Japan

Legendary Emperor Jimmu (神武天皇)
Samurai warriors battling Mongols during the Mongol invasions of Japan, depicted in the
Emperor Meiji (明治天皇); 1852–1912
Japan's imperial ambitions ended on September 2, 1945, with the country's surrender to the Allies.
The Japanese archipelago
Mount Fuji in Spring, view from Arakurayama Sengen Park
Autumn maple leaves at Kongōbu-ji on Mount Kōya, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
The National Diet Building
Japan is a member of both the G7 and the G20.
JMSDF class destroyer
The Tokyo Stock Exchange
A rice paddy in Aizu, Fukushima Prefecture
A plug-in hybrid car manufactured by Toyota. Japan is the third-largest maker of motor vehicles in the world.
The Japanese Experiment Module (Kibō) at the International Space Station
Japan Airlines, the flag carrier of Japan
The Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant
The Greater Tokyo Area is ranked as the most populous metropolitan area in the world.
The torii of Itsukushima Shinto Shrine near Hiroshima
Kanji and hiragana signs
Students celebrating after the announcement of the results of the entrance examinations to the University of Tokyo
12th-century illustrated handscroll of The Tale of Genji, a National Treasure
Noh performance at a Shinto shrine
Young ladies celebrate Coming of Age Day (成人の日) in Harajuku, Tokyo
A plate of nigiri-zushi
Sumo wrestlers form around the referee during the ring-entering ceremony

Island country in East Asia.

- Japan

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Official portrait, 2015

Shinzo Abe

Japanese politician who served as Prime Minister of Japan and President of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) from 2006 to 2007 and again from 2012 to 2020.

Japanese politician who served as Prime Minister of Japan and President of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) from 2006 to 2007 and again from 2012 to 2020.

Official portrait, 2015
Official portrait, 2020
The Abe family in 1956: his mother Yōko Abe, Shinzo Abe at the age of two (left), his father Shintarō Abe and his elder brother Hironobu
Shinzo Abe (right), as Chief Cabinet Secretary, meets with U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Robert Zoellick in January 2006.
Abe in 2006, during his first term as prime minister
Abe and other candidates campaigning during the LDP presidential election in 2012. His chief rival, Shigeru Ishiba, is standing immediately to his right.
Emperor Akihito formally appoints Abe to office as Prime Minister, 26 December 2012.
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe speaking at CSIS in Washington DC, in February 2013
Haruhiko Kuroda, whom Abe appointed as Governor of the Bank of Japan (BOJ) in spring 2013, has implemented the "first arrow" monetary policy.
Abe's Minister of Finance Tarō Asō, who also serves as Deputy Prime Minister, in April 2017
Akira Amari, who served as Abe's economy minister from 2012 to 2016, oversaw the "third arrow" growth strategy and negotiations to join the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement.
Prime Minister Abe with U.S. President Barack Obama in Tokyo in April 2014
Abe with Argentine President, Mauricio Macri, Buenos Aires, 21 November 2016
Abe Cabinet Approval Ratings since December 2012
Abe and U.S. President Barack Obama review troops during the former's visit to Washington, D.C., in April 2015
Abe Shinzo and Xi Jinping, April 2015
Abe and U.S. President Donald Trump in February 2017
Abe and Russian President Vladimir Putin in November 2016. Japan has not yet signed a peace treaty with Russia to end World War II because of a Kuril Islands dispute
Abe with U.S. Secretary of Defense James Mattis, February 2017
Abe speaking at the Hudson Institute in Washington, DC, in March 2016
Abe developed close ties with then-U.S. President Donald Trump
Abe with U.S. President Donald Trump at Trump's Mar-a-Lago estate in Florida
Abe and Chinese leader Xi Jinping in November 2017
Abe with Russian President Vladimir Putin at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum on 26 May 2018
Abe bowing after announcing his retirement during a press conference in Tokyo on 28 August 2020
Abe, as the Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary, with a group of students from Harvard University in March 2006. His future Chief Cabinet Secretary Yasuhisa Shiozaki (himself a graduate of Harvard University) is standing to his left.
Abe attends a traditional Japanese wrestling tournament match with U.S. president Donald Trump.
Abe campaigning in June 2010
Shinzo Abe and wife Akie with the U.S. President George W. Bush and Laura Bush, 26 April 2007
Gurtnyyaz Nurlyyewic Hanmyradow and Shinzo Abe in Turkmenistan

Keizaikai Award in 2021, January 2021. (🇯🇵 Japan)

Buddhist statue with the hidden cross on the back, used by Christians in Japan to hide their real beliefs.

