Henry Morgan was a famous Caribbean pirate, privateer, plantation owner and slaveholder; he had first come to the West Indies as an indentured servant, like most of the early English colonists.
A plantation set alight during the Baptist War of 1831–32
Harbour Street, Kingston, c. 1820
Marcus Garvey, father of the Back to Africa Movement and Jamaica's first National Hero
Michael Manley, Prime Minister 1972–1980 and 1989–1992
Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Jamaica
Inside the Jamaican Parliament
Jamaican soldiers training to fire the L1A1 Self-Loading Rifle in 2002
Topographic map of Jamaica
Köppen climate classification of Jamaica.
Jamaica's national bird, a red-billed streamertail
Jamaican boa
Jamaican parrotfish
Jamaica's population, 1800–2019
Montego Bay, Jamaica's second-largest city
Northern suburbs of Kingston, Jamaica's capital and largest city
Mandeville Church (est. 1816), an Anglican church in Manchester Parish. Christianity is the largest religion in Jamaica.
A historic Ashura celebration in Jamaica, which is known locally as Hussay or Hosay
Bob Marley, one of the most famous reggae artists from Jamaica
Jamaican curry goat with rice and peas
Jamaica motto on a building at Papine High School in Kingston, Jamaica
Usain Bolt is one of the most prominent sprinters in the world.
A beach in Negril with a hotel and restaurant
James Bond Beach in Oracabessa
A proportional representation of Jamaica exports, 2019
Real GDP per capita development since 1820
Halfway Tree Transport Centre, Kingston
A US Airways aircraft landing at Montego Bay (2013)
Norman Manley International Airport
Jamaica electricity production by source
Jamaica renewable electricity production by source

Island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.

- Jamaica

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Jamaicans are the citizens of Jamaica and their descendants in the Jamaican diaspora.

Kingston, Jamaica

Scenes in Kingston after the 1882 fire.
Map of Kingston 1897
Bird's eye view of Kingston after the 1907 earthquake
View of the central Kingston waterfront showing the Bank of Nova Scotia and the Bank of Jamaica
Air Jamaica headquarters
Photo of Kingston taken from the International Space Station

Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica, located on the southeastern coast of the island.


Rastafari often claim the flag of Ethiopia as was used during Haile Selassie's reign. It combines the conquering lion of Judah, symbol of the Ethiopian monarchy, with green, gold, and red.
Two Rastafari street vendors in Zeerust, South Africa; they are wearing and selling items that display their commitment to the religion
The Liberty Bell Temple in Los Angeles
Haile Selassie, the Emperor of Ethiopia between 1930 and 1974. He is of central importance to Rastas, many of whom regard him as the Second Coming of Jesus and thus God incarnate in human form.
The eastern African nation of Ethiopia is given great prominence in Rasta doctrine.
A map of Ethiopia, the "Zion" of the Rastas
A Rasta in Barbados, wearing a rastacap decorated in the Rastafari colours: green, gold, red and black
The Rasta Shop, a store selling items associated with Rastafari in the U.S. state of Oregon
A group of Rastas in Liberia celebrating Marcus Garvey's birthday
A flowering cannabis plant; the smoking of which is considered a Biblically sanctioned sacrament by Rastas
A Rasta playing a batá drum
Rastas regularly use the three colours of the Ethiopian flag for their movement, although they often add black to this tricolour, symbolising the black skin of the African people
An ital breakfast; ackee, plantain, boiled food, breadfruit, and mango-pineapple juice
A man with dreadlocks in São Paulo, Brazil
A Rasta man wearing a rastacap in Jamaica
Marcus Garvey, a prominent black nationalist theorist who heavily influenced Rastafari and is regarded as a prophet by many Rastas
Emperor Haile Selassie in 1942, a year after he re-took control of Ethiopia
Reggae musician Bob Marley did much to raise international awareness of the Rastafari movement in the 1970s.
A stylised Rastafari motif, depicting the Lion of Judah
The headquarters of the Twelve Tribes of Israel group in Shashemene, Ethiopia
A practitioner of Rastafari in Jamaica
A Rasta street vendor in South Africa's Eastern Cape
The English Rasta Benjamin Zephaniah is a well-known poet.

