A report on Jainism

The hand symbolizes Ahiṃsā, the wheel dharmachakra, the resolve to halt saṃsāra (transmigration).
Classification of Saṃsāri Jīvas (transmigrating souls) in Jainism
Lord Neminatha, Akota Bronzes (7th century)
Jain miniature painting of 24 tirthankaras, Jaipur, c. 1850
Jain temple painting explaining Anekantavada with Blind men and an elephant
A Jain monk in meditation, wearing the characteristic white robe and face covering
Nishidhi stone, depicting the vow of sallekhana, 14th century, Karnataka
Praying at the feet of a statue of Bahubali
Jain worship may include ritual offerings and recitals.
Celebrating Das Lakshana (Paryushana), Jain Center of America, New York City
The birth of Mahavira, from the Kalpa Sūtra (c.1375–1400 CE)
Shikharji
Idol of Suparśvanātha
A symbol to represent the Jain community was chosen in 1975 as part of the commemoration of the 2,500th anniversary of Mahavira’s nirvana.
Rishabhdev, believed to have lived over 592.704×1018 years ago, is considered the traditional founder of Jainism.
The ruins of Gori Jain temples in Nagarparkar, Pakistan, a pilgrimage site before 1947.
Ranakpur Jain Temple
Dilwara Temples
Parshvanath Temple in Khajuraho
Girnar Jain temples
Jal Mandir, Pawapuri
Lodhurva Jain temple
Palitana temples
Saavira Kambada Basadi, Moodbidri, Karnataka
Jain temple, Antwerp, Belgium
Brahma Jinalaya, Lakkundi
Hutheesing Jain Temple

Ancient Indian religion.

- Jainism
The hand symbolizes Ahiṃsā, the wheel dharmachakra, the resolve to halt saṃsāra (transmigration).

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Vardhaman Mahavir image at Keelakuyilkudi, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Mahavir Janma Kalyanak

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Vardhaman Mahavir image at Keelakuyilkudi, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Vardhaman Mahavir image at Keelakuyilkudi, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Sixteen auspicious dreams seen by the mother of all Tirthankara
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Mahavir Janma Kalyanak is one of the most important religious festivals in Jainism.

Pawapuri where Mahavira attained Niravana

Diwali (Jainism)

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Pawapuri where Mahavira attained Niravana
Pawapuri where Mahavira attained Niravana
Diya and Tirthankar

Diwali has a very special significance in Jainism.

Depiction of the concept of soul (in transmigration) in Jainism. Golden color represents nokarma – the quasi-karmic matter, Cyan color depicts dravya karma– the subtle karmic matter, orange represents the bhav karma– the psycho-physical karmic matter and White depicts sudhatma, the pure consciousness.

Jīva (Jainism)

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Depiction of the concept of soul (in transmigration) in Jainism. Golden color represents nokarma – the quasi-karmic matter, Cyan color depicts dravya karma– the subtle karmic matter, orange represents the bhav karma– the psycho-physical karmic matter and White depicts sudhatma, the pure consciousness.
Classification of Saṃsāri Jīvas (Transmigrating Souls) as per Jainism.

Jīva (जीव) or Atman (आत्मन्) is a philosophical term used within Jainism to identify the soul.

Jainism in India

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District wise Jain population percentage India census 2011

Jainism is India's sixth-largest religion and is practiced throughout India.

Statue of Matrikas found near Agam Kuan, built by Ashoka.

Patna

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Patna (

Patna (

Statue of Matrikas found near Agam Kuan, built by Ashoka.
Main street of Patna, showing one side of the Chowk, 1814–15.
City of Patna, on the River Ganges, 19th-century painting.
Map of Patna district
Monsoon clouds over Priyadarshi Nagar, a part of Kankarbagh- residential area in Eastern Patna.
Maurya Lok is one of the oldest and major shopping area of the city
The Mahavir Mandir is a famous temple in Patna.
Bhootnath Road TV Tower broadcasts programming to Patna
Jay Prakash Narayan Airport, Patna
Patna Junction Railway Station, Patna
Magahi folk singers
Gandhi Maidan (shown above) lies in the heart of Patna and is the site for most political and social functions in the city.
Golghar was originally built to serve as a granary for the British East India company army during the famine of 1786. It now features an observation deck overlooking the Ganges and the city.
Sabhyata Dwar in Patna
Indian Institute of Technology Patna at Bihta, one of the premier institutes of engineering and research in India.
Patna College, established 1863, is considered to be the oldest institution of higher education in Bihar.
Moin-Ul-Haque Stadium near Rajendra Nagar, used for cricket and association football.
Pataliputra as a capital of the Magadha Empire.
Pataliputra as a capital of Maurya Empire. The Maurya Empire at its largest extent under Ashoka the Great.
Pataliputra as a capital of Shunga Empire. Approximate greatest extent of the Shunga Empire (c. 185 BCE).
Pataliputra as a capital of Gupta Empire. Approximate greatest extent of the Gupta Empire.
Street in Patna, 1825 (British, active in India)
Golghar at Bankipore, near Patna, 1814–15
State Bank of India- Patna Regional office at East Gandhi Maidan Marg
Reserve Bank of India's regional office at South Gandhi Maidan Marg, Patna
A murti, or representation, of the goddess Durga shown during the Durga Puja festival
People Celebrating Chhath Festival the 2nd Day at Morning a tribute to the rising holy God Sun
A game of cricket in progress
Kankarbagh Indoor Stadium at Patliputra Sports Complex during Pro Kabaddi League match

The Buddhist, Hindu and Jain pilgrimage centres of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodh Gaya and Pawapuri are nearby and Patna City is a sacred city for Sikhs as the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh was born here.

