A report on Joan Sutherland and Marilyn Horne

Sutherland in 1975
Sutherland in 1962
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Joan Sutherland in 1990
Beniamino Prior as Wilhelm Meister and Marilyn Horne as the titular Mignon, Edmonton Opera, 1978.
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For many years, Horne was associated with the Australian soprano Dame Joan Sutherland in their performances of the bel canto repertoire.

- Marilyn Horne

Her last public appearance, however, took place in a gala performance of Die Fledermaus on New Year's Eve, 1990, at Covent Garden, where she was accompanied by her colleagues Luciano Pavarotti and the mezzo-soprano Marilyn Horne.

- Joan Sutherland
Sutherland in 1975

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Pavarotti upon receiving the Kennedy Center Honors, 2001

Luciano Pavarotti

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Italian operatic tenor who during the late part of his career crossed over into popular music, eventually becoming one of the most acclaimed and loved tenors of all time.

Italian operatic tenor who during the late part of his career crossed over into popular music, eventually becoming one of the most acclaimed and loved tenors of all time.

Pavarotti upon receiving the Kennedy Center Honors, 2001
Luciano Pavarotti in 1972
With Joan Sutherland in I puritani (1976)
From left: journalist Vincenzo Mollica, Pavarotti, Lucio Dalla and Zucchero on the first edition of Pavarotti & Friends (1992)
Elton John and Pavarotti in Modena, 1996
Luciano Pavarotti performing on 15 June 2002 at a concert in the Stade Vélodrome in Marseille
Pavarotti and family, N.Y.C., 1979–1983. Clockwise from top: Luciano Pavarotti, daughters Cristina and Lorenza Pavarotti, wife Adua Veroni, daughter Giuliana Pavarotti.
Pavarotti performing at the 2006 Winter Olympics opening ceremony
Statue of Pavarotti in Eilat IMAX
Grave of Luciano Pavarotti and his family in Montale Rangone
Pavarotti embraces Karen Kondazian on the set of Yes, Giorgio
Handprint of Luciano Pavarotti in front of the Gaiety Theatre, Dublin

An early coup involved his connection with Joan Sutherland (and her conductor husband, Richard Bonynge), who in 1963 was seeking a tenor taller than herself to take along on her 1965 tour to Australia.

Marilyn Horne, Luciano Pavarotti, Joan Sutherland, Richard Bonynge (conductor) & the New York City Opera Orchestra for Live From Lincoln Center – Sutherland/Horne/Pavarotti

Metropolitan Opera and Lincoln Center

Metropolitan Opera

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American opera company based in New York City, resident at the Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center, currently situated on the Upper West Side of Manhattan.

American opera company based in New York City, resident at the Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center, currently situated on the Upper West Side of Manhattan.

Metropolitan Opera and Lincoln Center
Giulio Gatti-Casazza
Gatti-Casazza's last week at the Met (March 22–29, 1935)
Artur Bodanzky at the Metropolitan Opera in 1915
Otto Hermann Kahn in Berlin, 1931
Metropolitan Opera House in 1905
The new Met Opera House
Staircase

Other celebrated singers who debuted at the Met during Bing's tenure include: Roberta Peters, Victoria de los Ángeles, Renata Tebaldi, Maria Callas, who had a bitter falling out with Bing over repertoire,, Birgit Nilsson, Joan Sutherland, Régine Crespin, Mirella Freni, Renata Scotto, Montserrat Caballé, Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Anna Moffo, James McCracken, Carlo Bergonzi, Franco Corelli, Alfredo Kraus, Plácido Domingo, Nicolai Gedda, Luciano Pavarotti, Jon Vickers, Tito Gobbi, Sherrill Milnes, and Cesare Siepi.

The tour played a significant role in popularizing opera in Japan, and boasted an impressive line-up of artists in productions of La traviata, Carmen, and La bohème; including Marilyn Horne as Carmen, Joan Sutherland as Violetta, and tenors Franco Corelli and Luciano Pavarotti alternating as Rodolfo.

Logotype symbolizing "a spectrum of many skills within the performing arts"

Kennedy Center Honors

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The Kennedy Center Honors are annual honors given to those in the performing arts for their lifetime of contributions to American culture.

The Kennedy Center Honors are annual honors given to those in the performing arts for their lifetime of contributions to American culture.

Logotype symbolizing "a spectrum of many skills within the performing arts"
The 2006 honorees at the Kennedy Center on December 6, 2006, with President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush; from left, Andrew Lloyd Webber, Steven Spielberg, Dolly Parton, Zubin Mehta, Smokey Robinson, Vice President Dick Cheney and Second lady
 Lynne Cheney
2005 Kennedy Center Honorees Julie Harris, Robert Redford, Tina Turner, Suzanne Farrell and Tony Bennett with President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush, in the Blue Room at the White House, December 4, 2005.
The surviving members of Led Zeppelin were honored in 2012 and are pictured here with President Barack Obama.
President Joe Biden giving a speech to the 2021 honorees Justino Díaz, Berry Gordy, Lorne Michaels, Bette Midler, and Joni Mitchell.
Kennedy Center honorees 2009 Mel Brooks, Dave Brubeck, Grace Bumbry, Robert De Niro, and Bruce Springsteen, with President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama in the Blue Room, White House, December 6, 2009.
The 2019 honorees Earth, Wind & Fire, Sally Field, Linda Ronstadt and Sesame Street with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo

1995 – Jacques d'Amboise, Marilyn Horne, B.B. King, Sidney Poitier, and Neil Simon

2004 – Warren Beatty, Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee, Elton John, Joan Sutherland, and John Williams

Tenor Colin Lee, soprano Pretty Yende, Bonynge, mezzo-soprano Violina Anguelov and baritone George Stevens at a concert performance of Lucia di Lammermoor in Cape Town in April 2013

Richard Bonynge

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Australian conductor and pianist.

