J. S. Woodsworth

J.S. WoodsworthJames Shaver WoodsworthWoodswortha promise to enact an old age pension planJ. S Woodsworth
James Shaver Woodsworth (July 29, 1874 – March 21, 1942) was a pioneer in the Canadian social democratic movement.wikipedia
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Winnipeg

Winnipeg, ManitobaWinnipeg, CanadaWinnipeg, MB
He was arrested in Winnipeg, Manitoba, for supporting the protesters at the Winnipeg General Strike, but never charged.
One of the leaders of the strike, J. S. Woodsworth, went on to found Canada's first major socialist party, the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, which later became the New Democratic Party.

James Woodsworth

The oldest of six children, Woodsworth was born in Etobicoke near Toronto, Ontario on Applewood Farm to Esther Josephine Shaver and James Woodsworth.
He fathered James Shaver Woodsworth, who was the first leader of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (which became the New Democratic Party).

Labour candidates and parties in Canada

LabourIndependent Labour PartyLabour Party
He joined the union, helped organize the Federated Labour Party of British Columbia, and wrote for a labour newspaper.
Prior to the CCFs formation in 1932, the Socialist Party of Canada was strong in BC (and in Alberta before WWI); the Dominion Labour Party and the Canadian Labour Party were strong in Alberta; the Independent Labour Party led by J.S. Woodsworth was strong in Manitoba.

Social Gospel

Social Gospel MovementChristian activismChristian ideals as solutions to social issues
Following more than two decades ministering to the poor and the working class, Woodsworth left the Methodist Church to sponsor the Social Gospel movement as he felt the Church was much more concerned with profit than it was with helping the underprivileged of Manitoba.
The Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, a political party that was later reformed as the New Democratic Party, was founded on social gospel principles in the 1930s by J. S. Woodsworth, a Methodist minister, and Alberta MP William Irvine.

Stanley Knowles

Stanley Howard KnowlesThe Hon. Stanley H. Knowles, P.C.
In 1929, Woodsworth was a keynote speaker at the annual conference of the Student Christian Movement of Canada, a fledgling social justice movement founded in 1921, and inspired Stanley Knowles, then 21, who later became ordained and helped found the New Democratic Party.
Knowles was brought up as a fundamentalist Methodist but was won over to the social gospel movement, and became a United Church minister after meeting J. S. Woodsworth at the annual conference of the Student Christian Movement of Canada, a fledgling ecumenical social justice movement founded in 1921.

Winnipeg general strike

Winnipeg General Strike of 1919General StrikeBloody Saturday
He was arrested in Winnipeg, Manitoba, for supporting the protesters at the Winnipeg General Strike, but never charged.
When the Strike Bulletin published its account of the events of Bloody Saturday, the editors, J.S. Woodsworth and Fred J. Dixon, were arrested and charged with seditious libel.

Ginger Group

left-wing
He sat with the Progressive Party of Canada and was a leader of its radical faction, the Ginger Group.
J. S. Woodsworth, using his right as the leader of the Independent Labour MPs, moved a stronger amendment to the budget based on demands the Progressives had made in earlier years but had since abandoned.

Progressive Party of Canada

ProgressiveProgressive PartyProgressives
He sat with the Progressive Party of Canada and was a leader of its radical faction, the Ginger Group.
As well, the UFA MPs, other farmer MPs and the three Labour MPs in the House of Commons (J. S. Woodsworth, William Irvine and Joseph Shaw) joined together in the Ginger Group, breaking from Forke's leadership.

Liberal Party of Canada

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
When the Canadian Liberal Party nearly lost the 1925 election, Woodsworth was able to bargain his vote in the House for a promise from the Liberal government to enact an old age pension plan.
He also reluctantly introduced old age pensions when J. S. Woodsworth required it in exchange for his Co-operative Commonwealth Federation party's support of King's minority government.

