Joe Louis

LouisAmerican heavyweight boxing championBrown BomberHe's in the Ring (Doing the Same Old Thing)Joe LuisLouis, Joethe longtime champ
Joseph Louis Barrow (May 13, 1914 – April 12, 1981) was an American professional boxer who competed from 1934 to 1951.wikipedia
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heavyweight boxerheavyweight boxingheavyweight division
He reigned as the world heavyweight champion from 1937 to 1949, and is considered to be one of the greatest heavyweight boxers of all time.
Joe Louis holds the record for most consecutive title defenses at this division, with 25 defenses of the Universal title.

World heavyweight boxing championship records and statistics

23 opponents for the world heavyweight championship23rd opponent25 consecutive title defenses
He was victorious in 25 consecutive title defenses.

The Ring (magazine)

The RingRing MagazineThe Ring'' magazine
In 2005, Louis was ranked as the best heavyweight of all time by the International Boxing Research Organization, and was ranked number one on The Ring magazine's list of the "100 greatest punchers of all time".
Some of the boxers featured on the magazine covers have included Tommy Ryan, Salvador Sánchez, Jack Dempsey, Pancho Villa, Max Schmeling, Joe Louis, Sugar Ray Robinson, Jake LaMotta, Rocky Marciano, Willie Pep, Muhammad Ali, Alexis Argüello, Wilfred Benítez, Wilfredo Gómez, Roberto Durán, Larry Holmes, Marvin Hagler, Sugar Ray Leonard, Bud Taylor, Mike Tyson, Evander Holyfield, Floyd Mayweather Jr., Thomas Hearns, Roy Jones Jr., Bernard Hopkins, Julio César Chávez, Félix Trinidad, Manny Pacquiao, Oscar De La Hoya, Mauro Mina, and Ricardo Mayorga.

LaFayette, Alabama

LaFayetteLa FayetteLa Fayette, Alabama
Born in rural Chambers County, Alabama (in a ramshackle dwelling on Bell Chapel Road, located about a mile off state route 50 and roughly 6 mi from LaFayette), Louis was the seventh of eight children of Munroe Barrow and Lillie (Reese) Barrow.
LaFayette is the birthplace of heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis.

Ezzard Charles

The 27th fight, against Ezzard Charles in 1950, was a challenge for Charles' heavyweight title and so is not included in Louis' reign.
The following year, he outpointed his idol and former World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis to become the recognized Lineal Champion.

Chambers County, Alabama

ChambersChambers CountyValley, AL Micropolitan Statistical Area
Born in rural Chambers County, Alabama (in a ramshackle dwelling on Bell Chapel Road, located about a mile off state route 50 and roughly 6 mi from LaFayette), Louis was the seventh of eight children of Munroe Barrow and Lillie (Reese) Barrow.
Joe Louis "The Brown Bomber", renowned heavyweight boxing champion, was born near LaFayette, on Buckalew Mountain, May 13, 1914.

Professional boxing

professional boxerprizefighterboxer
Joseph Louis Barrow (May 13, 1914 – April 12, 1981) was an American professional boxer who competed from 1934 to 1951.
Most famous of all was Joe Louis, who avenged an earlier defeat by demolishing Schmeling in the first round of their 1938 rematch.

Max Schmeling

SchmelingMax SchmellingMaximillian (Max) Schmeling
What was considered to be a final tune-up bout before an eventual title shot was scheduled for June 1936 against Max Schmeling.
His two fights with Joe Louis in 1936 and 1938 were worldwide cultural events because of their national associations.

Golden Gloves

National Golden GlovesGolden GloveNational Golden Gloves champion
After this debut—a loss to future Olympian Johnny Miler—Louis compiled numerous amateur victories, eventually winning the club championship of his Brewster Street recreation centre, the home of many aspiring Golden Gloves fighters.
Many amateur Golden Gloves participants went on to become professional boxers, including Joe Louis, Muhammad Ali, Joe Frazier, and Barney Ross.

Primo Carnera

CarneraCarnera: The Walking Mountain
The bout that helped put him in the media spotlight occurred on June 25, when Louis knocked out 6'6", 265-pound former world heavyweight champion Primo Carnera in six rounds. Foreshadowing the Louis–Schmeling rivalry to come, the Carnera bout featured a political dimension. Louis' victory over Carnera, who symbolized Benito Mussolini's regime in the popular eye, was seen as a victory for the international community, particularly among African Americans, who were sympathetic to Ethiopia, which was attempting to maintain its independence by fending off an invasion by fascist Italy. America's white press began promoting Louis' image in the context of the era's racism; nicknames they created included the "Mahogany Mauler", "Chocolate Chopper", "Coffee-Colored KO King", "Safari Sandman", and one that stuck: "The Brown Bomber". Helping the white press to overcome its reluctance to feature a black contender was the fact that in the mid-1930s boxing desperately needed a marketable hero.
But then, on 25 June 1935, he was knocked out in six rounds by Joe Louis.

Associated Press Athlete of the Year

Associated Press Male Athlete of the YearAssociated Press Female Athlete of the YearAP Athlete of the Year
1 contender in the heavyweight division and had won the Associated Press' "Athlete of the Year" award for 1935.

