Jan Palach

Palach
Jan Palach (11 August 1948 – 19 January 1969; ) was a Czech student of history and political economy at Charles University in Prague.wikipedia
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Prague Spring

invasion of CzechoslovakiaSoviet invasion of CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia
His self-immolation was a political protest against the end of the Prague Spring resulting from the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw Pact armies.
It became a high-profile example of civilian-based defense; there were sporadic acts of violence and several protest suicides by self-immolation (the most famous being that of Jan Palach), but no military resistance.

Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia

invasion of CzechoslovakiaSoviet invasion of CzechoslovakiaSoviet invasion
His self-immolation was a political protest against the end of the Prague Spring resulting from the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw Pact armies.
There were sporadic acts of violence and several suicides by self-immolation (such as that of Jan Palach), but there was no military resistance.

Ryszard Siwiec

Palach's self-immolation was the second act of that kind after that of the Pole Ryszard Siwiec, which was successfully suppressed by the authorities and was mostly forgotten until the fall of communism.
Siwiec's death foreshadowed the much better known self-immolation of Jan Palach in Prague four months later.

Prague

PrahaPrague, Czech RepublicPrag
Prague-born Palach decided to sacrifice himself in protest of the invasion and set himself on fire, in Wenceslas Square, on 16 January 1969.
Jan Palach and Jan Zajíc committed suicide by self-immolation in January and February 1969 to protest against the "normalization" of the country.

Jaroslava Moserová

According to Jaroslava Moserová, a burns specialist who was the first to provide care to Palach at the Charles University Faculty Hospital, Palach did not set himself on fire to protest against the Soviet occupation, but did so to protest against the "demoralization" of Czechoslovak citizens caused by the occupation.
She was the first doctor to attempt treatment for Jan Palach after his self-immolation on 16 January 1969.

Jan Zajíc

A month later (on 25 February), another student, Jan Zajíc, burned himself to death in the same place.
In 1969 he took part in a hunger strike and a commemoration ceremony by students for Jan Palach near the statue of Saint Wenceslas in Prague.

1834 Palach

The Czech astronomer Luboš Kohoutek, who left Czechoslovakia the following year, named an asteroid which had been discovered on 22 August 1969, after Jan Palach (1834 Palach).
It was discovered on 22 August 1969 by Czech astronomer Luboš Kohoutek at Bergedorf Observatory in Hamburg, Germany, and named after Czech student Jan Palach.

Wenceslas Square

Prague-born Palach decided to sacrifice himself in protest of the invasion and set himself on fire, in Wenceslas Square, on 16 January 1969.
On 16 January 1969, student Jan Palach set himself on fire in Wenceslas Square to protest the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968.

Self-immolation

self-immolatedimmolatedset himself on fire
His self-immolation was a political protest against the end of the Prague Spring resulting from the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw Pact armies.
In 1968 the practice spread to the Soviet bloc with the self-immolation of Polish accountant Armia Krajowa and veteran Ryszard Siwiec, as well as those of two Czech students, Jan Palach and Jan Zajíc, and of toolmaker Evžen Plocek, in protest against the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia.

Všetaty (Mělník District)

Všetaty
His body was then cremated and sent to his mother in Palach's native town of Všetaty while an anonymous old woman from a rest home was laid in the grave.
* Jan Palach, Czech student who self-immolated himself in a protest against the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968

Evžen Plocek

This was followed in April of the same year by Evžen Plocek in Jihlava, and by others.
His was the fourth suicide by self-immolation after an accountant, Ryszard Siwiec, set himself on fire in Warsaw on 8 September 1968 dying four days later in hospital, and two Czech students, Jan Palach and Jan Zajíc, who burned themselves to death in Prague on 16 January 1969, and 25 February 1969, respectively.

András Beck

On the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the death of Jan Palach, a statue sculpted by András Beck as a tribute to the student was transported from France to the Czech Republic.
His 3.5-metre-tall statue commemorating the death of Jan Palach was transported from France to the Czech Republic to be installed in Mělník, the city of studies of Jan Palach, on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of his death.

Burning Bush (miniseries)

Burning BushHořící keř
A three-part 2013 Czech-Polish television show "Burning Bush", directed by Agnieszka Holland, is situated around the events that happened after Jan Palach's self-immolation.
Based on real characters and events, this haunting drama focuses on the personal sacrifice of a Prague history student, Jan Palach, who set himself on fire in 1969 in protest against the Soviet occupation of Czechoslovakia in the previous year.

Jan Palach (film)

Jan Palach
2018 film "Jan Palach", directed by Robert Sedláček chronicles Palach's life before his self-immolation.
The film follows Jan Palach during 1968 and 1969 and shows final 6 months of his life.

Jan Palach Square

square
After the Velvet Revolution, Palach (along with Zajíc) was commemorated in Prague by a bronze cross embedded at the spot where he fell outside the National Museum, as well as a square named in his honour.
It commemorates Jan Palach, a student who immolated himself on 16 January 1969 to protest against the Soviet occupation of Czechoslovakia.

VII: Sturm und Drang

Erase This
American Metal band Lamb of God wrote a song on their studio album VII: Sturm und Drang, entitled "Torches", that was inspired by Palach's actions.
"Torches" was inspired by a Czech student named Jan Palach.

Order of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk

Order of T. G. MasarykOrder of Tomas Garrigue Masaryk
Jan Palach, in memoriam, class I

Czech Republic

🇨🇿CzechCZE
Student Jan Palach became a symbol of resistance to the occupation, when he committed self-immolation as a political protest.

Nantwich

ANantwich MillNantwich, Cheshire
He also had streets named after him in Luxembourg city (Luxembourg), Angers and Parthenay (France), Kraków (Poland), Assen, Den Haag and Haarlem (Netherlands), Varna (Bulgaria) and Nantwich (United Kingdom).
The name of Jan Palach Avenue in the south of the town commemorates the self-immolation of a student in Czechoslovakia in 1969.

Czechs

CzechBohemianCzech people
Jan Palach committed self-immolation as a political protest against the end of the Prague Spring resulting from the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw Pact armies.

Agnieszka Holland

Agnieska Holland
A three-part 2013 Czech-Polish television show "Burning Bush", directed by Agnieszka Holland, is situated around the events that happened after Jan Palach's self-immolation.
Holland accepted an offer to film a three-part drama for HBO about Jan Palach, who immolated himself in January 1969 to protest "normalization" after the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968.

List of political self-immolations

2013 Bulgarian self-immolations2011 Tiananmen Square self-immolation incidentamong Tibetans
List of political self-immolations

Oleksa Hirnyk

Oleksa Hirnyk
Unlike the Czech student Jan Palach, who also burned himself to death in protest of Soviet occupation of Czechoslovakia, Hirnyk's sacrifice was not well known.

Romas Kalanta

Romas Kalanta's self-immolation
Romas Kalanta
Czechoslovak Jan Palach self-immolated in 1969