James Buchanan

BuchananPresident BuchananBuchanan AdministrationPresident James BuchananJames Buchanan, Jr.Buchanan, JamesJames BuchanonDeath of James BuchananPresident-elect Buchanan
James Buchanan Jr. (April 23, 1791 – June 1, 1868) was an American politician who served as the 15th president of the United States (1857–1861), serving prior to the American Civil War.wikipedia
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John C. Frémont

John C. FremontJohn Charles FrémontJohn Fremont
Buchanan and running mate John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky defeated Republican John C. Frémont and Know-Nothing Millard Fillmore to win the 1856 presidential election.
He lost the 1856 presidential election to Democrat James Buchanan when Know Nothings split the vote.

John C. Breckinridge

BreckinridgeJohn Cabell BreckinridgeJohn Breckinridge
Buchanan and running mate John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky defeated Republican John C. Frémont and Know-Nothing Millard Fillmore to win the 1856 presidential election.
He was nominated for vice-president at the 1856 Democratic National Convention to balance a ticket headed by James Buchanan.

1856 United States presidential election

18561856 presidential election1856 election
Buchanan and running mate John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky defeated Republican John C. Frémont and Know-Nothing Millard Fillmore to win the 1856 presidential election.
In a three-way election, Democrat James Buchanan defeated Republican nominee John C. Frémont and American Party nominee Millard Fillmore.

1860 United States presidential election

1860 presidential election18601860 election
Buchanan held to his pledge to serve only one term and supported Breckinridge's unsuccessful candidacy in the 1860 presidential election.
Incumbent President James Buchanan, like his predecessor Franklin Pierce, was a northern Democrat with sympathies for the South.

Stephen A. Douglas

Stephen DouglasDouglasStephen Arnold Douglas
He was a major contender for his party's presidential nomination throughout the 1840s and 1850s and was finally nominated in 1856, defeating incumbent President Franklin Pierce and Senator Stephen A. Douglas at the 1856 Democratic National Convention.
Douglas once again sought the presidency in 1856, but the 1856 Democratic National Convention instead nominated James Buchanan, who went on to win the election.

1856 Democratic National Convention

1856Democratic National Convention1856 conventions
He was a major contender for his party's presidential nomination throughout the 1840s and 1850s and was finally nominated in 1856, defeating incumbent President Franklin Pierce and Senator Stephen A. Douglas at the 1856 Democratic National Convention.
The convention selected former Secretary of State James Buchanan of Pennsylvania for president and former Congressman John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky for vice president.

Lancaster, Pennsylvania

LancasterLancaster, PALancaster City
Later that year, he moved to Lancaster, the capital of Pennsylvania.
Lancaster was home to James Buchanan, the nation's 15th president, and to congressman and abolitionist Thaddeus Stevens.

Milford, County Donegal

MilfordMillford
His parents were both of Ulster Scot descent, his father having emigrated from Milford, County Donegal, Ireland, in 1783.
This town is the ancestral home of a U.S. president, James Buchanan, whose father, also named James Buchanan, immigrated from here to America in 1783.

Buchanan's Birthplace State Park

site of Buchanan's birthplaceStony Batter
James Buchanan was born in a log cabin in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania (now Buchanan's Birthplace State Park), in Franklin County, on April 23, 1791, to James Buchanan Sr., a businessman, merchant, and farmer, and Elizabeth Speer, an educated woman.
Buchanan's Birthplace State Park was created from land donated to the state by Harriet Lane in honor of her uncle, the 15th President of the United States, James Buchanan.

Battle of Baltimore

Baltimoreattack on Baltimoreattack Baltimore
When the British invaded neighboring Maryland in 1814, he served in the defense of Baltimore after enlisting as a private in Henry Shippen's Company, 1st Brigade, 4th Division, Pennsylvania Militia, a unit of yagers or light dragoons.
Future President James Buchanan served as a private in the defense of Baltimore.

Dickinson College

DickinsonDickinson Red DevilsDickenson College
Buchanan attended the village's Old Stone Academy and then Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
They were James Buchanan, the 15th president of the United States, and Roger Brooke Taney, the 5th chief justice of the United States.

Carlisle, Pennsylvania

CarlisleCarlisle, PABorough of Carlisle
Buchanan attended the village's Old Stone Academy and then Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
One of the college's more famous alumni, the 15th U.S. president, James Buchanan, graduated in 1809.

Abraham Lincoln

LincolnPresident LincolnPresident Abraham Lincoln
Several Southern states seceded after Republican Abraham Lincoln won the 1860 election, and the American Civil War began just weeks after Buchanan left office.
The Democrats nominated former Secretary of State James Buchanan, who had been out of the country serving as the U.S. representative to Britain since 1853 and thus had avoided the slavery debate, while the Know Nothings nominated former Whig President Millard Fillmore.

