Italian Chileans

La Plaza Baquedano of Santiago is commonly called "Plaza Italia."
Family Alessandri in 1920, with two future presidents of Chile.
Family Castagna in 1910, who emigrated from Pavullo, Italy to Capitán Pastene.

Italian Chileans (in Spanish: Italochilenos, Italian: Italo-cileni) are Chileans of full or partly Italian descent.

- Italian Chileans

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Valparaíso

Major city, seaport, naval base, and educational centre in the commune of Valparaíso, Chile.

View of Valparaíso Bay (1830)
Cerro Concepción
Valparaíso (c. 1863)
1906 Valparaíso earthquake
Daguerreotype of Valparaíso about 1852
Picture of the Church of San Francisco in 1864
Picture of the city in 1888
Headlines of El Mercurio de Valparaíso on May 14, 1903. In English, it reads:
"The Strike of the Seafarers. Fire of the South American Company. Assault on the printing press of "El Mercurio". Fire of the Malecon. Attitude of the Authority. The troops arrived from Santiago. The calm is restored. Meetings in the Municipality. It reaches an Arrangement. The Court of Appeals. The city in State of Siege. El Mercurio, 1903
Edificio Armada de Chile.
A street in Valparaiso
Many houses in Valparaíso are colourfully painted
Ascensor "Conception" built in 1883
Barrio Quilpué.
Port of Valparaíso
Container Shipping Port
Metro Valparaíso
Metro Valparaiso Map
One of the historic trolleybuses that are still in daily service in 2019
Polanco Lift
Artillería funicular railway
Ascensor Conception- built 1883
Biblioteca Santiago Severín
Arco Británico
Facade of El Mercurio de Valparaíso's publishing building in Calle Esmeralda
The "Broadcasting Building" of the Parque Cultural de Valparaíso (PCdV) which has been established on a former prison's ground on Cerro Cárcel.
Main entrance of Estadio Elías Figueroa Brander, in 2011
Plaza Sotomayor with monument of the heroes of Iquique

As a major seaport, Valparaíso received immigrants from many European countries, mainly from Britain, Germany, France, Switzerland and Italy.

Punta Arenas

Capital city of Chile's southernmost region, Magallanes and Antarctica Chilena.

Memorial to Ferdinand Magellan in Punta Arenas
Snow in winter
Casa España, established in 1917 by the Spanish Society of Socorros Mutuos. It was formed between 1936 and 1938. Plaza de Armas (Muñoz Gamero Park).
Christopher Columbus Avenue, the location of the Old Machine House was built in 1890 by Croatians.
The County of Peebles and Cavenga are used as a breakwater for the harbour at Punta Arenas.
Ice breaker RV Laurence M. Gould in Punta Arenas. Punta Arenas is an important point in the supply of Antarctic bases in West Antarctica.
Nao Victoria, Magellan's ship replica, in the Museo Nao Victoria Punta Arenas
Map of the Punta Arenas commune in Magallanes Region

Other national ethnic groups represented are German, English, Italian, Swiss and Irish.

Capitán Pastene

Town founded by Italian immigrants, located in the commune of Lumaco in the Araucanía Region of Chile.

Settlers arrived from the northern Italian region of Emilia Romagna (Bologna and major cities such as Modena) and left a generation of Italo-Chilean that lasts to this day, which has contributed to enriching the local culture.

Immigration to Chile

Immigration to Chile has contributed to the demographics and the history of this South American nation.

Immigration has made of Chile a more ethnically diverse country.
Swiss Charitable Society of Victoria, year 1886.
One of the Italian settler families who founded Capitán Pastene, year 1910.
French family in Chile, year 1920.
Alessandri Family, with two future presidents of Chile, year 1920.
Meeting of Hungarian immigrants in Peñaflor, year 1931.
Family of German colonists, in the agricultural expansion in Aysén, year 1951.
Plaque of the Swiss Cemetery, located in Victoria, Araucanía Region.
Typical house of German settlers in southern Chile, in Los Ríos and Los Lagos regions.
German-style parish church in Puerto Varas, Los Lagos Region.
British Arch, located in the city of Valparaíso.
Plaque in the house of the French immigrant Morandais, origin of the Chilean surname Morandé.
Greek Orthodox Church of the Saints Constantine and Elena, located in the commune of Ñuñoa, Santiago.
Mosque Mohammed VI Center for Dialogue of Civilizations, in Coquimbo.
Jewish Hanukkah in La Moneda Palace, Santiago.
Nomadic settlement of Romani people in Antofagasta.
Frontis of Arabian Club in Viña del Mar.

