Jackson, Mississippi

The entire Choctaw Nation's location and size compared to the U.S. state of Mississippi
Andrew Jackson, the 7th President of the United States and the city's namesake
"Raising the Stars and Stripes Over the Capitol of the State of Mississippi", engraving from Harper's Weekly, June 20, 1863, after the capture of Jackson by Union forces during the American Civil War
September 1863 map of the Siege of Jackson
Mississippi Old Capitol, downtown Jackson
Map of Jackson in 1919
April 16, 1921 flood on Town Creek, a tributary of the Pearl River in Jackson. The photo is a view of East Capitol Street looking east from North Farish Street.
Standard Life Building, downtown Jackson
Old Greyhound Bus Station
Photograph of Jackson Mississippi taken from the International Space Station
Map of racial distribution in Jackson, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
1874 engraving in Scribner's Monthly of the Old Capitol, the seat of Mississippi's legislature from 1839 to 1903.
Jackson State University band "The Sonic Boom"
Millsaps College is one of several institutions in and around Jackson established before 1900.
Mississippi State Capitol
Thalia Mara Hall in Jackson, Mississippi
Lamar Life Building, downtown Jackson.
Veterans Memorial Stadium is the largest stadium facility in Jackson. Its parking lot often is used by employees of the University of Mississippi Medical Center nearby.

Capital and most populous city of the U.S. State of Mississippi.

- Jackson, Mississippi

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Biloxi, Mississippi

City in and one of two county seats of Harrison County, Mississippi, United States .

Old Biloxi (site B) and New Biloxi (site A), French map, beginning of 18th century
Looking West down Howard Avenue at Lameuse Street, 1906
Child laborers picking shrimp in Biloxi, 1911. Photo by Lewis Hine.
Beauvoir, the post-war home of Confederate States President Jefferson Davis
Jefferson Davis Presidential Library and Museum at Beauvoir
Location of Biloxi, east of Gulfport (center), on Gulf of Mexico
Biloxi casinos
Biloxi City Hall
Hurricane Katrina pushed houses inland along the Mississippi Gulf Coast, including at Biloxi.
Casino barges floated ashore in Biloxi during Hurricane Katrina's storm surge.
U.S. Navy personnel perform a search and rescue mission in Biloxi after Hurricane Katrina.
Biloxi beach during cleanup of storm debris
Front view of Beauvoir in Biloxi, 7 months after Hurricane Katrina

Prior to Hurricane Katrina, Biloxi was the third-largest city in Mississippi, behind Jackson and Gulfport.

Jackson State University

Jackson College in 1889
Ayer Hall on main campus
Official athletics logo
The Sonic Boom of the South at halftime in Veterans Memorial Stadium
Robert Brazile
Lindsey Hunter
Rod Paige
Carlton W. Reeves
Bennie Thompson
Cassandra Wilson

Jackson State University (Jackson State or JSU) is a public historically Black university in Jackson, Mississippi.

U.S. Route 80

Major east-west United States Numbered Highway in the Southern United States, much of which was once part of the early auto trail known as the Dixie Overland Highway.

US 80 eastbound in rural Texas
US 80 is the main thoroughfare of Terrell in Kaufman County some 30 mi east of Dallas.
US 80 route name imprinted onto a bridge over the Tensas River, between Delhi and Tallulah
US 80 through Lowndes County, Alabama.
The end of US 80 on Tybee Island
Official Dixie Overland Highway sign from 1918
Historic Route sign seen on California US 80
A section of old US 80 (Wildwood Glen Lane) now closed to vehicular traffic west of Descanso Junction, California
The historic Gillespie Dam Bridge over the Gila River. Built in 1927, it once carried US 80.
AZ 77 and Historic US 80 running concurrent through Tucson.
An old Texaco station, now abandoned on the side of NM 418 (former US 70 and US 80)
Old US 80 in Wills Point, Texas
The junction of US highways 69 and 80 in Mineola, Texas
US 80 in Grand Saline, Texas
View down Texas Street, a section of US 80 in downtown Shreveport
Old Vicksburg Bridge across the Mississippi River
Demonstrators walking down US 80 in Montgomery on the last day of the Selma to Montgomery marches on March 25, 1965.

