Jawi alphabet

JawiJawi scriptJawoëMalayJaviJawi (script)Jawi writingArabicArabic scriptJawi Khat
Jawi (Jawi: ; Kelantan-Pattani: Yawi; Acèh: Jawoë) is an Arabic script for writing Malay, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausūg and several other languages in Southeast Asia.wikipedia
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Acehnese language

AcehneseAchineseace
Jawi (Jawi: ; Kelantan-Pattani: Yawi; Acèh: Jawoë) is an Arabic script for writing Malay, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausūg and several other languages in Southeast Asia.
The Acehnese language (Jawi: بهسا اچيه) is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by Acehnese people natively in Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia.

Brunei

Brunei DarussalamBruneianNegara Brunei Darussalam
Jawi is one of the two official scripts in Brunei and is used as an alternative script in Malaysia and Malay-dominated areas in Indonesia. Among the oldest archaeological artefacts inscribed with Arabic script are; a tombstone of Syeikh Rukunuddin dated 48 AH (668/669 CE) in Barus, Sumatra; a tombstone dated 290 AH (910 CE) on the mausoleum of Syeikh Abdul Qadir Ibn Husin Syah Alam located in Alor Setar, Kedah; a tombstone found in Pekan, Pahang dated 419 AH (1026 CE); a tombstone discovered in Phan Rang, Vietnam dated 431 AH (1039 CE); a tombstone dated 440 AH (1048 CE) found in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei; and a tombstone of Fatimah Binti Maimun Bin Hibat Allah found in Gresik, East Java dated 475 AH (1082 CE).
Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi: نڬارا بروني دارالسلام), is a country located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.

Banjar language

BanjareseBanjarBukit Malay
Jawi (Jawi: ; Kelantan-Pattani: Yawi; Acèh: Jawoë) is an Arabic script for writing Malay, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausūg and several other languages in Southeast Asia.
Banjar (Banjar: Bahasa/Basa Banjar, Indonesian: Bahasa Banjar, Jawi: بهاس بنجر) is an Austronesian language spoken by the Banjar people of South Kalimantan province of Indonesia.

Malay Indonesians

MalayMalaysMalay Indonesian
Jawi is one of the two official scripts in Brunei and is used as an alternative script in Malaysia and Malay-dominated areas in Indonesia.
Malay Indonesians (orang Melayu Indonesia; Jawi: اورڠ ملايو ايندونيسيا) are ethnic Malays living throughout Indonesia as one of the indigenous peoples of the island nation.

Arabic script

ArabicPerso-Arabic scriptPerso-Arabic
Jawi (Jawi: ; Kelantan-Pattani: Yawi; Acèh: Jawoë) is an Arabic script for writing Malay, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausūg and several other languages in Southeast Asia.
These modifications tend to fall into groups: Indian and Turkic languages written in the Arabic script tend to use the Persian modified letters, whereas the languages of Indonesia tend to imitate those of Jawi.

Kelantan-Pattani Malay

Pattani MalayKelantaneseKelantanese Malay
Jawi (Jawi: ; Kelantan-Pattani: Yawi; Acèh: Jawoë) is an Arabic script for writing Malay, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausūg and several other languages in Southeast Asia. The term has been used interchangeably with 'Malay' in other terms including Bahasa Jawi or Bahasa Yawi (Kelantan-Pattani Malay, a Malay dialect used in Southern Thailand), Masuk Jawi (literally "to become Malay", referring to the practice of circumcision to symbolise the coming of age), and Jawi pekan or Jawi Peranakan (literally 'Malay of the town' or 'Malay born of', referring to the Malay-speaking Muslims of mixed Malay and Indian ancestry).
Kelantanese Malay is written both in Latin and in the Jawi alphabet, based on the Arabic script, which is where the name "Yawi/Jawi" for the language comes from.

Kelantan

Sultanate of KelantanKelantan StateKelantanese
Its day-to-day usage is maintained in the more-conservative Malay-populated areas such as Kelantan, Terengganu and Pahang in Malaysia and Pattani.
Kelantan (Jawi: کلنتن;, Kelantanese: Kelaté) is a state of Malaysia.

Terengganu

TrengganuMarangTerengganu Sultanate
Its day-to-day usage is maintained in the more-conservative Malay-populated areas such as Kelantan, Terengganu and Pahang in Malaysia and Pattani.
Terengganu (Jawi :ترڠڬانو, Terengganu Malay: Tranung), formerly spelled Trengganu or Tringganu, is a sultanate and constitutive state of federal Malaysia.

