A report on Jainism and Yaksha

The hand symbolizes Ahiṃsā, the wheel dharmachakra, the resolve to halt saṃsāra (transmigration).
Kubera, the God of Riches, LACMA
Classification of Saṃsāri Jīvas (transmigrating souls) in Jainism
Painting of Āṭavaka, a yaksha who challenged the Buddha
Lord Neminatha, Akota Bronzes (7th century)
A yaksha as a gate guardian (dvarapala) at Plaosan temple in Indonesia
Jain miniature painting of 24 tirthankaras, Jaipur, c. 1850
'Digambara Yaksha Sarvahna', Norton Simon Museum, c. 900 CE
Jain temple painting explaining Anekantavada with Blind men and an elephant
Yaksha and yakshini couple Sarvānubhūti and Kuṣmāṇḍinī, with the Tirthankaras
A Jain monk in meditation, wearing the characteristic white robe and face covering
Face of the yakṣa Thotsakhirithon (ทศคีรีธร) at Wat Phra Kaew, Bangkok
Nishidhi stone, depicting the vow of sallekhana, 14th century, Karnataka
Yaksha couple standing on lotus leaves, the male (sic) holding a lotus bud and posed in shalabhanjika
Praying at the feet of a statue of Bahubali
Dvarapala Yaksha made of basalt. Statue found in Buddhist cave (Pitalkhora) and dates to 2nd century CE. On display in the Prince of Wales Museum.
Jain worship may include ritual offerings and recitals.
Mudgarpani Yaksha, 2nd century BCE, Bharnakalan, Mathura Museum.
Celebrating Das Lakshana (Paryushana), Jain Center of America, New York City
Vidisha Yaksha, 2nd century BCE, Vidisha Museum.
The birth of Mahavira, from the Kalpa Sūtra (c.1375–1400 CE)
Gomedh and Ambika at Maharaja Chhatrasal Museum, 11th century
Idol of Suparśvanātha
A symbol to represent the Jain community was chosen in 1975 as part of the commemoration of the 2,500th anniversary of Mahavira’s nirvana.
Rishabhdev, believed to have lived over 592.704×1018 years ago, is considered the traditional founder of Jainism.
The ruins of Gori Jain temples in Nagarparkar, Pakistan, a pilgrimage site before 1947.
Ranakpur Jain Temple
Dilwara Temples
Parshvanath Temple in Khajuraho
Girnar Jain temples
Jal Mandir, Pawapuri
Lodhurva Jain temple
Palitana temples
Saavira Kambada Basadi, Moodbidri, Karnataka
Jain temple, Antwerp, Belgium
Brahma Jinalaya, Lakkundi
Hutheesing Jain Temple

They appear in Hindu, Jain and Buddhist texts, as well as ancient and medieval era temples of South Asia and Southeast Asia as guardian deities.

- Yaksha

The basic ritual is darsana (seeing) of deva, which includes Jina, or other yaksas, gods and goddesses such as Brahmadeva, 52 Viras, Padmavati, Ambika and 16 Vidyadevis (including Sarasvati and Lakshmi).

- Jainism
The hand symbolizes Ahiṃsā, the wheel dharmachakra, the resolve to halt saṃsāra (transmigration).

2 related topics with Alpha


Didarganj Yakshi
3rd century BCE – 2nd century CE Patna Museum, Patna


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Didarganj Yakshi
3rd century BCE – 2nd century CE Patna Museum, Patna
The Bhutesvara Yakshis, Mathura, 2nd century CE.
Yakshi under a flowering asoka tree. Shunga, 2nd-1st century BC, India
A Yakshin, 10th century, Mathura, India. Guimet Museum.
The Besnagar Yakshi, 3rd-1st century BC.
Reserve Bank of India headquarters, Delhi entrance with a yakshini sculpture (c. 1960) depicting "Prosperity through agriculture".
Statue of Yakshi by Kanayi Kunjiraman at Malampuzha Dam
Red sandstone 2nd century Kushan empire, mathura region, Dallas Museum of Art.

Yakshinis (यक्षिणी yakṣiṇī or yakṣī; yakkhiṇī or yakkhī) are a class of nature spirits in Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain religious mythologies that are different from devas (gods), asuras (demons), and gandharvas or apsaras (celestial nymphs).

Yakshinis and their male counterparts, the yakshas, are one of the many paranormal beings associated with the centuries-old sacred groves of India.

An image of Ambika in Cave 34 of the Ellora Caves

Ambika (Jainism)

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An image of Ambika in Cave 34 of the Ellora Caves
Ambika as Gullikayi ji in front of Gommateshwara statue
Goddess Ambika sitting on lion and mango tree branch in right arm and her son in left, Royal Ontario Museum, 8th-9th century
Ambika sculpture from Kushan Empire
Ambika with Sarvana, LACMA, 6th century
Image depicting Goddess Ambika in LACMA, 6th-7th century
Carving of Ambikadevi Kalugumalai Jain Beds, 8th century
Image depicting Goddess Ambika from Karnataka, India, c. 900 CE, Norton Simon Museum
Sculpture of Goddess Ambika, 1034 AD, British Museum
Goddess Ambika in Museum Rietberg, 11th century
Sculpture of Gomedh and Ambika at Maharaja Chhatrasal Museum, 11th century
Sarvanubhuti and Kushmandini with Jinas, 11 century, Art Gallery of New South Wales
Goddess Ambika idol, Victoria and Albert Museum, 1150-1200 AD
Goddess Ambika - Medieval Period (Government Museum, Mathura)
Modern iconography, Shri Munisuvrata-Nemi-Parshva Jinalaya
Goddess Ambika at Manmodi Caves

In Jainism, Ambika (अम्बिका, ଅମ୍ବିକା "Mother") or Ambika Devi (अम्बिका देवी "the Goddess-Mother") is the Yakshini "dedicated attendant deity" or "protector goddess" of the 22nd Tirthankara, Neminatha.

Ambika is the yakshi of Neminatha with Sarvanha (according to Digambara tradition) or Gomedha (according to Śvētāmbara tradition) as yaksha.