following Stern's death in 1942—shot by a British police officer—and the arrest of many of its members, the group went into eclipse until it was reformed as "Lehi" under a triumvirate of Israel Eldad, Natan Yellin-Mor, and Yitzhak Shamir.

Avraham Stern

Abraham SternAvraham "Yair" SternAvraham (Yair) Stern
He worked in 1942 directly with Lehi founder Avraham Stern.
One of the commanders of Lehi, Israel Eldad, claimed this song (along with two others, written by Uri Zvi Greenberg and Vladimir Jabotinsky) actually led to the creation of the underground.

Nathan Yellin-Mor

Natan Yellin-MorNathan Yellin Mor
After Stern's killing by the British, Eldad became one of a triumvirate of Lehi commanders, serving with Natan Yellin-Mor and future prime minister Yitzhak Shamir.
After Stern's murder, he became a member of the Lehi's guiding triumvirate, with Israel Eldad as chief of Lehi's propaganda and Yitzhak Shamir as chief of operations.

Folke Bernadotte

Count Folke BernadotteCount BernadotteCount Folke
It was in this role that, in September 1948, Eldad participated in ordering the assassination of Folke Bernadotte, a United Nations mediator, as he subsequently admitted.
The killing was approved by the three-man 'center' of Lehi: Yitzhak Yezernitsky (the future Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Shamir), Nathan Friedmann (also called Natan Yellin-Mor) and Yisrael Eldad (also known as Scheib).

Fighters' List

Fighters List
The Lehi veterans organized politically as the Fighters' List.
The vehement opposition of the former Lehi leader Yisrael Eldad, who accused Yellin-Mor of betraying the memory of Lehi's founder Yair Stern, led to his expulsion from the party.

Zionist Freedom Alliance

Many of Eldad's political and philosophical teachings continue to be espoused by the Magshimey Herut (achievers of liberty) organization, the Zionist Freedom Alliance, and by the Hatikva political party, the latter one led by Eldad's son Aryeh.
Heavily influenced by the philosophy of Israel Eldad, ZFA views Zionism as the national liberation movement of the Jewish people and a revolution unparalleled by any other in human history.

Aryeh Eldad

Arie EldadArieh EldadAryeh
Many of Eldad's political and philosophical teachings continue to be espoused by the Magshimey Herut (achievers of liberty) organization, the Zionist Freedom Alliance, and by the Hatikva political party, the latter one led by Eldad's son Aryeh.
His father, Israel Eldad, was a well-known Israeli public thinker, and formerly one of the leaders of the militant underground group Lehi.

Kfar Eldad

The Israeli settlement Kfar Eldad was named after him.
It is named after Israel Eldad, a Lehi member and Israeli philosopher.

Friedrich Nietzsche

NietzscheNietzscheanFriedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
God, Man and Nietzsche includes a lengthy examination of Eldad's philosophy of history and excerpts from an article about Nietzsche written by Eldad in the underground.
Israel Eldad, the ideological chief of the Stern Gang that fought the British in Palestine in the 1940s, wrote about Nietzsche in his underground newspaper and later translated most of Nietzsche's books into Hebrew.

Bialik Prize

List of Bialik Prize recipientsBialik Prize for Jewish ThoughtBialik Prize for Literature
In 1988, Eldad was awarded Tel Aviv's Bialik Prize for his contributions to Israeli thought.

Zev Golan

Golan, Zev
Much of Eldad's voluminous writings has been translated into English, mostly by Zev Golan.

Israel

State of IsraelIsraeliISR
Israel Eldad (11 November 1910 – 22 January 1996), was an Israeli Revisionist Zionist philosopher and member of the pre-state underground group Lehi.

Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria

GaliciaAustrian GaliciaAustrian Poland
Israel Scheib (later Eldad) was born in 1910 in Pidvolochysk, Galicia in a traditional Jewish home.

Battle of Galicia

Battle of LembergGaliciaInvasion of Galicia
The Scheibs wandered as refugees during the First World War.

University of Vienna

ViennaVienna UniversityUniversität Wien
After high school, Scheib enrolled at the Rabbinical Seminary of Vienna for religious studies and the University of Vienna for secular studies.

Arthur Schopenhauer

SchopenhauerSchopenhauer's criticism of the proofs of the parallel postulateSchopenauer
He completed his doctorate on "The Voluntarism of Eduard von Hartmann, Based on Schopenhauer," but never took his rabbinical exams at the seminary.

1929 Palestine riots

19291929 Arab riots1929 riots
Meanwhile, he attended, with his father, a protest demonstration in front of the local British Consulate following the 1929 Arab riots in Palestine.

Uri Zvi Greenberg

Uri Zvi GrinbergUri-Zvi Greenberg
The next year he read a poem by Uri Zvi Greenberg, "I'll Tell It to a Child," about a messiah who cannot redeem his people because they are not ready to accept redemption.

Betar

BeitarBetar movementBetar Youth Movement
He also published articles in Revisionist Zionist journals and became the commander of a local Betar section.

Vilnius

VilnaWilnoVilnius, Lithuania
Scheib joined the staff of the Teachers Seminary in Vilna in 1937 while this city was part of Poland, where he stayed for two years.

Poland

PolishPOLRepublic of Poland
Scheib joined the staff of the Teachers Seminary in Vilna in 1937 while this city was part of Poland, where he stayed for two years.