Johannes Althusius

AlthusiusIohannis Althusij
Johannes Althusius (1557 – August 12, 1638) was a German jurist and Calvinist political philosopher.wikipedia
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Diedenshausen

Althusius was born in 1557, to a family of modest means in Diedenshausen, County Sayn-Wittgenstein (Siegen-Wittgenstein), a Calvinist County in what is now the state of North Rhine Westphalia but was then the seat of an independent Grafschaft or County.
The political philosopher Johannes Althusius was born and raised there.

Emden

EmbdenEmden, GermanyEmdem
For the next several years, he became involved in various colleges throughout the area, variously serving as their president and lecturing on law and philosophy, and in 1603, he was elected to be a municipal trustee of the city of Emden, in East Frisia, where he ultimately made his fame.
The political theorist Johannes Althusius served as Syndic from 1604 to 1638.

Herborn Academy

HerbornHohe Schule, Herborn
In 1586, after completing his studies, Althusius became the first professor of law at the Protestant-Calvinist Herborn Academy of Nassau County.

Henning Arnisaeus

Henningus Arnisæus
His Politica was attacked by Henning Arnisaeus and Hugo Grotius during the seventeenth century for its defense of local autonomies against the rise of territorial absolutism and proponents of the modern unitary nation state.
He used an Aristotelian analysis to distinguish in political thought between the civitas and the res publica, in a critique of Jean Bodin, Johannes Althusius, Busius (Paulus Buis or Buys, died 1617), and Bartholomäus Keckermann.

Hugo Grotius

GrotiusGrotianHugo de Groot
His Politica was attacked by Henning Arnisaeus and Hugo Grotius during the seventeenth century for its defense of local autonomies against the rise of territorial absolutism and proponents of the modern unitary nation state.
Because this stripped Church officials of any power some of their members (such as Johannes Althusius in a letter to Lubbertus) declared Grotius' ideas diabolical.

Alexander Henderson (theologian)

Alexander HendersonHenderson
The text was written in haste in 1639 and is reported to have been lifted from a work by Johannes Althusius to provide justification for bearing arms.

Petrus Ramus

Peter RamusPierre de la RaméeRamus
Followers of Ramus in different fields included Johannes Althusius, Caspar Olevianus, John Milton, Johannes Piscator, Rudolph Snellius and Hieronymus Treutler.

Calvinism

CalvinistReformedCalvinists
Johannes Althusius (1557 – August 12, 1638) was a German jurist and Calvinist political philosopher.

Political philosophy

political theorypolitical philosopherpolitical theorist
Johannes Althusius (1557 – August 12, 1638) was a German jurist and Calvinist political philosopher.

Subsidiarity

principle of subsidiaritysubsidiarity principleconcept of subsidiarity
The ideas expressed therein relate to the early development of federalism in the 16th and 17th centuries and the construction of subsidiarity.

Siegen-Wittgenstein

WittgensteinKreis Siegen-WittgensteinPrincipality of Wittgenstein
Althusius was born in 1557, to a family of modest means in Diedenshausen, County Sayn-Wittgenstein (Siegen-Wittgenstein), a Calvinist County in what is now the state of North Rhine Westphalia but was then the seat of an independent Grafschaft or County.

North Rhine-Westphalia

Nordrhein-WestfalenNRWNorthrhine-Westphalia
Althusius was born in 1557, to a family of modest means in Diedenshausen, County Sayn-Wittgenstein (Siegen-Wittgenstein), a Calvinist County in what is now the state of North Rhine Westphalia but was then the seat of an independent Grafschaft or County.

Marburg

Marburg an der LahnMarburg, GermanyMarburg (Lahn)
Under the patronage of a local count, he attended the Gymnasium Philippinum in Marburg from 1577 and began his studies in 1581, concentrating in law and philosophy.

Cologne

KölnCologne, GermanyKöln, Germany
He first studied Aristotle in Cologne, then he studied later law around 1585/86 under Denis Godefroy at Basel.

Denis Godefroy

Dionysius Gothofredus
He first studied Aristotle in Cologne, then he studied later law around 1585/86 under Denis Godefroy at Basel.

Basel

Basel, SwitzerlandBasleBâle
He first studied Aristotle in Cologne, then he studied later law around 1585/86 under Denis Godefroy at Basel.

University of Basel

BaselBasel UniversityUniversity of Basle
In 1586, Althusius received his doctorate in civil and canon law from the University of Basel.

Johann Jakob Grynaeus

Jean Jacques GrynaeusJohann JakobJohannes Grynaeus
While studying at Basel, Althusius lived with Johannes Grynaeus for a period of time, with whom he studied theology.

Siegen

Siegen, GermanyRubens PrizeRubens Prize of the City of Siegen
From 1592 to 1596, he taught at the Calvinist Academy in Burgsteinfurt/Westphalia, and was afterward appointed president of the Nassau College in Siegen (removed in this town from 1596 to 1600) in 1599/1600 and in Herborn in 1602, also beginning his political career by serving as a member of the Nassau (Germany) county council.

Nassau, Rhineland-Palatinate

NassauNassau, GermanyNassau an der Lahn
From 1592 to 1596, he taught at the Calvinist Academy in Burgsteinfurt/Westphalia, and was afterward appointed president of the Nassau College in Siegen (removed in this town from 1596 to 1600) in 1599/1600 and in Herborn in 1602, also beginning his political career by serving as a member of the Nassau (Germany) county council.

East Frisia

East FrieslandOstfrieslandEast-Frisia
For the next several years, he became involved in various colleges throughout the area, variously serving as their president and lecturing on law and philosophy, and in 1603, he was elected to be a municipal trustee of the city of Emden, in East Frisia, where he ultimately made his fame.

Syndic

SíndicoSyndicussyndics
He became a city Syndic in 1604, which placed him at the helm of Emden's governance until his death.

Dutch Revolt

Dutch War of IndependenceDutch rebelsEighty Years' War
By the time Althusius began his formal studies in 1581, the Dutch Revolt against Spain had already come to a head, and it was not to be settled until Dutch independence was recognized in 1609.

Holy Roman Empire

ImperialHoly Roman EmperorGermany
A prosperous seaport situated between the Netherlands and the Holy Roman Empire, with convenient maritime access to England, Emden was a prominent city in the politics and policy of all three nations, and was thus able to retain a significant amount of political freedom.

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
It was located within the overlapping territories of the Catholic Habsburg emperor and a Lutheran provincial lord, but its population was mainly Calvinist, and the city had a strong Calvinist spirit.