Sakoku

Buddhist statue with the hidden cross on the back, used by Christians in Japan to hide their real beliefs.
Beacon on Taketomi, one of the Sakishima Beacons constructed in 1644 to monitor foreign shipping
Commodore Perry's fleet for his second visit to Japan in 1854.
The son of Nadar, photographed with members of the Second Japanese Embassy to Europe in 1863. Photographed by Nadar.

literally "chained country" (鎖国) was the isolationist foreign policy of the Japanese Tokugawa shogunate under which, for a period of 265 years during the Edo period (from 1603 to 1868), relations and trade between Japan and other countries were severely limited, and nearly all foreign nationals were banned from entering Japan, while common Japanese people were kept from leaving the country.

National Flag of Japan

Japan Self-Defense Forces

National Flag of Japan
National Police Reserve, 3 May 1952
JASDF Lockheed T-33 jet trainers on 15 May 1955
Standard of the Prime Minister
The Japanese Ministry of Defense
A pie chart showing global military expenditures by country for 2019, in US$ billions, according to SIPRI
JS Kongō (DDG-173) firing a Standard Missile 3 anti-ballistic missile to intercept a target missile launched from the Pacific Missile Range Facility on December 17, 2007
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and President Donald Trump make a speech on the
JGSDF soldiers during a training exercise
Disaster relief, JGSDF
Close-up view of the uniform of a Japan Self-Defense Force soldier serving in Baghdad, Iraq (April 2005)
JASDF C-130 Hercules supporting the Japanese mission in Iraq
Support in the Indian Ocean 2001-2010 (JMSDF supply ship Tokiwa fueling to USS Decatur (DDG-73))
Head of the 10th Division and other regiments on JSDF Day in 2011
JSDF Marching Festival in Heisei, 2013
JS Kongō (DDG-173), a JMSDF Kongō-class destroyer
JGSDF Type 10 MBT
JASDF F-2
{{USS|George Washington|CVN-73}} and {{JS|Hyūga|DDH-181}}
JGSDF soldiers and U.S. soldiers participate in the Orient Shield 2017 opening ceremony at Camp Shin Yokotsuka, Sept. 11, 2017
Japan Self-Defense Forces flag

The Japan Self-Defense Forces (自衛隊; abbreviated JSDF), also known as the Japanese Armed Forces, are the unified military forces of Japan established in 1954.

Imperial Standard

Government of Japan

Based on popular sovereignty.

Based on popular sovereignty.

Imperial Standard
Crest of the Prime Minister of Japan
Cabinet Office Building
2nd Building of the Central Government
Agency for Cultural Affairs Office Building
Politics of the Constitution of Japan
National Diet Building, Nagatachō, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo
Chamber of the House of Representatives
Chamber of the House of Councillors
Supreme Court Building, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo
Tokyo High Court Building
Building of the Supreme Court of Japan
Administrative divisions of Japan

The Executive branch of Japan is headed by the Prime Minister.

House of Representatives

National Diet

House of Representatives
House of Councillors
The waiting room adjacent to the Cabinet Room at the National Diet Building
The First Japanese Diet Hall (1890–91).
National Diet Hiroshima Temporary Building (1894).
The Second Japanese Diet Hall (1891–1925).
National Diet Building (1930).
National Diet Building (2017).

The National Diet (国会) is Japan's bicameral legislature.

Ryukyuan people

East Asian ethnic group native to the Ryukyu Islands, which stretch between the islands of Kyushu and Taiwan.

East Asian ethnic group native to the Ryukyu Islands, which stretch between the islands of Kyushu and Taiwan.

Haplogroup dispersal and migration routes into Japan.
The gusuku fortification are on the Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu UNESCO's list.
Map of Okinawa Island, showing the Sanzan period polities.
The castle town and Ryukyu Kingdom's capital Shuri Castle.
Five Ryukyuan men, Meiji period.
The kamekōbaka (Turtleback tomb) is the traditional Ryukyuan family tomb.

