A report on Jainism

The hand symbolizes Ahiṃsā, the wheel dharmachakra, the resolve to halt saṃsāra (transmigration).
Classification of Saṃsāri Jīvas (transmigrating souls) in Jainism
Lord Neminatha, Akota Bronzes (7th century)
Jain miniature painting of 24 tirthankaras, Jaipur, c. 1850
Jain temple painting explaining Anekantavada with Blind men and an elephant
A Jain monk in meditation, wearing the characteristic white robe and face covering
Nishidhi stone, depicting the vow of sallekhana, 14th century, Karnataka
Praying at the feet of a statue of Bahubali
Jain worship may include ritual offerings and recitals.
Celebrating Das Lakshana (Paryushana), Jain Center of America, New York City
The birth of Mahavira, from the Kalpa Sūtra (c.1375–1400 CE)
Shikharji
Idol of Suparśvanātha
A symbol to represent the Jain community was chosen in 1975 as part of the commemoration of the 2,500th anniversary of Mahavira’s nirvana.
Rishabhdev, believed to have lived over 592.704×1018 years ago, is considered the traditional founder of Jainism.
The ruins of Gori Jain temples in Nagarparkar, Pakistan, a pilgrimage site before 1947.
Ranakpur Jain Temple
Dilwara Temples
Parshvanath Temple in Khajuraho
Girnar Jain temples
Jal Mandir, Pawapuri
Lodhurva Jain temple
Palitana temples
Saavira Kambada Basadi, Moodbidri, Karnataka
Jain temple, Antwerp, Belgium
Brahma Jinalaya, Lakkundi
Hutheesing Jain Temple

Ancient Indian religion.

- Jainism
The hand symbolizes Ahiṃsā, the wheel dharmachakra, the resolve to halt saṃsāra (transmigration).

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Extent of Badami Chalukya Empire, 636 CE, 740 CE.

Chalukya dynasty

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Classical Indian dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th centuries.

Classical Indian dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th centuries.

Extent of Badami Chalukya Empire, 636 CE, 740 CE.
Old Kannada inscription of Chalukya King Mangalesha dated 578 CE at Badami cave temple no.3
Old Kannada inscription on victory pillar, Virupaksha Temple, Pattadakal, 733–745 CE
Coinage of the Chalukyas of Badami. Uncertain ruler. Circa 597-757 CE. Boar and Temple type.
Bhutanatha temple complex, at Badami
Virupaksha temple in Dravidian style at Pattadakal, built 740 CE
Poetry on stone at the Meguti temple (Aihole inscription) dated 634 CE, in Sanskrit language and old Kannada script, with a Kannada language endorsement of about the same date at the bottom.
Vaishnava Cave temple No. 3 at Badami, 578 CE
Bahubali at Jain Cave temple No. 4 at Badami, 6th century
Vishnu image in Cave temple No. 3
Bhutanatha group of temples facing the Badami tank
The Parvati Temple, located about 140 km southeast to the Badami
Aihole – Durga Temple Front View
Aihole – Meguti Jain Temple
Mallikarjuna temple in dravidian style and Kashi Vishwanatha temple in nagara style at Pattadakal, built 740 CE
Dancing Shiva in cave no. 1 in Badami
Papanatha temple at Pattadakal – fusion of southern and northern Indian styles, 680 CE

Kannada literature, which had enjoyed royal support in the 9th century Rashtrakuta court found eager patronage from the Western Chalukyas in the Jain and Veerashaiva traditions.

A traditional Kyrgyz manaschi performing part of the Epic of Manas at a yurt camp in Karakol

Oral tradition

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Form of human communication wherein knowledge, art, ideas and cultural material is received, preserved, and transmitted orally from one generation to another.

Form of human communication wherein knowledge, art, ideas and cultural material is received, preserved, and transmitted orally from one generation to another.

A traditional Kyrgyz manaschi performing part of the Epic of Manas at a yurt camp in Karakol
The legendary Finnish storyteller Väinämöinen with his kantele
Filip Višnjić (1767–1834), Serbian blind guslar

Religions such as Buddhism, Hinduism, Catholicism, and Jainism, for example, have used an oral tradition, in parallel to a writing system, to transmit their canonical scriptures, rituals, hymns and mythologies from one generation to the next.

Depiction of Siddha Shila as per Jain cosmology which is abode of infinite Siddhas

Moksha (Jainism)

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Sanskrit or Prakrit mokkha refers to the liberation or salvation of a soul from saṃsāra, the cycle of birth and death.

Sanskrit or Prakrit mokkha refers to the liberation or salvation of a soul from saṃsāra, the cycle of birth and death.

Depiction of Siddha Shila as per Jain cosmology which is abode of infinite Siddhas

Such a soul is called siddha and is revered in Jainism.

Dharma (Jainism)

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Jain texts assign a wide range of meaning to the Sanskrit dharma or Prakrit dhamma.

Jain texts assign a wide range of meaning to the Sanskrit dharma or Prakrit dhamma.

It is often translated as “religion” and as such, Jainism is called Jain Dharma by its adherents.

Diwali diyas

Diya (lamp)

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Oil lamp made from clay or mud with a cotton wick dipped in ghee.

Oil lamp made from clay or mud with a cotton wick dipped in ghee.

Diwali diyas
Top of the ornamental Nachiarkoil or Annam lamp of Tamilnadu

Diyas are native to the Indian subcontinent and they hold sacred prominence in Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist and Jain prayers as well as religious rituals, ceremonies and festivals including Diwali.

Paul Dundas

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Scholar and a senior lecturer in Sanskrit language and head of Asian Studies in the University of Edinburgh.

