Monumental Axis, Brasília designed by Oscar Niemeyer and Lúcio Costa
Jacobs as chair of a Greenwich Village civic group at a 1961 press conference
Model of Dubai Sports City in Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Cover of The Death and Life of Great American Cities
Ebenezer Howard's influential 1902 diagram, illustrating urban growth through garden city "off-shoots"
Jacobs fought to prevent Washington Square Park, pictured, from being demolished for a highway
Jane Jacobs, urban design activist and author of The Death and Life of Great American Cities.
Jacobs lived at 69 Albany Avenue (white porch) in Toronto's Annex for 35 years
Jakriborg, in Sweden, started in the late 1990s as a new urbanist eco-friendly new town near Malmö
Jacobs with Ecotrust foreman Spencer Beebe in Portland, Oregon, 2004
L'Enfant's plan for Washington DC
A "Jane's Walk" group pauses at Fort York National Historic Site in Toronto
Gehl Architects' project for Brighton New Road employing shared space
Protest banner during the Climate Change Camp 2007 at Heathrow Airport in London.
Boulevard Haussmann, Paris (Georges-Eugène Haussmann)
Vienna Ring Road, Vienna, (Georges-Eugène Haussmann)
Circus, Bath completed in 1768
Brasília (Oscar Niemeyer, Lúcio Costa)
Palace of Assembly (Chandigarh) (1952–1961) (Le Corbusier)
Headquarters of the United Nations
FDR Drive designed by Robert Moses
Market Street, Celebration, Florida
New urbanist Sankt Eriksområdet quarter in Stockholm, Sweden, built in the 1990s
Poundbury, Dorset
BedZED, Hackfield, London
BedZED, Hackfield, London
Arcosanti, Arizona

Important writers on urban design theory include Christopher Alexander, Peter Calthorpe, Gordon Cullen, Andres Duany, Jane Jacobs, Jan Gehl, Allan B. Jacobs, Kevin Lynch, Aldo Rossi, Colin Rowe, Robert Venturi, William H. Whyte, Camillo Sitte, Bill Hillier (Space syntax), and Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk.

- Urban design

Later that year, the Rockefeller Foundation awarded a grant to Jacobs to produce a critical study of city planning and urban life in the U.S. (From the mid-1950s to the mid-1960s, the foundation's Humanities Division sponsored an "Urban Design Studies" research program, of which Jacobs was the best known grantee.) Gilpatric encouraged Jacobs to "explor[e] the field of urban design to look for ideas and actions which may improve thinking on how the design of cities might better serve urban life, including cultural and humane value."

- Jane Jacobs
Monumental Axis, Brasília designed by Oscar Niemeyer and Lúcio Costa

3 related topics

Alpha

Seaside, Florida

New Urbanism

Seaside, Florida
Market Street, Celebration, Florida
New Broad Street, Baldwin Park, Florida
Beach Drive, St. Petersburg, Florida
Celebration, Florida Post Office, designed by architect Michael Graves
A park in Celebration, Florida
Great King St, New Town, Edinburgh
A Mediterranean Revival house in Celebration, Florida
A Key West style house in Baldwin Park, Florida
New urbanist Sankt Eriksområdet quarter in Stockholm, Sweden, built in the 1990s. (More photos)
Traffic along Lornie Road, Singapore.
New Urbanism

New Urbanism is an urban design movement which promotes environmentally friendly habits by creating walkable neighbourhoods containing a wide range of housing and job types.

The Death and Life of Great American Cities, written by Jane Jacobs in the early 1960s, called for planners to reconsider the single-use housing projects, large car-dependent thoroughfares, and segregated commercial centers that had become the "norm".

Measures for urban sprawl in Europe: upper left the Dispersion of the built-up area (DIS), upper right the weighted urban proliferation (WUP)

Urban sprawl

Defined as "the spreading of urban developments (such as houses and shopping centers) on undeveloped land near a city".

Defined as "the spreading of urban developments (such as houses and shopping centers) on undeveloped land near a city".

Measures for urban sprawl in Europe: upper left the Dispersion of the built-up area (DIS), upper right the weighted urban proliferation (WUP)
This picture shows the metropolitan areas of the Northeast Megalopolis of the United States demonstrating urban sprawl, including far-flung suburbs and exurbs illuminated at night.
Traffic congestion in sprawling São Paulo, Brazil, which, according to Time magazine, has the world's worst traffic jams.
Low-density housing placed between large farms in an exurban community in Tennessee
Sprawl in Milton, Ontario. This photograph is an example of Canadian exurban development, though recently attempts are made to reduce this type of development in many major cities.
Clustered commercial strips like this one in Breezewood, Pennsylvania are common in outer rural exurbs and suburbs in metropolitan areas.
Walmart Supercenter in Luray, Virginia.
The urban sprawl of Melbourne.
The Chicago metro area, nicknamed "Chicagoland".
Road Space Requirements
Major cities – per capita petrol use vs. population density
A majority of Californians live, commute, and work in the vast and extensive web of Southern California freeways.
The Metropolitan Green Belt first proposed by the London County Council in 1935.
Many Canadian cities feature numerous pockets of high density throughout even their most distant suburbs. As a result, some Canadian suburbs have skylines that rival large American cities. Pictured are the skylines of Burnaby, British Columbia, a suburb of Vancouver.

Walkability is an important concept in sustainable urban design.

Jacobs, Jane. The Death and Life of Great American Cities

Partizánske in Slovakia – an example of a typical planned European industrial city founded in 1938 together with a shoemaking factory in which practically all adult inhabitants of the city were employed.

Urban planning

Technical and political process that is focused on the development and design of land use and the built environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks and their accessibility.

Technical and political process that is focused on the development and design of land use and the built environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks and their accessibility.

Partizánske in Slovakia – an example of a typical planned European industrial city founded in 1938 together with a shoemaking factory in which practically all adult inhabitants of the city were employed.
1852 city plan of Pori by G.T. von Chiewitz
Berlin - Siegessäule. August 1963. Spacious and organized city planning in Germany was official government policy dating back to Nazi rule.
Street Hierarchy and Accessibility

Similarly, in the early 21st century, Jane Jacob's writings on legal and political perspectives to emphasize the interests of residents, businesses and communities effectively influenced urban planners to take into broader consideration of resident experiences and needs while planning.

It is closely related to the field of urban design and some urban planners provide designs for streets, parks, buildings and other urban areas.