Topographic map of Jammu and Kashmir, with visible altitude for the Kashmir valley and Jammu region.
Map of Jammu and Kashmir
The proportion of people with Urdu as their mother tongue in each Pakistani District as of the 2017 Pakistan Census
A high-altitude alpine lake in the Himalayan range in Jammu and Kashmir
Police and protesters confronting each other in Kashmir, 2018
A trilingual signboard in Arabic, English and Urdu in the UAE. The Urdu sentence is not a direct translation of the English ("Your beautiful city invites you to preserve it.") It says, "apné shahar kī Khūbsūrtīi ko barqarār rakhié, or "Please preserve the beauty of your city."
Jammu and Kashmir union territory (J and K) is bordered in carmine colour. Ladakh union territory (L) is bordered in blue colour.
Map of Jammu and Kashmir
A multilingual New Delhi railway station board. The Urdu and Hindi texts both read as: naī dillī.
Srinagar railway station
The Divisions of Jammu and Kashmir: Kashmir (green), Jammu (orange) and Ladakh (blue)
Urdu and Hindi on a road sign in India. The Urdu version is a direct transliteration of the English; the Hindi is a part transliteration ("parcel" and "rail") and part translation "karyalay" and "arakshan kendra"
NH1 near Sonamarg
The phrase zubān-e-Urdū-e-muʿallā ("the language of the exalted camp") written in Nastaʿlīq script
University of Kashmir during autumn
Lashkari Zabān title in Naskh script
The Jammu and Kashmir High Court on postal stamps of India
The Urdu Nastaʿliq alphabet, with names in the Devanagari and Latin alphabets
Apples of Kashmir are famous for their taste
An English-Urdu bilingual sign at the archaeological site of Sirkap, near Taxila. The Urdu says: (right to left) دو سروں والے عقاب کی شبيہ والا مندر, dō sarōñ wālé u'qāb kī shabīh wāla mandir. "The temple with the image of the eagle with two heads."
Boteh from an Antique Kashmiri Dochalla Shawl
Inauguration of the first Khelo India Winter Games
Vaishno Devi Temple in winter
Shalimar Gardens
Dal Lake
Amarnath Cave

After the Government of India repealed the special status accorded to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 of the Indian constitution in 2019, the Parliament of India passed the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, which contained provisions that dissolved the state and reorganised it into two union territories – Jammu and Kashmir in the west and Ladakh in the east, with effect from 31 October 2019.

- Jammu and Kashmir (state)

The act re-constituted the former state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, with effect from 31 October 2019.

- Jammu and Kashmir (union territory)

The state's official language was Urdu, which occupied a central space in media, education, religious and political discourses and the legislature of Jammu and Kashmir; the language functioned as a symbol of identity among Muslims of South Asia.

- Jammu and Kashmir (state)

The remaining population speaks languages such as Punjabi, Bhaderwahi, Siraji, Bauti, Purkhi etc. Urdu is also widely understood and spoken, particularly in the Kashmir region where it acts as the lingua franca alongside Kashmiri and also serves as a medium of instruction along with English, while Hindi is taught and understood in the southern areas of Jammu.

- Jammu and Kashmir (union territory)

Also as one of the five official languages of Jammu and Kashmir.

- Urdu

In the former Jammu and Kashmir state, section 145 of the Kashmir Constitution stated: "The official language of the State shall be Urdu but the English language shall unless the Legislature by law otherwise provides, continue to be used for all the official purposes of the State for which it was being used immediately before the commencement of the Constitution."

- Urdu

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