A report on Jiangxi–Fujian Soviet

The largest component territory of the Chinese Soviet Republic, an unrecognized state established in November 1931 by Mao Zedong and Zhu De during the Chinese civil war.

- Jiangxi–Fujian Soviet

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Overall

Clockwise from top: communist troops at the Battle of Siping; Muslim soldiers of the NRA; Mao Zedong in the 1930s; Chiang Kai-shek inspecting soldiers; CCP general Su Yu inspecting the troops shortly before the Menglianggu campaign

Chinese Civil War

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Fought between the Kuomintang -led government of the Republic of China (ROC) and forces of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), lasting intermittently after 1927.

Fought between the Kuomintang -led government of the Republic of China (ROC) and forces of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), lasting intermittently after 1927.

Clockwise from top: communist troops at the Battle of Siping; Muslim soldiers of the NRA; Mao Zedong in the 1930s; Chiang Kai-shek inspecting soldiers; CCP general Su Yu inspecting the troops shortly before the Menglianggu campaign
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, Commander-in-Chief of the National Revolutionary Army, emerged from the Northern Expedition as the leader of the Republic of China.
NRA soldiers marching
NRA troops firing artillery at Communist forces
Japanese occupation (red) of eastern China near the end of the war, and Communist bases (striped)
Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong met in Chongqing in 1945.
Shangdang Campaign, September–October 1945
Map showing Three Campaigns during the Chinese Civil War
Nationalist warplanes being prepared for an air raid on Communist bases
The PLA enters Beijing in the Pingjin Campaign.
Chinese FT tanks
The Nationalists' retreat to Taipei: after the Nationalists lost Nanjing (Nanking) they next moved to Guangzhou (Canton), then to Chongqing (Chungking), Chengdu (Chengtu) and finally, Xichang (Sichang) before arriving in Taipei.
Mao Zedong's proclamation of the founding of the People's Republic in 1949
Communist conquest of Hainan Island in 1950
"Forget not that you are in Jǔ"--a rock in Quemoy Island with Chiang Kai-shek's calligraphy signifying the retaking of one's homeland
Monument in memory of the crossing of the Yangtze in Nanjing
Lockheed U-2C 56-6691 wreckage (pilot Chang Liyi) on display at the Military Museum of the Chinese People's Revolution, Beijing
Map of the Chinese Civil War (1946–1950)
The situation in China in 1929: After the Northern Expedition, the KMT had direct control over east and central China, while the rest of China proper as well as Manchuria was under the control of warlords loyal to the Nationalist government.
Map showing the communist-controlled Soviet Zones of China during and after the encirclement campaigns
Route(s) taken by Communist forces during the Long March
A Communist leader addressing survivors of the Long March
Situation in 1947
Situation in the fall of 1948
Situation in the winter of 1948 and 1949
Situation in April to October 1949
Taiwanese side "Reunification under the Three Principles of the People“.
thumb|The Soviet Red Army invaded Manchuria in August 1945.
Chinese Communist soldiers march north to occupy rural Manchuria, 1945.

Finally, in late 1934, Chiang launched a fifth campaign that involved the systematic encirclement of the Jiangxi Soviet region with fortified blockhouses.

Third encirclement campaign against the Jiangxi Soviet

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The third encirclement campaign against Jiangxi Soviet was the third campaign launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government in the hope of destroying the Red Army in Jiangxi.

Marshal He Long in 1955

He Long

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Chinese Communist revolutionary and one of the ten marshals of the People's Liberation Army.

Chinese Communist revolutionary and one of the ten marshals of the People's Liberation Army.

Marshal He Long in 1955
In 1925 He met his first Communists while running a Kuomintang military training school.
He Long with Deng Xiaoping (left) and Zhu De (right) (1949)

He joined the Long March in November 1935, over a year after forces led by Zhu De and Mao Zedong were forced to evacuate their own soviet in Jiangxi.

Xiao Ke in 1955

Xiao Ke

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General of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, former vice chairman of the CPPCC, as well as principal of the University of Military and Politics.

General of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, former vice chairman of the CPPCC, as well as principal of the University of Military and Politics.

Xiao Ke in 1955
Xiao Ke in 1955
Xiao Ke, left, with Nie Rongzhen and Yang Chengwu near the front lines during the Chinese Civil War in 1947.

In August 1934, he led the Sixth Army Group out west of the Jiangxi Soviet as pathfinders for what was to become the Long March.

Flag of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (中國工農紅軍).

History of the People's Liberation Army

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The history of the Chinese People's Liberation Army began in 1927 with the start of the Chinese Civil War and spans to the present, having developed from a peasant guerrilla force into the largest armed force in the world.

The history of the Chinese People's Liberation Army began in 1927 with the start of the Chinese Civil War and spans to the present, having developed from a peasant guerrilla force into the largest armed force in the world.

Flag of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (中國工農紅軍).

Kuomintang campaigns against the Jiangxi Soviet:

Su Yu in his Senior General uniform (1955)

Su Yu

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Chinese military commander, general of the People's Liberation Army.

Chinese military commander, general of the People's Liberation Army.

Su Yu in his Senior General uniform (1955)
Su Yu in Battle of Suzhong (Central Jiangsu)
Su Yu, holding map wearing dark uniform surveying the battlefield before the Menglianggu Campaign started in 1947.
Hong Xuezhi, Xiao Hua, Su Yu, and Chen Geng in 1955 (left to right)
Su Yu, Chu Qing, and their two sons Su Rongsheng and Su Hansheng in Shanghai, September 1949

He emerged as one of the ablest guerrilla commanders in the Jiangxi Soviet during the 1930s.

Liu Shaoqi

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Chinese revolutionary, politician, and theorist.

Chinese revolutionary, politician, and theorist.

Liu Shaoqi, 1927
Liu Shaoqi and Zhou Enlai, 1939
Liu Shaoqi and Indira Gandhi, 1954
Liu Shaoqi in June 1966, the first year of the Cultural Revolution
Liu Shaoqi being subjected to public humiliation at a rally during the Cultural Revolution
Liu with his wife Wang Guangmei, 1960s

Later in 1932, he left Shanghai and traveled to the Jiangxi Soviet.

Xiang Ying

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War-time Chinese communist leader reaching the rank of political chief of staff of the New Fourth Army during World War II until his assassination by a member of his staff in 1941.

War-time Chinese communist leader reaching the rank of political chief of staff of the New Fourth Army during World War II until his assassination by a member of his staff in 1941.

He held high office during the CCP's Jiangxi Soviet period (1931–1934).

Zeng Shan

Zeng Shan

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Chinese Communist military commander and security minister.

Chinese Communist military commander and security minister.

Zeng Shan

Zeng backed Mao Zedong in the Jiangxi Soviet confrontation with Li Lisan, and was at one point Chairman of the Chinese Soviet Republic government.

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Deng Fa

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Early leader of the Chinese Communist Party.

Early leader of the Chinese Communist Party.

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After 1931, he was active in the Jiangxi–Fujian Soviet and worked as the Party Committee Secretary of Fujian, and head of the State Political Security Bureau.