It also currently runs through Dallas, Texas; Shreveport, Louisiana; Jackson, Mississippi; Montgomery, Alabama; Columbus, Georgia; Macon, Georgia; and Savannah, Georgia.

Tougaloo College

Tougaloo College seal
Tougaloo College seal
Strieby Hall in 1899

Tougaloo College is a private historically black college in the Tougaloo area of Jackson, Mississippi.

Medgar Evers

American civil rights activist and the NAACP's first field secretary in Mississippi who was assassinated by a white supremacist.

Evers at the White House in 1961
The rifle used by De La Beckwith to assassinate Evers
The Evers house at 2332 Margaret Walker Alexander Drive, now the Medgar and Myrlie Evers Home National Monument, where Medgar Evers was fatally shot after getting out of his car.
Medgar Evers's grave in Arlington National Cemetery in 2007
A statue of Evers at the Medgar Evers Boulevard Library in Jackson, Mississippi

Evers was murdered in 1963 at his home in Jackson, Mississippi, now the Medgar and Myrlie Evers Home National Monument, by Byron De La Beckwith, a member of the White Citizens' Council in Jackson.

University of Mississippi

The University of Mississippi was the first college in the Southeast to hire a female faculty member: Sarah McGehee Isom in 1885.
James Meredith accompanied by federal officials on campus
The university owns Rowan Oak, former home of Nobel Prize-winning writer William Faulkner and a National Historic Landmark.
Barnard Observatory (1859) was designed to house the world's largest telescope.
Research ponds at the University of Mississippi Field Station
Panoramic view of the Trent Lott Leadership Institute
The class of 1861
Robert Q. Marston, Director of the National Institutes of Health, served as medical school dean.
William Faulkner, novelist who won the 1949 Nobel Prize in Literature
One of the earliest photographs of the Ole Miss band, "The Pride of the South" (1925)
Starship Technologies robots on campus. A traditional dorm can be seen in the foreground: larger modern dorms can be seen in the background.
alt=Ventress Hall|Ventress Hall (1889)
Kennon Observatory (1939)
Bryant Hall (1911)<ref name="catalog.olemiss.edu"/>
alt=Ole Miss Student Union|Ole Miss Student Union (2019)

The University of Mississippi, commonly known as Ole Miss, is a public research university adjacent to Oxford, Mississippi with a medical center in Jackson.

Battle of Jackson, Mississippi

Union soldiers attacking at Jackson
Map of Jackson Battlefield study area by the American Battlefield Protection Program
A Sherman's necktie. Destruction such as this was performed in Jackson after the battle.

The Battle of Jackson was fought on May 14, 1863, in Jackson, Mississippi, as part of the Vicksburg campaign during the American Civil War.

William Tecumseh Sherman

American soldier, businessman, educator, and author.

Photograph by Mathew Brady of Sherman at Washington, D.C., in May 1865. The black ribbon of mourning on his left arm is for President Abraham Lincoln.
Sherman's childhood home in Lancaster
Young Sherman in military uniform
California Registered Historic Landmark plaque at the location in Jackson Square, San Francisco, of the branch of the Bank of Lucas, Turner & Co. that Sherman directed from 1853 to 1857
Two cannons on display in front of the Military Science building at Louisiana State University, which were used at the Battle of Fort Sumter and procured by Sherman for the university after the U.S. Civil War.
Portrait by Mathew Brady, c. undefined 1864
Oil portrait of Sherman by George P. A. Healy, 1866
Engraving depicting Admiral Porter's flotilla of gunships and transports arriving below Vicksburg on April 16, 1863. General Sherman is rowing out to the flagship, the USS Benton, in a yawl.
Map of the Battles for Chattanooga, 1863
Map of Sherman's campaigns in Georgia and the Carolinas, 1864–1865
Sherman on horseback at Federal Fort No. 7, after the Atlanta Campaign, September 1864
Green–Meldrim House, which served as Sherman's headquarters after his capture of Savannah in December 1864
The Burning of Columbia, South Carolina (1865) by William Waud for Harper's Weekly
From left to right, Sherman, Grant, Lincoln, and Porter meet on board the River Queen on March 27, 1865, near City Point, Virginia. The 1868 oil painting The Peacemakers by G. P. A. Healy is in the White House collection.
Sherman with Howard, Logan, Hazen, Davis, Slocum, and Mower, photographed by Mathew Brady, May 1865
Portrait by Mathew Brady or Levin C. Handy, between 1865 and 1880
Photograph by G. N. Barnard of Sherman's troops destroying a railroad in Atlanta, 1864
An 1868 engraving by Alexander Hay Ritchie depicting the March to the Sea
Map of Sherman's advance from Atlanta to Goldsboro
Cover of sheet music for a song celebrating the March to the Sea (1865)
Sherman (third from left) and other Indian Peace Commissioners in council with native chiefs and headmen, at the signing of the Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868
Portrait of Sherman in the frontispiece of the second edition of his Memoirs (1886). The engraving is based on a photograph taken ca. 1885 by Napoleon Sarony.
Shoulder strap insignia, introduced by Sherman in 1872 for his use as General of the Army
Sherman in his later years, in civilian evening clothes
Sherman's death mask
William Tecumseh Sherman monument by Augustus Saint-Gaudens, 1902, located at Grand Army Plaza in Manhattan, New York, incorporates a statue of Nike titled Victory

