Johan Skytte

Lithography by Johan Cardon

Swedish statesman who founded the University of Tartu.

- Johan Skytte

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University of Tartu

University in the city of Tartu in Estonia.

The university in 1860, during its 'Golden Age'.
Main building of the University of Tartu constructed between 1804 and 1809.
The Old Observatory of Tartu Observatory was completed in 1810. Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve worked here.
The Botanical Garden was founded by Gottfried Albrecht Germann in 1803.
The first Estonian satellite ESTCube-1 was developed mainly by the students from the University of Tartu.
The Baltic German chemist Wilhelm Ostwald received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1909.
Students' Spring Days on river Emajõgi.
University of Tartu Folk Art Ensemble.
Tartu University main building during Christmas (2006)
Faculty of Social Sciences
Institute of Mathematics and Statistics
University track and field
Iuridicum, law building
Chemicum and Physicum
Institute of Technology

It was founded under the name of Academia Gustaviana in 1632 by Baron Johan Skytte, the Governor-General (1629–1634) of Swedish Livonia, Ingria, and Karelia, with the required ratification provided by his long-time friend and former student – from age 7 –, King Gustavus Adolphus, shortly before the king's death on 6 November in the Battle of Lützen (1632), during the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648).

Swedish Livonia

Dominion of the Swedish Empire from 1629 until 1721.

Baltic provinces of Swedish Empire in the 17th century.
Coat of arms of Swedish Livonia (1660)
Baltic provinces of Swedish Empire in the 17th century.

Johan Skytte (1629–1633)

Uppsala University

Public research university in Uppsala, Sweden.

University Hall
Gustavianum, built 1622–1625 and now a museum.
Anders Celsius, astronomer and physicist.
King Gustav III of Sweden visits the university in 1786
The Carolina Rediviva, the main building of the university library, designed by Carl Fredrik Sundvall and completed in 1841.
The old main building of the Uppsala University Hospital, photograph from c. 1920
University of Uppsala Botanical Garden
Building at Campus Polacksbacken
Gästrike-Hälsinge nation
Student singers marching down the staircase in Carolina Rediviva, on the occasion of the 400th anniversary of the university in 1877. The "staircase march" (trappmarschen) when the singers led the audience in a march out of the hall where the concert was held, is an annual tradition that was later moved to the new main university building completed in 1887. (The monumental staircase of Carolina was later sacrificed to create more storage space for books.)
The Exercise Yard in c. 1770; contemporary engraving
Botanist, physician and zoologist Carl Linnaeus
Niklas Zennström, co-founder of KaZaA and Skype

The king's former private tutor, Johan Skytte, who was made chancellor of the university in 1622, donated the Skyttean chair in Eloquence and Government which still exists.

Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science

Established in 1995 by the Johan Skytte Foundation at Uppsala University.

The foundation itself goes back to the donation in 1622 from Johan Skytte (1577–1645), politician and chancellor of the university, which established the Skyttean professorship of Eloquence and Government.

Swedish Ingria

Dominion of the Swedish Empire from 1583 to 1595 and then again from 1617 to 1721, when it was ceded to the Russian Empire in the Treaty of Nystad.

Baltic provinces of Swedish Empire in the 17th century.
Baltic provinces of Swedish Empire in the 17th century.

Johan Skytte (1629–1634)

List of Swedish governors-general

Appointed by the Swedish monarch as his permanent representative, with both civil and military jurisdiction, over parts of Sweden, from the 17th century to the early 19th century, when constitutional changes made the office obsolete.

Johan Skytte (1629–1633)

Estonia under Swedish rule

Estonia under Swedish rule signifies the time between 1561 and 1710, when parts of present-day Estonia (and after 1645 all of the present-day country) were under Swedish rule.

Coat of arms of Swedish Estonia (1660)
The era of Swedish rule in Estonia started under the rule of King Eric XIV.
Koluvere Castle, the site of the Battle of Lode between Russian and Swedish troops during the Livonian War. The war ended with the confirmation of Swedish overlord-ship of northern Estonia.
Baltic provinces of the Swedish Empire in the 17th century. Present-day Estonia consists of the Duchy of Estonia and parts of Swedish Livonia.
The manor of Palms was built during the reign of Charles XI.
Charles XI initiated several reforms in Swedish-controlled Estonia.

Gustavus II Adolphus also, through the aid of governor Johan Skytte, instituted the court of appeal in Tartu and the University of Tartu.

Vendela Skytte

Swedish noblewoman, salonist and writer, poet and Lady of Letters.

Vendela Skytte

Vendela Skytte was born to statesman and noble Johan Skytte and Maria Näf and became the aunt of Gustav Skytte, Maria Skytte and Christina Anna Skytte.

Grönsö Manor

Manor on the island Grönsö in Lake Mälaren.

Grönsö manor in May 2011
The "Chinese pavilion" in the park

One of the farms of the medieval village was given as a gift to Johan Skytte by Prince (later King) Gustavus Adolphus.

Royal Skyttean Society

Scholarly and scientific academy with its seat in the northern Swedish university town of Umeå.

Seal of the Royal Skyttean Society

It is one of the 18 Royal Academies in Sweden and was founded on 29 April 1956, taking its name from the 17th century political figure Johan Skytte, who, among other things, contributed to education in Norrland through his initiative of founding a school in Lycksele.