Administratively, they live in either the Okinawa Prefecture or the Kagoshima Prefecture within Japan.

Ainu language

Language spoken by a few elderly members of the Ainu people on the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido.

Language spoken by a few elderly members of the Ainu people on the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido.

Pirka Kotan Museum, an Ainu language and cultural center in Sapporo (Jozankei area)

On 15 February 2019, Japan approved a bill to recognize the Ainu language for the first time.

View of the Seto Inland Sea from Miyajima island

Seto Inland Sea

View of the Seto Inland Sea from Miyajima island
The Seto Inland Sea with Shikoku and Chūgoku from the ISS
The beauty of the islands of the Seto Inland Sea, Suo-Oshima, Yamaguchi Prefecture
Seto Inland Sea seen from the Torii of Itsukushima Shrine
Major highways in the Seto Inland Sea. Yellow: Kobe-Awaji-Naruto. Green: Seto-Ōhashi. Red: Nishiseto Expressway.
KURE-MATSUYAMA ferry, Seto Inland Sea 2017
Akashi Kaikyō Bridge
Mount Ishizuchi
Mimosusogawa Park (:ja:みもすそ川公園) in Shimonoseki

The Seto Inland Sea (瀬戸内海), sometimes shortened to the Inland Sea, is the body of water separating Honshū, Shikoku, and Kyūshū, three of the four main islands of Japan.

The Japanese landing at Busan

Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–1598)

Initial invasion in 1592 , a brief truce in 1596, and a second invasion in 1597 (Chongyu War).

Initial invasion in 1592 , a brief truce in 1596, and a second invasion in 1597 (Chongyu War).

The Japanese landing at Busan
Daimyo Konishi Yukinaga commanded the Japanese First Division
Daimyo Katō Kiyomasa commanded the Japanese Second Division
Katō Kiyomasa's (1562–1611) banner and battle standard
Japanese infantry employing fusillade tactics using tanegashima matchlocks
Japanese arquebuses of the Edo period were used by Japanese soldiers during Hideyoshi's invasions.
An illustration of an ampulliform Chinese fire-lance with a gunpowder charge shooting a blast of flame with lead pellets as coviative projectiles. The weapon was called the 'phalanx-charging fire-gourd'.
Joseon cannons such as this one were extensively used by the Joseon navy.
Hwacha, Joseon's multiple rocket-powered arrow launcher.
Large iron-tipped wooden arrow fired from Korean cannons.
An old painting of a Korean panokseon.
"Dongnaebu Sunjeoldo", a Korean painting from 1760 depicting the Battle of Dongnae
Map of invasions
Map of Admiral Yi Sun-Shin's Naval Campaigns – 1592
A turtle ship replica at the War Memorial in Seoul. The historical existence of the ironclad roof is disputed.
Yi Sun-sin's crane wing formation, famously used at the Battle of Hansando
Ming Dynasty Wanli Emperor
Ming-era matchlock firearms used in the 15th to 17th centuries
Painting of the Ming Army camped in Ningxia
A naval battle. Close combat was very rare during Admiral Yi Sun-sin's operations.
Korean and Chinese soldiers assault the Japanese-built fortress at Ulsan
Yeosu in 2005. Admiral Yi Sun-sin's headquarters were located here.

This relationship ended in 1408 when Japan, unlike Korea, chose to end its recognition of China's regional hegemony and cancel any further tribute missions.

Toyotomi Hideyoshi

Council of Five Elders

Group of five powerful feudal lords (Japanese: 大名, Daimyō) formed in 1598 by the Regent (Japanese: 太閤 Taikō) Toyotomi Hideyoshi, shortly before his death the same year.

Group of five powerful feudal lords (Japanese: 大名, Daimyō) formed in 1598 by the Regent (Japanese: 太閤 Taikō) Toyotomi Hideyoshi, shortly before his death the same year.

Toyotomi Hideyoshi
The Tokugawa Clan's Crest (Mon)
The Toyotomi Clan's Crest (Mon)
Tokugawa Ieyasu
Ukita Hideie
Maeda Toshiie
Uesugi Kagekatsu
Mōri Terumoto
Kobayakawa Takakage

Tokugawa Ieyasu (Japanese: 徳川 家康) was the founder and first shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, which effectively ruled Japan from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868.