Lewis Cass

CassGeneral Lewis CassCass, Lewis
Buchanan did quietly seek nomination at the 1848 Democratic National Convention, as Polk had promised to serve only one term, but the nomination went to Senator Lewis Cass of Michigan.
He represented Michigan in the United States Senate and served in the Cabinets of two U.S. Presidents, Andrew Jackson and James Buchanan.

List of ambassadors of the United States to Russia

United States Ambassador to RussiaMinister to RussiaUnited States Ambassador to the Soviet Union
He served as Jackson's Minister to Russia, then won election as a U.S. senator from Pennsylvania.

Know Nothing

American PartyAmericanKnow-Nothing
Buchanan and running mate John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky defeated Republican John C. Frémont and Know-Nothing Millard Fillmore to win the 1856 presidential election.
Fillmore did not win enough votes to block Democrat James Buchanan from the White House.

List of ambassadors of the United States to the United Kingdom

United States Ambassador to the United KingdomU.S. Ambassador to the United KingdomAmbassador to the United Kingdom
Pierce won the 1852 election, and Buchanan accepted the position of United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom.
The ambassadorship has been held by various notable politicians, including five who would later become presidents: John Adams, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Martin Van Buren and James Buchanan.

Franklin & Marshall College

Franklin and Marshall CollegeFranklin & MarshallFranklin and Marshall
In 1852, he was named president of the Board of Trustees of Franklin and Marshall College in Lancaster, and he served in this capacity until 1866, despite a false report that he was fired.
James Buchanan, four years shy of becoming the 15th President of the United States, was named president of the first Franklin & Marshall board of trustees.

Tariff in United States history

tariffstariffTariffs in United States history
Like his father, Buchanan believed in federally-funded internal improvements, a high tariff, and a national bank.
It was signed by Democratic President James Buchanan in early March 1861 shortly before President Abraham Lincoln took office.

1844 Democratic National Convention

1844Democratic National ConventionDemocratic Convention
In the lead-up to the 1844 Democratic National Convention, Buchanan positioned himself as a potential alternative to former President Martin Van Buren, but the nomination instead went to James K. Polk.
As the balloting continued, Van Buren continually lost support to former Governor Lewis Cass of Michigan, former Vice President Richard Mentor Johnson of Kentucky, and Senator James Buchanan of Pennsylvania.

Joseph Holt

General Joseph HoltHolt, JosephJudge Joseph Holt
Buchanan replaced the departed southern cabinet members with John Adams Dix, Edwin M. Stanton, and Joseph Holt, all of whom were committed to preserving the union.
Joseph Holt (January 6, 1807 – August 1, 1894) was a leading member of the Buchanan administration, where he succeeded in convincing Buchanan to oppose the secession of the South.

Ostend Manifesto

a faction in US politicsCuba
At Pierce's insistence, Buchanan, U.S. Ambassador to Spain Pierre Soulé, and U.S. Ambassador to France John Mason met in Ostend, Belgium, and drafted a memorandum that became known as the Ostend Manifesto.
At the suggestion of Secretary of State William L. Marcy, American ministers in Europe—Pierre Soulé for Spain, James Buchanan for Great Britain, and John Y. Mason for France—met to discuss strategy related to an acquisition of Cuba.

1852 United States presidential election

18521852 presidential election1852 election
Pierce won the 1852 election, and Buchanan accepted the position of United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom.
As Democrats convened in Baltimore in June 1852, four major candidates vied for the nomination: Lewis Cass of Michigan, the nominee in 1848, who had the backing of northerners in support of the Compromise of 1850; James Buchanan of Pennsylvania, popular in the South as well as in his home state; Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois, candidate of the expansionists and the railroad interests; and William L. Marcy of New York, whose strength was centered in his home state.

Howell Cobb

CobbCobb, HowellHowell
Five days after the address was delivered, Treasury Secretary Howell Cobb resigned, as his views had become irreconcilable with the President's.
He also served as the 40th Governor of Georgia (1851–1853) and as a Secretary of the Treasury under President James Buchanan (1857–1860).

1852 Democratic National Convention

1852Democratic National Conventionattempted to win
At the 1852 Democratic National Convention, Buchanan won the support of many southern delegates but failed to win the two-thirds support needed for the presidential nomination, which went to Franklin Pierce.
Four major candidates vied for the presidential nomination- Lewis Cass of Michigan, the nominee in 1848, who had the backing of northerners in support of the Compromise of 1850; James Buchanan of Pennsylvania, popular in the South as well as in his home state; Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois, candidate of the expansionists and the railroad interests; and William L. Marcy of New York, whose strength was centered in his home state.