Jim Thorpe

Mauch ChunkThorpeThorpe, Jim
James Francis Thorpe (Sac and Fox (Sauk): Wa-Tho-Huk, translated as "Bright Path"; May 22 or 28, 1887 – March 28, 1953) was an American athlete and Olympic gold medalist.wikipedia
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History of the NFL Commissioner

NFL CommissionercommissionerCommissioner of the NFL
From 1920 to 1921, Thorpe was nominally the first president of the American Professional Football Association (APFA), which became the NFL in 1922.
Hay chose his own running back, Jim Thorpe, as the league's inaugural President; Hay believed Thorpe's status and fame as an athlete would bring instant credibility to the league.

Canton Bulldogs

Canton ProfessionalsCanton Athletic ClubBulldogs
Thorpe joined the Canton Bulldogs American football team in 1915, helping them win three professional championships; he later played for six teams in the National Football League (NFL).
Jim Thorpe, the Olympian and renowned all-around athlete, was Canton's most-recognized player in the pre-NFL era.

Carlisle Indians football

CarlisleCarlisle IndiansCarlisle Indian
Thorpe grew up in the Sac and Fox Nation in Oklahoma, and attended Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where he was a two-time All-American for the school's football team.
Several notable players and coaches were associated with the team, including Pop Warner and Jim Thorpe.

National Football League

NFLleagueAmerican Professional Football Association
From 1920 to 1921, Thorpe was nominally the first president of the American Professional Football Association (APFA), which became the NFL in 1922. Thorpe joined the Canton Bulldogs American football team in 1915, helping them win three professional championships; he later played for six teams in the National Football League (NFL).
The league elected Jim Thorpe as its first president, and consisted of 14 teams (the Buffalo All-Americans, Chicago Tigers, Columbus Panhandles, and Detroit Heralds joined the league during the year).

Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania

Jim ThorpeMauch ChunkMauch Chunk, Pennsylvania
A Pennsylvania town was named in his honor and a monument site there is the site of his remains, which were the subject of legal action.
This town is also historically known as the burial site for the body of Native American sports legend Jim Thorpe.

Jim Thorpe – All-American

Jim Thorpe - All-AmericanJim Thorpe— All American
Thorpe appeared in several films and was portrayed by Burt Lancaster in the 1951 film Jim Thorpe – All-American.
Jim Thorpe – All-American (UK title: Man of Bronze) is a 1951 American biographical film produced by Warner Bros. and directed by Michael Curtiz, honoring Jim Thorpe, the great Native American athlete who won medals at the 1912 Olympics and distinguished himself in various sports, both in college and on professional teams.

Carlisle, Pennsylvania

CarlisleCarlisle, PABorough of Carlisle
Thorpe grew up in the Sac and Fox Nation in Oklahoma, and attended Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where he was a two-time All-American for the school's football team.
Athletic hero Jim Thorpe entered the school in 1907 and joined its football team under coach Glenn "Pop" Warner in 1908.

1912 Summer Olympics

19121912 Olympic Games1912 Olympics
Considered one of the most versatile athletes of modern sports, he won Olympic gold medals in the 1912 pentathlon and decathlon, and played American football (collegiate and professional), professional baseball, and basketball.
The games were the first to have art competitions, women's diving, women's swimming, and the first to feature both the decathlon and the new pentathlon, both won by Jim Thorpe.

Decathlon

decathleteWorld RecordMen's Decathlon
Considered one of the most versatile athletes of modern sports, he won Olympic gold medals in the 1912 pentathlon and decathlon, and played American football (collegiate and professional), professional baseball, and basketball.
This began when King Gustav V of Sweden told Jim Thorpe, "You, sir, are the world's greatest athlete" after Thorpe won the decathlon at the Stockholm Olympics in 1912.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight EisenhowerEisenhowerPresident Eisenhower
Future President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who played against him that season, recalled of Thorpe in a 1961 speech:
He made the varsity football team and was a starter as running back and linebacker in 1912, when he tackled the legendary Jim Thorpe of the Carlisle Indians.

Avery Brundage

Brundage, Averythe art he loved
The pentathlon and decathlon teams also included future International Olympic Committee president Avery Brundage.
He competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics, where he participated in the pentathlon and decathlon, but did not win any medals; both events were won by teammate Jim Thorpe.

