J. William Fulbright

William FulbrightFulbrightJ. W. FulbrightSenator J. William FulbrightJames W. Fulbright. William Fulbrightarrogance of powerBillJ.W. FulbrightSenator Fulbright
James William Fulbright (April 9, 1905 – February 9, 1995) was a United States Senator representing Arkansas from January 1945 until his resignation in December 1974.wikipedia
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Arkansas

ARState of ArkansasArkansan
James William Fulbright (April 9, 1905 – February 9, 1995) was a United States Senator representing Arkansas from January 1945 until his resignation in December 1974.
Notable people from the state include politician and educational advocate William Fulbright; former president Bill Clinton, who also served as the 40th and 42nd governor of Arkansas; general Wesley Clark, former NATO Supreme Allied Commander; Walmart founder and magnate Sam Walton; singer-songwriters Johnny Cash, Charlie Rich, Jimmy Driftwood, and Glen Campbell; actor-filmmaker, Billy Bob Thornton; poet C. D. Wright; and physicist William L. McMillan, who was a pioneer in superconductor research.

Fulbright Program

Fulbright ScholarFulbrightFulbright Scholarship
His efforts to establish an international exchange program eventually resulted in the creation of a fellowship program which bears his name, the Fulbright Program. He promoted the passage of legislation establishing the Fulbright Program in 1946, a program of educational grants (Fulbright Fellowships and Fulbright Scholarships), sponsored by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the United States Department of State, governments in other countries, and the private sector.
The program was founded by United States Senator J. William Fulbright in 1946 and is considered to be one of the most widely recognized and prestigious scholarships in the world.

Southern Manifesto

The Southern ManifestoThe Southern Manifesto.Declaration of Constitutional Principles
A Southern Democrat and a staunch multilateralist who supported the creation of the United Nations, he was also a segregationist who signed the Southern Manifesto.

Tucker Carlson

MMfA released audio recordingsthe media personalityTucker
Fulbright's sister, Roberta, married Gilbert C. Swanson, the head of the Swanson frozen-foods conglomerate, and was the maternal grandmother of media figure Tucker Carlson.
Swanson is the daughter of Gilbert Carl Swanson and the niece of Senator J. William Fulbright.

Sumner, Missouri

Sumner
Fulbright was born in Sumner, Missouri, the son of Roberta Fulbright (née Waugh) and Jay Fulbright.
* Senator J. William Fulbright was born in Sumner on April 9, 1905.

Southern Democrats

Southern DemocratDemocraticSouthern Democratic
A Southern Democrat and a staunch multilateralist who supported the creation of the United Nations, he was also a segregationist who signed the Southern Manifesto.

Roberta Fulbright

Fulbright was born in Sumner, Missouri, the son of Roberta Fulbright (née Waugh) and Jay Fulbright.
In 1939, Fulbright's son Bill was appointed by Governor Carl Bailey, a candidate Fulbright had endorsed, as president of the University of Arkansas.

Pembroke College, Oxford

Pembroke CollegePembrokeBroadgates Hall, Oxford
Fulbright later studied at Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes Scholar at Pembroke College, graduating in 1928.
Meanwhile, Senator J. William Fulbright, who established the Fulbright Program, was a Rhodes Scholar at Pembroke in the 1920s.

Jesse Smith Henley

J. Smith Henley
He swamped his Republican challenger that year, Ben C. Henley, the state party chairman and a brother of U.S. District Judge Jesse Smith Henley of Harrison.
A former Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives, Cobb carried the support of Democratic United States Senators John Little McClellan and J. William Fulbright.

United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

Senate Foreign Relations CommitteeForeign RelationsCommittee on Foreign Relations
Fulbright is the longest serving chairman in the history of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr.

Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.Arthur Schlesinger Jr.
According to historian and former Special Assistant to President Kennedy Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Fulbright was Kennedy's first choice as Secretary of State, but it was felt he was too controversial.
Along with his friend, Senator William Fulbright, Schlesinger sent several memos to the president opposing the strike; however, during the meetings, he held back his opinion, reluctant to undermine the President's desire for a unanimous decision.

Bill Clinton

ClintonPresident ClintonPresident Bill Clinton
While working for Fulbright, McDougal met the future Arkansas governor and US President Bill Clinton and the two of them, along with their wives, began investing in various development properties, including the parcel of land along the White River in the Ozarks that would later be the subject of an independent counsel investigation during Clinton's first term in office.
From 1964 to 1967, he was an intern and then a clerk in the office of Arkansas Senator J. William Fulbright.

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Civil Rights ActTitle VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964Title VII
With other southern Democrats, Fulbright filibustered the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as well as voting against the 1965 Voting Rights Act.
Democrats and Republicans from the Southern states opposed the bill and led an unsuccessful 83-day filibuster, including Senators Albert Gore, Sr. (D-TN) and J. William Fulbright (D-AR), as well as Senator Robert Byrd (D-WV), who personally filibustered for 14 hours straight.

University of Arkansas

ArkansasUniversity of Arkansas at FayettevilleUniversity of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Fulbright's parents enrolled him in the University of Arkansas's College of Education's experimental grammar and secondary school.
Six Arkansas graduates have also held at least one US Senate seat from Arkansas since 1945, and from 1979 to 2003 held both seats, including the late J. William Fulbright and current US Senator John Boozman.

