Joplin in 1970
Joplin in 1960 as a graduating senior in high school
Jefferson Airplane in early 1967
Joplin (seated) with Big Brother and the Holding Company, c. 1966–1967 photograph Bob Seidemann
Janis Joplin (photo 1968)
Joplin performs with Tom Jones on This Is Tom Jones in late 1969
The Beach Boys' sudden cancellation from the event drew criticism and controversy.
Newspaper review of Joplin's 1969 concert at Vets Memorial Auditorium in Columbus, Ohio includes the fact that before it started she walked to the lobby and watched audience members arrive.
Advertising promoting the festival published in Cashbox magazine in 1967
Janis Joplin performing at the Newport Folk Festival in Rhode Island in July 1968
Joplin photographed by Jim Marshall in 1969, one year before her death

The festival is remembered for the first major American appearances by the Jimi Hendrix Experience, the Who and Ravi Shankar, the first large-scale public performance of Janis Joplin and the introduction of Otis Redding to a mass American audience.

- Monterey International Pop Festival

In 1967, Joplin rose to fame following an appearance at Monterey Pop Festival, where she was the lead singer of the then little-known San Francisco psychedelic rock band Big Brother and the Holding Company.

- Janis Joplin
Joplin in 1970

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Hendrix performing on the Dutch television show Hoepla in 1967

Jimi Hendrix

American guitarist, singer, and songwriter.

American guitarist, singer, and songwriter.

Hendrix performing on the Dutch television show Hoepla in 1967
Hendrix's paternal grandparents, Ross and Nora Hendrix, pre-1912
Hendrix in the US Army, 1961
The Experience in 1968
Hendrix on stage at Gröna Lund in Stockholm, Sweden in June 1967
Hendrix on May 10, 1968
Author Michael Heatley wrote: "The iconic image by Ed Caraeff of Hendrix summoning the flames higher with his fingers will forever conjure up memories of Monterey for those who were there and the majority of us who weren't."
The white building (left) is 23 Brook Street; the building on the right is the Handel House Museum.
Hendrix flashed a peace sign at the start of his performance of "The Star-Spangled Banner" at Woodstock, August 18, 1969.
The Samarkand Hotel, where Hendrix spent his final hours
A 1968 King Vox-Wah wah-wah pedal similar to the one owned by Hendrix
Hendrix statue outside Dimbola Lodge, Isle of Wight

He achieved fame in the US after his performance at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967, and in 1968 his third and final studio album, Electric Ladyland, reached number one in the US.

Hendrix is often cited as one example of an allegedly disproportionate number of musicians dying at age 27, including Brian Jones, Jim Morrison, and Janis Joplin in the same era, a phenomenon referred to as the 27 Club.

The Grateful Dead in 1970, from a promotional photo shoot. Left to right: Bill Kreutzmann, Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, Jerry Garcia, Bob Weir, Mickey Hart, Phil Lesh.

Grateful Dead

American rock band formed in 1965 in Palo Alto, California.

American rock band formed in 1965 in Palo Alto, California.

The Grateful Dead in 1970, from a promotional photo shoot. Left to right: Bill Kreutzmann, Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, Jerry Garcia, Bob Weir, Mickey Hart, Phil Lesh.
The Grateful Dead in 1980. Left to right: Jerry Garcia, Bill Kreutzmann, Bob Weir, Mickey Hart, Phil Lesh. Not pictured: Brent Mydland.
The Mantra-Rock Dance promotional poster featuring the Grateful Dead
Grateful Dead performing at Red Rocks Amphitheatre in 1987: Jerry Garcia (custom Tiger guitar), Mickey Hart (drums).
Bob Weir onstage in 2007, playing a Modulus G3FH
Mickey Hart leading a drum circle in February 2005
Panorama of the Fare Thee Well performance at Soldier Field, Chicago on July 5, 2015
An acoustic performance at the Warfield Theatre in San Francisco in 1980. Left to right: Garcia, Lesh, Kreutzmann, Weir, Hart, Mydland.
Phil Lesh (left) performing with TelStar in 2008
New York artist Greg Speirs wearing the "Skully" tie-dyed T-shirt which he designed and became a symbol of Lithuanian basketball
Grateful Dead members in the early 1980s: Brent Mydland, Bob Weir, and Jerry Garcia watch Bill Kreutzmann play the drums. Not pictured are Phil Lesh and Mickey Hart.
Mail-ordered Grateful Dead concert tickets for their spring 1994 Nassau Coliseum run of shows
Mickey Hart and Bob Weir at the Library of Congress 200th birthday, 2000

