Jani Vreto

Jani Vreto (14 January 1822 – 1900) was an Albanian writer, publisher and important figure of the Albanian National Awakening.wikipedia
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League of Prizren

Prizren LeaguePrizren Committee for National DefenceAlbanian League
Some years before the establishment of the League of Prizren during the Great Eastern Crisis, Vreto met with six other Albanian intellectuals regarding the alphabet question and he supported the use of the Greek alphabet to write Albanian due to the Pelasgian theory.
The Committee's members were Ali Ibra, Zija Prishtina, Sami Frashëri, Jani Vreto, Pashko Vasa, Baca Kurti Gjokaj and Abdyl Frashëri.

Postenan

Jani Vreto was born in Postenan, a village near Leskovik, southern Albania in 1820.

Leskovik

Leskoviku
Jani Vreto was born in Postenan, a village near Leskovik, southern Albania in 1820.

Albanian National Awakening

rilindasAlbanian RenaissanceRilindja
Jani Vreto (14 January 1822 – 1900) was an Albanian writer, publisher and important figure of the Albanian National Awakening.
Members of the society Sami Frashëri, Naim Frashëri and Jani Vreto published the Primer of the Albanian language and other works in Albanian that dealt with the humanities, natural sciences and so on.

Sami Frashëri

SamiSami FrasheriŞemsettin Sami
The Committee for Defending Albanian Rights appointed Vreto along with Sami Frashëri, Pashko Vasa and Hasan Tahsini to create an Albanian alphabet.
During the Great Eastern Crisis, the Central Committee for Defending Albanian Rights was founded in 1877 and headed by elder brother Abdyl with Sami, Hasan Tahsini, Pashko Vasa and Jani Vreto being members.

Central Committee for Defending Albanian Rights

Central Committee for the Defence of the Rights of the Albanian PeopleCentral Committee for the Protection of the Rights of AlbaniansCentral Committee the defence of the rights of the Albanian people
Vreto became a member of the Central Committee for Defending Albanian Rights (founded 1877) which was a group of Albanian intelligentsia based in Istanbul advocating for the territorial integrity and unity of Albanian inhabited areas in the Ottoman Empire.
The Central Committee for Defending Albanian Rights was formed in the city of Istanbul, Turkey, then Ottoman Empire in December 18, 1877 by an influential group of Albanian intellectuals, patriots, and politicians, such as Hasan Tahsini, Abdyl Frashëri, Vesel Dino, Iljaz Pasha Dibra, Ymer Prizreni, Sami Frashëri, Zija Prishtina, Ahmet Koronica, Mehmet Ali Vrioni, Seid Toptani, Mustafa Nuri Vlora, Pashko Vasa, Jani Vreto, Mihal Harito, Pandeli Sotiri, Koto Hoxhi, and Mane Tahiri.

Society for the Publication of Albanian Writings

Istanbul CommitteePrint Society of Albanian Letters
In 1879 he became one of the founders of Society for the Publication of Albanian Writings, (Shoqëri e të shtypurit shkronjavet shqip), an organization responsible for publishing Albanian textbooks and opening Albanian schools.
The society was founded by elite members of the Central Committee for Defending Albanian Rights, led by Sami Frashëri, Abdyl Frashëri, and other Rilindas as Jani Vreto, Pandeli Sotiri, Koto Hoxhi, Pashko Vasa, etc. Its members represented all Albanian territories and all religions.

Vaso Pasha

Pashko VasaAlbanus AlbanoWasa Pasha
The Committee for Defending Albanian Rights appointed Vreto along with Sami Frashëri, Pashko Vasa and Hasan Tahsini to create an Albanian alphabet.
Vasa as a member of the Committee for Defending Albanian Rights was appointed along with Sami Frashëri, Jani Vreto and Hasan Tahsini to create an Albanian alphabet which by 19 March 1879 the group approved Frashëri's 36 letter alphabet consisting mostly of Latin characters.