Dean Rusk

David Dean RuskRuskRusk, Dean
Rather the "lowest common denominator", Dean Rusk, was chosen.
Rusk was not Kennedy's first choice, but rather the "lowest common denominator", as Kennedy's first choice, J. William Fulbright, proved too controversial.

United States Department of State

State DepartmentU.S. State DepartmentDepartment of State
He promoted the passage of legislation establishing the Fulbright Program in 1946, a program of educational grants (Fulbright Fellowships and Fulbright Scholarships), sponsored by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the United States Department of State, governments in other countries, and the private sector.
The Fulbright Program, including the Fulbright–Hays Program, is a program of competitive, merit-based grants for international educational exchange for students, scholars, teachers, professionals, scientists and artists, founded by United States Senator J. William Fulbright in 1946.

Ben C. Henley

Benjamin Charles Henley
He swamped his Republican challenger that year, Ben C. Henley, the state party chairman and a brother of U.S. District Judge Jesse Smith Henley of Harrison.
In 1956, as his party's unsuccessful nominee for the United States Senate against the Democrat J. William Fulbright, Henley finished with 17 percent of the vote, well behind his party's presidential nominee, Dwight D. Eisenhower, who still lost Arkansas in the second race against Adlai E. Stevenson, II, of Illinois.

Fulbright Hearings

Fulbright Hearing1971 congressional testimony1971 hearings
Many of the earlier hearings, in 1966, were televised to the nation in their entirety (a rarity in the pre–C-SPAN era); the 1971 hearings included the notable testimony of Vietnam veteran and future Senator and Secretary of State John Kerry.
By April 1971, with at least seven pending legislative proposals concerning the war, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, chaired by Democratic Senator J. William Fulbright of Arkansas began to hear testimony.

Harry S. Truman

Harry TrumanTrumanHarry S Truman
He seemed to prefer it this way: the man who Harry Truman called an "overeducated SOB" was, in the words of Clayton Fritchey, "an individualist and a thinker", a man whose "intellectualism alone alienates him from the Club" of the Senate.
When Truman dropped to 32 percent in the polls, Democratic Arkansas Senator William Fulbright suggested that Truman resign; the president said he did not care what Senator "Halfbright" said.

Nikita Khrushchev

KhrushchevNikita S. KhrushchevNikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev
Kennedy subsequently refused to distance himself from Fulbright's observation, which suggests that he asked Fulbright to make this statement as a way of signaling to Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev that the building of a wall would be viewed by the United States as an acceptable way of defusing the Berlin Crisis.
Emboldened by statements from former U.S. Ambassador to Moscow Charles E. Bohlen and United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations Chairman J. William Fulbright that East Germany had every right to close its borders, which were not disavowed by the Kennedy Administration, Khrushchev authorized East German leader Walter Ulbricht to begin construction of what became known as the Berlin Wall, which would surround West Berlin.

Harriet Mayor Fulbright

Harriet FulbrightHarriet Mayor
Harriet Anna Mayor (born December 13, 1933) is the second wife, and widow, of United States Senator J. William Fulbright; the Senator's first marriage of 53 years was to Elizabeth Williams Fulbright (Betty).

John L. McClellan

John Little McClellanJohn McClellanMcClellan
Despite serving in the Senate for 30 years, Fulbright remained Arkansas' junior senator throughout his tenure, serving alongside senior Senator John L. McClellan.
During the later part of his Senate service, Arkansas had, perhaps, the most powerful Congressional delegations with McClellan as chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee, Wilbur Mills as chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, Oren Harris as chairman of the House Commerce Committee, Senator J. William Fulbright as chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Took Gathings as chairman of the House Agriculture Committee, and James William Trimble as a member of the powerful House Rules Committee.

George McGovern

George S. McGovernMcGovernMcGovern, George
In February 1970, South Dakota Senator George McGovern accused former Vietcong detainee James N. Rowe of being dispatched by the Pentagon to criticize him, Senator Fulbright, and Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield, who had indicated their opposition to continued American involvement in Vietnam.
McGovern thought the commander in chief should be given limited authority to retaliate against an attack; subsequently, he said his instinct had been to vote no, but that he had voted yes because of Senator J. William Fulbright's urging to stand behind Johnson politically.

Evergreen Cemetery (Fayetteville, Arkansas)

Evergreen Cemetery
Fulbright's ashes were interred at the Fulbright family plot in Evergreen Cemetery in Fayetteville, Arkansas.
These include Senator J. William Fulbright, Governor Archibald Yell, educator Sophia Sawyer, industrialist Lafayette Gregg, and many others.

Czechoslovakia 1968

In March 1972, Fulbright sent a letter to Acting Attorney General Richard G. Kleindienst requesting the Justice Department not use the U.S.I.A. documentary Czechoslovakia 1968 for use in New York, stating that it appeared to violate the 1948 law that created the agency which he stated "was created for the purpose of the dissemination abroad of information about the United States, its people, and policies."
The chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, J. William Fulbright, objected to the broadcast based on an interpretation of the Smith–Mundt Act, which would prohibit the domestic dissemination of material produced by the USIA.