The Grateful Dead performed at the event along with the Hare Krishna founder Bhaktivedanta Swami, poet Allen Ginsberg, bands Moby Grape and Big Brother and the Holding Company with Janis Joplin, donating proceeds to the Krishna temple.

They appeared at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967, the Woodstock Festival in 1969 and the Festival Express train tour across Canada in 1970.

Promotional poster designed by Arnold Skolnick Originally, the bird was perched on a flute.

Woodstock

Music festival held August 15–18, 1969, on Max Yasgur's dairy farm in Bethel, New York, 40 mi southwest of the town of Woodstock.

Music festival held August 15–18, 1969, on Max Yasgur's dairy farm in Bethel, New York, 40 mi southwest of the town of Woodstock.

Promotional poster designed by Arnold Skolnick Originally, the bird was perched on a flute.
Max Yasgur's dairy farm in 1968
Woodstock festival site with the stage
Joe Cocker performs on stage at left before crowd and huge lighting/sound towers
Magazine advertisement promoting the Woodstock Music & Art Fair's "Aquarian Exposition," to be held in Wallkill, NY.
Peace and Music Woodstock monument with plaques by sculptor Wayne C. Saward and erected in 1984 on the festival site. (Note that John Sebastian's surname is misspelled as "Sabastian" and Bert Sommer's name is missing)
Opening ceremony at Woodstock. Swami Satchidananda giving the opening speech
A rainy day (August 15, 1969)
Concert attendees
Joe Cocker and the Grease Band performing at Woodstock
Photo taken near Woodstock on August 18, 1969
Richie Havens performing at Woodstock
Tents and cars of spectators at Woodstock

The Doors were considered but canceled at the last moment. According to guitarist Robby Krieger, they turned it down because they thought that it would be a "second class repeat of Monterey Pop Festival" and later regretted that decision.

In June 2009, complete performances from Woodstock by Santana, Janis Joplin, Sly & the Family Stone, Jefferson Airplane, and Johnny Winter were released separately by Legacy/SME Records, and were also collected in a box set titled The Woodstock Experience.

Jefferson Airplane photographed by Herb Greene at the Matrix, San Francisco, in late 1966. Top row from left: Jack Casady, Grace Slick, Marty Balin; bottom row from left: Jorma Kaukonen, Paul Kantner, Spencer Dryden. A cropped version of this photo was used for the front cover of Surrealistic Pillow.

Jefferson Airplane

American rock band based in San Francisco, California, that became one of the pioneering bands of psychedelic rock.

American rock band based in San Francisco, California, that became one of the pioneering bands of psychedelic rock.

Jefferson Airplane photographed by Herb Greene at the Matrix, San Francisco, in late 1966. Top row from left: Jack Casady, Grace Slick, Marty Balin; bottom row from left: Jorma Kaukonen, Paul Kantner, Spencer Dryden. A cropped version of this photo was used for the front cover of Surrealistic Pillow.
The original lineup of Jefferson Airplane at the Matrix in summer 1965. Clockwise from left: Bob Harvey, Signe Toly Anderson, Jerry Peloquin, Paul Kantner, Jorma Kaukonen, and Marty Balin.
Jefferson Airplane in early 1966. From left: Anderson, Casady, Balin, Spence, Kantner and Kaukonen.
Jefferson Airplane Fillmore poster, February 1966. This was the first non-benefit concert held at the venue.
The group in mid-1966 after Spencer Dryden replaced Skip Spence on drums.

