A medieval jennet.

Small Spanish horse.

- Jennet

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Ambling gait

Any of several four-beat intermediate horse gaits, all of which are faster than a walk but usually slower than a canter and always slower than a gallop.

An Icelandic horse performing a rapid ambling gait known as the tölt
The ambling horse was prized in the Middle Ages
Paso Fino performing the "classic fino', a slow, isochronous lateral gait
Gaitedness is generally inherited, as seen in this young, untrained Peruvian Paso foal
Tennessee Walking Horse at the running walk
American Saddlebred performing the rack
Icelandic horse at the tölt
Peruvian Pasos demonstrating the lateral movement of the shoulder known as termino
This Mangalarga Marchador is exhibiting a diagonal ambling gait

Horse types with ambling ability included the valuable jennet and palfrey.

List of horse breeds

List of horse and pony breeds with articles on Wikipedia, and also includes terms for types of horse that are not necessarily standardized breeds but are often labeled as breeds.

Jennet, sometimes called Spanish Jennet

Paso Fino

Naturally gaited light horse breed dating back to horses imported to the Caribbean from Spain.

Dulce Sueño
This mare has tiger eye, an eye color so far only found in Puerto Rican Paso Finos.
A Paso Fino gelding of predominantly Colombian breeding
Paso Fino performing Classic Fino

The Paso Fino is a blend of the Barb, Spanish Jennet, and Andalusian horse and was bred by Spanish land owners in Puerto Rico and Colombia to be used in the plantations because of their endurance and comfortable ride.

Peruvian Paso

Breed of light saddle horse known for its smooth ride.

A Peruvian Horse in traditional tack
The gaits of the Peruvian Horse are natural, as shown by this foal
A Peruvian Horse in motion
Peruvians showing their gait

Smooth-gaited horses, generally known as Palfreys, existed in the Middle Ages, and the Jennet in particular was noted for its ambling gaits.


Spanish for "horseman", especially in the context of light cavalry.

Jinetes skirmish at the Battle of Higueruela, 1431

The term jennet for a small Spanish horse has the same source.

Horses in the Middle Ages

Horses in the Middle Ages differed in size, build and breed from the modern horse, and were, on average, smaller.

This 15th-century depiction of Charlemagne and Pope Adrian I shows a well-bred medieval horse with arched neck, refined head and elegant gait.
This 15th-century battle scene shows the powerfully-built horses used in warfare. From The Battle of San Romano by Paolo Uccello.
A Mughal nobleman (Sowar) on horseback.
Medieval people engaging in falconry from horseback. The horses appear to have the body type of palfreys or jennets. from the Codex Manesse.
Carolingian warrior on a war horse with lance, round shield, chainmail and spangenhelm, 8th century
A later print of a 15th-century joust
This 13th-century manuscript shows an approximate height of the medieval horse at the time, note the knights' legs extending well below the horses' barrels.
Wooden horse figurine, Tang dynasty
Ornate 16th-century armour for horse and knight, and typical high saddle. Royal Armoury, Stockholm
A bird on a man on a horse, Tang dynasty
A horse litter
A 13th-century depiction of a riding horse.
This horse is fitted with a horse collar to bear the weight of the harrow. October, Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry
Detail from 15th-century painting by Gentile da Fabriano, showing curb bits, with ornamental bosses at the sides of the mouthpiece
In this depiction of a medieval horse team, the lead pair have breast collars, while the trace pair wear horse collars. Note that one horse is saddled.
This medieval painting shows a beautiful woman in a dress mounted on a war horse, riding astride, not sidesaddle.
Depiction of a lady riding in an early sidesaddle of a design credited to Anne of Bohemia (1366-1394) – Gerard Horenbout, 16th century.

The origins of the medieval war horse are obscure, although it is believed they had some Barb and Arabian blood through the Spanish Jennet, a forerunner to the modern Friesian and Andalusian horse.

Spanish Jennet Horse

Modern American horse breed.

It is gaited, with either pinto or leopard spotting; its conformation supposedly resembles that of the historical Spanish Jennet, a riding horse of Renaissance Europe, now absorbed into the Pura Raza Española.

Finette Cendron

French literary fairy tale written by Madame d'Aulnoy.

1865 illustration of Hop-o'-My-Thumb and the ogre by Alexander Zick

A jennet appeared before her, and she begged it to carry her to her godmother.

History of the horse in Britain

The known history of the horse in Britain starts with horse remains found in Pakefield, Suffolk, dating from 700,000 BC, and in Boxgrove, West Sussex, dating from 500,000 BC. Early humans were active hunters of horses, and finds from the Ice Age have been recovered from many sites.

Horse detail from statue of Boudica, London
Ice Age map of the peninsula from which the British Isles were formed, showing find sites for Pleistocene and Holocene horse remains
The Bronze Age Uffington White Horse hill figure
Snaffle bit, c. AD 50–100
A 10th-century stirrup found in the River Thames
10th century Anglo-Saxon illustration of a two-horse chariot carrying Luxuria
Anglo-Saxon warriors on horseback with saddles, bridles and stirrups: 11th century, before 1066
11th century Normans shipping horses to England: Bayeux Tapestry
English illustration of royal horses from the 12th century
Four-wheeled wagon
"The English ambling gelding": Gervase Markham, 1617
Horse-powered threshing machine
The Age of Coaching
Horse-drawn passenger vehicle on the Swansea and Mumbles Railway in 1870
Six-horse Royal Horse Artillery team with 13-pounder cannon at speed, World War I
Wadworth Brewery's Shire horses pulling a dray in 2007

Henry VIII also established a stud for breeding imported horses such as the Spanish Jennet, Neapolitan coursers, Irish Hobbies, Flemish "roiles", or draught horses, and Scottish "nags", or riding horses.

Andalusian horse

Horse breed from the Iberian Peninsula, where its ancestors have lived for thousands of years.

A "cobra" of Andalusians, that is, a group of mares shown by a single handler
A 1743 engraving of a "Spanish horse"
An Andalusian performing dressage at the 2007 World Cup Finals
An Andalusian performing the passage
An Andalusian jumping

The Carthusians bred powerful, weight-bearing horses in Andalusia for the Crown of Castile, using the finest Spanish Jennets as foundation bloodstock.