Jagannath Temple, Puri

Statue of Aruna the charioteer of the Sun God on top of the Aruna Stambha in front of the Singhadwara.
The Ratha Yatra in Puri in modern times showing the three chariots of the deities with the Temple in the background
Jagannath during Ratha Yatra, 2011
The Singhadwara in 1870 showing the Lion sculptures with the Aruna Stambha Pillar in the foreground
The Ashwadwara Gate
Cluster of minor temples in the southern part of Jagannath temple complex, including the Vimala Temple (extreme right), c. 1890
The Dola Mandapa in 1890 where the annual Dol Yatra is held.
Ratha Yatra Festival in Puri, a painting by James Fergusson
Pahandi Bije during Ratha Yatra at Puri
Temple main gate
The backside of the Jagannath temple with the 'Koili Baikuntha' garden in the foreground.
Shri Dibyasingha Deb, Chief Servitor of the Temple.
Bird's EyeView Of Jagannath Temple complex

Important Hindu temple dedicated to Jagannath, a form of Vishnu - one of the trinity of supreme divinity in Hinduism, in Puri in the state of Odisha on the eastern coast of India.

- Jagannath Temple, Puri

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Eastern Ganga dynasty

The Eastern Ganga dynasty also known as Rudhi Gangas or Prachya Gangas were a large medieval era Indian royal dynasty that reigned from Kalinga from as early as the 5th century to the early 15th century.

The Eastern Ganga dynasty also known as Rudhi Gangas or Prachya Gangas were a large medieval era Indian royal dynasty that reigned from Kalinga from as early as the 5th century to the early 15th century.

Main Temple Structure, Konark Sun Temple.
Reliefs at the Konark Sun Temple.
Jagannath Temple at Puri, built by Maharaja Anantavarman Chodaganga Deva.
13th century temple inscription of Ananta Vasudeva Temple
Loving Couple (Mithuna) 13th century, Eastern Ganga Dynasty, Orissa, India
A Fanam (Coin) of Eastern Ganga Dynasty
Eastern Ganga coinage numerals
A Temple in Sri Mukhalingam temple complex
Konark Sun Temple at Konark, Odisha, built by King Narasimhadeva I (1238–1264), it is now a World Heritage Site.
A Stone carved throne at Simhachalam temple

Today, they are most remembered as the builders of the world renowned Puri Jagannath Temple and Konark Sun Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site at Konark, Odisha.

Jagannath icon in 2011

Jagannath

Deity worshipped in regional Hindu traditions in India and Bangladesh as part of a triad along with his brother Balabhadra and sister, devi Subhadra.

Deity worshipped in regional Hindu traditions in India and Bangladesh as part of a triad along with his brother Balabhadra and sister, devi Subhadra.

Jagannath icon in 2011
Jagannath icons are produced from wood. They are replaced every 8 or 12 or 19 years. Above: logs in transport to prepare the Jagannath icon.
The Jagannath festivities in Puri attract crowds with no class or caste barriers. Some 19th-century writers saw this as one evidence for Buddhist origins, now a discredited theory.
An old Dadhivaman deity in Kendrapara, Odisha. Shrila Bhakti Vinod Thakur's great forefather Krishnanada started worshipping this deity in mid-14th century AD.
Jagannath in the Narasimha or Nrusingha Besha in Koraput
Shri Jagannath with Shri Balabhadra and Devi Subhadra
Balarama, Subhadra and Jagannath in the temple at Puri, with many human and sacred figures, buildings and animals. Oil painting by a painter of Puri, Orissa, ca. 1880/1910.
The Ashwadwara at Puri with the statue of Jagannath on a white horse and Balabhadra on a black horse
Shrila Prabhupada in Golden Gate Park with Jagannath deity to his right: February, 1967
Claudius Buchanan's writings on "Juggernaut" were the first introduction of Indian religions to the American audience, and one that originated and constructed intercultural misunderstanding.
The Jagannath symbol is a part of the Krishna iconography in ISKCON events around the world.
Rath Yatra in Puri (2007).
The Jagganath temple in Ranchi, Jharkhand

The Jagannath temple in Puri, Odisha is particularly significant in Vaishnavism, and is regarded as one of the Char Dham pilgrimage sites in India.

