A report on Jimi Hendrix and Janis Joplin

Hendrix performing on the Dutch television show Hoepla in 1967
Joplin in 1970
Hendrix's paternal grandparents, Ross and Nora Hendrix, pre-1912
Joplin in 1960 as a graduating senior in high school
Hendrix in the US Army, 1961
Joplin (seated) with Big Brother and the Holding Company, c. 1966–1967 photograph Bob Seidemann
The Experience in 1968
Joplin performs with Tom Jones on This Is Tom Jones in late 1969
Hendrix on stage at Gröna Lund in Stockholm, Sweden in June 1967
Newspaper review of Joplin's 1969 concert at Vets Memorial Auditorium in Columbus, Ohio includes the fact that before it started she walked to the lobby and watched audience members arrive.
Hendrix on May 10, 1968
Janis Joplin performing at the Newport Folk Festival in Rhode Island in July 1968
Author Michael Heatley wrote: "The iconic image by Ed Caraeff of Hendrix summoning the flames higher with his fingers will forever conjure up memories of Monterey for those who were there and the majority of us who weren't."
Joplin photographed by Jim Marshall in 1969, one year before her death
The white building (left) is 23 Brook Street; the building on the right is the Handel House Museum.
Hendrix flashed a peace sign at the start of his performance of "The Star-Spangled Banner" at Woodstock, August 18, 1969.
The Samarkand Hotel, where Hendrix spent his final hours
A 1968 King Vox-Wah wah-wah pedal similar to the one owned by Hendrix
Hendrix statue outside Dimbola Lodge, Isle of Wight

On April 7, 1968—three days after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. and the last day of their East Coast tour—Joplin and Big Brother performed with Jimi Hendrix, Buddy Guy, Joni Mitchell, Richie Havens, Paul Butterfield, and Elvin Bishop at the Wake for Martin Luther King Jr. concert in New York.

- Janis Joplin

Hendrix is often cited as one example of an allegedly disproportionate number of musicians dying at age 27, including Brian Jones, Jim Morrison, and Janis Joplin in the same era, a phenomenon referred to as the 27 Club.

- Jimi Hendrix
Hendrix performing on the Dutch television show Hoepla in 1967

16 related topics with Alpha

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Monterey International Pop Festival

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Three-day music festival held June 16 to 18, 1967, at the Monterey County Fairgrounds in Monterey, California.

Three-day music festival held June 16 to 18, 1967, at the Monterey County Fairgrounds in Monterey, California.

Jefferson Airplane in early 1967
Janis Joplin (photo 1968)
The Beach Boys' sudden cancellation from the event drew criticism and controversy.
Advertising promoting the festival published in Cashbox magazine in 1967

The festival is remembered for the first major American appearances by the Jimi Hendrix Experience, the Who and Ravi Shankar, the first large-scale public performance of Janis Joplin and the introduction of Otis Redding to a mass American audience.

Promotional poster designed by Arnold Skolnick Originally, the bird was perched on a flute.

Woodstock

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Music festival held August 15–18, 1969, on Max Yasgur's dairy farm in Bethel, New York, 40 mi southwest of the town of Woodstock.

Music festival held August 15–18, 1969, on Max Yasgur's dairy farm in Bethel, New York, 40 mi southwest of the town of Woodstock.

Promotional poster designed by Arnold Skolnick Originally, the bird was perched on a flute.
Max Yasgur's dairy farm in 1968
Woodstock festival site with the stage
Joe Cocker performs on stage at left before crowd and huge lighting/sound towers
Magazine advertisement promoting the Woodstock Music & Art Fair's "Aquarian Exposition," to be held in Wallkill, NY.
Peace and Music Woodstock monument with plaques by sculptor Wayne C. Saward and erected in 1984 on the festival site. (Note that John Sebastian's surname is misspelled as "Sabastian" and Bert Sommer's name is missing)
Opening ceremony at Woodstock. Swami Satchidananda giving the opening speech
A rainy day (August 15, 1969)
Concert attendees
Joe Cocker and the Grease Band performing at Woodstock
Photo taken near Woodstock on August 18, 1969
Richie Havens performing at Woodstock
Tents and cars of spectators at Woodstock

Jimi Hendrix was the last to perform at the festival, and he took the stage at 8:30 Monday morning due to delays caused by the rain.

