Italians

Expansion of the territory called "Italy" from ancient Greece until Diocletian.
Etruscan Civilization fresco from the François Tomb, late fourth century BC
The Colosseum in Rome, built in the 1st century.
Italy after the Peace of Lodi in 1454.
Laura Bassi, the first chairwoman of a university in a scientific field of studies
The Expedition of the Thousand.
Animated map of the Italian unification from 1829 to 1871
A young Italian exile on the run carries, along with her personal effects, a flag of Italy, during the Istrian-Dalmatian exodus
The Pantheon and the Fontana del Pantheon. Roman relics and Roman culture are important national symbols in Italy.
Italian women dance the tarantella, 1846
Niccolò Machiavelli, the founder of modern political science and ethics.
Bartolomeo Cristofori, the inventor of the piano
Federico Fellini, recognized as one of the greatest and most influential filmmakers of all time.
Motorcycle racer Giacomo Agostini
Gianluigi Buffon, the highest-priced goalkeeper and the most capped player for the Italian national team
Principal component analysis of the Italian population with other populations.
Fresco of dancing Peucetian women in the Tomb of the Dancers in Ruvo di Puglia, 4th–5th century BC
Ethnolinguistic map of Italy in the Iron Age.
Duel of Lucanian warriors, fresco from a tomb of the 4th century BC.
Map of Roman coloniae during the second century in Italy
Lombard (Northern Italian) colonies of Sicily: in light blue: the cities where Gallo-Italic language is spoken today.
In dark blue: the cities where there is a good influence of the Gallo-Italic language.
In purple: ancient Gallo-Italic colonies, the influence in these cities is variable, also some districts of Messina were colonized.
Map of Tuscan settlements in Sicily.
Italian ethnic regions claimed in the 1930s by the Italian irredentism: Green: Nice, Ticino and Dalmatia; Red: Malta; Violet: Corsica. Savoy and Corfu were later claimed.
Scipio Africanus, Roman general best known for having defeated Hannibal in Africa, a victory that earned him the surname Africanus.
Cicero, Roman orator and lawyer who served as consul and exposed the Second Catilinarian conspiracy. One of the greatest Latin philosophers along with Lucretius and Seneca.
Julius Caesar, member of the Populares, nephew of Gaius Marius, politician, writer, general, and Dictator, introduced the Julian Calendar. First of the Twelve Caesars.
Augustus, first Roman Emperor. The golden age of Rome, known as Pax Romana due to the relative peace established in the Mediterranean world, began with his reign.
Virgil, author of three of the most famous poems in Latin literature: the Eclogues (or Bucolics), the Georgics, and the epic Aeneid.
Ovid, author of the Metamorphoses and one of three main Augustan poets along with Virgil and Horace.
Marco Polo, Italian merchant traveler who introduced Europeans to Central Asia and China
Christopher Columbus, early European explorer of the New World.
Amerigo Vespucci, geographer and traveler from whose name the word America is derived.
Dante Alighieri
Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch)
Giovanni Boccaccio
Ludovico Ariosto
Giacomo Leopardi
Alessandro Manzoni
Giosuè Carducci, first Italian to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature
Gabriele D'Annunzio
Eugenio Montale
Italo Calvino
Dario Fo
Umberto Eco
Lorenzo de Medici
Thomas Aquinas
Alberico Gentili
Cesare Beccaria
Enrico De Nicola
Cesare Terranova
Leonardo da Vinci, a polymath of the High Renaissance who was active as a painter, draughtsman, engineer, scientist, theorist, sculptor, and architect.<ref>{{cite encyclopedia |last=Kemp |first=Martin |author-link=Martin Kemp (art historian) |year=2003 |title=Leonardo da Vinci |encyclopedia=Grove Art Online |publisher=Oxford University Press |location=Oxford |doi=10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T050401 |isbn=978-1-884446-05-4 |url-access=subscription |url=https://www.oxfordartonline.com/groveart/view/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.001.0001/oao-9781884446054-e-7000050401 }} {{Grove Art subscription}}</ref>
Galileo Galilei, the father of science and modern physics, one of the key figures in astronomy, pioneered the thermometer and made significant works in other fields of science.
Elena Cornaro Piscopia, the first woman to obtain a doctoral degree.
Evangelista Torricelli, the inventor of barometer, made various advances in optics and work on the method of indivisibles.
Alessandro Volta, the inventor of the electrical battery and discover of methane, did substantial work with electric currents.
Eugenio Barsanti, inventor, along with Felice Matteucci, of the first version of the internal combustion engine using gases.
Antonio Meucci, who was for a long time involved in a struggle with Alexander Graham Bell over the invention of the telephone, but was later recognised as "the winner".
Guglielmo Marconi, inventor of the radio and the father of the wireless communication. <ref name=NPbio>"Guglielmo Marconi: The Nobel Prize in Physics 1909". nobelprize.org</ref>
Enrico Fermi, builder of the first nuclear reactor.
Federico Faggin, the designer of the first commercial microprocessor, the Intel 4004.
Gerolamo Cardano
Luca Pacioli
Bonaventura Cavalieri
Jacopo Francesco Riccati
Maria Gaetana Agnesi
Gian Francesco Malfatti
Joseph-Louis Lagrange
Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro
Giuseppe Peano
Tullio Levi-Civita
Beniamino Segre
Giotto
Filippo Brunelleschi
Andrea Palladio
Luigi Vanvitelli
Gae Aulenti
Renzo Piano
Antonio Vivaldi
Gioachino Rossini
Giuseppe Verdi
Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli
Mina
Laura Pausini
Giorgio Moroder
Andrea Bocelli
Eros Ramazzotti

