Jamestown, Virginia

Map of Jamestown Island, showing the terrain and location of the original 1607 fort. (Modern roads, causeway, and buildings not shown)
Salt marshes along Jamestown Island. The ample wetlands on the island proved to be a breeding ground for mosquitoes.
Detail of the map made by Pedro de Zúñiga y de la Cueva, depicting the fort in about 1608
Names of those on the Second Supply – Page 445 (or Page 72)"The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles", by Capt. John Smith –
Mass grave at Jamestown discovered by archaeologists, beneath the foundations of one of the later capitol buildings
1854 image of the ruins of Jamestown showing the tower of the old Jamestown Church built in the 17th century
Ruins of Jamestown Church at the turn of the 20th century, prior to the Tercentennial in 1907
The Jamestown Tercentenary Monument, erected on Jamestown Island in 1907. It stands 103 ft tall.
Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and her consort Prince Philip inspect the replica of Susan Constant at Jamestown Festival Park in Virginia on October 16, 1957

The first permanent English settlement in the Americas.

- Jamestown, Virginia

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Williamsburg, Virginia

City in the U.S. state of Virginia.

Capitol Building
Capitol Building, from a silver gelatin photograph, c. 1934–1950
Williamsburg Transportation Center is an intermodal facility located in a restored Chesapeake and Ohio Railway station located within walking distance of Colonial Williamsburg's Historic Area, the College of William and Mary, and the downtown area.
Colonial Williamsburg
9th G7 summit of 1983 in front of the Historic Capitol Building
Age distribution in Williamsburg
Entrance to Busch Gardens Williamsburg, featuring the countries' flags
View of Duke of Gloucester Street in Colonial Williamsburg.
Matthew Whaley Elementary School, the sole public elementary school in the Williamsburg city limits.
The Wren Building on the campus of The College of William & Mary.
Greyhound Bus loading at Williamsburg's Transportation Center.

Before English settlers arrived at Jamestown to establish the Colony of Virginia in 1607, the area that would become Williamsburg formed part of the territory of the Powhatan Confederacy.

Roanoke Colony

Attempt by Sir Walter Raleigh to found the first permanent English settlement in North America.

A 1529 map depicting "Verazzano's Sea" extending from the North Atlantic to the Outer Banks
The arrival of the Englishmen in Virginia (1590). Engraving by Theodor De Bry, from a drawing by John White.
Sir Richard Grenville
Plymouth, Devon, was the burgeoning home port of Drake, Gilbert, Grenville, and Raleigh
Ralph Lane's fort at Mosquetal
Collecting salt in Salinas Bay
The 1585 assault on Aquascogoc village
An artist's rendering of Ralph Lane's Roanoke fort; author unknown, 1962
La Virginea Pars map, by John White
Portrait of a weroance, who may have been Wingina
Map of Sir Francis Drake's 1585–86 voyage
Death of George Howe
Baptism of Virginia Dare
Launch of English fireships against the Spanish Armada, 7 August 1588
John White at the ruins of the Roanoke colony, 1590
Sir Walter Raleigh
Reproduction of the Zúñiga Map
Powhatan attack on Jamestown
Reconstructed earthwork at Fort Raleigh National Historic Site
Archaeological research dig at Fort Raleigh National Historic Site (2009)
Chief Powhatan, detail of map published by John Smith (1612)
Watercolor of a Secotan village, by John White
Construction of a pinnace to evacuate Charlesfort
Reverse of a commemorative 1937 US half-dollar coin, depicting Eleanor and Virginia Dare
Re-creation of the tree inscribed with "CRO", from a production of The Lost Colony

Investigations by the Jamestown colonists produced reports that the Roanoke settlers had been massacred, as well as stories of people with European features in Native American villages, but no hard evidence was produced.

St. George's, Bermuda

First permanent English (and later British) settlement on the islands of Bermuda.

Ordnance Island (left) and St. George's Town are overlooked by Fort George
Map of St. George's Town (and St. George's Garrison), circa 1897-1899
The harbour at St. George's in 1854
St. George's Town, from Barrack Hill, 1857
The State House, the home of Bermuda's parliament in St. George's from 1620 until the capital's relocation to Hamilton in 1815.
Saint Peter's Church.
Stewart Hall, ca. 1707.
St. George's Town Hall
St. George's Harbour, ca. 1864. Confederate blockade runners are visible.
The Unfinished Church
Entrance to The Tucker House
Statue of George Somers
View from the harbour
The Featherbed Alley Printshop Museum
Tucker House (housing a museum of the Bermuda National Trust), on Water Street and Barber's Alley
The St. George's Foundation's UNESCO World Heritage Centre on Penno's Wharf

It is often described as the third permanent British settlement in the Americas, after Jamestown, Virginia (1607), and Cupids, Newfoundland (1610), and the oldest continuously-inhabited British town in the New World, since the other two settlements were seasonal for a number of years.

