A report on Jakarta

Replica of the Padrão of Sunda Kalapa (1522), a stone pillar with a cross of the Order of Christ commemorating a treaty between the Portuguese Empire and the Hindu Sunda Kingdom, at Jakarta History Museum.
The 5th-century Tugu inscription discovered in Tugu district, North Jakarta
Batavia around 1780
The City Hall of Batavia (Stadhuis van Batavia), the seat of the Governor-General of the VOC in the late 18th century by Johannes Rach c. 1770. The building now houses the Jakarta History Museum, Jakarta Old Town.
One of the most monumental projects launched by Sukarno was the demolition of government buildings in Merdeka Square to make way for the National Monument.
Aerial view of North Jakarta
Ancol beach
Facade of the Museum Bank Indonesia in Kota Tua
Wisma 46 in post-modernist architecture, the fourth tallest building in Jakarta
view of Monas, Jakarta's landmark
Bundaran HI, a 1960s landmark of Jakarta located at the west end of Menteng District.
Boat ride at Indonesian archipelago lake in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah
Ancol Gondola
Chinese in Jakarta praying during Chinese New Year in Glodok, Jakarta
The Indonesian Stock Exchange (Bursa Efek Indonesia) building in Jakarta, one of the oldest in Asia.
Bank Indonesia head office
Gandaria City Mall in South Jakarta
Jakarta Old City Post Office at Fatahillah Square, Central Jakarta
Most visitors to Jakarta are domestic tourists, and Taman Mini Indonesia Indah is aimed at supporting national identity and patriotism.
The main TV tower of TVRI at its headquarters in Jakarta
Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia campus at Semanggi
University of Indonesia campus
Tanjidor music of Betawi culture demonstrate European influence
Gado-gado is a popular Indonesian salad dish.
Football match at Gelora Bung Karno Stadium
Asian Games 2018 opening ceremony in Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, 2018
Jakarta Merdeka Palace
Map of the administrative cities (Kota administratif) in Jakarta province. The Thousand Islands Regency (to the north) is not shown. Each administrative city is further divided into districts (Kecamatan).
Batavia map of Meester Cornelis (now Jatinegara)
The Secretariat of ASEAN at Jl. Sisingamangaraja No.70A, South Jakarta, Indonesia
Jakarta Street in Tripoli, Libya
Al-Azhar Great Mosque, It was Jakarta's largest mosque when it was built until it was surpassed by the Istiqlal Mosque.
The Jakarta Cathedral, one of the oldest churches in Jakarta.
Kim Tek Ie, the oldest Taoist and Buddhist temple in Jakarta.
Aditya Jaya Hindu temple, Rawamangun, East Jakarta.
Ondel-Ondel, often used as a symbol of Betawi culture
Chinese paifang in Mangga Dua, Central Jakarta
The Golden Snail IMAX theatre at Taman Mini Indonesia Indah
Jakarta Fair of 2007
Japanese community celebrating Ennichisai in Blok M, South Jakarta
Traditional Betawi dance, Tari Yapong

Capital and largest city of Indonesia.

- Jakarta

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Sunda Kelapa

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Harbormaster Tower of Sunda Kelapa.
Padrão of Sunda Kalapa (1522), a stone pillar commemorating a treaty between the kingdoms of Portugal and Sunda in Indonesian National Museum, Jakarta.
Old warehouses near Sunda Kelapa port, now the (Maritime Museum).

Sunda Kelapa (, Sunda Kalapa) is the old port of Jakarta located on the estuarine of Ciliwung River.

Chinese junks Sin Tong Heng and Tek Hwa Seng in the Sambu Island, Singapore Strait, c. undefined 1936

Chinese Indonesians

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Chinese Indonesians (Orang Tionghoa Indonesia;, for full Chinese descent; , for partial Chinese descent) Chindo colloquially, are Indonesians with full or partial Chinese ancestry.

Chinese Indonesians (Orang Tionghoa Indonesia;, for full Chinese descent; , for partial Chinese descent) Chindo colloquially, are Indonesians with full or partial Chinese ancestry.