For a specific analysis of the population of Italy, see Demographics of Italy.

- Italians

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Italian diaspora

Trade routes and colonies of the Genoese (red) and Venetian (green) empires during the Middle Age.
The Galata Tower in Istanbul, Turkey, built in 1348 by the Republic of Genoa and still a symbol of the Italian Levantine
Catholic Church of Santa Maria Assunta in Kerch, reference for the Italians of Crimea
Estimates of the number of emigrants from 1876–1900 and 1901–1915, according to their region of origin.
Ship loaded with Italian emigrants arrived in Brazil (1907)
Poster created in 1886 by the Brazilian state of São Paulo, intended for potential Italian emigrants to Brazil
Emigrants Modenesi to Capitan Pastene (Chile) in 1910: the Castagnoli family
The Benvenuti family, immigrated to Caxias do Sul, municipality of Brazil founded by Italian emigrants from Veneto, in a photo of 1928
One of the two braziers that burn perpetually on the sides of the tomb of the Italian Unknown Soldier at Altare della Patria in Rome. At their base there is a plaque bearing the inscription "Gli italiani all'estero alla Madre Patria" ("Italians abroad to the Motherland")
Istrian Italians leave Pola in 1947 during the Istrian-Dalmatian exodus
Riccardo Giacconi, Italian naturalized American physicist, winner of the Nobel Prize for physics in 2002
Arrival of the first Italian locomotive in Tripoli, Italian Tripolitania, in 1912
Italian Club in Boksburg, in South Africa
Church of Our Lady of the Rosary in Asmara, built by Italian Eritreans in 1923
Mulberry Street, along which New York City's Little Italy is centered, circa 1900
Italian immigrants lay cobblestones on King Street in Toronto, 1903
Italian immigrants arriving in São Paulo, circa 1890. The South American country has the largest Italian population outside Italy.
Italian immigrants in a conventillo in Buenos Aires
Monument to the workers — mostly Italian — who died in Switzerland during the construction of the Gotthard Tunnel
Italian worker in a mine near Duisburg, in Germany, in 1962
Memorial dedicated to the first Italian settlers who founded New Italy, suburb of Woodburn, New South Wales, in Australia
Italian emigrants employed in the construction of a railway in the United States (1918)
Italian Argentines wave the flag of Italy during the opening parade of the XXXIV Immigrant's Festival
Columbus Day parade in New York City
Monument to Giuseppe Garibaldi in the homonymous square in Nice, France
View of the Falck steelworks in Sesto San Giovanni, in Lombardy
The former FIAT plant of the Lingotto in Turin
A scene from the film Red Passport (1935)
A scene from the film Path of Hope (1950)
A scene from the film A Girl in Australia (1971)

The Italian diaspora is the large-scale emigration of Italians from Italy.

