Japanese name

Japanese given nameJapanese surnameiminaJapanesegiven namesurnameJapanese family nameJapanese namesfamily nameJapanese personal names
Japanese names in modern times usually consist of a family name (surname), followed by a given name.wikipedia
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Satō

The three most common family names in Japan are Satō, Suzuki, and Takahashi . Examples include Atō, Andō, Itō (although a different final kanji is also common), Udō, Etō, Endō, Gotō, Jitō, Katō, Kitō, Kudō, Kondō, Saitō, Satō, Shindō, Sudō, Naitō, Bitō, and Mutō.
Satō is the most common Japanese surname, often romanized as Sato, Satoh or Satou.

Takahashi

The three most common family names in Japan are Satō, Suzuki, and Takahashi .
Takahashi is the third most common Japanese surname.

Surname

family nameoccupational surnamelast name
Japanese names in modern times usually consist of a family name (surname), followed by a given name.
The latter is often called the Eastern naming order because Europeans are most familiar with the examples from the East Asian cultural sphere, specifically, China and Taiwan, Korea (Republic of Korea and Democratic People's Republic of Korea), Japan, and Vietnam.

Ichirō

as his name indicatesIchiro
Male names often end in -rō (郎 "son", but also 朗 "clear, bright"; e.g. "Ichirō") -ta (太 "great, thick"; e.g. "Kenta") or -o (男 / 雄 / 夫 "man"; e.g. "Teruo" or "Akio"), or contain ichi (一 "first [son]"; e.g. "Ken'ichi"), kazu (also written with 一 "first [son]", along with several other possible characters; e.g. "Kazuhiro"), ji (二 "second [son]" or 次 "next"; e.g. "Jirō"), or dai (大 "great, large"; e.g. "Daichi").
Ichirō, also written Ichiro, Ichirou or Ichiroh is a masculine Japanese given name.

Ken'ichi

Kenichi
Male names often end in -rō (郎 "son", but also 朗 "clear, bright"; e.g. "Ichirō") -ta (太 "great, thick"; e.g. "Kenta") or -o (男 / 雄 / 夫 "man"; e.g. "Teruo" or "Akio"), or contain ichi (一 "first [son]"; e.g. "Ken'ichi"), kazu (also written with 一 "first [son]", along with several other possible characters; e.g. "Kazuhiro"), ji (二 "second [son]" or 次 "next"; e.g. "Jirō"), or dai (大 "great, large"; e.g. "Daichi").
Ken'ichi or Kenichi is a masculine Japanese given name.

Keiko (given name)

Keiko
Female names often end in -ko (子 "child"; e.g. "Keiko") or -mi (美 "beauty"; e.g. "Yumi").
Keiko is a feminine Japanese given name.

Jiro (given name)

JirōJirou
Male names often end in -rō (郎 "son", but also 朗 "clear, bright"; e.g. "Ichirō") -ta (太 "great, thick"; e.g. "Kenta") or -o (男 / 雄 / 夫 "man"; e.g. "Teruo" or "Akio"), or contain ichi (一 "first [son]"; e.g. "Ken'ichi"), kazu (also written with 一 "first [son]", along with several other possible characters; e.g. "Kazuhiro"), ji (二 "second [son]" or 次 "next"; e.g. "Jirō"), or dai (大 "great, large"; e.g. "Daichi").
Jirō or Jiro is a stand-alone Japanese given name along with "Tarō", and a common name suffix for males.

Haruna (name)

Haruna
Other popular endings for female names include -ka (香 "scent, perfume" or 花 "flower"; e.g. "Reika") and -na (奈, or 菜, meaning "greens" or "apple tree"; e.g. "Haruna").
Haruna is both a feminine Japanese given name and a Japanese surname.

Itō (surname)

ItōItō (name)
Examples include Atō, Andō, Itō (although a different final kanji is also common), Udō, Etō, Endō, Gotō, Jitō, Katō, Kitō, Kudō, Kondō, Saitō, Satō, Shindō, Sudō, Naitō, Bitō, and Mutō.
Itō, Ito, Itou, Itoh or Itoo (written: 伊藤) is the sixth most common Japanese surname.

Gotō (surname)

GotōGotoh
Examples include Atō, Andō, Itō (although a different final kanji is also common), Udō, Etō, Endō, Gotō, Jitō, Katō, Kitō, Kudō, Kondō, Saitō, Satō, Shindō, Sudō, Naitō, Bitō, and Mutō.
Gotō, also spelled Gotou or Gotoh, is a Japanese surname.