In June 2009, complete performances from Woodstock by Santana, Janis Joplin, Sly & the Family Stone, Jefferson Airplane, and Johnny Winter were released separately by Legacy/SME Records, and were also collected in a box set titled The Woodstock Experience.

Jefferson Airplane photographed by Herb Greene at the Matrix, San Francisco, in late 1966. Top row from left: Jack Casady, Grace Slick, Marty Balin; bottom row from left: Jorma Kaukonen, Paul Kantner, Spencer Dryden. A cropped version of this photo was used for the front cover of Surrealistic Pillow.

Jefferson Airplane

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American rock band based in San Francisco, California, that became one of the pioneering bands of psychedelic rock.

American rock band based in San Francisco, California, that became one of the pioneering bands of psychedelic rock.

Jefferson Airplane photographed by Herb Greene at the Matrix, San Francisco, in late 1966. Top row from left: Jack Casady, Grace Slick, Marty Balin; bottom row from left: Jorma Kaukonen, Paul Kantner, Spencer Dryden. A cropped version of this photo was used for the front cover of Surrealistic Pillow.
The original lineup of Jefferson Airplane at the Matrix in summer 1965. Clockwise from left: Bob Harvey, Signe Toly Anderson, Jerry Peloquin, Paul Kantner, Jorma Kaukonen, and Marty Balin.
Jefferson Airplane in early 1966. From left: Anderson, Casady, Balin, Spence, Kantner and Kaukonen.
Jefferson Airplane Fillmore poster, February 1966. This was the first non-benefit concert held at the venue.
The group in mid-1966 after Spencer Dryden replaced Skip Spence on drums.

Kantner, a native San Franciscan, had started out performing on the Bay Area folk circuit in the early 1960s, alongside fellow folkies Jerry Garcia, David Crosby and Janis Joplin.

Key influences on the group's new direction were the popularity and success of Jimi Hendrix and the British supergroup Cream, which prompted the Airplane (like many other groups) to adopt a "heavier" sound and to place a greater emphasis on improvisation.

Pennebaker in New York City in February 2007

D. A. Pennebaker

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American documentary filmmaker and one of the pioneers of direct cinema.

American documentary filmmaker and one of the pioneers of direct cinema.

Pennebaker in New York City in February 2007
The National at BAM during the webcast directed by Pennebaker and Hegedus

Pennebaker produced a number of films from the event, capturing breakthrough performances from the Jimi Hendrix Experience, Otis Redding and Janis Joplin that remain seminal documents in rock history.

"Swinging London", Carnaby Street, circa 1966

Psychedelic rock

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Rock music genre that is inspired, influenced, or representative of psychedelic culture, which is centered on perception-altering hallucinogenic drugs.

Rock music genre that is inspired, influenced, or representative of psychedelic culture, which is centered on perception-altering hallucinogenic drugs.

"Swinging London", Carnaby Street, circa 1966
Producer Terry Melcher in the studio with the Byrds' Gene Clark and David Crosby, 1965
The Beatles on tour, July 1965
The Fillmore, San Francisco (pictured in 2010)
Poster for the Mantra-Rock Dance event held at San Francisco's Avalon Ballroom in January 1967. The headline acts included the Grateful Dead, Big Brother and the Holding Company and Moby Grape.
Poster for Jefferson Airplane's song "White Rabbit", which describes the surreal world of Alice in Wonderland
The stage at the Woodstock Festival in 1969
Primal Scream performing live with the cover of their album Screamadelica in the back

It was prefaced by the Human Be-In event in March and reached its peak at the Monterey Pop Festival in June, the latter helping to make major American stars of Janis Joplin, lead singer of Big Brother and the Holding Company, Jimi Hendrix, and the Who.

Left to right: Getz, Joplin, Andrew, Gurley, Albin. c. 1967

Big Brother and the Holding Company

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American rock band that formed in San Francisco in 1965 as part of the same psychedelic music scene that produced the Grateful Dead, Quicksilver Messenger Service, and Jefferson Airplane.

American rock band that formed in San Francisco in 1965 as part of the same psychedelic music scene that produced the Grateful Dead, Quicksilver Messenger Service, and Jefferson Airplane.

Left to right: Getz, Joplin, Andrew, Gurley, Albin. c. 1967
The Mantra-Rock Dance poster featuring Big Brother and the Holding Company
"Legendary Artists: Sounds of San Francisco" at an Audio Engineering Society convention in 2012. Left to right: Mario Cipollina, Albin, Joel Selvin, Country Joe McDonald

After some initial personnel changes, the band became well known with the lineup of vocalist Janis Joplin, guitarists Sam Andrew and James Gurley, bassist Peter Albin, and drummer Dave Getz.

