Jazz Age

The Jazz Ageclassic jazzjazz eraJazz-agejazzjazz culturejazz cycle
The Jazz Age was a period in the 1920s and 1930s in which jazz music and dance styles rapidly gained nationwide popularity in the United States.wikipedia
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F. Scott Fitzgerald

Scott FitzgeraldFitzgeraldFrancis Scott Fitzgerald
American author F. Scott Fitzgerald is widely credited with coining the term, first using it in his 1922 short story collection titled Tales of the Jazz Age.
Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an American fiction writer, whose works helped to illustrate the flamboyance and excess of the Jazz Age.

Roaring Twenties

Roaring 20s1920sRoaring '20s
The Jazz Age is often referred to in conjunction with the Roaring Twenties, and in the United States it overlapped in significant cross-cultural ways with the Prohibition Era.
At the same time, jazz and dancing rose in popularity, in opposition to the mood of World War I. As such, the period often is referred to as the Jazz Age.

Tales of the Jazz Age

Jazz Age Stories
American author F. Scott Fitzgerald is widely credited with coining the term, first using it in his 1922 short story collection titled Tales of the Jazz Age.
Published as a novelette in The Smart Set in July, 1920, "May Day" relates a series of events which took place in the spring of the previous year, during the "general hysteria" which inaugurated the Jazz Age.

The Great Gatsby

Great GatsbyGatsbynovel
Set on the prosperous Long Island of 1922, The Great Gatsby provides a critical social history of Prohibition-era America during the Jazz Age.

Jazz

jazz musicContemporary jazzModern Jazz
The Jazz Age was a period in the 1920s and 1930s in which jazz music and dance styles rapidly gained nationwide popularity in the United States. Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Since the 1920s Jazz Age, jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical expression.

Flapper

flappersflapper girlLa Garçonne
This youth rebellion of the 1920s went hand-in-hand with fads like bold fashion statements (flappers), women that smoked cigarettes, a willingness to talk about sex freely, and new radio concerts.

New Orleans

New Orleans, LouisianaNew Orleans, LAOrleans Parish
Originating in New Orleans as a fusion of African and European music, jazz played a significant part in wider cultural changes in this period, and its influence on popular culture continued long afterward. Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.

Popular culture

pop culturepop-culturemass culture
Originating in New Orleans as a fusion of African and European music, jazz played a significant part in wider cultural changes in this period, and its influence on popular culture continued long afterward.

Radio

radio communicationradio communicationswireless
The movement was largely affected by the introduction of radios nationwide.

Blues

blues musicthe bluespiano blues
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.

Ragtime

ragragtime musicrags
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.

Creole music

CreolebamboulaCreole folk melody
While in New Orleans, jazz was influenced by Creole music, ragtime, and blues.

Folk music

folkfolk songtraditional
It then emerged in the form of independent traditional and popular musical styles, all linked by the common bonds of African-American and European-American musical parentage with a performance orientation.

Louis Armstrong

Louie ArmstrongArmstrongSatchmo
Louis Armstrong brought the improvisational solo to the forefront of a piece.

Blue note

blue notesblueblue seventh
Jazz is generally characterized by swing and blue notes, call and response vocals, polyrhythms and improvisation.

Call and response (music)

call and responsecall-and-responsecall-response
Jazz is generally characterized by swing and blue notes, call and response vocals, polyrhythms and improvisation.

Polyrhythm

polyrhythmspolyrhythmictribal rhythms
Jazz is generally characterized by swing and blue notes, call and response vocals, polyrhythms and improvisation.

Improvisation

improvisedimprovisationalimprovise
Jazz is generally characterized by swing and blue notes, call and response vocals, polyrhythms and improvisation.

Prohibition in the United States

ProhibitionProhibition eraProhibition-era
The Jazz Age is often referred to in conjunction with the Roaring Twenties, and in the United States it overlapped in significant cross-cultural ways with the Prohibition Era.

Al Capone

CaponeAlphonse "Scarface" CaponeMae Capone
Well-organized criminal gangs took control of the beer and liquor supply for many cities, unleashing a crime wave that shocked the U.S. This prohibition was taken advantage of by gangsters, led by Al Capone earning $60 million from illegally selling alcohol.

Speakeasy

speakeasiesblind pigblind tiger
The resulting illicit speakeasies that grew from this era became lively venues of the "Jazz Age", hosting popular music that included current dance songs, novelty songs and show tunes.

Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution

21st AmendmentTwenty-first Amendmentrepeal of Prohibition
Prohibition ended with the ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment, which repealed the Eighteenth Amendment on December 5, 1933.

Progressive Era

ProgressiveProgressive movementProgressives
Some states continued statewide prohibition, marking one of the latter stages of the Progressive Era.

Kid Ory

Edward "Kid" OryOry, Edward "Kid
From 1919, Kid Ory's Original Creole Jazz Band of musicians from New Orleans played in San Francisco and Los Angeles, where in 1922 they became the first black jazz band of New Orleans origin to make recordings.

Bessie Smith

BessieBessie "The Empress of the Blues" SmithBessie's Blues
The year also saw the first recording by Bessie Smith, the most famous of the 1920s blues singers.