Three chariots of the deities with the Temple in the background, Puri

Ratha Yatra

Any public procession in a chariot.

Any public procession in a chariot.

Three chariots of the deities with the Temple in the background, Puri
Ratha Yatra in Moscow
Ratha Yatra in Odisha, India.
The ISKCON Jagganath deities after the Ratha-Jatra at the Parade Brigade Ground, Dharmatala, Kolkata.
The Ratha Yatra of Jagannath in Nabadwip features unusual images with hands.

During the Jagannath Rath Yatra, the triads are usually worshiped in the sanctum of the temple at Puri, but once during the month of Asadha (Rainy Season of Odisha, usually falling in month of June or July), they are brought out onto the Bada Danda (main street of Puri) and travel (3 km) to the Shri Gundicha Temple, in huge chariots (ratha), allowing the public to have darśana (Holy view).

Painting of Adi Shankara, exponent of Advaita Vedanta with his disciples by Raja Ravi Varma

Adi Shankara

Adi Shankara (8th cent.

Adi Shankara (8th cent.

Painting of Adi Shankara, exponent of Advaita Vedanta with his disciples by Raja Ravi Varma
The birthplace of Adi Shankara at Kalady
Adi Sankara Keerthi Sthampa Mandapam, Kalady, Kochi
Murti of Shankara at his Samadhi Mandir, behind Kedarnath Temple, in Kedarnath, India
Murti of Shankara at the SAT Temple in Santa Cruz, California
Vidyashankara temple at Sringeri Sharada Peetham, Shringeri

509–477 BCE: This dating is based on records of the heads of the Shankara's cardinal institutions s. The exact dates of birth of Adi Shankaracharya believed by four monasteries are Dvārakā at 491 BCE,{{refn|group=note|Arun Kumar Upadhyay: "The copper-plate of King Sudhanwa, said{ to have been issued to Sankara and now in the possession of Government on behalf of Dwärká Mutt, bears the date as Yudhisthira Saka 2663, Åsvin Sukla 15. This gives us 476 B.C. as the relevant year of his death. The copper-plate seems to have been issued to Sankara right towards the end of his career. King Sudhanwa is referred to not only by Jinavijaya but also by biographers like Mädhava and Sadánanda." Citsukha's Brhat-Sankara Vijaya also gives us the year of 2663 of Yudhi. Saka i.e, 476 B.C. as the year of Sankara's passing away. }} Jyotirmath at 485 BCE, Jagannatha Puri at 484 BCE and Sringeri at 483 BCE. while according to the [Kanchi Peetham]] Adi Shankara was born in Kali 2593 (509 BCE).

Arjuna and Subhadra. Painting by Raja Ravi Varma

Subhadra

Hindu goddess mentioned in the ancient Hindu scriptures like the Mahabharata and the Bhagavata Purana.

Hindu goddess mentioned in the ancient Hindu scriptures like the Mahabharata and the Bhagavata Purana.

Arjuna and Subhadra. Painting by Raja Ravi Varma
Arjuna abducts Subhadra with Krishna's consent.
Subhadra elopes away from Dwaraka with her lover, Arjuna.
Subhadra meets Draupadi and Kunti
Subhadra in the middle with her brothers Balabhadra (Balarama) and Jagannath (Krishna)
Subhadra (in Jagannath Temple, Puri)
Balarama, Lakshmi (Subhadra), Vasudev (Krishna, Jagannath) idols in early 11th century

Subhadra is one of the three deities worshipped at the Jagannath Temple at Puri, along with Krishna (as Jagannatha) and Balarama (or Balabhadra).

Odisha

Indian state located in Eastern India.