Pahang

Pahang Darul MakmurPahang, MalaysiaPahang Sultanate
Its day-to-day usage is maintained in the more-conservative Malay-populated areas such as Kelantan, Terengganu and Pahang in Malaysia and Pattani. Among the oldest archaeological artefacts inscribed with Arabic script are; a tombstone of Syeikh Rukunuddin dated 48 AH (668/669 CE) in Barus, Sumatra; a tombstone dated 290 AH (910 CE) on the mausoleum of Syeikh Abdul Qadir Ibn Husin Syah Alam located in Alor Setar, Kedah; a tombstone found in Pekan, Pahang dated 419 AH (1026 CE); a tombstone discovered in Phan Rang, Vietnam dated 431 AH (1039 CE); a tombstone dated 440 AH (1048 CE) found in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei; and a tombstone of Fatimah Binti Maimun Bin Hibat Allah found in Gresik, East Java dated 475 AH (1082 CE).
Pahang (Jawi: ڤهڠ), officially Pahang Darul Makmur with the Arabic honorific Darul Makmur (Jawi: دار المعمور, "The Abode of Tranquility") is a sultanate and a federal state of Malaysia.

Pattani Province

PattaniPataniPattani Province, Thailand
Its day-to-day usage is maintained in the more-conservative Malay-populated areas such as Kelantan, Terengganu and Pahang in Malaysia and Pattani.
Pattani (ปัตตานี, ; Jawi: ڤطاني, ตานิง, ) is one of the southern provinces of Thailand.

Malays (ethnic group)

MalayMalaysMalay people
According to Kamus Dewan, "Jawi" is a term synonymous to 'Malay'.
Malays (Orang Melayu, Jawi: أورڠ ملايو) are an Austronesian ethnic group and nation native to the Malay Peninsula, eastern Sumatra of Indonesia and coastal Borneo, as well as the smaller islands which lie between these locations — areas that are collectively known as the Malay world.

Malay alphabet

RumiRumi scriptIndonesian alphabet
It used to be the standard script for the Malay language but has since been replaced by a Latin alphabet, called Rumi (literal meaning: Roman).
The modern Malay alphabet or Indonesian alphabet (Brunei, Malaysia and Singapore: Tulisan Rumi, literally "Roman script" or "Roman writing; Indonesia: Aksara Latin, literally "Latin script") consists of the 26 letters of the ISO basic Latin alphabet without any diacritics. It is the more common of the two alphabets used today to write the Malay language, the other being Jawi (a modified Arabic script). The Latin Malay alphabet is the official Malay script in Indonesia (as Indonesian), Malaysia (as Malaysian) and Singapore, while it is co-official with Jawi in Brunei.

Jawi Peranakan

Jawi Pekan
The term has been used interchangeably with 'Malay' in other terms including Bahasa Jawi or Bahasa Yawi (Kelantan-Pattani Malay, a Malay dialect used in Southern Thailand), Masuk Jawi (literally "to become Malay", referring to the practice of circumcision to symbolise the coming of age), and Jawi pekan or Jawi Peranakan (literally 'Malay of the town' or 'Malay born of', referring to the Malay-speaking Muslims of mixed Malay and Indian ancestry).
The Jawi Peranakan (Jawi: جاوي ڤرانقن) is an ethnic group found primarily within the Malaysian state of Penang and in Singapore, both regions were part of the historical Straits Settlements where their culture and history is centred around.

Kedah

KadaramKedah Darul AmanSultanate of Kedah
Among the oldest archaeological artefacts inscribed with Arabic script are; a tombstone of Syeikh Rukunuddin dated 48 AH (668/669 CE) in Barus, Sumatra; a tombstone dated 290 AH (910 CE) on the mausoleum of Syeikh Abdul Qadir Ibn Husin Syah Alam located in Alor Setar, Kedah; a tombstone found in Pekan, Pahang dated 419 AH (1026 CE); a tombstone discovered in Phan Rang, Vietnam dated 431 AH (1039 CE); a tombstone dated 440 AH (1048 CE) found in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei; and a tombstone of Fatimah Binti Maimun Bin Hibat Allah found in Gresik, East Java dated 475 AH (1082 CE).
Kedah (Jawi: قدح), also known by its honorific Darul Aman or "Abode of Safety", is a state of Malaysia, located in the northwestern part of Peninsular Malaysia.

Bandar Seri Begawan

Bandar Seri Begawan, BruneiBrunei TownB. S. Begawan
Among the oldest archaeological artefacts inscribed with Arabic script are; a tombstone of Syeikh Rukunuddin dated 48 AH (668/669 CE) in Barus, Sumatra; a tombstone dated 290 AH (910 CE) on the mausoleum of Syeikh Abdul Qadir Ibn Husin Syah Alam located in Alor Setar, Kedah; a tombstone found in Pekan, Pahang dated 419 AH (1026 CE); a tombstone discovered in Phan Rang, Vietnam dated 431 AH (1039 CE); a tombstone dated 440 AH (1048 CE) found in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei; and a tombstone of Fatimah Binti Maimun Bin Hibat Allah found in Gresik, East Java dated 475 AH (1082 CE).
Bandar Seri Begawan (Jawi: بندر سري بڬاوان ; ) (formerly known as Brunei Town) is the capital city of the Sultanate of Brunei.

