Jean Hamburger

Jean Hamburger (15 July 1909 – 1 February 1992) was a French physician, surgeon and essayist.wikipedia
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Kidney transplantation

kidney transplantrenal transplantationrenal transplant
He is particularly known for his contribution to nephrology, and for having performed the first renal transplantation in France in 1952. In 1952, at Necker Hospital in Paris, he performed the first successful renal transplant surgery in France, on a 16-year-old carpenter, Marius Renard who damaged his only kidney when he fell off scaffolding, using a kidney donated by the subject's mother.
A kidney transplant between living patients was undertaken in 1952 at the Necker hospital in Paris by Jean Hamburger, although the kidney failed after 3 weeks.

Annette Haas

Hamburger married concert pianist Annette Haas and had 3 children - Michel, Bernard and Françoise.
She was the first wife of professor Jean Hamburger (1909–1992), a member of the Académie française, as well as the mother of architect Bernard Hamburger (1940–1982) and singer-songwriter Michel Berger (1947–1992).

Michel Berger

Dreams in StoneBergerMichel
Hamburger married concert pianist Annette Haas and had 3 children - Michel, Bernard and Françoise.
Berger was born as Michel Jean Hamburger on 28 November 1947 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, the son of Jewish parents, Dr. Jean Hamburger and Annette Haas, a concert pianist of Swiss-Jewish origin.

Raphaël Hamburger

Raphael HamburgerRaphaël
His grandson Raphael Hamburger is a French music supervisor.
He is the son of French singers Michel Berger and France Gall, the grandson of French physician, surgeon and essayist Jean Hamburger, the great-grandson of co-founder of Manécanterie des Petits Chanteurs à la Croix de Bois, Paul Berthier, and godson of French stand-up comedian and actor Coluche.

List of members of the Académie française

Member of the ''Académie françaiseSeat 4Member of the Académie française
He was elected to life membership to Seat 4 of the Académie française on 18 April 1985, succeeding Pierre Emmanuel, in an official ceremony which took place on 16 January 1986.

Nephrology

nephrologistrenal medicinekidney disease
Together with René Kuss, Hamburger defined the precise methods and rules for conducting renal transplantation surgery and is attributed with founding the medical discipline of nephrology.

Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital

Hôpital NeckerNecker HospitalHôpital des Enfants-Malades
In 1952, at Necker Hospital in Paris, he performed the first successful renal transplant surgery in France, on a 16-year-old carpenter, Marius Renard who damaged his only kidney when he fell off scaffolding, using a kidney donated by the subject's mother.

Autoimmunity

autoimmuneautoantigenauto-immune
He also authored basic research on the immunological basis of kidney disease, graft immunology and auto-immune diseases.

Académie française

French AcademyacademicianAcademy
He was elected to life membership to Seat 4 of the Académie française on 18 April 1985, succeeding Pierre Emmanuel, in an official ceremony which took place on 16 January 1986.

Pierre Emmanuel

He was elected to life membership to Seat 4 of the Académie française on 18 April 1985, succeeding Pierre Emmanuel, in an official ceremony which took place on 16 January 1986.

Albert Decourtray

Albert Florent Augustin Decourtray
Upon his death, Cardinal Albert Decourtray was elected to fill his seat on 1 July 1993.

Ordre national du Mérite

National Order of MeritNational Order of Merit (France)French National Order of Merit

René Küss

Although they worked separately, the simultaneous efforts of Küss and nephrologist Jean Hamburger are felt by transplant peers including Nobel prize winner Joseph Murray, to have "largely been forgotten", and that they have not been given "full credit for their work internationally".

Jean-François Bach

He is Jean Hamburger's student at Necker Hospital.

Barbara Wright (translator)

Barbara WrightWright, Barbara
The authors she translated who are represented in the collection include Jean Hamburger, Eugène Ionesco, Alfred Jarry, Pierre Lauer, Robert Pinget, Raymond Queneau, Nathalie Sarraute and Stefan Themerson.

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