Indian state located in Eastern India.

Lingaraja Temple built by the Somavanshi king Jajati Keshari
Hathigumpha on the Udayagiri Hills built in c. undefined
Shanti Stupa at Dhauli is the location where Kalinga War was fought in c. undefined
Mahanadi river near Cuttack
Satellite view of the Mahanadi river delta
Odisha State Secretariat building in Bhubaneswar
Map of districts of Odisha
One of the iron ore mines in Keonjhar district
Rourkela Steel Plant
Biju Patnaik Airport, Bhubaneswar
Gopalpur Port
East Coast Railway headquarters, Bhubaneswar
Tribal people of Koraput, Odisha
Gita Govinda
Bilingual signboard in English and Odia
Utkal University main gate
Chhau dance
Sharmila Biswas performing Odissi dance
Barabati Stadium in Cuttack
White tiger in the Nandankanan Zoo
Irrawaddy dolphins can be found in Chilika
Vanda tessellata, one of the orchids found in Odisha<ref name=NiyamgiriOrchids>{{cite journal|author1=P.K. Dash|author2=Santilata Sahoo|author3=Subhasisa Bal|title=Ethnobotanical Studies on Orchids of Niyamgiri Hill Ranges, Orissa, India|journal=Ethnobotanical Leaflets|year=2008 |issue=12|pages=70–78|url=http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1043&context=ebl&sei-redir=1&referer=http%3A%2F%2Fscholar.google.co.in%2Fscholar%3Fq%3DOrissa%2BOrchid%26btnG%3D%26hl%3Den%26as_sdt%3D0%252C5#search=%22Orissa%20Orchid%22|access-date=5 February 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150205133643/http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1043&context=ebl&sei-redir=1&referer=http%3A%2F%2Fscholar.google.co.in%2Fscholar%3Fq%3DOrissa%2BOrchid%26btnG%3D%26hl%3Den%26as_sdt%3D0%252C5#search=%22Orissa%20Orchid%22|archive-date=5 February 2015|url-status=live|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
Birds at Chilika Lake
Crocodile in Bhitarkanika National Park
The Rath Yatra in Jagannath Temple, Puri
Maa Tarini Temple, Ghatgaon
Gundichaghagi waterfall Keonjhar during monsoons

Notable rulers of the dynasty were Anantavarman Chodaganga, who began reconstruction on the present-day Shri Jagannath Temple in Puri (c.

Sculpture of Chodaganga Deva at Chudangasahi, Puri

Anantavarman Chodaganga

Gangesvara Anantavarman Chodaganga Deva ((r.

Gangesvara Anantavarman Chodaganga Deva ((r.

Sculpture of Chodaganga Deva at Chudangasahi, Puri
Present Jagannath temple in Puri built by Anantavarman Chodaganga.
Royal Procession of Chodaganga at Garedi Panchana Temple
Royal court scene of Chodaganga at Buddhanath Temple, Garedi Panchana

However, historian S.N. Sen states that Anantavarman was the maternal grandson of Kulottunga I. The Jagannath Temple at Puri was rebuilt in the 11th century atop its ruins by Anantavarman Chodaganga.

Statue of Krishna at the Sri Mariamman Temple, Singapore.

Krishna

Major deity in Hinduism.

Major deity in Hinduism.

