James R. Biard

James R.wikipedia
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Paris Junior College

Paris JCParis Junior College-Greenville CenterParis Junior
After receiving an associate degree from Paris Junior College in 1951, he transferred to Texas A&M University in College Station, TX where he received a B.S. in Electrical Engineering (June 1954), an M.S. in Electrical Engineering (January 1956), and a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering (May 1957).

Light-emitting diode

LEDLEDslight emitting diodes
Some of his more significant patents include the first infrared light-emitting diode (LED), the optical isolator, Schottky clamped logic circuits, silicon Metal Oxide Semiconductor Read Only Memory (MOS ROM), a low bulk leakage current avalanche photodetector, and fiber-optic data links.
In September 1961, while working at Texas Instruments in Dallas, Texas, James R. Biard and Gary Pittman discovered near-infrared (900 nm) light emission from a tunnel diode they had constructed on a GaAs substrate.

Diode–transistor logic

DTLdiode-transistor logicDTL (diode–transistor) logic
The engineer in the next office at the SRD Lab was developing Diode Transistor Logic (DTL) ICs and also having saturation problems.
In 1964, James R. Biard filed a patent for the Schottky transistor.

Schottky transistor

SchottkySchottky TTL
On December 31, 1964, Dr. Biard filed a patent for the Schottky transistor (U.S. Patent US3463975), a.k.a. the Schottky-clamped transistor, which consisted of a transistor and an internal metal-semiconductor Schottky-barrier diode.
In 1964, James R. Biard filed a patent for the Schottky transistor.

MOSFET

metal-oxide-semiconductorMOSMOS integrated circuit
Some of his more significant patents include the first infrared light-emitting diode (LED), the optical isolator, Schottky clamped logic circuits, silicon Metal Oxide Semiconductor Read Only Memory (MOS ROM), a low bulk leakage current avalanche photodetector, and fiber-optic data links.

Read-only memory

ROMRead Only MemoryROMs
Some of his more significant patents include the first infrared light-emitting diode (LED), the optical isolator, Schottky clamped logic circuits, silicon Metal Oxide Semiconductor Read Only Memory (MOS ROM), a low bulk leakage current avalanche photodetector, and fiber-optic data links.

Texas A&M University

Texas A&MTexas A & M UniversityAgricultural and Mechanical College of Texas
After receiving an associate degree from Paris Junior College in 1951, he transferred to Texas A&M University in College Station, TX where he received a B.S. in Electrical Engineering (June 1954), an M.S. in Electrical Engineering (January 1956), and a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering (May 1957). He has been on the staff of Texas A&M University as an Adjunct Professor of Electrical Engineering since 1980.

Camp Maxey

Camp Maxey, Texas
He also sold used cars, worked as a master plumber at Camp Maxey (an army camp north of Paris) during and after WW-II, and did plumbing work for homes and businesses in the Paris area.

Lamar County, Texas

LamarLamar CountyParis, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area
Later in life, Jimmy became chief deputy sheriff in Lamar County, TX.

College Station, Texas

College StationCollege Station, TXNorthgate, Texas
After receiving an associate degree from Paris Junior College in 1951, he transferred to Texas A&M University in College Station, TX where he received a B.S. in Electrical Engineering (June 1954), an M.S. in Electrical Engineering (January 1956), and a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering (May 1957).

Eta Kappa Nu

IEEE-Eta Kappa NuΗΚΝ
He was also a member of IRE, Eta Kappa Nu, Tau Beta Pi, Phi Kappa Phi, and an associate member of Sigma Xi.

Tau Beta Pi

Tau Beta PhiTau Beta Pi Association
He was also a member of IRE, Eta Kappa Nu, Tau Beta Pi, Phi Kappa Phi, and an associate member of Sigma Xi.

Phi Kappa Phi

Phi Kappa Phi Honor SocietyThe Honor Society of Phi Kappa PhiHonor Society of Phi Kappa Phi
He was also a member of IRE, Eta Kappa Nu, Tau Beta Pi, Phi Kappa Phi, and an associate member of Sigma Xi.

Sigma Xi

Scientific Research Society of AmericaSigma Xi SocietySigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society
He was also a member of IRE, Eta Kappa Nu, Tau Beta Pi, Phi Kappa Phi, and an associate member of Sigma Xi.

Richardson, Texas

RichardsonRichardson, TXDallas-Richardson
They married on May 23, 1952 and later moved to Richardson, TX.

Texas Instruments

TITexas Instruments (TI)Texas Instruments Inc.
On June 3, 1957, Dr. Biard was hired, along with his former Texas A&M professor Walter T. "Walt" Matzen, as an engineer for Texas Instruments Inc. in Dallas, TX. In the summer of 1958, Texas Instruments hired Jack Kilby (the inventor of the integrated circuit).

Jack Kilby

Jack S. KilbyJack St. Clair KilbyJ. Kilby
In the summer of 1958, Texas Instruments hired Jack Kilby (the inventor of the integrated circuit).

Integrated circuit

integrated circuitsmicrochipchip
In the summer of 1958, Texas Instruments hired Jack Kilby (the inventor of the integrated circuit).

Varicap

varactorvaractor diodevaricap diode
In 1959, Dr. Biard and Gary Pittman were assigned to work together in the Semiconductor Research and Development Laboratory (SRDL) on the creation of GaAs varactor diodes for X-band parametric amplifiers to be used in radar receivers.

X band

X-bandXX-band radar
In 1959, Dr. Biard and Gary Pittman were assigned to work together in the Semiconductor Research and Development Laboratory (SRDL) on the creation of GaAs varactor diodes for X-band parametric amplifiers to be used in radar receivers.

Gallium arsenide

GaAsgallium(III) arsenidegallium-arsenide
In September 1961, they discovered infrared light emission from a forward biased tunnel diode they had constructed on gallium arsenide (GaAs) semi-insulating substrate.

General Electric

GEGeneral Electric CompanyGeneral Electric Co.
After four years spent establishing the priority of their work based on engineering notebooks, the U.S. patent office determined their work predated submissions from G.E. Labs, RCA Research Labs, IBM Research Labs, Bell Labs, and Lincoln Labs at MIT.

RCA

Radio Corporation of AmericaRCA CorporationRCA Astro
After four years spent establishing the priority of their work based on engineering notebooks, the U.S. patent office determined their work predated submissions from G.E. Labs, RCA Research Labs, IBM Research Labs, Bell Labs, and Lincoln Labs at MIT.

IBM

International Business MachinesIBM CorporationInternational Business Machines Corporation
After four years spent establishing the priority of their work based on engineering notebooks, the U.S. patent office determined their work predated submissions from G.E. Labs, RCA Research Labs, IBM Research Labs, Bell Labs, and Lincoln Labs at MIT.

Bell Labs

Bell LaboratoriesBell Telephone LaboratoriesAT&T Bell Laboratories
After four years spent establishing the priority of their work based on engineering notebooks, the U.S. patent office determined their work predated submissions from G.E. Labs, RCA Research Labs, IBM Research Labs, Bell Labs, and Lincoln Labs at MIT.