Image of Tirthankara Parshvanatha (Victoria and Albert Museum, 6th–7th century)
Idol of Lord Rishabhdeva at Palitana Tirth, Gujarat
Image of Neminatha at a Jain temple in Bateshwar, Uttar Pradesh
The hand symbolizes Ahiṃsā, the wheel dharmachakra, the resolve to halt saṃsāra (transmigration).
Parshvanatha was born in Varanasi, a historic city on the Ganges.
Rishabha with mother Marudevi at Palitana
The birth of Aristanemi, Kalpa Sūtra
Classification of Saṃsāri Jīvas (transmigrating souls) in Jainism
Parshvanatha and his yaksha, Dharanendra, in the 8th-century Tamil Nadu Kalugumalai Jain Beds
Janma kalyāṇaka from the Kalpa Sutra, c. 14th–15th Century CE
Depiction of wedding procession of Neminatha. His legend states that he renounced after hearing animal cries while they were being sacrificed to prepare his wedding feast.
Lord Neminatha, Akota Bronzes (7th century)
8th-century stone relief of Parshvanatha at Thirakoil
Ruins of ancient Jain settlement from 2nd century BCE in Kankali Tila, Mathura depicting the scene of Nilanjana's Dance from life of Lord Rishabhdeva.
Neminatha temple complex on Girnar hills near Junagadh, Gujarat.
Jain miniature painting of 24 tirthankaras, Jaipur, c. 1850
Parshvanatha with Padmavati and Dharnendra in a 16th-century manuscript
Statuary representing meditation by Rishabhanatha in Kayotsarga posture. (Photo:Ajmer Jain temple)
Kalpa Sūtra recto Neminatha's blowing Krishna's conch verso text
Jain temple painting explaining Anekantavada with Blind men and an elephant
Parshvanatha iconography is identified by a sesha hood above his head and a cobra stamped (or carved) beneath his feet. At the center of his chest is a shrivatsa, which identifies Jain statues.
Rishabhanatha's moving over lotus after attaining omniscience
The largest statue of Neminath with height of 16 meters at Tirumalai built in 12th century
A Jain monk in meditation, wearing the characteristic white robe and face covering
Jal Mandir, Shikharji, Parasnath
Mount Kailash or Ashtapad, the Nirvana place of Rishabhdeva.
Girnar Jain Temple
Nishidhi stone, depicting the vow of sallekhana, 14th century, Karnataka
Parsvanatha ayagapata - Jina Parsvanatha, Mathura art, {{circa|15 CE}}.{{sfn|Quintanilla|2007|p=201}}{{sfn|Quintanilla|2007|p=406}}
Svetambara iconography of Rishabhanatha, in which he is identified by the bull stamped or carved below his feet. On the center of his chest is a shrivatsa.
Neminatha, Nasik Caves, 6th century
Praying at the feet of a statue of Bahubali
alt=Stone relief|Uttar Pradesh, 2nd century (Museum of Oriental Art)
Carving at Ambika Gumpha, Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves, 2nd century BCE
Akota Bronzes, MET museum, 7th century
Jain worship may include ritual offerings and recitals.
Parshvanath relief of Kahaum pillar, 5th century
The famous 15 ft "Bade Baba" idol at Bade Baba temple, Kundalpur
Celebrating Das Lakshana (Paryushana), Jain Center of America, New York City
alt=Lotus position|5th century (Satna, Madhya Pradesh)
Palitana temples
Neminath Sculpture, National Museum, New Delhi, 11th Century
The birth of Mahavira, from the Kalpa Sūtra (c.1375–1400 CE)
alt=Lotus position|6th century, Uttar Pradesh
Statue of Ahimsa, Maharashtra, {{convert|108|feet}}
Image at Maharaja Chhatrasal Museum, 12th century
alt=Lotus position|7th-century Akota Bronze (Honolulu Museum of Art)
Bawangaja, Madhya Pradesh, {{convert|84|feet}}
Neminath idol, Government Museum, Mathura, 12th Century
Idol of Suparśvanātha
6th-7th century bronze statue in Asian Civilisations Museum
The {{convert|58.4|feet}} colossal at Gopachal Hill
Depiction of Neminatha on Naag as bed, chakra on foot finger and conch played by nose at Parshvanath temple, Tijara
A symbol to represent the Jain community was chosen in 1975 as part of the commemoration of the 2,500th anniversary of Mahavira’s nirvana.
9th century - Cleveland Museum of Art
The {{convert|45|feet}} tall rock cut idol at Chanderi
Brahma Jinalaya
Rishabhdev, believed to have lived over 592.704×1018 years ago, is considered the traditional founder of Jainism.
alt=Lotus position|10th-century copper, inlaid with silver and gemstones (LACMA)
{{convert|31|feet}} statue made up of Ashtadhatu, Trilok Teerth Dham
The ruins of Gori Jain temples in Nagarparkar, Pakistan, a pilgrimage site before 1947.
alt=Lotus position|11th century, Maharaja Chhatrasal Museum
The {{convert|25|feet}} idol at Dadabari, Kota
Arahanthgiri Jain Math
Ranakpur Jain Temple
alt=Lotus position|Karnataka, 12th century (Art Institute of Chicago)
Ranakpur Jain temple, Ranakpur, Rajasthan
Chavundaraya Basadi in Shravanabelagola
Dilwara Temples
alt=Lotus position|1813 engraving
Adinatha temple, Khajuraho, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Bhand Dewal
Parshvanath Temple in Khajuraho
{{convert|61|ft}} colossal at Navagraha Jain Temple
Vimal Vasahi, Dilwara temples
Kamal Basadi
Girnar Jain temples
alt=Outdoor standing statue|Vahelna statue
Panchakuta Basadi
Jal Mandir, Pawapuri
alt=Standing statue in niche|Parshvanatha basadi, Shravanabelgola
Lodhurva Jain temple
alt=Standing statue|Parshvanatha temple in Halebidu
Palitana temples
Parshvanatha temple, Khajuraho, UNESCO World Heritage Site
Saavira Kambada Basadi, Moodbidri, Karnataka
Pattadakal Jain Temple, UNESCO World Heritage Site
Jain temple, Antwerp, Belgium
Parshavanth temple, Jaisalmer Fort, UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of Hill Forts of Rajasthan
Brahma Jinalaya, Lakkundi
Parshvanatha basadi at Halebidu: tentative list for UNESCO World Heritage Site
Hutheesing Jain Temple
Calcutta Jain Temple
Antwerp Jain Temple, Belgium
Shri Nakodaji
Samovsaran Mandir, Palitana
Lodhurva Jain temple
Lal Mandir
Kere Basadi
alt=Godiji Parshwanath (Gori) Temple at Tharparkar - tentative list for UNESCO World Heritage|Godiji (Gori) Temple in Tharparkar - tentative list for UNESCO World Heritage
Parshwanath at Jirawala, Rajasthan