Statue of Krishna at the Sri Mariamman Temple, Singapore.
Heliodorus Pillar in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, erected about 120BCE. The inscription states that Heliodorus is a Bhagvatena, and a couplet in the inscription closely paraphrases a Sanskrit verse from the Mahabharata.
Balarama and Krishna with their attributes at Chilas. The Kharoshthi inscription nearby reads Rama [kri]ṣa. 1st century CE.
Krishna is celebrated in the Vaishnava tradition in various stages of his life.
Bala Krishna dancing, 14thcenturyCE Chola sculpture, Tamil Nadu, in the Honolulu Academy of Arts.
Krishna with cows, herdsmen, and Gopis.
Krishna lifting Govardhana at Bharat Kala Bhavan, recovered from a Muslim graveyard in Varanasi. It is dated to the Gupta Empire era (4th/6th-centuryCE).
Baby Krishna on a swing, depicted with his foster parents Nanda and Yashoda.
Rasalila by M.V. Dhurandhar, early 20th century
Krishna with his consorts Rukmini and Satyabhama and his mount Garuda, Tamil Nadu, India, late 12th–13thcentury
In the foreground, an iconographic symbol of Krishna with Arjuna during the Kurukshetra war – the context for the Bhagavad Gita. The background depicts Krishna's Vishvarupa (cosmic form) described in the Bhagavad Gita.
14th-century fresco of Radha Krishna in Udaipur, Rajasthan
12th-century art depicting Krishna playing flute with gathered living beings at Hoysaleswara temple, Karnataka
Krishna has been a major part of the Bhakti movement. One of the key devotees was Meera (pictured).
Krishna (left) with Radha at Bhaktivedanta Manor, Watford, England
Krishna lifts "Govardhan" mountain, a 7th-century artwork from a Da Nang, Vietnam, archaeological site
Radha-Krishna
Depiction of Krishna playing the flute in a temple constructed in 752CE on the order of Emperor Shomu, Todai-ji Temple, Great Buddha Hall in Nara, Japan
Infant Krishna with Mother Yashoda

Some names for Krishna hold regional importance; Jagannatha, found in the Puri Hindu temple, is a popular incarnation in Odisha state and nearby regions of eastern India.

Puri

Coastal city and a municipality in the state of Odisha in eastern India.

Coastal city and a municipality in the state of Odisha in eastern India.

King Indradyumna of Ujjayani credited with building the original Puri Jagannath temple in 318 AD
Govardhana matha main gate
H.H Jagadguru Swami Nischalananda Saraswati, The Shankaracharya of Puri
The Atharanala Bridge dating back to the 16th century at the entrance of Puri
Samudra arati of worship of the sea by disciples of the Matha at Puri
The main entrance of the Jagannath Temple
Markandeshwar Tank
Sunrise at Puri Sea Beach
Main entrance of the Gundicha Temple
Sea at Swargadwar of Puri
Puri sea sunrise
Puri sea beach viewed from the light house
The Grand Road near the Jagannath Temple
The Ratha Yatra in Puri in modern times showing the three chariots of the deities with the Temple in the background
Pahandi bije during Ratha Yatra at Puri
The Narendra Tirtha tank where ceremonies of Chandan Yatra are performed
Images during the Snana Yatra.
Suna Besha or Golden Attire of Lord Jagannatha
A scene from a play being enacted during the Sahi Yatra
Sand art of a baby elephant
An applique art work
Odissi dancer
Samanta Chandra Sekhara College, Puri

It is also known as Sri Jagannatha Dhama after the 12th-century Jagannath Temple located in the city.

Chakra in a hand of Vishnu

Sudarshana Chakra

Spinning, discus weapon with 108 serrated edges, attributed to Vishnu or Krishna in Hindu scriptures.

Spinning, discus weapon with 108 serrated edges, attributed to Vishnu or Krishna in Hindu scriptures.

Chakra in a hand of Vishnu
Chakra in the left upper hand of a seated Vishnu, medieval sculpture currently in Mathura museum.
A 5000 years old model of the Sudarshana Chakra discovered in Shahr-e Sukhteh in the Iran-Afghanistan border.
A Vrishni silver coin from Alexander Cunningham's Coins of Ancient India: From the Earliest Times Down to the Seventh Century (1891)
Sudarshana Chakra depicted as Chakrathazhwar who is an ayudhapurusha and a fierce aspect of his owner Vishnu.
Chakra in a 13th century metal Vishnu icon

Jagannath Temple, Puri, where Jagannath (a form of Vishnu-Krishna), Subhadra, Balabhadra and Sudarshana are the main deities.