Truman Gibson

Truman K. Gibson
During this time, Louis also met Truman Gibson, the man who would become his personal lawyer.
During this time, Gibson met then up-and-coming boxer Joe Louis, whom Gibson was charged with entertaining while Gibson’s law firm negotiated deals with Louis’ management.

Arturo Godoy

He is best known for his two epic fights with Joe Louis for the World Heavyweight Championship in 1940.

Rocky Marciano

MarcianoRocco MarchegianoRocky '''Marciano
After returning from retirement, Louis failed to regain the championship in 1950, and his career ended after he was knocked out by Rocky Marciano in 1951.
On October 27, 1951, the 28-year-old Marciano took on the 37-year-old Joe Louis.

Red Burman

Clarence "Red" Burman
During the 1940s, he was a top rated contender who challenged Joe Louis for the world Heavyweight title.

Max Baer (boxer)

Max Baerax BaerBaer
In September 1935, on the eve of Louis' fight with former titleholder Max Baer, Washington Post sportswriter Shirley Povich wrote about some Americans' hopes for the white contender, "They say Baer will surpass himself in the knowledge that he is the lone white hope for the defense of Nordic superiority in the prize ring." After defeating Louis, Schmeling expected a title shot against James J. Braddock, who had unexpectedly defeated Max Baer for the heavyweight title the previous June.
Baer and his brother Buddy both lost fights to Joe Louis.

James J. Braddock

Jim BraddockJames BraddockJames "Cinderella Man" Braddock
After defeating Louis, Schmeling expected a title shot against James J. Braddock, who had unexpectedly defeated Max Baer for the heavyweight title the previous June.
Braddock argued he would have received only a US$25,000 purse against Schmeling, compared to $250,000 against rising star Joe Louis.

Tommy Farr

When Schmeling instead attempted to arrange for a fight against British Empire champion Tommy Farr, known as the "Tonypandy Terror",—ostensibly for a world championship to rival the claims of American boxing authorities—Jacobs outmaneuvered him, offering Farr a guaranteed $60,000 to fight Louis instead.
He challenged for the world title against Joe Louis in the same year and gave Louis one of the toughest fights of his career, hurting him numerous times and lasting the full 15 rounds on his way to a wide unanimous decision loss, with the referee awarding Louis the fight thirteen rounds to one, while the judges scored the fight eight to five and nine to six, both in Louis's favour.

Billy Conn

Louis' string of lightly regarded competition ended with his bout against Billy Conn, the light heavyweight champion and a highly regarded contender.
William David "Billy" Conn (October 8, 1917 – May 29, 1993) was an Irish American professional boxer and Light Heavyweight Champion famed for his fights with Joe Louis.

Buddy Baer

Standing at 6' 6½" (1.99 m), Baer fought from 1934 to 1942 and was one of the best punchers of his time.He knocked out colorful contender Tony Galento. The highlight of his boxing career occurred in his unsuccessful attempts to win the heavyweight boxing championship from Joe Louis. In their first fight, Baer caught Louis with a big left hook in the first round and knocked the champion out of the ring. Louis, however, climbed back in before the count of ten and eventually won the fight on a disqualification. Baer had claimed later in the bout that he had been hit and knocked down after the bell rang to end the seventh round. After he had refused to come out for the next round, the referee disqualified Buddy. In their rematch, Louis knocked Baer out in the first. Baer subsequently remarked, "The only way I could have beaten Louis that night was with a baseball bat."

Jack Sharkey

Schmeling had won his title on a technicality when Jack Sharkey was disqualified after giving Schmeling a low blow in 1930.
He took a year off, fought four mediocre fights, and then fought Joe Louis on August 18, 1936, losing by knockout in the third round.


Detroit, MichiganDetroit, MICity of Detroit
Detroit's Joe Louis Greenway and the Forest Preserve District of Cook County's Joe Louis "The Champ" Golf Course, situated south of Chicago in Riverdale, Illinois, are named in his honor.
Joe Louis won the heavyweight championship of the world in 1937.

Rhumboogie Café

Rhumboogie ClubRhumboogie
He invested in a number of businesses, all of which eventually failed, including the Joe Louis Restaurant, the Joe Louis Insurance Company, a softball team called the Brown Bombers, the Joe Louis Milk Company, Joe Louis pomade (hair product), Joe Louis Punch (a drink), the Louis-Rower P.R. firm, a horse farm and the Rhumboogie Café in Chicago.
Opened with great fanfare in April 1942, the Rhumboogie was owned by Charlie Glenn and boxing champion Joe Louis.

Sugar Ray Robinson

Ray RobinsonRobinsonSugar" Ray Robinson
Louis went on a celebrity tour with other notables, including fellow boxer Sugar Ray Robinson.
Robinson idolized Henry Armstrong and Joe Louis as a youth, and actually lived on the same block as Louis in Detroit when Robinson was 11 and Louis was 17.

Joe Louis vs. Max Schmeling

Louis-Schmeling fightdef.fight
After the Louis-Schmeling fight, Jack Dempsey expressed the opinion that he was glad he never had to face Joe Louis in the ring.
Joe Louis vs. Max Schmeling refers to two separate fights between the two which are among boxing's most talked about bouts.