This is because Swiss linguistic and cultural characteristics are commonly confused with those of Germans, Italians and French.

Rancagua

City and commune in central Chile and part of the Rancagua conurbation.

The Battle of Rancagua during the Chilean War of Independence, by Pedro Subercaseaux.
Rancagua train station.
People of Rancagua in the Stations of the Cross ceremony.
The Estadio El Teniente hosted the 2015 Copa América.
Los Heroes Square
Bernardo O'Higgins Monument
Rancagua cathedral at night
Paseo Independencia, Rancagua
O'Higgins Region former Intendencia
Cachapoal province government's building (currently the Regional Presidential Delegation)
Medialuna de Rancagua

French and Italian families established agriculture, including the important wine industry: the Wine Route is one of the main tourist attractions of the Colchagua valley.

Unión Española

Professional Chilean football team based in Independencia, Santiago de Chile.

Unión Deportiva Española squad champion of the Asociación de Fútbol de Santiago in 1925
Leopoldo Vallejos, goalkeeper of Unión Española during 1972 and 1975
Sebastián Miranda, Unión Española's captain during the seasons 2009–10

The club's traditional rivals are Palestino, a team founded by members of the Palestinian diaspora living in Chile and Audax Italiano, which originated from their local Italian counterpart.

History of Genoa

Genoa, Italy, has historically been one of the most important ports on the Mediterranean.

View of the city of Genoa from the belvedere of Castelletto
The Polcevera bronze tablet, evidence of Genoa's Roman and pre-Roman past
Portrait of Christopher Columbus by Ridolfo Ghirlandaio
The iconic Lanterna, renaissance lighthouse of Genoa was built in 1543.
View of Genoa in 1572
Garibaldi leading the Expedition of the Thousand
Genoa in 1810

(See also "Italian Peruvians", "Italian Chileans", "Italian Uruguayans").

Swiss abroad

[[File:Map of the Swiss Diaspora in the World.svg|thumb|300x300px|Map of the Swiss diaspora in the world (includes ancestry).

Map of the Swiss Diaspora in the world

This is because their linguistic and cultural characteristics are commonly confused with Germans, Italians and French.

List of diasporas

History provides many examples of notable diasporas.

"Speak French, Be Clean" written across the wall of a Southern French school, a byproduct of the French Government policy to eradicate Occitan and all regional languages in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Five congressional districts in Oklahoma. The Map shows districts 1 and 2 with parts of 3 4 and 5 are former Indian Territory from 1830 to 1907. The largest American Indian tribal groups live there in the eastern half of the state, most notably the Cherokee, Choctaw and Creek Indian Nations, whose populations mostly live outside of them.
Sticker from the American Indian activist community of West Philadelphia in Philadelphia PA US.

Italians also immigrated in vast numbers to South America, mainly to Brazil (see Italian Brazilian), Argentina (an estimated one-third to half of Argentines are of Italian descent, with some higher estimates putting Italian Argentines at 60% of the population (see also Italian Argentine), Uruguay (Italian Uruguayans constitute an estimated 40% of the population of Uruguay. See Italian Uruguayans), Chile (see Italian Chilean), Venezuela (see Italo-Venezuelans), and Paraguay (30% of the population of Paraguay, see Italians in Paraguay), although Italians also arrived in notable numbers elsewhere in Latin America (i.e. Colombia (Italian Colombians), Mexico (Italian-Mexicans), Panama, Puerto Rico (see Corsican immigration to Puerto Rico), Costa Rica (Italian Costa Ricans), Cuba (Italian Cubans), Peru (Italian Peruvians), Guatemala (Italian Guatemalans), and Haiti (Italian Haitians). In contrast to the Italian immigrants to North America, a slight but significant majority of Italian immigrants to South America were Northern Italians from Veneto and other depressed Northern Italian areas, though Southern Italians from areas such as Sicily, Campania, and Calabria still constituted a significant percentage of Italian immigrants to South America, and later Italian immigration to South America from World War II to the 2000s has consisted mostly of Southern Italians.

Chilean cuisine

Chilean cuisine stems mainly from the combination of traditional Spanish cuisine, Chilean Mapuche culture and local ingredients, with later important influences from other European cuisines, particularly from Germany, the United Kingdom and France.

Dulce de leche known in Chile as manjar
Chilean breads Hallulla and Marraqueta
Two cuchuflíes.

Italian immigrants contributed pasta and meat products, and in towns like Capitán Pastene in the south of Chile, they still prepare Prosciutto in the same way as the first Italian immigrants.