Italian Argentines

Percent of Italians in each Argentinian Region
Percentage of Italian-born immigrants in the 1914 Argentine census by provinces and territories
Italian festival in Oberá.
Manuel Belgrano, politician and military leader who created the Flag of Argentina. His father was Italian.
Pasta is a feature of the Argentine cuisine.
"Milanesa a la napolitana" with French fries.
Argentine "Fainá".
Pope Francis. Jorge Mario Bergoglio is an Argentine of Italian descent.

Italian Argentines (italo-argentini; ítalo-argentinos, or tanos in Rioplatense Spanish) are Italian-born people (born in Argentina or Italy) or non-Italian citizens of Italian descent residing in Argentina.

Italian Brazilians

The Cavalcanti family arrived in Brazil in 1560. Today this is the largest family in Brazil by a common ancestor.
"To the Province of S. Paulo, in Brazil. Immigrants: read these hints before leaving. S. Paulo, 1886"
A family of Italian emigrants
Italians getting into a ship to Brazil, 1910
A ship with Italian immigrants in the Port of Santos: 1907. Most migrants came to the State of São Paulo, and its main port, the entry gate of Brazil, was Santos. Thus, most migrants from Italy, regardless of their final destination in Brazil, entered through Santos.
A 19th-century house built by Italian immigrants in Caxias do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul
Vida nova by Pedro Weingärtner, 1893. Acervo municipal de Nova Veneza.
Panoramic view of Ribeirão Preto. By 1902, 52% percent of the city's population was born in Italy.
Wine production introduced by Italians in Caxias do Sul
A typically Venetian community in Southern Brazil
Coffee plantation in the State of Minas Gerais which employed Italians
Italian immigrants in the Hospedaria dos Imigrantes, in São Paulo
Italian-Brazilian farmers in 1918
In the new neighborhoods follow up to infinite Italians houses, with balustrades, mantels, decorations in stucco and colorful symbolic figurines.
Lonis-Albert Gaffrée, a French priest in São Paulo (1911). Photo of Mooca.
Italians on Brazilian coffee plantation
Italian immigrants arriving in São Paulo (c. 1890)
Palmeiras supporters in Estádio Palestra Itália. The club was founded by Italians immigrants in São Paulo in 1914 as Società Sportiva Palestra Italia.
Saudades de Nápoles (1895) (Missing Naples). Painting by Bertha Worms (Pinacoteca do Estado de São Paulo, São Paulo).
Pictures of Caxias do Sul. The city was established by Italian immigrants, mostly farmers from the Veneto.
Italian people in Serra Gaúcha
The Church of Our Lady of Achiropita in Bixiga. The feast in honor of the Lady happens in August since 1926.
The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Caravaggio located in Farroupilha. The city was founded by Italian immigrants as Nova Milano (New Milan). There are five other sanctuaries in Brazil.
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The Italian-Brazilian Benvenutti family in 1928

Italian Brazilians (italo-brasiliani, ítalo-brasileiros) are Brazilians of full or partial Italian descent.