Shawnee, Oklahoma

ShawneeShawnee, OKShawnee High School
Thorpe referred to Shawnee as his birthplace in the 1943 note.

Prague, Oklahoma

PraguePrague, Oklahoma TerritorySouthern Prague
He was generally considered to have been born on May 22, 1887, near the town of Prague, Oklahoma.
It celebrates the Czech culture brought from the 'old country.' One can learn more at the Prague Historical Museum on the town's main street, Jim Thorpe Boulevard, which is named for the town's most famous son, the Olympic athlete Jim Thorpe.

Carlisle Indian Industrial School

Carlisle Indian SchoolCarlisleCarlisle Indian Boarding School
Thorpe grew up in the Sac and Fox Nation in Oklahoma, and attended Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where he was a two-time All-American for the school's football team.
He coached the exceptional athlete Jim Thorpe and his teammates, bringing national recognition to the small school.

List of stripped Olympic medals

strippeddisqualifiedOlympic medals stripped
He lost his Olympic titles after it was found he had been paid for playing two seasons of semi-professional baseball before competing in the Olympics, thus violating the amateurism rules that were then in place.

Pop Warner

Glenn "Pop" WarnerGlenn Scobey "Pop" WarnerGlenn Scobey Warner
There his athletic ability was recognized and he was coached by Glenn Scobey "Pop" Warner, one of the most influential coaches of early American football history.
The 1907 team included a young Jim Thorpe, considered one of the greatest athletes who ever lived.

Eastern Carolina League

Thorpe had indeed played professional baseball in the Eastern Carolina League for Rocky Mount, North Carolina, in 1909 and 1910, receiving meager pay; reportedly as little as US$2 ($0 today) per game and as much as US$35 ($0 today) per week.
The most famous person to play in the league was Jim Thorpe, considered by some the greatest athlete of the twentieth century.

John L. Bredemus

John Bredemus
Competing against Bruno Brodd of the Irish American Athletic Club and John L. Bredemus of Princeton University, he won seven of the ten events contested and came in second in the remaining three.
He finished second in the 1906 Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) all-around competition, won in 1908, and lost to Olympic star Jim Thorpe in 1912, but was subsequently declared champion after Thorpe's stints playing semi-professional baseball were reported and rulings determined Thorpe ineligible for the amateur status then required at AAU and Olympic competition.

Haskell Indian Nations University

Haskell InstituteHaskellHaskell Indian Junior College
His father then sent him to the Haskell Institute, an Indian boarding school in Lawrence, Kansas, so that he would not run away again.
Haskell is home to the American Indian Athletic Hall of Fame, which recognizes noted athletes such as John Levi, Jim Thorpe, Moses Yellow Hair, and Billy Mills.

Amateur sports

amateurhigh school sportsamateur football
In 1912, strict rules regarding amateurism were in effect for athletes participating in the Olympics.
Through most of the 20th century the Olympics allowed only amateur athletes to participate and this amateur code was strictly enforced - Jim Thorpe was stripped of track and field medals for having taken expense money for playing baseball in 1912.

Lincoln County, Oklahoma

LincolnLincoln CountyLincoln Counties
Bellemont was a small community, now disappeared, on the line between Pottawatomie and Lincoln Counties.

Burt Lancaster

Hecht-Lancaster
Thorpe appeared in several films and was portrayed by Burt Lancaster in the 1951 film Jim Thorpe – All-American.

Hugo Wieslander

Strong competition from local favorite Hugo Wieslander was expected.
The following year he finished second in the decathlon at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, 688 points behind Jim Thorpe.

Sac and Fox Nation

Sac and FoxSauk and FoxSac & Fox
A member of the Sac and Fox Nation, Thorpe became the first Native American to win a gold medal for the United States.

Pentathlon

pentathleteAeronautical pentathlonAncient Olympic pentathlon
Considered one of the most versatile athletes of modern sports, he won Olympic gold medals in the 1912 pentathlon and decathlon, and played American football (collegiate and professional), professional baseball, and basketball.
In the 1912 Olympic Games, Jim Thorpe won both the pentathlon and decathlon titles, only to have them later taken away for professionalism.