James B. Weaver

Lieutenant James B. Weaver
Weaver's home, built in 1867 in Bloomfield
Weaver as a candidate for Congress, 1878
Thomas Nast depicts Weaver as an ungainly donkey who is finally recognized by Speaker Samuel J. Randall.
An 1880 cartoon in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper ridicules the Greenback party as a collection of disparate radicals.
Weaver supported white settlers' right to homesteads in the Unassigned Lands.
Weaver in 1892
1892 People's Party campaign poster
Weaver supported Democrat William Jennings Bryan for president in 1896.
James and Clara Weaver in 1908

Member of the United States House of Representatives and two-time candidate for President of the United States.

- James B. Weaver

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1880 United States presidential election

The 24th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 2, 1880.

The 24th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 2, 1880.

Garfield–Arthur election poster
Hancock–English election poster
Weaver–Chambers campaign ribbon
A cartoon from Harper's Weekly suggests that defeated Confederates will overturn the results of the Civil War should Hancock be elected.
Hancock's blunder about tariffs may have harmed his standing with Northern industrial workers.
Chester Arthur succeeded to the presidency upon Garfield's 1881 assassination.
Ulysses S. Grant ( President of the United States 1869–1877)
James G. Blaine ( A senator from Maine)
John Sherman ( Secretary of the Treasury)
James A. Garfield ( A U.S representative form Ohio)
Winfield Scott Hancock ( U.S Major General)
Thomas F. Bayard ( U.S senator from Delaware)
Samuel J. Randall ( The speaker of the house of Representatives and Leader of the House Democratic Caucus)
Map of presidential election results by county
Map of Republican presidential election results by county
Map of Democratic presidential election results by county
Map of "other" presidential election results by county
Cartogram of presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Republican presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Democratic presidential election results by county
Cartogram of "other" presidential election results by county

The dominance of the two major parties began to fray as an upstart left-wing party, the Greenback Party, nominated another Civil War general for president, Iowa Congressman James B. Weaver.

Economist Edward Kellogg was an early advocate of fiat money.

People's Party (United States)

Left-wing agrarian populist late-19th-century political party in the United States.

Left-wing agrarian populist late-19th-century political party in the United States.

Economist Edward Kellogg was an early advocate of fiat money.
Charles W. Macune, one of the leaders of the Farmers' Alliance
People's Party candidate nominating convention held at Columbus, Nebraska, July 15, 1890
1892 People's Party campaign poster promoting James Weaver for President of the United States
1892 electoral vote results
In 1896, the 36-year-old William Jennings Bryan was the chosen candidate resulting from the fusion of the Democrats and the People's Party.
People's Party campaign poster from 1904 touting the candidacy of Thomas E. Watson

In the 1892 presidential election, the Populist ticket of James B. Weaver and James G. Field won 8.5% of the popular vote and carried four Western states, becoming the first third party since the end of the American Civil War to win electoral votes.

1892 United States presidential election

The 27th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1892.

The 27th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1892.

Weaver/Field campaign poster
National Prohibition Convention, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1892.
Cleveland/Stevenson poster.
Map of presidential election results by county
650px
<center>James B. Weaver
<center>Senator
<center>Leonidas L. Polk
<center>Appellate Judge
<center>John Bidwell
<center>Prohibition Party Chairman
<center>Magazine Publisher
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote
Map of Democratic presidential election results by county
Map of Republican presidential election results by county
Map of Populist presidential election results by county
Map of "Other" presidential election results by county
Cartogram of presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Democratic presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Republican presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Populist presidential election results by county
Cartogram of "other" presidential election results by county

It had a ticket led by former Congressman James B. Weaver of Iowa.

1896 United States presidential election

The 28th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1896.

The 28th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1896.

McKinley/Hobart campaign poster
Bryan's famous "cross of gold" speech gave him the presidential nomination and swung the party to the silver cause
The National "Gold" Democratic Convention
Palmer/Buckner campaign button
Conservatives said that Bryan (the Populist snake) was taking over (swallowing) the Democratic Party (the mule). Cartoon from "Judge" magazine, 1896.
Bryan's imposing voice and height made a deep impression on many who thronged to hear him.
Bryan traveled 18,000 miles in 3 months, concentrating on the critical states of the Midwest.
The National "Gold" Democratic Party undercut Bryan by dividing the Democratic vote and denouncing his platform.
Map of presidential election results by county
650px
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote
Map of Republican presidential election results by county
Map of Democratic presidential election results by county
Map of "other" presidential election results by county
Cartogram of presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Republican presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Democratic presidential election results by county
Cartogram of "other" presidential election results by county
650px

In the presidential election of 1892, Populist candidate James B. Weaver carried four states, and in 1894, the Populists scored victories in congressional and state legislature races in a number of Southern and Western states.

William Jennings Bryan

American lawyer, orator and politician.

American lawyer, orator and politician.