They were headliners at the Monterey Pop Festival (1967), Woodstock (1969), Altamont Free Concert (1969), and the first Isle of Wight Festival (1968) in England.

Kantner, a native San Franciscan, had started out performing on the Bay Area folk circuit in the early 1960s, alongside fellow folkies Jerry Garcia, David Crosby and Janis Joplin.

Left to right: Getz, Joplin, Andrew, Gurley, Albin. c. 1967

Big Brother and the Holding Company

American rock band that formed in San Francisco in 1965 as part of the same psychedelic music scene that produced the Grateful Dead, Quicksilver Messenger Service, and Jefferson Airplane.

American rock band that formed in San Francisco in 1965 as part of the same psychedelic music scene that produced the Grateful Dead, Quicksilver Messenger Service, and Jefferson Airplane.

Left to right: Getz, Joplin, Andrew, Gurley, Albin. c. 1967
The Mantra-Rock Dance poster featuring Big Brother and the Holding Company
"Legendary Artists: Sounds of San Francisco" at an Audio Engineering Society convention in 2012. Left to right: Mario Cipollina, Albin, Joel Selvin, Country Joe McDonald

After some initial personnel changes, the band became well known with the lineup of vocalist Janis Joplin, guitarists Sam Andrew and James Gurley, bassist Peter Albin, and drummer Dave Getz.

A second single, "Down on Me" b/w "Call On Me" was released along with their self-titled debut album in August 1967, following the band's national success after the Monterey Pop Festival.

Pennebaker in New York City in February 2007

D. A. Pennebaker

American documentary filmmaker and one of the pioneers of direct cinema.

American documentary filmmaker and one of the pioneers of direct cinema.

Pennebaker in New York City in February 2007
The National at BAM during the webcast directed by Pennebaker and Hegedus

He was also hired to film the Monterey Pop Festival, which is now regarded as an important event in rock history on par with 1969's Woodstock Festival.

Pennebaker produced a number of films from the event, capturing breakthrough performances from the Jimi Hendrix Experience, Otis Redding and Janis Joplin that remain seminal documents in rock history.

Theatrical release poster by Tomi Ungerer

Monterey Pop

Theatrical release poster by Tomi Ungerer
D. A. Pennebaker

Monterey Pop is a 1968 American concert film by D. A. Pennebaker that documents the Monterey International Pop Festival of 1967.

Featured performers include Big Brother and the Holding Company with Janis Joplin, Jefferson Airplane, Hugh Masekela, Otis Redding, Ravi Shankar, the Mamas & the Papas, The Who and The Jimi Hendrix Experience, whose namesake set his guitar on fire, broke it on the stage, then threw the neck of his guitar in the crowd at the end of "Wild Thing".

Underwater atomic test "Baker", Bikini Atoll, Pacific Ocean, 1946

Counterculture of the 1960s

Anti-establishment cultural phenomenon that developed throughout much of the Western world between the mid-1960s and the mid-1970s.

Anti-establishment cultural phenomenon that developed throughout much of the Western world between the mid-1960s and the mid-1970s.