Rastafari, sometimes called Rastafarianism, is a religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s.

Abolitionism in the United Kingdom

The movement in the late 18th and early 19th centuries to end the practice of slavery, whether formal or informal, in the United Kingdom, the British Empire and the world, including ending the Atlantic slave trade.

1787 Wedgwood anti-slavery medallion designed by Josiah Wedgwood for the British anti-slavery campaign
Title page of a published lecture against slavery by Joseph Ivimey
Ignatius Sancho (c1729–1780), an escaped slave, gained fame in his time as a man of letters. An active 18th-century British abolitionist and anti-racism campaigner, as "the extraordinary Negro", he also became a symbol of the humanity of Africans. He sold rum, sugar, and tobacco; goods mostly produced by slaves.
William Wilberforce (1759–1833), politician and philanthropist who was a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade.
Olaudah Equiano (c.1745–1797) was one of the most prominent Africans involved in the British debate for the abolition of the slave trade.
Blake's "A Negro Hung Alive by the Ribs to a Gallows", an illustration to J. G. Stedman's Narrative, of a Five Years' Expedition, against the Revolted Negroes of Surinam (1796).
Plate to commemorate the abolition of the slave trade in 1807.
illustration from the book: The Black Man's Lament, or, how to make sugar by Amelia Opie. (London, 1826)
"To the Friends of Negro Emancipation", an engraving in the West Indies, celebrating the abolition of slavery in the British Empire in 1833.
A poster advertising a special chapel service in celebration of the Abolition of Slavery in 1838
"The Anti-Slavery Society Convention, 1840" by Benjamin Haydon (1841).

Somersett had escaped and his master, Charles Steuart, had him captured and imprisoned on board a ship, intending to ship him to Jamaica to be resold into slavery.


Reggae artist Bob Marley in 1980
Jimmy Cliff
Peter Tosh with Robbie Shakespeare, 1978
Tanya Stephens in 2014 at a German Reggae festival
Skank guitar rhythm often considered "'the' reggae beat" or.
"One drop" sixteenth-note drum pattern
Sly Dunbar
Robbie Shakespeare in 1978
In this typical reggae bass line, the roots of the chords are emphasized, with musical interest created by going from the root down to the fifth of the chord. A dotted quarter note and eighth note rhythm is used repeatedly.
Al Anderson
UB40's former frontman Ali Campbell performing in 2009.
Toots and the Maytals performing at the 2017 Coachella festival
UB40 perform in Birmingham, 2010

Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.


Quarter note "skank" guitar rhythm, named onomatopoetically for its sound.
Eighth note skank rhythm
The Specials
Fishbone playing in Los Angeles
The Uptones, which are from Berkeley, California, formed in 1981.
The Mighty Mighty Bosstones in their typical plaid outfits.
The Dance Hall Crashers in 1998.
Desorden Publico, which are from Caracas, Venezuela formed in 1985.

Ska is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s and was the precursor to rocksteady and reggae.

English-speaking world

Official language .Anglosphere countries are those where English is the main native language.

English-speaking peoples monument in London

Besides the major varieties of English, such as American English, British English, Canadian English, Australian English, Irish English, New Zealand English, and their sub-varieties, countries such as South Africa, India, Nigeria, the Philippines, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago also have millions of native speakers of dialect continua ranging from English-based creole languages to Standard English.

Parliament of Jamaica

Palace of Westminster in February 2007

The Parliament of Jamaica is the legislative branch of the government of Jamaica.

Prime Minister of Jamaica

Front Lawns of Vale Royal

The prime minister of Jamaica is Jamaica's head of government, currently Andrew Holness.

Greater Antilles

Havana Cathedral, built by the Spanish in Cuba between 1748 and 1777
Citadelle Laferrière, 19th-century fortress in Haiti. It was built by freed slaves as a defence against France
Punta Cana, Dominican Republic
Ocho Rios, Jamaica

The Greater Antilles (Grandes Antillas or Antillas Mayores; Grandes Antilles Gwo Zantiy ) is a grouping of the larger islands in the Caribbean Sea, including Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and the Cayman Islands.