Kudo

Kudō
Examples include Atō, Andō, Itō (although a different final kanji is also common), Udō, Etō, Endō, Gotō, Jitō, Katō, Kitō, Kudō, Kondō, Saitō, Satō, Shindō, Sudō, Naitō, Bitō, and Mutō.
Kudō (工藤; Kudo, Kudoh, Kudou) is a Japanese family name.

Tanaka

Some common names are summarized by the phrase tanakamura ("the village in the middle of the rice fields"): the three kanji: 田 (ta, rice field), 中 (naka, middle) and 村 (mura, village), together in any pair, form a simple, reasonably common surname: Tanaka, Nakamura, Murata, Nakata (Nakada), Muranaka, Tamura.
Tanaka is the fourth most common Japanese surname, written with the kanji for ricefield & middle .

Nakamura (surname)

Nakamura
Some common names are summarized by the phrase tanakamura ("the village in the middle of the rice fields"): the three kanji: 田 (ta, rice field), 中 (naka, middle) and 村 (mura, village), together in any pair, form a simple, reasonably common surname: Tanaka, Nakamura, Murata, Nakata (Nakada), Muranaka, Tamura.
Nakamura is the 7th most common Japanese surname.

Nanori

read
Many others use readings which are only used in names (nanori), such as the female name Nozomi .
Nanori are kanji character readings (pronunciations) found almost exclusively in Japanese names.

Hajime

The name "Hajime" may be written with any of the following: 始, 治, 初, 一, 元, 肇, 創, 甫, 基, 哉, 啓, 本, 源, 東, 大, 孟, or 祝.
Hajime is also a common Japanese given name for males, although it is occasionally used as a surname.

Katakana

kanaalphabetical ordercharacters
The kanji for a name may have a variety of possible Japanese pronunciations, hence parents might use hiragana or katakana when giving a birth name to their newborn child.
Some Japanese personal names are written in katakana.

Given name

néefirst namepersonal name
Japanese names in modern times usually consist of a family name (surname), followed by a given name.
Many female Japanese names end in -ko, meaning "child".

Galton–Watson process

Extinction of surnamesGalton-Watson processSurname extinction
The recent introduction of surnames has two additional effects: Japanese names became widespread when the country had a very large population (over 30 million during the early Meiji era – see Demographics of Imperial Japan) instead of dating to ancient times (estimated population at 1 CE is 300,000, for instance – see Demographics of Japan before Meiji Restoration), and since little time has passed, Japanese names have not experienced as significant a surname extinction as has occurred in the much longer history in China.

Japanese language

JapaneseJapanese-languageJp
Japanese names are usually written in kanji, which are characters usually Chinese in origin but Japanese in pronunciation.

Chinese surname

ancestral nameSurnameClan name
This diversity is in stark contrast to the situation in other nations of the East Asian cultural sphere, which reflects a different history: while Chinese surnames have been in use for millennia and were often reflective of an entire clan or adopted from nobles (with or without any genetic relationship) and were thence transferred to Korea and Vietnam via noble names, the vast majority of modern Japanese family names date only to the 19th century, following the Meiji restoration, and were chosen at will.

Emperor Jomei

JomeiPrince Tamura
Prior to Emperor Jomei, the imina of the emperors were very long and not used.
Before Jomei's ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (imina) was Tamura or Prince Tamura .

Furigana

forced readingon the right of the main textruby characters
For this reason, business cards often include the pronunciation of the name as furigana, and forms and documents often include spaces to write the reading of the name in kana (usually katakana).
Japanese names are usually written in kanji.

Rendaku

orchanged toin compounds
The kanji 藤, meaning wisteria, has the on'yomi tō (or, with rendaku, dō).
Rendaku thus remains partially unpredictable, sometimes presenting a problem even to native speakers, particularly in Japanese names, where rendaku occurs or fails to occur often without obvious cause.

Shikona

ring namefighting namesumo name
Sumo wrestlers take wrestling names called shikona (醜名 or 四股名).
Like standard Japanese names, a shikona consists of a surname and a personal, or given name, and the full name is written surname first.

Mutō

mūtō
Examples include Atō, Andō, Itō (although a different final kanji is also common), Udō, Etō, Endō, Gotō, Jitō, Katō, Kitō, Kudō, Kondō, Saitō, Satō, Shindō, Sudō, Naitō, Bitō, and Mutō.
*Japanese name