Jacques Balmat

Jacques Balmat, called Balmat du Mont Blanc (1762–1834) was a mountaineer, a Savoyard mountain guide, born in the Chamonix valley in Savoy, at this time part of the Kingdom of Sardinia.wikipedia
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Mountaineering

mountaineermountain climbingmountain climber
Jacques Balmat, called Balmat du Mont Blanc (1762–1834) was a mountaineer, a Savoyard mountain guide, born in the Chamonix valley in Savoy, at this time part of the Kingdom of Sardinia.
In 1757 Swiss scientist Horace-Bénédict de Saussure made the first of several unsuccessful attempts on Mont Blanc in France, finally offering a reward, which was claimed in 1786 by Jacques Balmat and Michel-Gabriel Paccard.

Mont Blanc

Mont Blanc MassifMont Blanc/Monte BiancoMonte Bianco
A chamois hunter and collector of crystals, Balmat completed the first ascent of Mont Blanc with physician Michel-Gabriel Paccard on 8 August 1786.
The first recorded ascent of Mont Blanc (at the time neither within Italy nor France) was on 8 August 1786 by Jacques Balmat and the doctor Michel Paccard.

Horace Bénédict de Saussure

de SaussureSaussureHorace-Bénédict de Saussure
After the successful ascent, Balmat collected the reward offered 25 years before by Horace-Bénédict de Saussure to the first man who could climb Mont Blanc.
Two Chamonix men, Michel Paccard and Jacques Balmat, attained the summit in 1786, by way of the Grands Mulets, and in 1787 Saussure himself made the third ascent of the mountain.

Michel-Gabriel Paccard

Michel PaccardPaccardDr. Michel Paccard
A chamois hunter and collector of crystals, Balmat completed the first ascent of Mont Blanc with physician Michel-Gabriel Paccard on 8 August 1786.
In 1784, he made several attempts with Jacques Balmat before they made the first ascent of Mont Blanc together on 8 August 1786.

Savoy

SavoiaSavoyardSavoie
Jacques Balmat, called Balmat du Mont Blanc (1762–1834) was a mountaineer, a Savoyard mountain guide, born in the Chamonix valley in Savoy, at this time part of the Kingdom of Sardinia.

Mountain guide

guideguidesmountain guides
Jacques Balmat, called Balmat du Mont Blanc (1762–1834) was a mountaineer, a Savoyard mountain guide, born in the Chamonix valley in Savoy, at this time part of the Kingdom of Sardinia.

Chamonix

CHAChamonix-Mont-BlancChamonix, France
Jacques Balmat, called Balmat du Mont Blanc (1762–1834) was a mountaineer, a Savoyard mountain guide, born in the Chamonix valley in Savoy, at this time part of the Kingdom of Sardinia.

Kingdom of Sardinia

SardiniaSardinianPiedmont-Sardinia
Jacques Balmat, called Balmat du Mont Blanc (1762–1834) was a mountaineer, a Savoyard mountain guide, born in the Chamonix valley in Savoy, at this time part of the Kingdom of Sardinia.

Chamois

Balkan ChamoisRupicapra rupicapraAbruzzo (or Abruzzese) chamois
A chamois hunter and collector of crystals, Balmat completed the first ascent of Mont Blanc with physician Michel-Gabriel Paccard on 8 August 1786.

Quartz

rock crystalquartz crystalcitrine
A chamois hunter and collector of crystals, Balmat completed the first ascent of Mont Blanc with physician Michel-Gabriel Paccard on 8 August 1786.

First ascent

first ascentsfirst climbedfirst free ascent
A chamois hunter and collector of crystals, Balmat completed the first ascent of Mont Blanc with physician Michel-Gabriel Paccard on 8 August 1786.

Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia

Victor Amadeus IIIKing Victor Amadeus IIIVictor Amadeus
For this feat, King Victor Amadeus III gave him the honorary title du Mont Blanc.

Eric Shipton

E. E. ShiptonE.E. ShiptonEric Earle Shipton
Eric Shipton wrote "Theirs was an astounding achievement of courage and determination, one of the greatest in the annals of mountaineering. It was accomplished by men who were not only on unexplored ground but on a route that all the guides believed to be impossible."

Gaston Rébuffat

Rébuffat, Gaston
Gaston Rébuffat praised Balmat's climbing abilities, describing him as "This man, robust, resolute, this crystal hunter who, as it turns out, possesses an extraordinary mountaineering sense, an unerring instinct for the crevasses and seracs of the glaciers ..."

Serac

seracssérac
Gaston Rébuffat praised Balmat's climbing abilities, describing him as "This man, robust, resolute, this crystal hunter who, as it turns out, possesses an extraordinary mountaineering sense, an unerring instinct for the crevasses and seracs of the glaciers ..."

Napoleonic Wars

Napoleonicwar with FranceNapoleonic War
During the Napoleonic Wars, Savoy fell under French control, and Citizen Jacques Balmat became a member of the council of the commune.

Communes of France

communecommunesintercommunal
During the Napoleonic Wars, Savoy fell under French control, and Citizen Jacques Balmat became a member of the council of the commune.

Merino

merino sheepmerino woolSaxon Merino
He led an unsuccessful attempt to introduce Merino sheep into the Chamonix valley.

Sixt-Fer-à-Cheval

Sixt
Balmat died by falling off a cliff while prospecting for gold in the Sixt valley in 1834.

List of Alpine four-thousanders

alpine four-thousanders 4000 metre summits of the Alps4000 m

List of climbers and mountaineers

climberClimbers
Jacques Balmat (1762–1834) Duchy of Savoy, Chamonix-based guide, first ascent Mont Blanc (1786)

Goûter Route

modern normal route on the French sidenormal routes towards the summit of Mont Blanc
.After the first historical ascent of Mont Blanc was completed in 1786 by Jacques Balmat and Michel-Gabriel Paccard, many other routes to the highest peak in Western Europe were subsequently found.

Mont Blanc massif

Aiguille du GréponMont BlancAiguille de Tré-la-Tête
The first ascent of Mont Blanc in 1786 by Jacques Balmat and Michel Paccard initiated the sport of alpine mountaineering, and it was during the golden age of alpinism (1854–65) and the silver age of alpinism (1865–82) that the majority of the main summits of the massif were first attained.

Guide

guidesguidancewilderness guide
In Chamonix (France) a statue has been raised to Jacques Balmat, who was the first to climb Mont Blanc in 1786.