Chinese junks Sin Tong Heng and Tek Hwa Seng in the Sambu Island, Singapore Strait, c. undefined 1936
Chinese workers from Swatow await the preparation of their contracts by immigration officials at Medan's labor inspectorate, Belawan c. undefined 1920–1940
The first Dutch Chinese Schools were established in 1892 following a split in curriculum from the native population.
Chinese-language school owned by the Tiong Hoa Hwe Koan in Sungailiat, Bangka
Early draft of the Indonesia Raya, later adopted as a national anthem, in a 1928 weekly edition of the Sin Po newspaper
Pao An Tui or "The Chinese Police" in Bagansiapiapi, which played a major role in maintaining peace and order among Chinese community
Restrictions on rural non-indigenous retail businesses in 1959 led to rapid urbanization of the ethnic Chinese community.
1967 photo of a Chinese-Indonesian family of Hubei ancestry
Anti-Chinese sentiment reached its peak in May 1998, when major riots swept over Jakarta.
Mari Elka Pangestu, Chinese Indonesian minister during the 2004-2014 cabinet.
During the 2000 census, the peak of the ethnic Chinese population pyramid occurred in the 15–19 age group. The male population is shown in blue, and the female is in pink.
The Chinese district of Medan, North Sumatra, in 1925; The city is home to the largest Chinese population by number in Sumatra, also the second largest nationally after Jakarta.
The Chinese New Year celebration in Chinese Town in Senapelan, Pekanbaru, Riau.
Population estimates of the peranakan (shown in red) and totok (in pink) throughout the 20th century
Identity card of The Hong Eng, c. undefined 1943, indicating her Chinese ethnicity during the occupation of the Dutch East Indies by Japan
The tin mines of Bangka Island almost entirely employed Chinese workers.
Shophouses in Batavia with Chinese signs along the front of the shophouse
Hakka Museum in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Jakarta
Tjhoen Tjhioe; (春秋), was one of a Chinese Peranakan newspaper during colonial era
Ouw Peh Tjoa, one of early chinese folktale-based story which was made and released in the colonial Indonesia, directed by The Teng Chun
Two storey Chinese-style shophouses in Glodok, Jakarta, c.1972
Traditional Peranakan-style house in Bagansiapiapi, Riau
Local Chinese-Indonesian students writing in Chinese calligraphy
Kong Miao Confucian Temple in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Jakarta
Vihara Eka Dharma Manggala, a Buddhist Temple in Samarinda, East Kalimantan
Geredja Keristen Tionghoa or Chinese Christian Church in Jakarta, c.1952
Cheng Ho Mosque in Surabaya, East Java
Shopping street in the Chinese districts on Java island, circa 1940-1950
The distribution map of the origins of Chinese Indonesians. Majority of their ancestral are from Fujian or Guangdong province origins with small community from Hainan island, Guangxi and the rest are from other provinces in Northern China
The Gate paifang of Kampung Ketandan Chinatown, Yogyakarta, 2018
Benteng Chinese wedding in Jakarta, 2012. Benteng people are one of Peranakan community that still exist until today, mostly concentrated in Tangerang, Jakarta and its outskirt area

According to 2010 population census, 22.3 percent of Chinese Indonesians lived in the capital city of Jakarta, located on the island of Java.

Menteng

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The office building of N.V. de Bouwploeg, now the Cut Mutiah mosque
Menteng residential area in the 1970s.
Residence of former president Suharto on Jalan Cendana
Sarinah Department Store, one of the first modern department stores in Jakarta.
Farmer's Monument.

Menteng is the south-central district of Central Jakarta, one of the administrative municipalities in the capital city Jakarta, Indonesia.

North Jakarta

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Laundry workers working at Ciliwung river in Pasar Baru, circa between 1915 and 1925.
North Jakarta skyline
Mangga Dua Mall

North Jakarta (Jakarta Utara) is one of the five administrative cities (kota administrasi) which form Special Capital Region of Jakarta, Indonesia.

Indonesian National Revolution

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Armed conflict and diplomatic struggle between the Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch Empire and an internal social revolution during postwar and postcolonial Indonesia.

Armed conflict and diplomatic struggle between the Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch Empire and an internal social revolution during postwar and postcolonial Indonesia.

Bendera Pusaka, the first Indonesian flag, is raised on 17 August 1945.
Clockwise from the top right:
* Remains of the car of Brigadier Aubertin Walter Sothern Mallaby, where he was killed on 30 October 1945 during the Battle of Surabaya
* A village near Bandung, a number of houses are on fire. Two Indonesian soldiers are visible on the left of the picture.
* Delegations of Indonesia and Netherlands arriving at Linggarjati hill to hold Linggadjati Agreement
* Padang, West Sumatra, after Operation Kraai
* Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta before exilement to Brastagi, North Sumatra
* Queen Juliana of the Netherlands signing the Soevereiniteitsoverdracht (Transfer of Sovereignty) of Indonesia.
Indian and British troops move cautiously along a jungle track round the town of Gresik.
Dutch soldiers in the East Indies, 1946
Destruction in Bandung's Chinese quarter
A soldier of an Indian armoured regiment examines a Marmon-Herrington CTLS light tank used by Indonesian nationalists and captured by British forces during the fighting in Surabaya.
Javanese revolutionaries armed with bamboo spears and a few Japanese rifles, 1946
An old Indonesian couple with Dutch soldiers in a Bren Carrier
A Dutch military column during Operation Product
The Van Mook line in Java. Areas in red were under Republican control.
Two men with rope around their necks are handcuffed by TNI officers in September 1948 in Madiun, Indonesia.
Dutch forces in the East Indies, 1948
Graffiti in Java, 1948: "Freedom is for us Indonesians", "Liberty or Death", "Hollanders go to Hel".
Australia's The Northern Star newspaper regarding the independence of Indonesia date 28 December 1949
The United States of Indonesia, December 1949 – the Republic of Indonesia is shown in red.
Indonesian Vice-president Hatta and Dutch Queen Juliana at the signing ceremony which took place at the Royal Palace of Amsterdam. With the treaty signed, the Dutch officially recognised Indonesian sovereignty.
Memorial to Dutch losses in the war at the Prinsenhof in Delft

