J. Halcombe Laning

Hal LaningJ. Halcombe "Hal" Laning, Jr.J. Halcombe ("Hal") Laning Jr.J. Halcombe Laning, Jr.J.H. Laning Jr.
J. Halcombe "Hal" Laning Jr. (February 14, 1920 in Kansas City, Missouri – May 29, 2012) was a Massachusetts Institute of Technology computer pioneer who in 1952 invented an algebraic compiler called George (also known as the Laning and Zierler system after the authors of the published paper) that ran on the MIT Whirlwind, the first real-time computer.wikipedia
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Laning and Zierler system

J. Halcombe "Hal" Laning Jr. (February 14, 1920 in Kansas City, Missouri – May 29, 2012) was a Massachusetts Institute of Technology computer pioneer who in 1952 invented an algebraic compiler called George (also known as the Laning and Zierler system after the authors of the published paper) that ran on the MIT Whirlwind, the first real-time computer.
It was implemented in 1952 for the MIT WHIRLWIND by J. Halcombe Laning and Neal Zierler.

Fortran

Fortran 77Fortran 90FORTRAN IV
The concepts he introduced with George were later incorporated into FORTRAN.
Its concepts included easier entry of equations into a computer, an idea developed by J. Halcombe Laning and demonstrated in the Laning and Zierler system of 1952.

Q-guidance

Q-system
He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1983 for his work in aerospace engineering, particularly his "unique pioneering achievements in missile guidance and computer science—the Q-guidance system for Thor and Polaris [missiles] and George".
It was developed in the 1950s by J. Halcombe Laning and Richard Battin at the MIT Instrumentation Lab.

Apollo Guidance Computer

guidance computerApollo 11's lunar descentApollo Command Module Onboard Guidance and Navigation Computer
He designed the Executive and Waitlist operating system for the LGC (Lunar Module Guidance Computer) in the mid 1960s; he made it up from whole cloth with no examples to guide him, and the design is still valid today.
Early architectural work came from J.H. Laning Jr., Albert Hopkins, Richard Battin, Ramon Alonso,

Guidance system

guidanceguidance systemsguidance and control
He later worked in the MIT Draper Lab, with Richard H. Battin, to develop a scheme for doing onboard navigation on the Apollo program's command/service module guidance system.
In the summer of 1952, Dr. Richard Battin and Dr. J. Halcombe ("Hal") Laning Jr., researched computational based solutions to guidance as computing began to step out of the analog approach.

Draper Laboratory

Charles Stark Draper LaboratoryMIT Instrumentation LaboratoryDraper Lab
He later worked in the MIT Draper Lab, with Richard H. Battin, to develop a scheme for doing onboard navigation on the Apollo program's command/service module guidance system. From 1955 to 1980, he was deputy associate director of the MIT Instrumentation Laboratory.

Kansas City, Missouri

Kansas CityKansas City, MOMissouri (Kansas City)
J. Halcombe "Hal" Laning Jr. (February 14, 1920 in Kansas City, Missouri – May 29, 2012) was a Massachusetts Institute of Technology computer pioneer who in 1952 invented an algebraic compiler called George (also known as the Laning and Zierler system after the authors of the published paper) that ran on the MIT Whirlwind, the first real-time computer.

Missouri

MOState of MissouriMissouri, USA
J. Halcombe "Hal" Laning Jr. (February 14, 1920 in Kansas City, Missouri – May 29, 2012) was a Massachusetts Institute of Technology computer pioneer who in 1952 invented an algebraic compiler called George (also known as the Laning and Zierler system after the authors of the published paper) that ran on the MIT Whirlwind, the first real-time computer.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MITM.I.T.Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
J. Halcombe "Hal" Laning Jr. (February 14, 1920 in Kansas City, Missouri – May 29, 2012) was a Massachusetts Institute of Technology computer pioneer who in 1952 invented an algebraic compiler called George (also known as the Laning and Zierler system after the authors of the published paper) that ran on the MIT Whirlwind, the first real-time computer.

Whirlwind I

WhirlwindProject WhirlwindMIT Whirlwind
J. Halcombe "Hal" Laning Jr. (February 14, 1920 in Kansas City, Missouri – May 29, 2012) was a Massachusetts Institute of Technology computer pioneer who in 1952 invented an algebraic compiler called George (also known as the Laning and Zierler system after the authors of the published paper) that ran on the MIT Whirlwind, the first real-time computer.

Assembly language

assemblerassemblyassembly code
Laning designed George to be an easier-to-use alternative to assembly language for entering mathematical equations into a computer.

List of Apollo missions

Apollo missionsJ-missionsJ mission
He later became a key contributor to the 1960s race to the moon, with pioneering work on space-based guidance systems for the Apollo moon missions.

Richard Battin

Richard H. Battin
He later worked in the MIT Draper Lab, with Richard H. Battin, to develop a scheme for doing onboard navigation on the Apollo program's command/service module guidance system. In 1956 he published the book Random Processes in Automatic Control (McGraw-Hill Series on Control System Engineering), with Richard Battin as a coauthor.

National Academy of Engineering

United States National Academy of EngineeringU.S. National Academy of EngineeringNAE
He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1983 for his work in aerospace engineering, particularly his "unique pioneering achievements in missile guidance and computer science—the Q-guidance system for Thor and Polaris [missiles] and George".

Aerospace engineering

aeronautical engineeraerospace engineerAerospace
He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1983 for his work in aerospace engineering, particularly his "unique pioneering achievements in missile guidance and computer science—the Q-guidance system for Thor and Polaris [missiles] and George".

PGM-17 Thor

ThorThor missileList of UK Thor missile bases
He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1983 for his work in aerospace engineering, particularly his "unique pioneering achievements in missile guidance and computer science—the Q-guidance system for Thor and Polaris [missiles] and George".

Science Channel

ScienceThe Science ChannelDiscovery Science
Laning features prominently in the third episode of the Science Channel's documentary miniseries titled Moon Machines which aired in June 2008.

Documentary film

documentarydocumentariesdocumentary series
Laning features prominently in the third episode of the Science Channel's documentary miniseries titled Moon Machines which aired in June 2008.

Moon Machines

Laning features prominently in the third episode of the Science Channel's documentary miniseries titled Moon Machines which aired in June 2008.

Apollo program

ApolloProject ApolloApollo space program
He later worked in the MIT Draper Lab, with Richard H. Battin, to develop a scheme for doing onboard navigation on the Apollo program's command/service module guidance system.

Apollo command and service module

command moduleApollo Command/Service ModuleApollo Command Module
He later worked in the MIT Draper Lab, with Richard H. Battin, to develop a scheme for doing onboard navigation on the Apollo program's command/service module guidance system.

History of software

History of Computer Softwarelistings in computer magazines
Both were designed by Hal Laning.

HAL/S

:fundamental contributions to the concept and implementation of MAC were made by Dr. J. Halcombe Laning of the Draper Laboratory.

Inertial navigation system

inertial guidanceINSinertial navigation
In the summer of 1952, Dr. Richard Battin and Dr. J. Halcombe "Hal" Laning, Jr., researched computational based solutions to guidance and undertook the initial analytical work on the Atlas inertial guidance in 1954.