Jim Anderton

Anderton, JimJames Patrick Anderton
James Patrick Anderton (born James Patrick Byrne; 21 January 1938 – 7 January 2018) was a New Zealand politician who led a succession of left-wing parties after leaving the Labour Party in 1989.wikipedia
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Alliance (New Zealand political party)

AllianceAlliance PartyThe Alliance
As Leader of the Alliance and later the Progressive Party, he served as Deputy Prime Minister in the Fifth Labour Government from 1999 to 2002.
It was influential throughout the 1990s, but suffered a major setback after its founder and leader, Jim Anderton, left the party in 2002, taking with him several of its members of parliament (MPs).

Sydenham (New Zealand electorate)

SydenhamSydenham electorateSydenham seat
In, Anderton successfully stood as the Labour candidate for Sydenham in Christchurch.
It had notable politicians representing it like Mabel Howard (the first female cabinet minister in New Zealand), Norman Kirk (who became Prime Minister while holding Sydenham) and Jim Anderton (the former Father of the House, who started his parliamentary career in Sydenham).

Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand

Fifth Labour GovernmentLabour GovernmentFifth Labour
As Leader of the Alliance and later the Progressive Party, he served as Deputy Prime Minister in the Fifth Labour Government from 1999 to 2002.
Labour Party leader Helen Clark negotiated a coalition with Jim Anderton, leader of the Alliance Party and later the Progressive Party, and New Zealand First.

Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand

Deputy Prime MinisterDeputy Prime Ministers of New Zealand
As Leader of the Alliance and later the Progressive Party, he served as Deputy Prime Minister in the Fifth Labour Government from 1999 to 2002.
This occurred with Winston Peters, leader of New Zealand First, and Jim Anderton, leader of the Alliance.

Jim Anderton's Progressive Party

Progressive PartyProgressiveProgressives
As Leader of the Alliance and later the Progressive Party, he served as Deputy Prime Minister in the Fifth Labour Government from 1999 to 2002.
The party held at least one seat in Parliament from 2002 to 2011 because of its leader, Jim Anderton's victories in the electorate of Wigram.

New Zealand Labour Party

Labour PartyLabourLabour Government
James Patrick Anderton (born James Patrick Byrne; 21 January 1938 – 7 January 2018) was a New Zealand politician who led a succession of left-wing parties after leaving the Labour Party in 1989.
Eventually, a large grouping of Labour members, led by Labour MP Jim Anderton, left to establish the NewLabour Party, forming the basis of the left-wing Alliance.

Fourth Labour Government of New Zealand

Fourth Labour GovernmentLabour governmentFourth Labour
However, he soon came into conflict with the party's leadership, and became an outspoken critic of the Fourth Labour Government's free-market reforms, called Rogernomics.
After being defeated in his bid for the party presidency, Jim Anderton quit the party to form NewLabour; which stood for Labour's traditional socialist values.

2010 Christchurch mayoral election

2010 mayoral election2010 mayoraltyChristchurch mayoral
In 2010, he ran unsuccessfully for the mayoralty of Christchurch.
Jim Anderton announced on 6 May that he would contest the mayoralty.

New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal

1990 Commemoration MedalNew Zealand Commemoration MedalCommemorative Medal
Anderton was awarded the New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal.

NewLabour Party (New Zealand)

NewLabour PartyNewLabourNew Labour
On 1 May, Anderton announced the creation of the NewLabour Party, intended to represent the real spirit of the original Labour Party.
It was founded by Jim Anderton, an MP and former President of the New Zealand Labour Party.

Auckland University of Technology

AUTAUT UniversityAuckland Institute of Technology
Jim undertook all his education in Auckland, attending Seddon Memorial Technical College and the Auckland Teachers' Training College.

Manukau City

ManukauManukau City CouncilManukau City, New Zealand
Anderton's political career began when he was elected to the Manukau City Council in 1965.

Waka-jumping

waka jumpingdefecteddeserted
Anderton was the most prominent critic of the rash of party-switching (sometimes called "waka jumping" in New Zealand) that characterised the 45th Parliament, although remained silent about his own past party-switching.
When the Alliance split in 2002 over how to respond to the invasion of Afghanistan, Jim Anderton nominally remained the leader of the Alliance within Parliament, while campaigning outside Parliament as the leader of the newly-founded Progressive Party.

