Jesse Collings

Collings, JesseJesse Collings MP
Jesse Collings (2 December 1831 – 20 November 1920) was Mayor of Birmingham, England, a Liberal (later Liberal Unionist) member of Parliament, but was best known nationally in the UK as an advocate of educational reform and land reform.wikipedia
77 Related Articles

Joseph Chamberlain

ChamberlainJoseph The Right Honourable '''Joseph Chamberlain
He was a close friend of Joseph Chamberlain and supported the radical group around Chamberlain in developing local improvement schemes in Birmingham, parks, and what at the time was called "gas-and-water socialism".
Chamberlain and Jesse Collings had been amongst the founders of the Birmingham Education League in 1867, which noted that of about 4.25 million children of school age, 2 million children, mostly in urban areas, did not attend school, with a further 1 million in uninspected schools.

George Dawson (preacher)

George DawsonGeorge
He came under the influence of George Dawson, worshipped, along with other prominent families, in Dawson's Church of the Saviour, and became an adherent of Dawson's doctrine of the "Civic Gospel".
His sermons electrified the Birmingham public and influential members of his Church included Joseph Chamberlain (who took Sunday School and oversaw the accounts), Jesse Collings, George Dixon, J. A. Langford, Robert Martineau, Samuel Timmins, William Harris, A. F. Osler, and the Kenrick family, all of whom played an important part in local affairs and took on his ideals.

Liberal Unionist Party

Liberal UnionistLiberal UnionistsUnionist
Jesse Collings (2 December 1831 – 20 November 1920) was Mayor of Birmingham, England, a Liberal (later Liberal Unionist) member of Parliament, but was best known nationally in the UK as an advocate of educational reform and land reform. He was Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Ipswich from 1880 until he was unseated on petition in April 1886, and then for Birmingham Bordesley from 1886 until 1918 (until 1912 as a Liberal Unionist, when the party was wound up, thereafter as a Conservative).
Jesse Collings

Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery

Birmingham Art GalleryMuseum & Art GalleryMuseum and Art Gallery
He was responsible for free public libraries in Birmingham and was the original proponent of the Birmingham Art Gallery funded from the profits of the gas company.
Jesse Collings, Mayor of Birmingham 1878–79, was responsible for free libraries in Birmingham and was the original proponent of the Birmingham Art Gallery.

Church of the Saviour, Birmingham

Church of the Saviour
He came under the influence of George Dawson, worshipped, along with other prominent families, in Dawson's Church of the Saviour, and became an adherent of Dawson's doctrine of the "Civic Gospel".
His sermons electrified the Birmingham public and influential members of his Church included Joseph Chamberlain (who took Sunday School and oversaw the accounts), Jesse Collings, George Dixon, J. T. Bunce, J. A. Langford, Robert Martineau, Samuel Timmins, William Harris, and the Kenrick family, all of whom played an important part in local affairs and took on his ideals.

National Education League

Birmingham Education LeagueNational Education League/Birmingham Education League
Collings' pamphlet led directly to the formation of the National Education League by Birmingham Liberals in 1869, with George Dixon as President and Jesse Collings as Secretary.
The National Education League, founded 1869, developed from the Birmingham Education League, co-founded in 1867 by George Dixon, a Birmingham Member of Parliament (MP) and past mayor, Joseph Chamberlain, a nonconformist and future mayor of Birmingham, and Jesse Collings, to include branches from all over England and Wales.

List of mayors of Birmingham

Mayor of BirminghamLord Mayor of BirminghamLord Mayor
He took over practical management of the education committee and served as Mayor of Birmingham in 1878–79.

Civic Gospel

He came under the influence of George Dawson, worshipped, along with other prominent families, in Dawson's Church of the Saviour, and became an adherent of Dawson's doctrine of the "Civic Gospel".
Dawson's congregation at the Church of the Saviour included some of the most influential cultural and political leaders of Victorian Birmingham, including not only Joseph Chamberlain, but also George Dixon, J. T. Bunce, J. A. Langford, Robert Martineau, Samuel Timmins, A. F. Osler, Jesse Collings, William Kenrick, and William Harris.

