Java

JavaneseJava IslandJawaIsland of JavaJava, Indonesia JavaneseBataviaCentral JavaCentral-JavaneseHindu-Buddhist kingdoms of Java
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese: ) is an island of Indonesia, bordered by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Java Sea on the north.wikipedia
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Javanese language

JavaneseOld JavaneseGêdrìk
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese: ) is an island of Indonesia, bordered by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Java Sea on the north. Three main languages are spoken on the island: Javanese, Sundanese, and Madurese, where Javanese is the most spoken; it is the native language of about 60 million Javanese people in Indonesia, most of whom live on Java.
Javanese (colloquially known as, '; ) is the language of the Javanese people from the central and eastern parts of the island of Java, in Indonesia.

Indonesia

🇮🇩IndonesianRepublic of Indonesia
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese: ) is an island of Indonesia, bordered by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Java Sea on the north. The Indonesian capital city, Jakarta, is located on its northwestern coast. Formed mostly as the result of volcanic eruptions from geologic subduction between Sunda Plate and Australian Plate, Java is the 13th largest island in the world and the fifth largest in Indonesia by landmass at about 138800 km2.
Java, the world's most populous island, contains more than half of the country's population.

List of islands by population

most populous islandBy populationmost populated
With a population of over 141 million (Java only) or 145 million (including the inhabitants of its surrounding islands), Java is the home to 56.7 percent of the Indonesian population and is the world's most populous island.

West Java

Sundawestwestern Java
The Indonesian capital city, Jakarta, is located on its northwestern coast. Java is divided into four administrative provinces, West Java, Central Java, East Java, and Banten, and two special regions, Jakarta and Yogyakarta.
It is located in the western part of the island of Java and its capital and largest urban center is Bandung, although much of its population in the northwest corner of the province live in areas suburban to the larger urban area of Jakarta, though that city itself lies outside the administrative province.

Sundanese language

SundaneseSundasu
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese: ) is an island of Indonesia, bordered by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Java Sea on the north. Three main languages are spoken on the island: Javanese, Sundanese, and Madurese, where Javanese is the most spoken; it is the native language of about 60 million Javanese people in Indonesia, most of whom live on Java.
It has approximately 39 million native speakers in the western third of Java; they represent about 15% of Indonesia's total population.

Ujung Kulon National Park

Ujung KulonHujung Kulon
Four of Indonesia's eight UNESCO world heritage sites are located in Java: Ujung Kulon National Park, Borobudur Temple, Prambanan Temple, and Sangiran Early Man Site.
Ujung Kulon National Park is located at the westernmost tip of Java, within Banten province of Indonesia.

Demographics of Indonesia

IndonesianIndonesiansIndonesia
With a population of over 141 million (Java only) or 145 million (including the inhabitants of its surrounding islands), Java is the home to 56.7 percent of the Indonesian population and is the world's most populous island.
58% live on the island of Java, the world's most populous island.

History of Indonesia

Indonesian historyhistoryhistorical
Java was also the center of the Indonesian struggle for independence during the 1930s and 1940s.
The earliest evidence of Islamised populations in Indonesia dates to the 13th century in northern Sumatra; other Indonesian areas gradually adopted Islam which became the dominant religion in Java and Sumatra by the end of the 16th century.

Dutch East Indies

DutchNetherlands East IndiesEast Indies
It was the center of powerful Hindu-Buddhist empires, the Islamic sultanates, and the core of the colonial Dutch East Indies.
The company was formally dissolved in 1800 and its colonial possessions in the Indonesian archipelago (including much of Java, parts of Sumatra, much of Maluku, and the hinterlands of ports such as Makasar, Manado, and Kupang) were nationalized under the Dutch Republic as the Dutch East Indies.

Java Sea

Java
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese: ) is an island of Indonesia, bordered by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Java Sea on the north. Java is surrounded by the Java Sea to the north, Sunda Strait to the west, the Indian Ocean to the south and Bali Strait and Madura Strait in the east.
It lies between the Indonesian islands of Borneo to the north, Java to the south, Sumatra to the west, and Sulawesi to the east.

Sangiran

Sangiran DomeSangiran museum
Four of Indonesia's eight UNESCO world heritage sites are located in Java: Ujung Kulon National Park, Borobudur Temple, Prambanan Temple, and Sangiran Early Man Site.
Sangiran is an archaeological excavation site in Java in Indonesia.