Underwater atomic test "Baker", Bikini Atoll, Pacific Ocean, 1946
Free Speech activist Mario Savio on the steps of Sproul Hall, University of California, Berkeley, 1966
King's "I Have a Dream" speech, given in front of the Lincoln Memorial during the 1963 March on Washington
A family watches television, c. 1958
Anti-war protesters
Carnaby Street, London, 1966
Oz number 31 cover
Three radical icons of the sixties. Encounter between Simone de Beauvoir, Jean-Paul Sartre and Ernesto "Che" Guevara in Cuba, in 1960
Yellow Power activist Richard Aoki at a Black Panther Party rally.
Herbert Marcuse, associated with the Frankfurt School of critical theory, was an influential libertarian socialist thinker on the radical student movements of the era and philosopher of the New Left
Eugene McCarthy, anti-war candidate for the Democratic nomination for the US presidency in 1968
A sign pointing to an old fallout shelter in New York City
The cover of an early Whole Earth Catalog shows the Earth as seen by astronauts traveling back from the Moon
Frisbee and alternative 1960s disc sports icon Ken Westerfield
A small part of the crowd of 400,000, after the rain, Woodstock, United States, August 1969
The Jimi Hendrix Experience performs for the Dutch television show Fenklup in March 1967
The Doors performing for Danish television in 1968
Recording "Give Peace a Chance". Left to right: Rosemary Leary (face not visible), Tommy Smothers (with back to camera), John Lennon, Timothy Leary, Yoko Ono, Judy Marcioni and Paul Williams, June 1, 1969.
The plaque honoring the victims of the August 1970 Sterling Hall bombing, University of Wisconsin, Madison.
A small segment of the "Wall" at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial listing the names of the nearly 60,000 American war dead
Jerry Rubin, University at Buffalo, March 10, 1970

While the song had originally been written by John Phillips of The Mamas & the Papas to promote the June 1967 Monterey Pop Festival, it became an instant hit worldwide (#4 in the United States, #1 in Europe) and quickly transcended its original purpose.

The personalities associated with the subculture, gurus such as Timothy Leary and psychedelic rock musicians such as the Grateful Dead, Pink Floyd, Jimi Hendrix, the Byrds, Janis Joplin, the Doors, and the Beatles, soon attracted a great deal of publicity, generating further interest in LSD.

Young people near the Woodstock music festival in August 1969

Hippie

Someone associated with the counterculture of the 1960s, originally a youth movement that began in the United States during the mid-1960s and spread to other countries around the world.

Someone associated with the counterculture of the 1960s, originally a youth movement that began in the United States during the mid-1960s and spread to other countries around the world.

Young people near the Woodstock music festival in August 1969
Contemporary hippie at the Rainbow Gathering in Russia, 2005
A hippie-painted Volkswagen Beetle
American tourists in Thailand, the early 1970s
– Grateful Dead, lyrics from "That's It for the Other One"
Junction of Haight and Ashbury Streets, San Francisco, celebrated as the central location of the Summer of Love
Swami Satchidananda giving the opening talk at the Woodstock Festival of 1969
A group of hippies in Tallinn, 1989
Couple attending Snoqualmie Moondance Festival, August 1993
Tie-dyed clothes, associated with hippie culture
A 1967 VW Kombi bus decorated with hand-painting
Monument to the hippie era. Tamil Nadu, India
Oz number 28, also known as the "Schoolkids issue of Oz", which was the main cause of a 1971 high-profile obscenity case in the United Kingdom. Oz was a UK underground publication with a general hippie / counter-cultural point of view.
Hand-crafted Hippie Truck, 1968
Hippie Truck interior
Timothy Leary, family and band on a lecture tour at State University of New York at Buffalo in 1969
An anti-war demonstrator offers a flower to a Military Police officer during the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam's 1967 March on the Pentagon
Tahquitz Canyon, Palm Springs, California, 1969, sharing a joint
As a hippie, Ken Westerfield helped to popularize the alternative sport of Frisbee in the 1960s–70s, that has become today's disc sports
Hippies at the Nambassa 1981 Festival in New Zealand
Goa Gil, original 1960s hippie who later became a pioneering electronic dance music DJ and party organizer, here appearing in the 2001 film Last Hippie Standing

The Monterey Pop Festival from June 16 to June 18 introduced the rock music of the counterculture to a wide audience and marked the start of the "Summer of Love".

Bands like the Grateful Dead, Big Brother and the Holding Company (with Janis Joplin), and Jefferson Airplane lived in the Haight.

Ball and Chain (Big Mama Thornton song)

Blues song written and recorded by American blues artist Big Mama Thornton.

Blues song written and recorded by American blues artist Big Mama Thornton.

Although her recording did not appear on the record charts, the song has become one of Thornton's best-known, largely due to performances and recordings by Janis Joplin.

They performed the song at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967 to an enthusiastic audience and critical reception.