Jawa Dam (Jordan)

Jawa DamhydrologyJawa
The Jawa Dam is the remains of an ancient masonry gravity dam on Wadi Rajil at Jawa in Mafraq Governorate, Jordan, 58 km north of Azraq.wikipedia
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Dam

earthfilldamsconcrete-face rock-fill dam
The Jawa Dam is the remains of an ancient masonry gravity dam on Wadi Rajil at Jawa in Mafraq Governorate, Jordan, 58 km north of Azraq.
The earliest known dam is the Jawa Dam in Jordan, dating to 3,000 BC.

Mafraq Governorate

MafraqAl Mafraqal-Mafraq
The Jawa Dam is the remains of an ancient masonry gravity dam on Wadi Rajil at Jawa in Mafraq Governorate, Jordan, 58 km north of Azraq.
Many Roman and Byzantine sites have been found throughout the governorate, most notably churches dating to the third century AD; believed to be two of the oldest purpose built churches in Christianity: and Roman water dams in Jawa, Ruwaished, and the city of Mafraq.

Jordan

🇯🇴TransjordanJordanian
The Jawa Dam is the remains of an ancient masonry gravity dam on Wadi Rajil at Jawa in Mafraq Governorate, Jordan, 58 km north of Azraq. It is located on the southern edge of an area of basalt which runs across Syria and eastern Jordan and is an attempt to harness the major water resources of Wadi Rajil: a dry river bed which floods irregularly during the winter months.
The Jawa Dam in northeastern Jordan, which dates back to the fourth millennium BC, is the world's oldest dam.

Jawa, Jordan

Jawa
It is the oldest known dam in the world, dating back to the fourth millennium BC. The dam was part of a water supply system that included other smaller dams, channels and deflectors across the wadi to support the short lived local town of Jawa.
They had some understanding of urban life, as well as hydrology.

Masonry

masonstonemasons
The Jawa Dam is the remains of an ancient masonry gravity dam on Wadi Rajil at Jawa in Mafraq Governorate, Jordan, 58 km north of Azraq.

Azraq, Jordan

AzraqAl-AzraqAl-'Azraq Municipality
The Jawa Dam is the remains of an ancient masonry gravity dam on Wadi Rajil at Jawa in Mafraq Governorate, Jordan, 58 km north of Azraq.

Water supply

waterworkswaterwater supplies
It is the oldest known dam in the world, dating back to the fourth millennium BC. The dam was part of a water supply system that included other smaller dams, channels and deflectors across the wadi to support the short lived local town of Jawa.

Reservoir

artificial lakereservoirsartificial
Jawaa Dam, though, is the largest of the dams and withheld the largest reservoir.

Basalt

basalticcolumnar basaltbasalts
It is located on the southern edge of an area of basalt which runs across Syria and eastern Jordan and is an attempt to harness the major water resources of Wadi Rajil: a dry river bed which floods irregularly during the winter months.

Syria

SyrianSyrian Arab RepublicSyrian government
It is located on the southern edge of an area of basalt which runs across Syria and eastern Jordan and is an attempt to harness the major water resources of Wadi Rajil: a dry river bed which floods irregularly during the winter months.

Jabal al-Druze

Jabal HauranDruze MountainJabal Al-Arab
Wadi Rajil has a catchment area of 300 km 2 reaching 35 km north into Jebel Druze.

Equidae

equidequidsequine
There were also 200 equids and 160 dogs.

Diversion dam

diversiondeflection damsdiversion dams
Two are deflection dams meant to channel water into a number of reservoirs.

Revetment

revettedrevetmentsrevetting
Excavators found traces of revetments and a rudimentary apron on the up-stream face.

Jawa

Jawa Dam (Jordan), remains of water works dating from 3000 BC

List of dams and reservoirs

DamsList of dams and reservoirs in Saudi ArabiaList of dams in Africa
Jawa Dam

Jawa Dam

Jawa Dam, Jordan, the oldest known dam in the world

Marib Dam

Great Dam of MaribMa'rib Damcurrent dam
* Jawa Dam (Jordan), also an archaeological site