Italian Americans

Landing of Cristopher Columbus (12 October 1492), painting by John Vanderlyn
Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer from whose name the term "America" is derived
Verrazzano's voyage of 1524. The Italian explorer was the first documented European to enter New York Harbor and the Hudson River.
Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge in New York City is named for Giovanni da Verrazzano.
Philip Mazzei, Italian physician and promoter of liberty, whose phrase: "All men are by nature equally free and independent" was incorporated into the United States Declaration of Independence
Statue of Francis Vigo
Review of the Garibaldi Guard by President Abraham Lincoln
The Garibaldi-Meucci Museum on Staten Island
The "Bambinos" of Little Italy - Syracuse, New York in 1899
Mulberry Street, along which New York City's Little Italy is centered. Lower East Side, circa 1900.
Italian immigrants entering the United States via Ellis Island in 1905
The Monongah mining disaster of 1907 described as "the worst mining disaster in American history" the official death toll stood at 362, 171 of them Italian migrants.
Little Italy in Chicago, 1909
Italian-Hawaiian woman with a poi bowl, 1909
Joe Petrosino in 1909
Michael Valente, recipient of the highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during World War I
Fiorello La Guardia with Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1938
Italian American WPA workers doing roadwork in Dorchester, Boston, 1930s
Rudolph Valentino with Alice Terry in The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, 1921
Historical advertisement of an Italian American restaurant, between circa 1930 and 1945
Italian-American veterans of all wars memorial, Southbridge, Massachusetts
Frank Capra receiving the Distinguished Service Medal from General George C. Marshall, 1945
Enrico Fermi, architect of the nuclear age, was awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on induced radioactivity.
Dominic Salvatore Don Gentile on the wing of his P-51B, 'Shangri-La'. Also known as "Ace of Aces", he was a World War II USAAF pilot who surpassed Eddie Rickenbacker's World War I record of 26 downed aircraft.
Joe DiMaggio, considered one of the greatest baseball players of all time, in 1951
Frank Sinatra and Dean Martin in 1963
Martin Scorsese and Francis Ford Coppola, filmmakers whose body of work explores themes such as Italian-American identity, here together with Steven Spielberg and George Lucas, are among the greatest modern directors.
Wally Schirra, one of the earliest NASA astronauts to enter into space (1962), taking part in the Mercury Seven program and later Gemini and Apollo programs
Columbus Day in Salem, Massachusetts in 1892
1973 U.S. postage stamp featuring Amadeo Giannini
Enrico Fermi between Franco Rasetti (left) and Emilio Segrè in academic dress
A fourteen year old Italian girl working at a paper-box factory (1913)
The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in 1911. The victims were almost exclusively Jewish and Italian female immigrants.
Mother Cabrini
An Italian immigrant making an American breakfast aided by instructional materials from the YMCA
Lawrence Ferlinghetti
Don DeLillo
Paola Corso
Danielle Trussoni
St. Anthony of Padua Church in New York was established in 1859 as the first parish in the United States formed specifically to serve the Italian immigrant community.
Our Lady of Pompeii Church in New York was founded in 1892 as a national parish to serve Italian-American immigrants who settled in Greenwich Village.
Emilio Segrè, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1959, was among the Italian Jews who emigrated to the United States after Mussolini's regime implemented an anti-semitic legislation.
Italian Cultural and Community Center (Logue House) in the Houston Museum District
A war-time poster
Feast of San Gennaro in New York
President Barack Obama participates in an interview with Jay Leno during a taping of "The Tonight Show with Jay Leno" at the NBC Studios in Burbank, Calif., Oct. 24, 2012.
Italian American Museum of Los Angeles
Sacco and Vanzetti in handcuffs
One of the largest mass lynchings in American history involved eleven Italian immigrants in New Orleans in 1891.
Top ancestry by U.S. county. Dark blue indicates counties where persons of Italian ancestry form a plurality.
Little Italy in Manhattan after Italy won the 2006 FIFA World Cup
Much of Philadelphia's Italian population is in South Philadelphia, and is well known for its Italian Market.
The American and Italian flags in Boston's North End
St. Lucy's Church in Newark
Northside in Syracuse
Feast of the Assumption in Cleveland's Little Italy
Gateway to Ybor City on 7th. Ave near the Nick Nuccio Parkway
Sts. Peter and Paul Church in North Beach, San Francisco

Italian Americans (italoamericani or italo-americani, ) are Americans who have full or partial Italian ancestry.