Parshvanatha, also known as Parshva and Parasnath, was the 23rd of 24 Tirthankaras (ford-makers or propagators of dharma) of Jainism.

- Parshvanatha

Rishabhanatha, also ' (ऋषभदेव), Rishabhadeva, ' or Ikshvaku is the first Tīrthaṅkara (Supreme preacher) of Jainism and establisher of Ikshvaku dynasty.

- Rishabhanatha

Neminatha, also known as Nemi and Arishtanemi, is the twenty-second tirthankara (ford-maker) in Jainism.

- Neminatha

Along with Mahavira, Parshvanatha and Rishabhanatha, Neminatha is one of the twenty four tirthankaras who attract the most devotional worship among the Jains.

- Neminatha

Jainism traces its spiritual ideas and history through the succession of twenty-four Tirthankaras (supreme preachers of Dharma), with the first in the current time cycle being Rishabhadeva, whom the tradition holds to have lived millions of years ago; the twenty-third tirthankara Parshvanatha, whom historians date to 9th century BCE; and the twenty-fourth tirthankara, Mahavira around 600 BCE.

- Jainism

He was the spiritual successor of 22nd tirthankara Neminatha.

- Parshvanatha

Along with Mahavira, Parshvanath, Neminath, and Shantinath; Rishabhanath is one of the five Tirthankaras that attract the most devotional worship among the Jains.

