Jewish history

Jewishhistory of Judaismhistoryhistory of the Jewish peopleHistory of the JewsHistory of JewsJewsJewish historianExilicJudaism
Jewish history is the history of the Jews, and their religion and culture, as it developed and interacted with other peoples, religions and cultures.wikipedia
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Jewish culture

Secular Jewish cultureJewish artJewish
Jewish history is the history of the Jews, and their religion and culture, as it developed and interacted with other peoples, religions and cultures.
Jewish culture in its etymological meaning retains linkage to the Jewish people's land of origin, the people named for the Kingdom of Judah, study of Jewish texts, practice of community charity, and Jewish history.

Babylonian captivity

Babylonian exileexileexile in Babylon
The Jewish diaspora began with the Assyrian captivity and continued on a much larger scale with the Babylonian captivity.
The Babylonian captivity or Babylonian exile is the period in Jewish history during which a number of people from the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia.

Judaism

JewishJewsJudaic
Jewish history is the history of the Jews, and their religion and culture, as it developed and interacted with other peoples, religions and cultures. Hasidic Judaism is a branch of Orthodox Judaism that promotes spirituality and joy through the popularisation and internalisation of Jewish mysticism as the fundamental aspects of the Jewish faith.
Scholars throughout Jewish history have proposed numerous formulations of Judaism's core tenets, all of which have met with criticism.

Talmud

Babylonian TalmudTalmudicTalmudist
It was there that they would write the Babylonian Talmud in the languages used by the Jews of ancient Babylonia—Hebrew and Aramaic.
It is written in Mishnaic Hebrew and Jewish Babylonian Aramaic and contains the teachings and opinions of thousands of rabbis (dating from before the Common Era through to the fifth century) on a variety of subjects, including halakha, Jewish ethics, philosophy, customs, history, and folklore, and many other topics.

Pharisees

PhariseePharisaicPharisaism
As a result, the Pharisees and Sadducees were formed.
Outside Jewish history and literature, Pharisees have been made notable by references in the New Testament to conflicts with John the Baptist and with Jesus.

Tisha B'Av

Ninth of AvNinth of AbNinth of Av fast
Banished from Jerusalem, except for the day of Tisha B'Av, the Jewish population now centred on Galilee and initially in Yavne.
Tisha B'Av ( Tish‘āh Be'āv;, "the ninth of Av") is an annual fast day in Judaism, on which a number of disasters in Jewish history occurred, primarily the destruction of both Solomon's Temple by the Neo-Babylonian Empire and the Second Temple by the Roman Empire in Jerusalem.

Maimonides

RambamMoses MaimonidesMaimonidean
Jewish thought during this period flourished under famous figures such as Samuel Ha-Nagid, Moses ibn Ezra, Solomon ibn Gabirol Judah Halevi and Moses Maimonides.
Nonetheless, he was posthumously acknowledged as among the foremost rabbinical decisors and philosophers in Jewish history, and his copious work comprises a cornerstone of Jewish scholarship.

Aliyah

immigratedimmigrantsolim
Yechiel had emigrated to Acre in 1260, along with his son and a large group of followers.
For much of Jewish history, most Jews have lived in the diaspora where aliyah was developed as a national aspiration for the Jewish people, although it was not usually fulfilled until the development of the Zionist movement in the late nineteenth century.

History of the Jews in Spain

SpainSpanishJews of Spain
Significant repression of Spain's numerous community occurred during the 14th century, notably a major pogrom in 1391 which resulted in the majority of Spain's 300,000 Jews converting to Catholicism.
The history of the Jews in Spain stretches back to Biblical times according to Jewish history.

Ezra

Ezra the ScribeArtaxerxes(the Scribe)
After a few generations and with the conquest of Babylonia in 540 BC by the Persian Empire, some adherents led by prophets Ezra and Nehemiah, returned to their homeland and traditional practices.
In Rabbinic traditions, Ezra is metaphorically referred to as the "flowers that appear on the earth" signifying the springtime in the national history of Judaism.

Jews

JewishJewJewish people
Jewish history is the history of the Jews, and their religion and culture, as it developed and interacted with other peoples, religions and cultures.
The Jewish people and Judaism have experienced various persecutions throughout Jewish history.