Jain Center of Greater Phoenix

Jainism in the United States

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Jain Center of Greater Phoenix
Jain Center of Greater Phoenix
Poster announcing lecture by Virchand Gandhi
From left to right: Virchand Gandhi, Hewivitarne Dharmapala, Swami Vivekananda, and (possibly) G. Bonet Maury
Main shrine at Siddhachalam Jain center, New Jersey
Jain temple in Monroeville, Pennsylvania
Jain Center of Central Ohio in Columbus, Ohio
Greater Baltimore Jain Temple
Jain Center of America in New York City with images of Tirthankaras.
Manastambha at Jain Center of Greater Phoenix
Rishabhantha idol at Jain Center of Greater Phoenix
Lord Mahaviraswami idol at Jain Center of Greater Phoenix
Lord Adinatha at Franklin Township derasar
Main vedi at Franklin Township derasar
Idol of devi at Franklin Township Derasar
Namokar Mantra at Terapanti shrine of Franklin Township Derasar

Adherents of Jainism first arrived in the United States in the 20th century.

Ṇamōkāra mantra / Navkar Mantra

Namokar Mantra

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Ṇamōkāra mantra / Navkar Mantra
Hathigumpha inscription by King Khāravela at Udayagiri Hills
Obeisance to Pañca-Parameṣṭhi (five supreme beings)

The Ṇamōkāra mantra or Navkar Mantra is the most significant mantra in Jainism, and one of the oldest mantras in continuous practice.

Avasarpiṇī

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Jaina units of time on a logarithmic scale

Avasarpiṇī is the descending half of the cosmic time cycle in Jainism and the one in which the world is said to be at present.

A one anna commemorative coin issued by the British Indian government depicting Lord Rishabhanatha, accepting sugarcane juice from King Shreyans

Akshaya Tritiya

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A one anna commemorative coin issued by the British Indian government depicting Lord Rishabhanatha, accepting sugarcane juice from King Shreyans
Yamunotri Temple and Gangotri Temple are opened on the auspicious occasion of Akshaya Tritiya.
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Akshaya Tritiya, also known as Akti or Akha Teej,is an annual Hindu and Jain spring festival.

Rama holding arrows

Rama

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Major deity in Hinduism.

Major deity in Hinduism.

Rama holding arrows
Gold carving depiction of the legendary Ayodhya at the Ajmer Jain temple
Rama is portrayed in Hindu arts and texts as a compassionate person who cares for all living beings.
Rama Raj Tilak from Ramayana
The Rama story is carved into stone as an 8th-century relief artwork in the largest Shiva temple of the Ellora Caves, suggesting its importance to the Indian society by then.
1870 painting on mica entitled, Incarnation of Vishnu
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Valmiki composing the Ramayana.
Rama (left third from top) depicted in the Dashavatara (ten incornations) of Vishnu. Painting from Jaipur, now at the Victoria and Albert Museum.
Rama (Yama) and Sita (Thida) in Yama Zatdaw, the Burmese version of the Ramayana
A 5th century terracotta sculpture depicting Rama
In Northern, Central and Western states of India, the Ramlila play is enacted during Navratri by rural artists (above).
Rama's story is a major part of the artistic reliefs found at Angkor Wat, Cambodia. Large sequences of Ramayana reliefs are also found in Java, Indonesia.
The UNESCO World Heritage Site of Hampi monuments in Karnataka, built by the Vijayanagara Empire, includes a major Rama temple. Its numerous wall reliefs tell the life story of Rama.
Rama Temple at Ramtek (10th century, restored). A medieval inscription here calls Rama as Advaitavadaprabhu or "Lord of the Advaita doctrine".
Rama, along with his younger brother Lakshmana and wife Sita, exiled to the forest.
Rama in Forest
Ravana's sister Suparnakha attempts to seduce Rama and cheat on Sita. He refuses and spurns her (above).
Ravana kidnapping Sita while Jatayu on the left tried to help her. 9th-century Prambanan bas-relief, Java, Indonesia.
Hanuman meets Rama in the forest.
Sita Boomi Pravesh

Rama legends are also found in the texts of Jainism and Buddhism, though he is sometimes called Pauma or Padma in these texts, and their details vary significantly from the Hindu versions.