- Rishabhanatha

The earliest layer of Jain literature on cosmology and universal history pivots around two jinas: the Adinatha (Rishabhanatha) and Mahavira.

- Parshvanatha

Out of the 24 Tirthankaras, Jains predominantly worship four: Mahāvīra, Parshvanatha, Neminatha and Rishabhanatha.

- Jainism
Image of Tirthankara Parshvanatha (Victoria and Albert Museum, 6th–7th century)

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Statue of Mahavira meditating in the lotus position at Shri Mahavirji, Rajasthan, India.


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Statue of Mahavira meditating in the lotus position at Shri Mahavirji, Rajasthan, India.
Mahavira in Padmasana meditation posture
Ancient kingdoms and cities of India at the time of Mahavira
Mahavira in Padmasana meditation posture
The birth of Mahavira, from the Kalpa Sūtra (c.1375–1400 CE)
Lord Mahavira's Jal Mandir (water temple) in Pawapuri, Bihar, India
The "Charan Paduka" or foot impression of Mahavira at Jal Mandir
Folio from the Kalpa Sūtra, 15th century
The swastika and five vows
Mahavira worship in a manuscript c.1825
Mahavira iconography is distinguished by a lion stamped (or carved) beneath his feet; a Shrivatsa is on his chest.
Mahavira temple, Tirumalai
alt=See caption|Rock-cut sculpture of Mahavira in Samanar Hills, Madurai, Tamil Nadu
Rock-cut sculpture of Mahavira in Kalugumalai Jain Beds, 8th century
alt=See caption|Tallest known image of the seated Mahavira, Patnaganj
alt=See caption|Four-sided sculpture of Mahavira in Kankali Tila, Mathura
alt=Two nude statues|Tirthankaras Rishabhanatha (left) and Mahavira, 11th century (British Museum)
alt=Mahavira, seated|Temple relief of Mahavira, 14th century (Seattle Asian Art Museum)
alt=See caption|Relief of Mahavira in Thirakoil, Tamil Nadu
16-foot, 2-inch stone statue of Mahavira in Ahinsa Sthal, Mehrauli, New Delhi{{sfn|Titze|1998|p=266}}|alt=Large outdoor statue of Mahavira, with a seated worshipper for scale
alt=See caption|Mahavira statue in Cave 32 of the Ellora Caves
Mahavira inside Ambapuram cave temple, 7th century
alt=Dharmachakra temple|Dharmachakra temple in Gajpanth
alt=Shri Mahavirji|Shri Mahavirji
Jain Center of Greater Phoenix
Jain temple, Potters Bar
Mahavir Swami at Manilaxmi Tirth, Gujarat

Mahavira (Sanskrit: महावीर) also known as Vardhamana, was the 24th Tirthankara (supreme preacher) of Jainism.

He was the spiritual successor of the 23rd Tirthankara Parshvanatha.

The Ikshvaku Dynasty was founded by the First Tirthankara Rishabhanatha.

According to Jain texts, he was the shortest of the twenty-four tirthankaras; earlier arihants were believed to have been taller, with Neminatha or Aristanemi —the 22nd tirthankara, who lived for 1,000 years—said to have been sixty-five cubits (98feet) in height.



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Tirthankara images at Siddhachal Caves inside Gwalior Fort.
Auspicious dreams seen by a tirthankara's mother during pregnancy
Samavasarana of Tirthankara Rishabha (Ajmer Jain temple)
Tirthankars of present, previous and next cosmic ages (72 in total)
Jain chaumukha sculpture at LACMA, 6th century
Image of Mahavira at Shri Mahavirji

In Jainism, a Tirthankara (Sanskrit: ; English: literally a 'ford-maker') is a saviour and spiritual teacher of the dharma (righteous path).

The first tirthankara in this present time cycle (Hunda Avsarpini) was Rishabhanatha, who is credited for formulating and organising humans to live in a society harmoniously.

History records the existence of Mahavira and his predecessor, Parshvanath, the twenty-third tirthankara.

Two tirthankaras – Munisuvrata, the 20th, and Neminatha, the 22nd – belonged to the Harivamsa dynasty.