Nasi (Hebrew title)

NasiPatriarchatePatriarch
Theodosius did away with the Sanhedrin and abolished the post of Nasi.
Certain great figures from Jewish history have used the title, including Judah the Prince (Judah haNasi), the chief redactor of the Mishnah.

Jewish mysticism

mysticalmysticismJewish mystics
Hasidic Judaism is a branch of Orthodox Judaism that promotes spirituality and joy through the popularisation and internalisation of Jewish mysticism as the fundamental aspects of the Jewish faith.
Academic study of Jewish mysticism, especially since Gershom Scholem's Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism (1941), distinguishes between different forms of mysticism across different eras of Jewish history.

History of Zionism

raid Jewish settlementspersecution and legal restrictionsProto-Zionism
See Theodor Herzl and History of Zionism.
However, the history of Zionism began earlier and is related to Judaism and Jewish history.

Pumbedita Academy

PumbeditaAcademyAcademy at Pumbeditha
The two most famous academies were the Pumbedita Academy and the Sura Academy.

Khmelnytsky Uprising

Chmielnicki UprisingKhmelnytskyi UprisingChmielnicki massacres
The relatively tolerant Poland had the largest Jewish population in Europe that dated back to 13th century and enjoyed relative prosperity and freedom for nearly four hundred years; however the calm situation there ended when Polish and Lithuanian Jews were slaughtered in the hundreds of thousands by the cossacks during Chmielnicki uprising (1648) and by the Swedish wars (1655).
In Jewish history, the Uprising is known for the concomitant outrages against the Jews who, in their capacity as leaseholders (arendators), were seen by the peasants as their immediate oppressors.

Anti-Jewish laws

racial lawsJewish Codeanti-Jewish law
Economic crises, racial Anti-Jewish laws, and a fear of an upcoming war led many Jews to flee from Europe to Palestine, to the United States and to the Soviet Union.
Anti-Jewish laws have been a common occurrence throughout Jewish history.

History of the Jews under Muslim rule

ancient Jewish communitiesHistory of the Jews in Muslim landsJews in Arab lands
The precarious existence of Jews under Byzantine rule did not long endure, largely for the explosion of the Muslim religion out of the remote Arabian peninsula (where large populations of Jews resided, see History of the Jews under Muslim Rule for more).
Jewish communities have existed across the Middle East and North Africa since Antiquity.

Expulsions and exoduses of Jews

Jewish refugeesJewish refugeerefugees
In Jewish history, Jews have experienced numerous mass expulsions and they have also fled from areas after experiencing ostracism and threats of various kinds by various local authorities seeking refuge in other countries.

Historical Jewish population comparisons

By the year 1900former sizesJewish population
In addition, assimilation and forced conversions have also impacted Jewish population sizes throughout Jewish history.

Timeline of Jewish history

Jewish Historyrabbinical period
See also Jewish history which includes links to individual country histories.

Hellenistic Judaism

Hellenistic JewishHellenized JewsHellenistic Jews
The book of Acts in the New Testament, as well as other Pauline texts, make frequent reference to the large populations of Hellenised Jews in the cities of the Roman world.

Sasanian Empire

SassanidSasanianSassanid Empire
In the belief of restoration to come, in the early 7th century the Jews made an alliance with the Persians, who invaded Palaestina Prima in 614, fought at their side, overwhelmed the Byzantine garrison in Jerusalem, and were given Jerusalem to be governed as an autonomy.
Important developments in Jewish history are associated with the Sassanian Empire.

Port Jew

In the 1990s, the concept of the "Port Jew" has been suggested as an "alternate path to modernity" that was distinct from the European Haskalah.
During the early modern period, wives of Port Jew merchants participated in business through their approach of marriage as a business partnership.

Haskalah

MaskilimmaskilHaskala
In the 1990s, the concept of the "Port Jew" has been suggested as an "alternate path to modernity" that was distinct from the European Haskalah. In contrast to the cosmopolitan Court Jew, the second social type presented by historians of modern Jewry is the maskil, (learned person), a proponent of the Haskalah (Enlightenment).
Even as emancipation eased integration into wider society and assimilation prospered, the haskalah also resulted in the creation of secular Jewish culture, with an emphasis on Jewish history and Jewish identity, rather than religion.