Javanese people

JavaneseJavaJavanese culture
Three main languages are spoken on the island: Javanese, Sundanese, and Madurese, where Javanese is the most spoken; it is the native language of about 60 million Javanese people in Indonesia, most of whom live on Java.
The Javanese (Ngoko Javanese:, Madya Javanese:, Krama Javanese:, Ngoko Gêdrìk: wòng Jåwå, Madya Gêdrìk: tiyang Jawi, Krama Gêdrìk: priyantun Jawi, Malay/Indonesian: suku / orang Jawa) are an ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Java.

Central Java

CentralJawa TengahCentral Java Province
Java is divided into four administrative provinces, West Java, Central Java, East Java, and Banten, and two special regions, Jakarta and Yogyakarta.
This province is located in the middle of the island of Java.

East Java

eastern JavaEastJatim
Java is divided into four administrative provinces, West Java, Central Java, East Java, and Banten, and two special regions, Jakarta and Yogyakarta.
Located in eastern Java, it includes the island of Madura, which is connected to Java by the longest bridge in Indonesia, the Suramadu Bridge, as well as the Kangean and Masalembu archipelagos located further east and north, respectively.

Madurese language

MaduresemadMadurase
Three main languages are spoken on the island: Javanese, Sundanese, and Madurese, where Javanese is the most spoken; it is the native language of about 60 million Javanese people in Indonesia, most of whom live on Java.
Madurese is a language of the Madurese people of Madura Island and eastern Java, Indonesia; it is also spoken on the neighbouring small Kangean Islands and Sapudi Islands, as well as by migrants to other parts of Indonesia, namely the eastern salient of Java (comprising Pasuruan, Surabaya, Malang to Banyuwangi), the Masalembu Islands, and even some on Kalimantan.

Banten

Banten ProvinceBantamBantam Residency
Java is divided into four administrative provinces, West Java, Central Java, East Java, and Banten, and two special regions, Jakarta and Yogyakarta.
Banten is the westernmost province on the island of Java, in Indonesia.

List of islands of Indonesia

Indonesian archipelagoislandarchipelago
Formed mostly as the result of volcanic eruptions from geologic subduction between Sunda Plate and Australian Plate, Java is the 13th largest island in the world and the fifth largest in Indonesia by landmass at about 138800 km2.
Java, formerly Jawa Dwipa.

List of islands by area

world's largest islandlargest island in the worldlargest islands in the world
Formed mostly as the result of volcanic eruptions from geologic subduction between Sunda Plate and Australian Plate, Java is the 13th largest island in the world and the fifth largest in Indonesia by landmass at about 138800 km2.

Island

islandsIsland Groupoceanic island
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese: ) is an island of Indonesia, bordered by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Java Sea on the north.
Examples are Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Sakhalin, Taiwan and Hainan off Asia; New Guinea, Tasmania, and Kangaroo Island off Australia; Great Britain, Ireland, and Sicily off Europe; Greenland, Newfoundland, Long Island, and Sable Island off North America; and Barbados, the Falkland Islands, and Trinidad off South America.

Bali

Bali, IndonesiaBalineseBali Province
Java lies between Sumatra to the west and Bali to the east.
Located east of Java and west of Lombok, the province includes the island of Bali and a few smaller neighbouring islands, notably Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan, and Nusa Ceningan.

Borneo

BorneanKalimantanBorneo Island
Borneo lies to the north and Christmas Island is to the south.
At the geographic centre of Maritime Southeast Asia, in relation to major Indonesian islands, it is located north of Java, west of Sulawesi, and east of Sumatra.

Christmas Island

Christmas🇨🇽CX
Borneo lies to the north and Christmas Island is to the south.
Christmas Island is located in the Indian Ocean, around {{convert|350|km|mi}} south of Java and Sumatra and around {{Convert|1550|km|mi}} north-west of the closest point on the Australian mainland.

India

🇮🇳IndianIND
"Yavadvipa" is mentioned in India's earliest epic, the Ramayana.
By the 8th and 9th centuries, the effects were felt in South-East Asia, as South Indian culture and political systems were exported to lands that became part of modern-day Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia, and Java.

Sumatra

Sumatra IslandSumateraNorthern Sumatra
Java lies between Sumatra to the west and Bali to the east.
In the southeast the narrow Sunda Strait separates Sumatra from Java.

Sunda Strait

broadlyStraits of SundaSunda
Java is surrounded by the Java Sea to the north, Sunda Strait to the west, the Indian Ocean to the south and Bali Strait and Madura Strait in the east.
The Sunda Strait (Indonesian: Selat Sunda) is the strait between the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra.