Jean Dausset

Dausset, Jean
Jean-Baptiste-Gabriel-Joachim Dausset (19 October 1916 – 6 June 2009) was a French immunologist born in Toulouse, France.wikipedia
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Baruj Benacerraf

Baruj '''BenacerrafBaruj Benacerraf, M.D.Benacerraf, Baruj
Dausset received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1980 along with Baruj Benacerraf and George Davis Snell for their discovery and characterisation of the genes making the major histocompatibility complex.
His colleagues and shared recipients were Jean Dausset and George Davis Snell.

George Davis Snell

George D. SnellGeorge SnellSnell, George Davis
Dausset received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1980 along with Baruj Benacerraf and George Davis Snell for their discovery and characterisation of the genes making the major histocompatibility complex.
George Snell shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Baruj Benacerraf and Jean Dausset for their discoveries concerning "genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions".

Fondation Jean Dausset-CEPH

CEPHCenter for the Study of Human PolymorphismsCentre d’Etude du Polymorphisme Humain
Using the money from his Nobel Prize and a grant from the French Television, Dausset founded the Human Polymorphism Study Center (CEPH) in 1984, which was later renamed the Foundation Jean Dausset-CEPH in his honour.
In his 2005 addendum to his biography for the 1980 Nobel Prize, Jean Dausset noted that, thanks to his Nobel Prize and a grant from the French Téléthon, he had been able in 1984 to create the Human Polymorphism Study Centre (CEPH), which soon after became Foundation Jean Dausset-CEPH.

Toulouse

Toulouse, FranceTolosaToulousain
Jean-Baptiste-Gabriel-Joachim Dausset (19 October 1916 – 6 June 2009) was a French immunologist born in Toulouse, France.
Several notable Toulousains have been scientists, such as Jean Dausset, 1980 winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine; 17th-century mathematician Pierre de Fermat, who spent his life in Toulouse, where he wrote Fermat's Last Theorem and was a lawyer in the city's Parlement; Paul Sabatier, 1912 winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry; Albert Fert, 2007 winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics who grew up in Toulouse where he attended the and Jean Tirole, owner of the 2014 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences, chairman and founder of the Toulouse School of Economics along with Jean-Jacques Laffont.

Inserm

Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche MédicaleFrench Institute of Health and Medical ResearchFrench National Institute of Health and Medical Research
Dausset was the assistant director of the Research Institute in Blood diseases until 1968, he then became the director of the "Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale"(INSERM) transplantation immunogenetics research unit.
In 1980, the French immunologist Jean Dausset received the Nobel prize (along with Baruj Benacerraf and George Davis Snell), for his work on the discovery and characterisation of the genes making the major histocompatibility complex.

Histocompatibility

histocompatibility antigenshistocompatiblecompatible
This is when he discovered the HLA system, with Felix Rapaport; by performing skin transplant experiments on volunteers and showed that success depended on histocompatibility.
The human version of the histocompatibility complex was found by Jean Dausset in the 1950s, when he noticed that recipients of blood transfusions were producing antibodies directed against only the donor cells.

University of Paris

SorbonneParisLa Sorbonne
After earning his baccalaureate in mathematics, Dausset was convinced by his father to study medicine at the University of Paris.

Major histocompatibility complex

MHCmajor histocompatibility complex (MHC)HLA loci
Dausset received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1980 along with Baruj Benacerraf and George Davis Snell for their discovery and characterisation of the genes making the major histocompatibility complex.
For this work, Snell was awarded the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, together with Baruj Benacerraf and Jean Dausset.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
Jean-Baptiste-Gabriel-Joachim Dausset (19 October 1916 – 6 June 2009) was a French immunologist born in Toulouse, France.

Gene

genesnumber of genesgene sequence
Dausset received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1980 along with Baruj Benacerraf and George Davis Snell for their discovery and characterisation of the genes making the major histocompatibility complex.

Mallorca

MajorcaMallorca, SpainMajorca, Spain
Jean Dausset died on June 6, 2009 in Majorca, Spain, at the age of 92.

Spain

SpanishESPKingdom of Spain
Jean Dausset died on June 6, 2009 in Majorca, Spain, at the age of 92.

Pyrenees

PyrénéesPyreneanPyrenees Mountains
His father was from the Pyrenees, and was a doctor by profession, and his mother was a housewife from Lorraine.

Lorraine

Lorraine (region)Lorraine regionLothringen
His father was from the Pyrenees, and was a doctor by profession, and his mother was a housewife from Lorraine.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
Following the end of World War I the Dausset family moved to Biarritz where Jean spent most of his childhood.

Biarritz

Biarritz, FranceB'''i'''arritzMusée de la mer
Following the end of World War I the Dausset family moved to Biarritz where Jean spent most of his childhood.

Baccalauréat

baccalaureatebaccalaureatFrench Baccalaureate
After earning his baccalaureate in mathematics, Dausset was convinced by his father to study medicine at the University of Paris.

External variable

extern
Both of Dausset's parents died just after he became an extern at the Paris Hospitals, at the age of 19.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
Dausset failed to pass an internship entrance exam at the Paris Hospitals, and was preparing for a second attempt when World War II broke out.

Northern Italy

northernNorthern ItalianNorth
Dausset was enlisted in the French army, and sent off to Northern Italy for a year.

Internship

interninternshipsinterns
Upon his return to Paris in 1940, Dausset studied ardently and passed his medical internship exam.

Free France

Free FrenchFree French ForcesFree French Army
Soon after passing his exams, Dausset joined the Free French Forces in North Africa as an ambulance worker.

North Africa

Northern AfricaNorth AfricanNorth
Soon after passing his exams, Dausset joined the Free French Forces in North Africa as an ambulance worker.