The Village Voice, while noting that “ears came out ringing” after the Saturday night performance, cited Joplin as ranking in sex appeal with Jim Morrison and Jimi Hendrix, and praised “her belting, groovy style,” mixing Bessie Smith, Aretha Franklin and James Brown.

Theatrical release poster by Tomi Ungerer

Monterey Pop

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1968 American concert film by D. A. Pennebaker that documents the Monterey International Pop Festival of 1967.

1968 American concert film by D. A. Pennebaker that documents the Monterey International Pop Festival of 1967.

Theatrical release poster by Tomi Ungerer
D. A. Pennebaker

Featured performers include Big Brother and the Holding Company with Janis Joplin, Jefferson Airplane, Hugh Masekela, Otis Redding, Ravi Shankar, the Mamas & the Papas, The Who and The Jimi Hendrix Experience, whose namesake set his guitar on fire, broke it on the stage, then threw the neck of his guitar in the crowd at the end of "Wild Thing".

American blues singer Ma Rainey (1886–1939), the "Mother of the Blues"

Blues

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Music genre and musical form which originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in African-American work songs and spirituals.

Music genre and musical form which originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in African-American work songs and spirituals.

American blues singer Ma Rainey (1886–1939), the "Mother of the Blues"
A minor pentatonic scale;
Musicologist John Lomax (left) shaking hands with musician "Uncle" Rich Brown in Sumterville, Alabama
Sheet music from "Saint Louis Blues" (1914)
Bessie Smith, an early blues singer, known for her powerful voice
A typical boogie-woogie bass line
John Lee Hooker
Blues legend B.B. King with his guitar, "Lucille"
Texas blues guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan, 1983
Italian singer Zucchero is credited as the "Father of Italian Blues", and is among the few European blues artists who still enjoy international success.
Eric Clapton performing at Hyde Park, London, in June 2008
Duke Ellington straddled the big band and bebop genres. Ellington extensively used the blues form.
The music of Taj Mahal for the 1972 movie Sounder marked a revival of interest in acoustic blues.

The British and blues musicians of the early 1960s inspired a number of American blues rock fusion performers, including the Doors, Canned Heat, the early Jefferson Airplane, Janis Joplin, Johnny Winter, The J. Geils Band, Ry Cooder, and the Allman Brothers Band.

One blues rock performer, Jimi Hendrix, was a rarity in his field at the time: a black man who played psychedelic rock.

Dick Cavett in 2008

The Dick Cavett Show

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ABC daytime, (March 4, 1968–January 24, 1969) originally titled This Morning

ABC daytime, (March 4, 1968–January 24, 1969) originally titled This Morning

Dick Cavett in 2008
Cavett with guest Anthony Quinn (1971)
Dick Cavett and Jack Paar

Among those receiving such special treatment (some more than once) were Groucho Marx, Laurence Olivier, Judy Garland, Katharine Hepburn (without an audience), Bette Davis, Orson Welles, Noël Coward (who appeared on the same show with Alfred Lunt, Lynn Fontanne, Tammy Grimes and Brian Bedford), John Lennon and Yoko Ono, Janis Joplin, Ray Charles, Alfred Hitchcock, Fred Astaire, Woody Allen, Gloria Swanson, Jerry Lewis, Lucille Ball, Zero Mostel ("on some shows I've had just one guest, but tonight I have Zero"), Bob Hope and David Bowie.

In the July 7, 1969 interview, rock star Jimi Hendrix modestly downplayed his abilities and displayed his sense of humor.

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2016

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

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Museum and hall of fame located in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States, on the shore of Lake Erie.

Museum and hall of fame located in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States, on the shore of Lake Erie.

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2016
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, showing Lake Erie in the foreground
The museum's New York City Annex (2008–2010) on Mercer Street, Soho
English guitarist, singer, and songwriter Eric Clapton is the only three-time inductee to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio November 2015

This gallery also has exhibits that focus on individual artists, including the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, Jimi Hendrix and others.

It included memorabilia from numerous artists including John Lennon, Eric Clapton, John Sebastian, Jefferson Airplane, and Janis Joplin, as well as items related to the 1967 Monterey Pop Festival and 1969's Woodstock.