Malay language

MalayBahasa MelayuMalay-language
Jawi (Jawi: ; Kelantan-Pattani: Yawi; Acèh: Jawoë) is an Arabic script for writing Malay, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausūg and several other languages in Southeast Asia.
Malay is now written using the Latin script (Rumi), although an Arabic script called Arab Melayu or Jawi also exists.

Terengganu Inscription Stone

Batu BersuratTerengganu stoneTerengganu Stone Monument
The oldest remains of Malay using the Jawi script have been found on the Terengganu Inscription Stone, dated 702 AH (1303 CE), nearly 600 years after the date of the first recorded existence of Arabic script in the region.
Terengganu Inscription Stone (Batu Bersurat Terengganu; Jawi: باتو برسورت ترڠݢانو) is a granite stele carrying Classical Malay inscription in Jawi script that was found in Terengganu, Malaysia.

Malay world

Alam MelayuMalayMalay-speaking world
This has attested the strong observance of the Muslim faith in the early 14th century Terengganu specifically and the Malay world as a whole.
The Malay world or Malay realm (Malay: Dunia Melayu or Alam Melayu, Jawi: دنيا ملايو or عالم ملايو), is a concept or an expression that has been utilised by different authors and groups over time to denote several different notions, derived from varied interpretations of Malayness, either as a racial category, as a linguistic group or as a political-cultural group.

Samudera Pasai Sultanate

PasaiSamudra PasaiSamudera Pasai
The conversion of King Phra Ong Mahawangsa of Kedah in 1136 and King Merah Silu of Samudra Pasai in 1267 were among the earliest examples.
Pasai exported its culture, and most importantly its language — an early form of Malay written in the Jawi alphabet — to a number of islands.

Malacca Sultanate

Sultanate of MalaccaMalaccaMelaka Sultanate
It was widely used in the Sultanate of Malacca, Sultanate of Johor, Sultanate of Brunei, Sultanate of Sulu, Sultanate of Pattani, the Sultanate of Aceh to the Sultanate of Ternate in the east as early as the 15th century.
The Malacca Sultanate (Kesultanan Melayu Melaka; Jawi script: کسلطانن ملايو ملاک) was a Malay sultanate centred in the modern-day state of Malacca, Malaysia.

Jawi keyboard

Jawi can be typed with the Jawi keyboard.
The Jawi keyboard layout is a keyboard layout for writing the Jawi script on the Windows platform.

Sultanate of Sulu

SuluSulu SultanateSultan of Sulu
It was widely used in the Sultanate of Malacca, Sultanate of Johor, Sultanate of Brunei, Sultanate of Sulu, Sultanate of Pattani, the Sultanate of Aceh to the Sultanate of Ternate in the east as early as the 15th century.
The Sultanate of Sulu (Tausūg: Kasultanan sin Sūg, Jawi: کسلطانن سولو دار الإسلام, Kesultanan Sulu, سلطنة سولك) was a Muslim state that ruled the islands in the Sulu Archipelago, parts of Mindanao, certain portions of Palawan and north-eastern Borneo (present-day the certain parts of Sabah and North Kalimantan).

Aceh Sultanate

AcehSultanate of Acehsultan of Aceh
It was widely used in the Sultanate of Malacca, Sultanate of Johor, Sultanate of Brunei, Sultanate of Sulu, Sultanate of Pattani, the Sultanate of Aceh to the Sultanate of Ternate in the east as early as the 15th century.
The Sultanate of Aceh, officially the Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam (Jawoë: كاورجاون اچيه دارالسلام), was a Sultanate centered in the modern-day Indonesian province of Aceh.

Malaysia

Federation of MalaysiaMalaysianMalaya
Jawi is one of the two official scripts in Brunei and is used as an alternative script in Malaysia and Malay-dominated areas in Indonesia.
The National Language Act 1967 specifies the Latin (Rumi) script as the official script of the national language, but does not prohibit the use of the traditional Jawi script.

Undang-Undang Melaka

law codesMalacca's canonical lawUdang-Undang Melaka
Early legal digests such as the Undang-Undang Melaka Code and its derivatives including the Codes of Johor, Perak, Brunei, Kedah, Pattani and Aceh were written in this script.
Undang-Undang Melaka (Malay for 'Law of Melaka', Jawi: اوندڠ٢ ملاک ), also known as Hukum Kanun Melaka, Undang-Undang Darat Melaka and Risalah Hukum Kanun, was the legal code of Melaka Sultanate (1400-1511).