Issus (Cilicia)

IssusissosIssus (diocese)
Issus or Issos (Phoenician: Sissu, or Ἱσσοί) is an ancient settlement on the strategic coastal plain straddling the small Pinarus river (a fast melt-water stream several metres wide) below the navigationally difficult inland mountains towering above to the east in the Turkish Province of Hatay, near the border with Syria.wikipedia
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Battle of Issus

IssusFirst Battle of IssusAlexander the Great defeated Darius
It is most notable for being the place of no less than three decisive ancient or medieval battles each called in their own era the Battle of Issus:
This forced Alexander to countermarch, setting the stage for the battle near the mouth of the Pinarus River and the town of Issus.

Battle of Issus (194)

Battle of IssusIssus
Eventually, Anullinus entered Syria, and the final battle took place in May 194, near Issus, the place where Alexander the Great had defeated the Persian King Darius III in 332 BC.

Phoenician language

PhoenicianPhoenician-PunicPhenician-Punic
Issus or Issos (Phoenician: Sissu, or Ἱσσοί) is an ancient settlement on the strategic coastal plain straddling the small Pinarus river (a fast melt-water stream several metres wide) below the navigationally difficult inland mountains towering above to the east in the Turkish Province of Hatay, near the border with Syria.

Pinarus River

Pinarus
Issus or Issos (Phoenician: Sissu, or Ἱσσοί) is an ancient settlement on the strategic coastal plain straddling the small Pinarus river (a fast melt-water stream several metres wide) below the navigationally difficult inland mountains towering above to the east in the Turkish Province of Hatay, near the border with Syria.

Turkey

TurkishRepublic of TurkeyTUR
Issus or Issos (Phoenician: Sissu, or Ἱσσοί) is an ancient settlement on the strategic coastal plain straddling the small Pinarus river (a fast melt-water stream several metres wide) below the navigationally difficult inland mountains towering above to the east in the Turkish Province of Hatay, near the border with Syria.

Hatay Province

HataySanjak of AlexandrettaProvince of Hatay
Issus or Issos (Phoenician: Sissu, or Ἱσσοί) is an ancient settlement on the strategic coastal plain straddling the small Pinarus river (a fast melt-water stream several metres wide) below the navigationally difficult inland mountains towering above to the east in the Turkish Province of Hatay, near the border with Syria.

Syria

Syrian Arab RepublicSyrianEtymology of Syria
Issus or Issos (Phoenician: Sissu, or Ἱσσοί) is an ancient settlement on the strategic coastal plain straddling the small Pinarus river (a fast melt-water stream several metres wide) below the navigationally difficult inland mountains towering above to the east in the Turkish Province of Hatay, near the border with Syria.

İskenderun

AlexandrettaIskenderunAlexandria Minor
Regardless of which mountain brook was the locus of the battles, the old town was situated close to present-day İskenderun, Turkey, in the Gulf of İskenderun.

Gulf of Alexandretta

Gulf of İskenderunGulf of IssusIskenderun Bay
Regardless of which mountain brook was the locus of the battles, the old town was situated close to present-day İskenderun, Turkey, in the Gulf of İskenderun.

Episcopal see

seeseessee city
Although Issus was once considered to have been an episcopal see, there is no evidence to support that idea: Issus is not mentioned in the "Notitiae Episcopatuum" of the Patriarchate of Antioch, to which the Roman province of Cilicia belonged.

Notitiae Episcopatuum

Notitia EpiscopatuumNotitiæ episcopatuumecclesiastical ''notitiae
Although Issus was once considered to have been an episcopal see, there is no evidence to support that idea: Issus is not mentioned in the "Notitiae Episcopatuum" of the Patriarchate of Antioch, to which the Roman province of Cilicia belonged.

Roman province

provinceprovincesRoman provinces
Although Issus was once considered to have been an episcopal see, there is no evidence to support that idea: Issus is not mentioned in the "Notitiae Episcopatuum" of the Patriarchate of Antioch, to which the Roman province of Cilicia belonged.

Cilicia

ancient CiliciaCilicia TracheaCilician
Although Issus was once considered to have been an episcopal see, there is no evidence to support that idea: Issus is not mentioned in the "Notitiae Episcopatuum" of the Patriarchate of Antioch, to which the Roman province of Cilicia belonged.

Darius III

DariusDarius III of PersiaDarius III Codomannus

Pescennius Niger

Gaius Pescennius Nigeremperor Pescennius NigerGaius Pescennius Niger Justus

Sasanian Empire

SassanidSasanianSassanid Empire

History of Syria

Syriaancient SyriaSyrian
Persian dominion ended with the conquests of the Macedonian Greek king, Alexander the Great in 333-332 BCE after the Battle of Issus which took place south of the ancient town Issus, close to the present-day Turkish town of Iskenderun.

The Battle of Alexander at Issus

Battle of IssusBattle of the IssusThe Battle of Issus
In early November, as Alexander proceeded about the Gulf of Issus from Mallus via Issus, the two armies inadvertently passed one another on opposite sides of the mountains.