Italian Canadians

Italian immigrants lay cobblestones on King Street in Toronto, 1903
A grocery store owned by an Italian family in Little Italy, Montreal, 1910
Sign of Mirador, a restaurant in Montreal owned by an Italian immigrant, 1948

Italian Canadians (italo-canadesi, italo-canadiens) comprise Canadians who have full or partial Italian heritage and Italians who migrated from Italy or reside in Canada.

Dalmatian Italians

Map of Dalmatia and Istria with the ancient domains of the Republic of Venice (indicated in fuchsia. Dashed diagonally, the territories that belonged occasionally)
Map of the Venetian Republic, c. 1000. The Republic is in dark red, borders in light red.
Dalmatian possessions of the Venetian Republic and the Republic of Ragusa in 1560.
1807: Dalmatia inside the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy
"Distribution of Races in Austria–Hungary" from the Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd, 1911.
Proportion of Italians in districts of Dalmatia in 1910, per the Austro-Hungarian census
Flag of the Italian minority in Yugoslavia
Austrian linguistic map from 1896. In green the areas where Slavs were the majority of the population, in orange the areas where Istrian Italians and Dalmatian Italians were the majority of the population. The boundaries of Venetian Dalmatia in 1797 are delimited with blue dots.
Zadar Cathedral
Split
Mali Lošinj port
Kotor
Old Zadar city gates.
Ottavio Missoni
Niccolò Tommaseo
Enzo Bettiza
Antonio Bajamonti
Ida Quaiatti
Xenia Valderi

Dalmatian Italians are the historical Italian national minority living in the region of Dalmatia, now part of Croatia and Montenegro.

Italian language

Romance language of the Indo-European language family that evolved from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire.

Pietro Bembo was an influential figure in the development of the Italian language from the Tuscan dialect, as a literary medium, codifying the language for standard modern usage.
Alessandro Manzoni set the basis for the modern Italian language and helping create linguistic unity throughout Italy.
Use of the Italian language in Europe
Use of the Italian language in Europe and historical spread in Africa
In blue color Buenos Aires, Argentina, where Cocoliche developed.
Linguistic map of Italy according to Clemente Merlo and Carlo Tagliavini (1937)
Italy's ethno-linguistic minorities.
Italy and its colonial possessions in 1940.
Italian language in the United States
Municipalities where Talian is co-official in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Dante's epic poems, known collectively as the Commedia, to which another Tuscan poet Giovanni Boccaccio later affixed the title Divina, were read throughout the peninsula and his written dialect became the "canonical standard" that all educated Italians could understand.

Culture of Italy

Considered one of the birthplaces of Western civilization and a cultural superpower.