Philip Burdon

Rosalind Alice BurdonRosalind Burdon
After his retirement, he and former MP Philip Burdon were the two prominent campaigners for the restoration of ChristChurch Cathedral.
Burdon and fellow former MP Jim Anderton were prominent campaigners for the restoration of ChristChurch Cathedral, which had been severely damaged in the February and June 2011 Christchurch earthquakes.

Wigram (New Zealand electorate)

WigramWigram electorate
Anderton retained his constituency seat (by this point, the electorate was renamed Wigram) and he was joined in Parliament by 12 List MPs.
She took over this position from Jim Anderton, who had held this position from 1996 until 2011.

1999 New Zealand general election

1999 election19991999 general election
Realising that the cost of a split in the left-wing vote would be a continuance of the National government, Labour and the Alliance agreed to form a coalition for the 1999 election.
NewLabour had been established by Jim Anderton, a former Labour MP who quit the party in protest over the economic reforms of Roger Douglas, which were often blamed for Labour's election loss in 1990.

1993 New Zealand general election

1993 election19931993 general election
He became leader of the new party and in the 1993 election, was joined in parliament by Alliance colleague Sandra Lee.
The Alliance held three seats in Parliament – one belonged to Jim Anderton, who had been re-elected under a NewLabour banner in the seat he had formerly held for Labour, while the other two belonged to the National MPs who formed the Liberal Party.

1990 New Zealand general election

1990 election19901990 general election
In the 1990 general election Anderton retained his Sydenham seat, ensuring that NewLabour (and Anderton's criticism) would not fade away.
The government was also being challenged by the NewLabour Party, founded by renegade MP Jim Anderton.

1977 Auckland City mayoral election

1977Auckland City mayoralty in 1977
Anderton had another tilt at the Auckland City mayoralty in 1977, but was again beaten by the incumbent.
Incumbent Mayor Dove-Myer Robinson was re-elected seeing off a challenges from Labour Party candidate Jim Anderton, former councillor Colin Kay and Citizens & Ratepayers nominee Mel Tronson.

Sandra Lee-Vercoe

Sandra LeeLee-Vercoe, SandraSandra Rose Te Hakamatua Lee-Vercoe
He became leader of the new party and in the 1993 election, was joined in parliament by Alliance colleague Sandra Lee.
In November 1994, when Jim Anderton stepped down as leader of the Alliance for personal reasons, Lee took his place but Lee persuaded Anderton returned to the leadership in May 1995.

New Zealand National Party

National PartyNationalThe National Party
In parliament, Anderton attacked the policies of the new National Party government, particularly Ruth Richardson's continuation of Rogernomics.
The visibly damaged National Government managed to survive the parliamentary term, but lost the election to Labour's Helen Clark and the Alliance's Jim Anderton, who formed a coalition government.

2002 New Zealand general election

2002 election20022002 general election
In order to get around the Electoral Integrity Act, which had been passed largely because of Anderton's complaints about waka jumping, Anderton technically remained the Alliance's parliamentary leader until the writ was dropped for the 2002 election.
However, the new Progressive Coalition (now the Progressive Party) started by former Alliance leader Jim Anderton won two seats, and remained allied with Labour.

Minister of Economic Development (New Zealand)

Minister of Economic DevelopmentEconomic Development Minister Minister of Economic Development
He was also given the newly created post of Minister of Economic Development, which had an emphasis on job creation and regional development initiatives.

Kiwibank

Kiwibank LimitedKiwibank New Zealander of the Year Awards
The successful establishment of Kiwibank, a state-owned bank, is often cited as Anderton's greatest achievement.
Jim Anderton revealed in his valedictory speech that after the issue had previously been discussed by cabinet for months, he had spent three hours trying to convince then Finance Minister Michael Cullen, Annette King told Cullen: "Michael, Jim's beaten back every argument against the bank we've ever put up. For God's sake, give him the bloody bank."

Helen Clark

ClarkClark, HelenHelen Elizabeth Clark
By the late 1990s, Labour under Helen Clark had largely purged itself of the influence of Roger Douglas.
Alliance leader Jim Anderton served as Deputy Prime Minister under Clark until 2002.