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation

Cooperative Commonwealth FederationCCFCo-operative Commonwealth
Woodsworth's greatest triumph in life was in 1933, when he founded and became leader of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, Canada's first Socialist party, which evolved into today's New Democratic Party.
These MPs included United Farmers of Alberta MPs William Irvine and Ted Garland, Agnes Macphail (UFO), Humphrey Mitchell, Abraham Albert Heaps, Angus MacInnis, and Labour Party MP J. S. Woodsworth.

Woodsworth College, Toronto

Woodsworth CollegeWoodsworth College, University of TorontoWoodsworth Student Residence and Classroom Complex
Woodsworth College of the University of Toronto, and J. S. Woodsworth Secondary School in Ottawa, Ontario (closed in 2005) are named after him.
Woodsworth College, named after politician and clergyman James Shaver Woodsworth (1874–1942), is a college within the University of Toronto in Canada.

J. S. Woodsworth Secondary School

J.S. Woodsworth Secondary School
Woodsworth College of the University of Toronto, and J. S. Woodsworth Secondary School in Ottawa, Ontario (closed in 2005) are named after him.
J. S. Woodsworth Secondary School was a high school in the Borden Farm neighbourhood of Ottawa (formerly Nepean), Ontario, Canada from 1973-2005.

Stevedore

longshoremanlongshoremenstevedoring
Woodsworth and his family remained in British Columbia, where, despite his slight stature, he took work as a stevedore.

William Lyon Mackenzie King

Mackenzie KingKingW.L. Mackenzie King
In particular, the enormous prestige of the long-time Liberal Prime Minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, prevented the CCF from displacing the Liberals as the main party of the left, as had happened in Britain, Australia and New Zealand.
Socialist reformer J. S. Woodsworth gradually gained influence and power, and King was able to reach an accommodation with him on policy matters.

Grace MacInnis

Winona Grace MacInnisGrace
Woodsworth's daughter, Grace MacInnis, followed in his footsteps as a CCF politician.
The daughter of Co-operative Commonwealth Federation founding leader J. S. Woodsworth and the wife of long serving CCF MP Angus MacInnis, Grace MacInnis championed issues such as family planning, affordable housing, abortion rights and women's equality.

1925 Canadian federal election

19251925 federal election1925 general election
When the Canadian Liberal Party nearly lost the 1925 election, Woodsworth was able to bargain his vote in the House for a promise from the Liberal government to enact an old age pension plan.

M. J. Coldwell

Major James ColdwellM.J. ColdwellMajor Coldwell
He was the CCF's first national secretary in 1934 and became its national leader upon the death of J. S. Woodsworth in 1942.

Winnipeg North Centre

The riding was created in 1924 and was first used for the 1925 federal election when it elected J.S. Woodsworth of the Independent Labour Party as its first MP.

1935 Canadian federal election

19351935 federal election1935 election
In the 1935 election, seven CCF Members of Parliament were elected to the House of Commons and the party captured 8.9 percent of the popular vote.

1940 Canadian federal election

19401940 federal election1940 election
He was re-elected to the House in 26 March 1940, but suffered a stroke in the fall and, over the next 18 months, his health deteriorated.
This election was the last one for its ailing leader, J. S. Woodsworth.

Student Christian Movement of Canada

Student Christian MovementMovement
In 1929, Woodsworth was a keynote speaker at the annual conference of the Student Christian Movement of Canada, a fledgling social justice movement founded in 1921, and inspired Stanley Knowles, then 21, who later became ordained and helped found the New Democratic Party.

Douglas–Coldwell Foundation

Douglas-Coldwell FoundationDouglas Foundation
The Ontario Woodsworth Memorial Foundation merged with the Douglas-Coldwell Foundation in 1987.
In 1987, it merged with the Ontario Woodsworth Memorial Foundation of Toronto, named for Coldwell's predecessor as CCF leader, J. S. Woodsworth.

Canadians

CanadianCanadian citizensCanada
James Shaver Woodsworth (July 29, 1874 – March 21, 1942) was a pioneer in the Canadian social democratic movement.

Social democracy

social democraticsocial-democraticsocial democrat
James Shaver Woodsworth (July 29, 1874 – March 21, 1942) was a pioneer in the Canadian social democratic movement.