Japanese marine paratroopers of World War II

parachute units1st Yokosuka SNLF2nd Yokosuka Naval Landing Force3rd Yokosuka Special Naval Landing Forceimperial navy paratroopersJapanese Navy paratroopersmarine (''Rikusentai'') paratroopersmarine parachute unitsmarine paratroopersSpecial Naval Landing Forces Paratrooper
The Imperial Japanese Navy fielded naval paratroopers during World War II. The troops were officially part of the Special Naval Landing Forces (SNLF or Rikusentai).wikipedia
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Teishin Shudan

Army paratroopersimperial army paratroopersJapanese Army parachute units
Rikusentai paratroopers should not be confused with the Imperial Japanese Army paratroopers, known as Teishin.
The Teishin units were therefore distinct from the marine parachute units of the Special Naval Landing Forces.

Special Naval Landing Forces

Special Naval Landing ForceJapanese Special Naval Landing ForcesSNLF
The troops were officially part of the Special Naval Landing Forces (SNLF or Rikusentai).
In 1941, the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Yokosuka SNLF were converted to parachute units.

Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service

Imperial Japanese NavyNavy Air ServiceImperial Japanese Naval Air Service
They were under the operational control of the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service (IJNAS or Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kaigun Koku Hombu).

Type 89 grenade discharger

Type 89knee mortarlight mortars
The Japanese Navy paratroopers carried special containers for the Type 89 clipped to their harnesses to provide fire support right on the landing zone.

Battle of Borneo (1941–42)

Battle of BorneoOperation BJapanese invasion
The 2nd Yokosuka SNLF saw action not as paratroopers, but as an amphibious assault force in the Borneo campaign, from December 1941.

Imperial Japanese Navy

JapaneseJapanese NavyJapanese Imperial Navy
The Imperial Japanese Navy fielded naval paratroopers during World War II.

Paratrooper

paratroopersparatroopparatroops
The Imperial Japanese Navy fielded naval paratroopers during World War II.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
The Imperial Japanese Navy fielded naval paratroopers during World War II.

Imperial Japanese Army

Japanese ArmyJapanese Imperial ArmyJapanese
Rikusentai paratroopers should not be confused with the Imperial Japanese Army paratroopers, known as Teishin.

Yokosuka

Yokosuka, JapanYokosuka, KanagawaOppama
Rikusentai units were grouped in battalion-level formations, named after the three naval districts, including Yokosuka.

Amphibious warfare

amphibiousamphibious assaultamphibious landing
The lightly armed parachute units were intended to assault coastal areas, supporting amphibious landings, or enemy airfields and other strategic objectives.

Kantō Plain

Kanto PlainMusashino Plain
Although Rikusentai basic training was different from that of the Japanese Army, the paratroopers were trained at the army base on Kanto Plain.

Fallschirmjäger

paratroopersGerman paratroopersGerman paratroops
If they were successful, it would also allow the Japanese to use the airfield for their own warplanes and was comparable to the use of German Fallschirmjager at the Battle of Crete, in May 1941.

Battle of Crete

Creteinvasion of CreteOperation Mercury
If they were successful, it would also allow the Japanese to use the airfield for their own warplanes and was comparable to the use of German Fallschirmjager at the Battle of Crete, in May 1941.

Battle of Manado

Battle of MenadoMenado
Two companies, numbering 849 paratroopers, from the 1st Yokosuka SNLF, carried out Japan's first ever combat air drop, during the Battle of Menado, in the Netherlands East Indies, on January 11, 1942.

Dutch East Indies

Netherlands East IndiesDutch IndiesDutch
Two companies, numbering 849 paratroopers, from the 1st Yokosuka SNLF, carried out Japan's first ever combat air drop, during the Battle of Menado, in the Netherlands East Indies, on January 11, 1942.

Kupang

KoepangCoupangCopang
On February 19, 630 paratroopers from the 3rd Yokosuka SNLF were dropped near Kupang, West Timor, and suffered heavy casualties in the Battle of Timor.

West Timor

Dutch Timorwestern partIndonesian Timor
On February 19, 630 paratroopers from the 3rd Yokosuka SNLF were dropped near Kupang, West Timor, and suffered heavy casualties in the Battle of Timor.

Flying boat

flying boatsflying-boatseaplane
IJNAS land-based planes — transports, heavy bombers and flying boats — were used to deliver the paratroopers.

Nambu pistol

Nambu Type 14Type 14 NambuType 14 8 mm Nambu Pistol
Standard Nambu pistol or revolver and a knife were in belt or boot.

Yokosuka MXY5

Yokosuka MXY-5Yokosuka Navy Experimental Transport Glider
The navy also ordered the development of an experimental heavy glider, the Yokosuka MXY5, for airborne operations, but these were never fully developed.