Australian conductor and pianist.

Tenor Colin Lee, soprano Pretty Yende, Bonynge, mezzo-soprano Violina Anguelov and baritone George Stevens at a concert performance of Lucia di Lammermoor in Cape Town in April 2013

He is the widower of Australian dramatic coloratura soprano Dame Joan Sutherland.

The same year, also in Vancouver, he conducted Norma for the first time, starring Sutherland and Marilyn Horne.

Bel canto–era composer Gioachino Rossini

Bel canto

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Term with several meanings that relate to Italian singing.

Term with several meanings that relate to Italian singing.

Bel canto–era composer Gioachino Rossini
Hand-written note by contralto Marietta Alboni about the decay of bel canto in the late 19th century. The French text reads: "The art of singing is going, and it will only revert with the sole real music of the future: that of Rossini. Paris, 8 February 1881." (signature)
Mathilde Marchesi (1821–1913), a leading Paris-based teacher of bel canto sopranos

That situation changed significantly after World War II with the advent of a group of enterprising orchestral conductors and the emergence of a fresh generation of singers such as Montserrat Caballé, Maria Callas, Leyla Gencer, Joan Sutherland, Beverly Sills and Marilyn Horne, who had acquired bel canto techniques.

Orombello and Beatrice, by Pelagio Palagi, 1845

Beatrice di Tenda

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Tragic opera in two acts by Vincenzo Bellini, from a libretto by Felice Romani, after the play of the same name by.

Tragic opera in two acts by Vincenzo Bellini, from a libretto by Felice Romani, after the play of the same name by.

Orombello and Beatrice, by Pelagio Palagi, 1845
Bellini by Pietro Lucchini
The original 15th-century Beatrice Lascaris di Tenda
Librettist Felice Romani
Poster advertising the premiere of Beatrice di Tenda
Soprano Giuditta Pasta sang in the Venice premiere
Bass Ignazio Marini sang in Palermo
Francesco Bagnara's set designs for act 1, scene 1
Francesco Bagnara's set designs for act 1, scene 3
Francesco Bagnara's set designs for act 1, scene 4

Beatrice di Tenda was revived in 1961 by the American Opera Society in New York with Joan Sutherland, Enzo Sordello, Marilyn Horne and Richard Cassilly under Nicola Rescigno, and in the same year at La Scala with Sutherland and Raina Kabaivanska and with Antonino Votto conducting.

Joséphine Fodor as Semiramide

Semiramide

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Opera in two acts by Gioachino Rossini.

Opera in two acts by Gioachino Rossini.

Joséphine Fodor as Semiramide
Montserrat Caballé in the title role (Aix-en-Provence Festival, 1980)
Interior of the Temple of Baal, Babylon (act 1, scene 1); set design by Alessandro Sanquirico for Semiramide staged at La Scala in Milan, 1824
Entrance hall of the palace (act 1, scene 8); set design for Semiramide staged at La Scala in Milan, 1824
Set design for act 1, scene 13 of Semiramide staged at La Scala in Milan, 1824
Ìnterior of the temple; set design for act 2, scene 4 of Semiramide staged at La Scala in Milan, 1824
Adjacent to Nino's tomb. Set design by Alessandro Sanquirico for Semiramide staged at La Scala in Milan, 1824

Presentations at La Scala in Milan in December 1962 with Joan Sutherland and Giulietta Simionato required the re-assembly of the entire score from the Rossini autograph, since no other texts were known to exist.

A major revival at the Aix-en-Provence Festival in 1980 was directed by Pier Luigi Pizzi and featured Montserrat Caballé in the title role with Marilyn Horne as Arsace.

Richard Cross (bass-baritone)

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American bass-baritone who had an active international opera career from the late 1950s through the 1990s.

American bass-baritone who had an active international opera career from the late 1950s through the 1990s.

In 1963 he made his San Francisco Opera debut portraying Count Rodolfo in Vincenzo Bellini's La Sonnambula with Joan Sutherland as Amina.

In 1964 he performed and recorded the role of Oroveso in Bellini's Norma with Joan Sutherland in the title role, Marilyn Horne as Adalgisa, John Alexander as Pollione, conductor Richard Bonynge, and the London Symphony Orchestra.

As Scarpia in Tosca, Chicago

Gabriel Bacquier

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French operatic baritone.

French operatic baritone.

As Scarpia in Tosca, Chicago

His other roles in Philadelphia included Nilakantha in Lakmé opposite Joan Sutherland in the title role, Germont with Sutherland as Violetta and John Alexander as Alfredo, Iago in Verdi's Otello, Scarpia, and Escamillo in Bizet's Carmen.

Massenet: La Navarraise. Marilyn Horne, Plácido Domingo, Sherrill Milnes, Nicola Zaccaria, Gabriel Bacquier (Bustamente), London Symphony Orchestra, Ambrosian Opera Chorus. Conductor: Henry Lewis. RCA Red Seal, 1975

Ingvar Wixell at the 1965 Melodifestivalen with the song "Absent Friend".

Ingvar Wixell

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Swedish baritone who had an active international career in operas and concerts from 1955 to 2003.

Swedish baritone who had an active international career in operas and concerts from 1955 to 2003.

Ingvar Wixell at the 1965 Melodifestivalen with the song "Absent Friend".

Verdi, Count di Luna in Il trovatore, conducted by Richard Bonynge, 1976, with Dame Joan Sutherland and Marilyn Horne