Hasan Tahsini

The Committee for Defending Albanian Rights appointed Vreto along with Sami Frashëri, Pashko Vasa and Hasan Tahsini to create an Albanian alphabet.
The Committee for Defending Albanian Rights appointed Tahsini along with Sami Frashëri, Pashko Vasa and Jani Vreto to create an Albanian alphabet which by 19 March 1879 the group approved Frashëri's 36 letter alphabet consisting mostly of Latin characters.

Congress of Berlin

Berlin CongressBerlin AgreementBerlin Congress of 1878
In 1878, he represented the Albanian population of the Ottoman Empire alongside Abdyl Frashëri at the Congress of Berlin.

Albanians

AlbanianAlbanian peopleethnic Albanian
Jani Vreto (14 January 1822 – 1900) was an Albanian writer, publisher and important figure of the Albanian National Awakening.

Albania

Republic of AlbaniaAlbanianALB
Jani Vreto was born in Postenan, a village near Leskovik, southern Albania in 1820.

Greek language

GreekAncient GreekModern Greek
He went to the local school where he took his first lessons from Nikolla Ikonomi, who would teach him both Greek and Albanian.

Albanian language

AlbanianAlbAlbanian-speaking
He went to the local school where he took his first lessons from Nikolla Ikonomi, who would teach him both Greek and Albanian.

Great Eastern Crisis

Great Balkan CrisisOctober 1875Ottoman economic crisis and default
Some years before the establishment of the League of Prizren during the Great Eastern Crisis, Vreto met with six other Albanian intellectuals regarding the alphabet question and he supported the use of the Greek alphabet to write Albanian due to the Pelasgian theory.

Greek alphabet

GreekGreek lettersGreek letter
Some years before the establishment of the League of Prizren during the Great Eastern Crisis, Vreto met with six other Albanian intellectuals regarding the alphabet question and he supported the use of the Greek alphabet to write Albanian due to the Pelasgian theory. During discussions about the Albanian alphabet Frashëri and Vreto wanted the inclusion of a Greek alphabet character on the premise that Albanians and Greeks have the same ancestors, the Pelasgians.

Pelasgians

PelasgianPelasgiPelasgic
During discussions about the Albanian alphabet Frashëri and Vreto wanted the inclusion of a Greek alphabet character on the premise that Albanians and Greeks have the same ancestors, the Pelasgians.

Abdyl Frashëri

AbdylAbdyl FrasheriAbdul
In 1878, he represented the Albanian population of the Ottoman Empire alongside Abdyl Frashëri at the Congress of Berlin.

Istanbul

İstanbulConstantinopleIstanbul, Turkey
Vreto transferred its headquarters from Istanbul to Bucharest after the organization was banned by the Ottoman authorities.

Bucharest

Bucharest, RomaniaBucureştiBucurești
Vreto transferred its headquarters from Istanbul to Bucharest after the organization was banned by the Ottoman authorities.

Eastern Orthodox Church

Eastern OrthodoxOrthodoxOrthodox Church
At the same time he was excommunicated by the Orthodox metropolitan of Gjirokastër, who accused him of having committed heresy by "creating an Albanian question".

Gjirokastër

GjirokastraGjirokasterArgyrokastro
At the same time he was excommunicated by the Orthodox metropolitan of Gjirokastër, who accused him of having committed heresy by "creating an Albanian question".

Naim Frashëri

NaimNaim FrasheriNaim bey Frashëri
Many of the works of Naim Frashëri, national poet of Albania were published by this organization.

Egypt

EgyptianEGYArab Republic of Egypt
In 1882, Vreto left Bucharest for Egypt to develop nationalist content among the Albanian diaspora.

Skanderbeg

George Kastrioti SkanderbegScanderbegSkenderbeg
Jani Vreto's most known work is an epic poem titled Histori e Skënderbeut (History of Skanderbeg), dedicated to national hero of Albania Skanderbeg.