Roanoke Island

Island in Dare County, bordered by the Outer Banks of North Carolina, United States.

Watercolor by Englishman John White of the natives of the Roanoke Peoples.
The discovery of Croatoan by Sir Walter Raleigh's Expedition, as painted by John White. Croatan is a nearby island on the Outer Banks, but it could not be investigated due to an approaching hurricane.
Wood Engraving of early settlers arriving in costal North Carolina from 1713.
The soldier in our Civil War - a pictorial history of the conflict, 1861–1865, illustrating the valor of the soldier as displayed on the battle-field, from sketches drawn by Forbes, Waud, Taylor, (14576444137)
Scene, of the Lost Colony. The theater production provided opportunities for young aspiring actors and employment for local Roanoke Island residents during the Great Depression and beyond.

John Smith, an English explorer and one of the first governors of Jamestown, Virginia, recorded the usage of the word Rawrenock in the Algonquin Powhowaten language.

British colonization of the Americas

The history of establishment of control, settlement, and colonization of the continents of the Americas by England, Scotland and Great Britain .

Great Britain in the Americas
By the end of the 17th century, the Iberian Union of Spain and Portugal had colonized much of the Americas, but other parts of the Americas had not yet been colonized by European powers
Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in North America, was established during the reign of King James I of England
English overseas possessions in 1700
Thirteen Colonies of North America:
Dark Red = New England colonies.
Bright Red = Middle Atlantic colonies.
Red-brown = Southern colonies.
James II established the Colony of New York and the Dominion of New England. He succeeded his brother as King of England in 1685 but was overthrown in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
After the end of the French and Indian War in 1763, North America was dominated by the British and Spanish Empires
North America after the 1783 Treaty of Paris
The British Empire in 1921
The Commonwealth of Nations consists of former territories of the British Empire in the Americas and elsewhere

The first permanent English colony was established in Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.

Yorktown, Virginia

Census-designated place in York County, Virginia, United States.

Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown in 1781. (Painting by John Trumbull)
The Somerwell House (c.1700) on Main Street.
Monument at Yorktown, celebrating victory in the American Revolutionary War. Installed 1884.
Coleman Bridge to Gloucester Point, Virginia, viewed from Yorktown Beach.
Moore House

Today, Yorktown is one of three sites of the Historic Triangle, which also includes Jamestown and Williamsburg as important colonial-era settlements.

Colonial Williamsburg

Living-history museum and private foundation presenting a part of the historic district in the city of Williamsburg, Virginia, United States.

The Governor's Palace, reconstructed in the 1930s
The "Frenchman's Map" showing Williamsburg in 1782; the map was a key piece of evidence in the restoration project
Restored Courthouse
Print of the Bodleian Plate, a mid-18th-century engraving plate depicting several major buildings from Williamsburg, used to reconstruct the Capitol, Governor's Palace, and to restore the Wren Building
The George Wythe House (he was a signer of the Declaration of Independence)
Capitol Building after its reconstruction, taken in the mid-20th century
Entrance to the tunnel of the Colonial Parkway, which runs beneath the historic area linking it with Jamestown and Yorktown
Several interpreters on Duke of Gloucester Street
Costumed apprentices demonstrate the process of wig making and significance of wigs in Colonial life.
Traditional, Colonial-style Christmas decorations in Williamsburg
Performer in "Drummers Call" show from 2007 at the Kimball Theatre
Thomas Jefferson reenactment by actor Bill Barker at Colonial Williamsburg
A workshop seen on Duke of Gloucester street
Interior of Greenhow store. Only the tourists are out of time/place
Colonial Williamsburg has its own dedicated bus service to locations around the historic area

Colonial Williamsburg is part of the part-historic project, part-tourist attraction Historic Triangle of Virginia, along with Jamestown and Yorktown and the Colonial Parkway.

Starving Time

The Starving Time at Jamestown in the Colony of Virginia was a period of starvation during the winter of 1609–1610.

Bacon's Rebellion

Armed rebellion held by Virginia settlers that took place from 1676 to 1677.

The Burning of Jamestown by Howard Pyle, c. 1905
Governor Berkeley baring his breast for Bacon to shoot after refusing him a commission (1895 engraving)
A 19th-century engraving depicting the burning of Jamestown
Ruins of Jamestown (1878 engraving).

Thousands of Virginians from all classes (including those in indentured servitude) and races rose up in arms against Berkeley, chasing him from Jamestown and ultimately torching the settlement.

James River

River in the U.S. state of Virginia that begins in the Appalachian Mountains and flows 348 mi to Chesapeake Bay.

The James, hidden by trees, at Percival's Island Riverwalk in Lynchburg, Virginia
James River at Huntington Park Beach in Newport News
Part of the James River Fleet

Jamestown and Williamsburg, Virginia's first colonial capitals, and Richmond, Virginia's current capital, lie on the James River.