George Dixon (MP)

George Dixona local politicianGeorge Dixon MP
Collings' pamphlet led directly to the formation of the National Education League by Birmingham Liberals in 1869, with George Dixon as President and Jesse Collings as Secretary.
The Education Societies paved the way for the bolder and more political National Education League which started in Birmingham in 1869, chaired by Dixon, with support from Joseph Chamberlain (vice-chairman, later chairman of the executive committee), Jesse Collings (honorary secretary of the League, and of the Education Aid Society), R. W. Dale, and William Harris.

Three acres and a cow

3 acres and a cow
The slogan for Collings' 1885 land-reform campaign Three Acres and a Cow became the battle cry of land reform and the fight against rural poverty.
The phrase was invented by Eli Hamshire in letters written to Joseph Chamberlain and Jesse Collings during the early 1880s.

National Agricultural Labourers Union

NALU
He was a friend of Joseph Arch, the founder of the National Agricultural Labourers Union, who lived in Barford, Warwickshire, near Birmingham.
Activists in the union included George M. Ball, Arthur Clayden, Jesse Collings, Howard Evans and Auberon Herbert, Harry Nicolls and Hugh Fairfax-Cholmeley.

Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department

Minister of State for Home AffairsParliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home DepartmentParliamentary Under-Secretary for the Home Department
Collings served in Salisbury's government as Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1895–1902.
June 1895: Jesse Collings

Honorary Freedom of the City of Birmingham

Freedom of the City of Birminghamfreedom of the boroughhonorary freeman of Birmingham
He was made an Honorary Freeman of the City of Birmingham in 1911.

Dodford, Worcestershire

DodfordGreat DodfordChurch of the Holy Trinity and St Mary, Dodford,Worcestershire
He cited the Chartist settlement at Great Dodford as a successful example of what could be achieved.
Because Dodford enjoyed success, it became used in 1880s campaigns by Jesse Collings and others, calling for land reform:

Birmingham Bordesley (UK Parliament constituency)

Birmingham BordesleyBirmingham, BordesleyBirmingham, Bordesley Division
He was Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Ipswich from 1880 until he was unseated on petition in April 1886, and then for Birmingham Bordesley from 1886 until 1918 (until 1912 as a Liberal Unionist, when the party was wound up, thereafter as a Conservative).

Ipswich (UK Parliament constituency)

IpswichIpswich (seat 1/2)Ipswich BC
He was Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Ipswich from 1880 until he was unseated on petition in April 1886, and then for Birmingham Bordesley from 1886 until 1918 (until 1912 as a Liberal Unionist, when the party was wound up, thereafter as a Conservative).

Birmingham

Birmingham, EnglandCity of BirminghamBirmingham, United Kingdom
Jesse Collings (2 December 1831 – 20 November 1920) was Mayor of Birmingham, England, a Liberal (later Liberal Unionist) member of Parliament, but was best known nationally in the UK as an advocate of educational reform and land reform.

Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
Jesse Collings (2 December 1831 – 20 November 1920) was Mayor of Birmingham, England, a Liberal (later Liberal Unionist) member of Parliament, but was best known nationally in the UK as an advocate of educational reform and land reform.

Land reform

land reformsland redistributionagricultural reform
Jesse Collings (2 December 1831 – 20 November 1920) was Mayor of Birmingham, England, a Liberal (later Liberal Unionist) member of Parliament, but was best known nationally in the UK as an advocate of educational reform and land reform.

Littleham, Exmouth

LittlehamLittleham-cum-ExmouthExmouth Littleham
Collings was the youngest son of Thomas Collings, Littleham-cum-Exmouth, Devon, and Annie Palmer.

King Edward's School, Birmingham

King Edward's SchoolKing Edward VI SchoolKing Edward VI Grammar School
In 1858 he married Emily Oxenbould, the daughter of a master at King Edward's Grammar School, Birmingham.

Elementary Education Act 1870

1870 Education ActEducation ActEducation Act of 1870
The League became a major campaigning organisation, but Forster's Education Act retained the dominance of Church Schools in providing education for the young in England, Wales and Ireland.

Joseph Arch

He was a friend of Joseph Arch, the founder of the National Agricultural Labourers Union, who lived in Barford, Warwickshire, near Birmingham.

Barford, Warwickshire

Barford
He was a friend of Joseph Arch, the founder of the National Agricultural Labourers Union, who lived in Barford, Warwickshire, near Birmingham.

President of the Board of Trade

First Lord of TradeBoard of TradePresident
When Chamberlain became President of the Board of Trade, Collings acted as his unofficial advisor on agricultural matters affecting peasants in Britain and Ireland.