St. Peter's Basilica, a representation of Renaissance and Baroque architecture
Pompeii
The Sistine Chapel ceiling, with frescos done by Michelangelo
Roman mosaic of Virgil, the most important Latin poet of the Augustan period
Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa is an Italian art masterpiece worldwide famous.
Florence Cathedral, Arnolfo di Cambio, campanile by Giotto dome engineered by Filippo Brunelleschi.
the Arch of Constantine in Rome.
the EUR in Rome is a perfect example of modern Italian architecture
A Prada shop in Singapore.
Gucci and Dolce & Gabbana Store on the Las Vegas Strip in Las Vegas
Dante Alighieri, one of the greatest poets of the Middle Ages. His epic poem The Divine Comedy ranks among the finest works of world literature.
Alessandro Manzoni, one of Italy's greatest 19th-century writers.
Federico Fellini, considered one of the most influential and widely revered filmmakers of the 20th century.
The Venice Film Festival is the oldest film festival in the world and one of the "Big Three" alongside Cannes and Berlin
Antonio Vivaldi, in 1723. His best-known work is a series of violin concertos known as The Four Seasons
Giuseppe Verdi, one of Italy's greatest opera composers. Portrait by Giovanni Boldini.
Galileo Galilei, the founder of modern experimental science.
iCub robot at the Genoa Science Festival, Italy, in 2009
David, by Michelangelo (Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence, Italy) is a masterpiece of Renaissance and world art.
Antonio Canova's Venus Victrix.
the Ecstasy of Saint Teresa by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
Commedia dell'arte troupe Gelosi in a late 16th-century Flemish painting.
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci, possibly one of the most famous and iconic examples of Italian art
The Creation of Adam is one of the scenes on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel of the Vatican, painted by Michelangelo sometime between 1508 and 1512.
Pasta with pesto sauce.
Brunello di Montalcino is one of Italy's finest red wines, made around the town of Montalcino from a Sangiovese variant known locally as Brunello.
Tagliatelle with ragù.
Neapolitan pizza Margherita.
The espresso comes from the Italian esprimere, which means "to express," and refers to the process by which hot water is forced under pressure through ground coffee.
A chocolate gelato ice cream dessert.
Chiostro of the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore.
Palazzo della Carovana, the current seat of the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa.
The Colosseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire.
Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus (c. 1486). Tempera on canvas. 172.5 cm × 278.9 cm (67.9 in × 109.6 in). Uffizi, Florence
St. Peter's Basilica is the world's largest Christian church. It is the second church to stand above the crypt (tomb) believed to hold the body of Saint Peter, the first pope.
the Leaning Tower of Pisa
The discovery of the New World by Christoper Columbus.
Italy has been a home for innovation in science in the centuries since Galileo formulated his theories of planetary movement.
The Roman Empire provided an inspiration for the medieval European. Although the Holy Roman Empire rarely acquired a serious geopolitical reality, it possessed great symbolic significance.
William Shakespeare is an example of an Italophile of the 16th century.
The Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C., reflects the president's admiration for classical Roman aesthetics.
Pinocchio Disney film is based on The Adventures of Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi.
Leonardo da Vinci is one of the greatest painters and most versatile geniuses in history.
Andrea Palladio is often described as the most influential architect in the Western world.
Antonio Meucci, c.1880, inventor of the first telephone
Marchese Guglielmo Marconi was the inventor of radio.
"Italophone" world.
The Uffizi.
The historic seat of the Corriere della Sera in via Solferino in Milan.
Rai Radio 1.
Regional seat of RAI in Cosenza.
Sergio Mattarella, President of Italy, since 3 February 2015.
Milan Cathedral is the fourth-largest church in the world.
The celebration of the Azzurri for the first victory (of four) in the 1934 World football championship
A Ferrari SF70H by Scuderia Ferrari, the oldest surviving and most successful Formula One team.
Bologna University, established in AD 1088, is the world's oldest academic institution.

Italian culture is the culture of the Italians, a Romance ethnic group, and is incredibly diverse spanning the entirety of the Italian peninsula and the islands of Sardinia and Sicily.

Italians in the United Kingdom

Lombard Street, London
Medieval Italian craftsmanship at Westminster Abbey
Giovanni Cabot (in the middle of two friends) in London
St Peter's Italian Church in London
"Little Italy" in Clerkenwell (London)

Italians in the United Kingdom, also known as British Italians or colloquially Britalians, are citizens or residents of the United Kingdom of Italian heritage.

Italians in France

Napoleon Bonaparte
Jean-Baptiste Lully
Catherine de' Medici
Henri de Tonti
Joseph-Louis Lagrange
Émile Zola
Henri Cassini
Léon Gambetta
Jules Mazarin
Édith Piaf
Dalida
Amedeo Modigliani
Jean Alesi
Yves Montand
Salvatore Adamo
Carla Bruni
Roxane Mesquida
Alice Taglioni
Marina Foïs
Charlotte Casiraghi
Chiara Mastroianni
Elisa Sednaoui
Elsa Lunghini
Cali
Jean-Paul Belmondo
Élise Bussaglia
Sandie Toletti
Laëtitia Tonazzi
Julie de Bona
Paul Nardi
Jules Bianchi
Lorenzo Callegari
Nabilla Benattia
Nicolas Cozza
Fiona Ferro
Angelina

Italian migration into what is today France has been going on, in different migrating cycles, for centuries, beginning in prehistoric times right to the modern age.