It was mid-September before news of the declaration of independence spread to the outer islands, and many Indonesians far from the capital Jakarta did not believe it.

The Army General Staff at the time of the coup attempt. The generals who were killed are shown in grey.

30 September Movement

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Self-proclaimed organization of Indonesian National Armed Forces members who, in the early hours of 1 October 1965, assassinated six Indonesian Army generals in an abortive coup d'état, resulting in the unofficial but more accurate name of Gestok, for Gerakan Satu Oktober, or First of October Movement.

Self-proclaimed organization of Indonesian National Armed Forces members who, in the early hours of 1 October 1965, assassinated six Indonesian Army generals in an abortive coup d'état, resulting in the unofficial but more accurate name of Gestok, for Gerakan Satu Oktober, or First of October Movement.

The Army General Staff at the time of the coup attempt. The generals who were killed are shown in grey.
Key locations around Merdeka Square (now Monas) on 30 September 1965.
Contemporary anti-PKI literature blaming the party for the coup attempt
The editorial cartoon from the front page of the PKI newspaper "Harian Rakyat" published 2 October 1965

By the end of the day, the coup attempt had failed in Jakarta.

Rioters burning office furniture on the streets of Jakarta on 14 May 1998

May 1998 riots of Indonesia

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Rioters burning office furniture on the streets of Jakarta on 14 May 1998
Students march to reject a special session of the MPR in November 1998.
Trisakti University students and police forces clash in May 1998
Destroyed DPR/MPR courtroom, after being occupied by students.
B. J. Habibie takes the presidential oath of office following Suharto's resignation, one week after the violence. He later appointed a fact-finding team to investigate the May riots.
According to the fact-finding team, Prabowo Subianto was a key figure in military involvement with rioters in Jakarta.
A portrait of ethnic Chinese tycoon Sudono Salim—one of the world's wealthiest men at the time—and his wife is burned by rioters when his Jakarta house was ransacked during the riots.

The May 1998 riots of Indonesia (Kerusuhan Mei 1998), also known as the 1998 tragedy (Tragedi 1998) or simply the 1998 event (Peristiwa 1998), were incidents of mass violence, demonstrations, and civil unrest that occurred throughout Indonesia, mainly in Medan in the province of North Sumatra (4–8 May), the capital city of Jakarta (12–15 May), and Surakarta (also called Solo) in the province of Central Java (13–15 May).

Bogor Regency

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Kawedanan Jasinga (blue), Kawedanan Parung (orange), Kawedanan Leuwiliang (red), Kawedanan Cibinong (yellow), Kawedanan Buitenzorg (tosca), Kawedanan Jonggol (green).
Persikabo Stadium seen from the front.

Bogor Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Bogor) is a landlocked regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia, south of DKI Jakarta.

National Monument, the symbol of independence, at the center of Merdeka Square, Jakarta.

Capital of Indonesia

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National Monument, the symbol of independence, at the center of Merdeka Square, Jakarta.
Lithograph of Paleis Rijswijk (present-day Istana Negara or State Palace) in the 1880s.
Monas stands in the centre of Merdeka Square, in the heart of the national capital of Jakarta. Most of Jakarta's landmarks and monuments were built during the Sukarno era.
Monument built to inaugurate the groundbreaking of Palangkaraya by President Sukarno, dated 17 July 1957. This monument is colloquially known locally as the Sukarno Monument.
Balikpapan is the gateway to the new capital of Indonesia, Nusantara.

The capital of the Republic of Indonesia is Jakarta, one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Southeast Asia.

South Tangerang

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City in the province of Banten, Indonesia.

City in the province of Banten, Indonesia.

Jakarta-Serpong Toll Road
Jakarta Japanese School

Located 30 km on the southwestern border of Jakarta, the city forms part of the Greater Jakarta metropolitan area.