Scholar and a senior lecturer in Sanskrit language and head of Asian Studies in the University of Edinburgh.

His main areas of academic and research interest include Jainism, Buddhism, classical Sanskrit literature and Middle Indo-Aryan philology.

Mangi Tungi tirtha

Mangi-Tungi

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Prominent twin-pinnacled peak with plateau in between, located near Tahrabad about 125 km from Nashik, Maharashtra, India.

Prominent twin-pinnacled peak with plateau in between, located near Tahrabad about 125 km from Nashik, Maharashtra, India.

Mangi Tungi tirtha
108 feet Rishabdev Bhagwan at Mangi Tungi
Mangi-tungi cave
Sunrise above Tungi Peak
Statue Of Ahimsa

There are numerous temples and is considered sacred in Jainism.

SriMallinatha statue at Anwa, Rajasthan

Mallinatha

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SriMallinatha statue at Anwa, Rajasthan
Chaturmukha Basadi
Mannargudi Mallinatha Swamy Temple
Mallinath Temple, Kosbad

Mallinatha (Prakrit Mallinātha, "Lord of jasmine or seat") was the 19th tīrthaṅkara "ford-maker" of the present avasarpiṇī age in Jainism.

Pawapuri

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Pawapuri or Pawa is a holy site for Jains located in the Nalanda district in the Bihar state of Eastern India.

From top and L-R: Sabarmati Ashram, Gujarati attire, Somnath Temple, Rann of Kutch, Dwarkadhish Temple, Statue of Unity, Laxmi Vilas Palace at Vadodara

Gujarat

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State along the western coast of India.

State along the western coast of India.

From top and L-R: Sabarmati Ashram, Gujarati attire, Somnath Temple, Rann of Kutch, Dwarkadhish Temple, Statue of Unity, Laxmi Vilas Palace at Vadodara
From top and L-R: Sabarmati Ashram, Gujarati attire, Somnath Temple, Rann of Kutch, Dwarkadhish Temple, Statue of Unity, Laxmi Vilas Palace at Vadodara
A modern Zoroastrian Agiary in Western India
Jama Masjid, Ahmedabad
Portrait of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb
Peshwa Baji Rao I riding a horse
Bombay Presidency in 1909, northern portion
Mahatma Gandhi picking salt at Dandi beach, South Gujarat ending the Salt satyagraha on 5 April 1930
Gujarati written in Gujarati script
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Swarnim Sankul 2, Office of Gujarat Government
Mundra Port, Kutch
Tallest building in Gujarat: GIFT One
Shown here is the Tata Nano, the world's least expensive car. Sanand, Gujarat, is home to Tata Nano.
Surat is one of the fastest growing cities in the world.
Alang shipbreaking
Astonfield's 11.5 MW solar plant in Gujarat
Traditional farming
Amul plant at Anand
Hemchandra acharya with his disciple Kumarpal Raja. He is regarded as the father of the Gujarati language.
Depection of Shrimad Rajchandra writing Atmasiddhi in single sitting of 1.5 hrs, one of the longest Gujarati poetry based on Jain philosophy.
Gujarati thali
An Asiatic lion family, which occurs in and around Gir National Park
Greater flamingo, Jamnagar
Striped hyena at the Gir Forest National Park
Indroda Dinosaur and Fossil Park, Gandhinagar
Saputara – a hill station in Gujarat
Statue of Unity facing the Sardar Sarovar Dam on the river Narmada in Kevadiya colony
Tarnetar Fair, Tarnetar
A man in traditional costumes during Tarnetar fair
Kandla Port, Kutch
Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad
The Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
Campus at Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Gandhinagar
The clock tower in Gujarat University, Ahmedabad
Kala Bhavan, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
Rocket model at Science City, Ahmedabad
Mount Karo, Kutch
Cracked earth in the Rann of Kutch
The colourful Rann Utsav Festival is held annually in the Rann of Kutch.
People enjoying Raan Utsav at Dhordo, Kutch
Camel ride in Rann of Kutch
Greater Flamingo at Rann of Kutch
Hathisingh Jain Temple, Ahmedabad
Palitana temples
Modhera Sun Temple built by Bhimdev
Gurudwara Govinddham, Ahmedabad
Magen Abraham Jewish Synagogue
Jama Masjid (Friday Mosque, 15th century), Ahmedabad
Garba during Navaratri in Ahmedabad
Navratri Garba at Ambaji temple
Tourists playing Dandiya Raas
International Kite Festival, Ahmedabad
Statue of Mahatma Gandhi in Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad
Somnath Temple, Veraval
Dwarkadhish Temple, Dwarka
Radha Damodar Temple, Junagadh
Kirti Toran, Vadnagar
Akshardham Gandhinagar
Jama Mosque, Champaner
Lakhota Museum in Jamnagar
Sun Temple, Modhera
Laxmi Vilas Palace, Vadodara
Vijay Vilas Palace, Mandvi, Kutch
Mahabat Maqbara, Junagadh
Vasai Jain Temple, Kutch
Wankaner palace, Wankaner
Mandvi Beach, Kutch
Muhammad ibn Qasim's conquest of Sindh (711-715 CE). 
Desert areas (Registan Desert and Thar Desert)
Zunbils
Kingdom of Sindh (c. 632– 712 CE)
Maitraka Kingdom (c.475–c.776 CE)

According to 2011 census, the religious makeup in Gujarat was 88.6% Hindu, 9.7% Muslim, 1.0% Jain, 0.5% Christian, 0.1% Sikh, 0.05% Buddhist and 0.03% others.