During the siege of Vicksburg, Confederate general Joseph E. Johnston had gathered a force of 30,000 men in Jackson, Mississippi, with the intention of relieving the garrison under the command of John C. Pemberton that was trapped inside Vicksburg.

Natchez Trace

Historic forest trail within the United States which extends roughly 440 mi from Nashville, Tennessee, to Natchez, Mississippi, linking the Cumberland, Tennessee, and Mississippi rivers.

Part of the original Natchez Trace near Natchez, Mississippi
Old Trace historical marker
The "Sunken Trace"
One of numerous overpasses on the Natchez Trace toward the exit to Vicksburg
A trail on the Natchez Trace
A cypress swamp along the side of the Natchez Trace near Jackson, Mississippi
Another view of the Sunken Trace (June 2015)
Buzzard Roost Stand
The spring located at Buzzard Roost Spring at Milepost 320.3 near Cherokee, Alabama.
Meriwether Lewis National Monument and Grave, April 2014


Freedom Riders

Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated Southern United States in 1961 and subsequent years to challenge the non-enforcement of the United States Supreme Court decisions Morgan v. Virginia (1946) and Boynton v. Virginia (1960), which ruled that segregated public buses were unconstitutional.

The Greyhound bus attack site (center) is south of Anniston on Old Birmingham Highway (right). See Freedom Riders National Monument (2017 photo)
Violence at the Anniston Trailways Terminal, at 901 Noble St., is commemorated with a mural (2012 photo)
A mob of white people beat Freedom Riders in Birmingham. This picture was reclaimed by the FBI from a local journalist who also was beaten and whose camera was smashed.
The Old Montgomery Greyhound Station, site of the May 20, 1961, violence is preserved as the Freedom Rides Museum (2011 photo)
Mugshot of Miller G. Green when arrested for being a part of The Freedom Rides
George Raymond Jr. was a CORE activist arrested in the Trailways bus terminal in Jackson, Mississippi on August 14, 1961.
Some freedom riders were incarcerated in the Mississippi State Penitentiary
Activists Patricia Stephens and Reverend Petty D. McKinney arrested in Tallahassee, Florida on June 16, 1961
Tri-State Trailways depot, Jackson, Miss. (1940s Postcard)
Atlanta, GA, Greyhound Bus Station and Restaurant, c. 1940
Birmingham, AL, Greyhound Bus Station, c. 1950
Atlanta's Terminal Station, origin of a Freedom Ride on the Central of Georgia Railway. (postcard view, c. 1949)
Preserved Greyhound Station, Jackson, Mississippi
Bus Depot, Nashville, Tennessee c. 1940
New Orleans Union Passenger Terminal
Union Station (Jackson, Mississippi)
Freedom Rider plaque in Birmingham

Over 300 Riders were arrested in Charlotte, North Carolina; Winnsboro, South Carolina; and Jackson, Mississippi.