Bryan's birthplace in Salem, Illinois
Attorney Mary Baird Bryan, the wife of William Jennings Bryan
A young Bryan
"UNITED SNAKES OF AMERICA" "IN BRYAN WE TRUST" political satire token of 1896, known as "Bryan Money"
Bryan campaigning for president, October 1896
1896 electoral vote results
The United States and its colonial possessions after the Spanish–American War
Conservatives in 1900 ridiculed Bryan's eclectic platform.
1900 electoral vote results
William J Bryan in 1906 as Moses with new 10 commandments; Puck 19 sept 1906 by Joseph Keppler. Tablet reads: l-Thou shalt have no other leaders before me. II—Thou shalt not make unto thyself any high Protective Tariff. Ill—Eight hours, and no more, shalt thou labor and do all thy work. IV—Thou shalt not graft. V—Thou shalt not elect thy Senators save by Popular Vote. VI—Thou shalt not grant rebates unto thy neighbor. VII—Thou shalt not make combinations in restraint of trade. VIII—Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's income, but shall make him pay a tax upon it. IX—There shall be no more government by injunction. X—Remember Election Day to vote it early. P.S.— When in doubt, ask Me.
Bryan speaking at the 1908 Democratic National Convention
Presidential Campaign button for Bryan
1908 electoral vote results
Bryan attending the 1912 Democratic National Convention
Bryan served as Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson
Cartoon of Secretary of State Bryan reading war news in 1914
Villa Serena, Bryan's home built in 1913 at Miami, Florida
Charles W. and William J. Bryan
At the Scopes Trial, William Jennings Bryan (seated, left) being questioned by Clarence Darrow (standing, right).
Statue of Bryan on the lawn of the Rhea County courthouse in Dayton, Tennessee

Bryan sought re-election in 1892 with the support of many Populists and he backed Populist presidential candidate James B. Weaver instead of the Democratic presidential candidate, Grover Cleveland.

A $5 United States Note of the series of 1862 popularly known as a "greenback". owing to the color of ink used on the reverse

Greenback Party

American political party with an anti-monopoly ideology which was active between 1874 and 1889.

American political party with an anti-monopoly ideology which was active between 1874 and 1889.

A $5 United States Note of the series of 1862 popularly known as a "greenback". owing to the color of ink used on the reverse
Salmon P. Chase, Abraham Lincoln's Secretary of the Treasury, was a leading exponent of so-called "greenback" currency during the American Civil War
Contemporary news illustration of a run on the 4th National Bank of New York during the Panic of 1873
Peter Cooper of New York, presidential candidate of the Greenback Party.
James B. Weaver, presidential nominee of the Greenback Labor Party, was later a prominent figure in the Populist movement.
Representative Benjamin F. Butler of Massachusetts was the Greenback nominee for president in 1884

In the election of 1884, the party failed to win any House seats outright, although they did win one seat in conjunction with Plains States Democrats, James B. Weaver, as well as a handful of other seats by endorsing the Democratic nominee.

Drawing in Frank Leslie's of panicked stockbrokers on May 9, 1893.

Panic of 1893

Economic depression in the United States that began in 1893 and ended in 1897.

Economic depression in the United States that began in 1893 and ended in 1897.

Drawing in Frank Leslie's of panicked stockbrokers on May 9, 1893.
The pro-Republican Judge magazine blamed the Panic of 1893 on the Democratic victory in the 1892 election.
The 1896 Broadway melodrama The War of Wealth was inspired by the panic of 1893.
The Grand Central Depot was an important hub for rail transportation, a major part of the shipping industry in the late nineteenth century

Established in 1891 as a result of the Populist movement, the People's Party reached its zenith in the 1892 presidential election, when its ticket, comprised of James B. Weaver and James G. Field, won 8.5% of the popular vote and carried five states (Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Nevada, and North Dakota), and the 1894 House of Representatives elections when it won nine seats.

46th United States Congress

Meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

Meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

President of the Senate William A. Wheeler
Senate President pro tempore Allen G. Thurman
House Speaker Samuel J. Randall

. James B. Weaver (GB)

Bloomfield, Iowa

City in Davis County, Iowa, United States.

City in Davis County, Iowa, United States.

Bloomfield Square, 1976
The population of Bloomfield, Iowa from US census data
Davis County Courthouse in Bloomfield, listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

James Weaver - U.S. Representative; twice third-party presidential candidate, 1880 Greenback Party and 1892 Populist Party

49th United States Congress

Meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

Meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

First presidential inauguration of Grover Cleveland, March 4, 1885, on the East Portico of the U.S. Capitol. "Fellow-Citizens: In the presence of this vast assemblage of my countrymen I am about to supplement and seal by the oath which I shall take the manifestation of the will of a great and free people…."
Senate President Thomas A. Hendricks
Senate President pro tempore John Sherman
Senate President pro tempore John J. Ingalls
House Speaker John G: Carlisle

. James B. Weaver (GB)