John A. Logan

Blaine/Logan campaign poster
Logan with his wife Mary Simmerson Cunningham Logan, son Manning Alexander Logan and daughter Mary Elizabeth "Dollie" Logan in about 1870
John A. Logan's funeral at Hutchinson's vault

American soldier and politician.

- John A. Logan

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Memorial Day

Federal holiday in the United States for mourning the U.S. military personnel who have died while serving in the United States armed forces.

The gravestones at Arlington National Cemetery are decorated by U.S. flags on Memorial Day weekend in 2008.
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier located in Arlington National Cemetery
1870 Decoration Day parade in St. Paul, Minnesota
1867 Decoration Day in Richmond, Virginia's Hollywood Cemetery
General John A. Logan, who in 1868 issued a proclamation calling for "Decoration Day"
Orphans placing flags at their fathers' graves in Glenwood Cemetery in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on Decoration Day
Memorial Day, Boston by Henry Sandham
Confederate Memorial Monument in Montgomery, Alabama
"On Decoration Day" Political cartoon c. 1900 by John T. McCutcheon. Caption: "You bet I'm goin' to be a soldier, too, like my Uncle David, when I grow up."
The United States Marine Band on Memorial Day
Memorial Day observances in small New England towns are often marked by dedications and remarks by veterans and politicians.

Then known as Decoration Day, the day was proclaimed by Commander in Chief John A. Logan of the Grand Army of the Republic for the purpose of honoring Union soldiers who died in the Civil War.

Grand Army of the Republic

Fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army (United States Army), Union Navy (U.S. Navy), and the Marines who served in the American Civil War.

G.A.R. Uniform Hat Badge from Post No. 146, "RG Shaw Post", named after Colonel Robert Gould Shaw and established by surviving members of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment in 1871 (R. Andre Stevens Civil War Collection)
Reverse of the G.A.R. Badge
GAR marker, beside a veteran's grave in Portland Street Cemetery, South Berwick, Maine
Department of Massachusetts GAR Post 144, Debham Massachusetts 1886
A replica of the USS Kearsarge displayed at the 1893 GAR National Convention in Indianapolis, Indiana
Grand Army of the Republic National Encampment bulletin in 1900
Department of Ohio marching in G.A.R. Parade, Toledo, Ohio, 1908
GAR parade during the 1914 Encampment in Detroit, Michigan
A.C. Shafer and Commander C.H. Haskins, standing, observed the transfer of the Departmental Headquarters of the Grand Army of the Republic from San Francisco to Los Angeles in June 1917.
The 1948 postal stamp commemorating the GAR's final national encampment.
The Stephenson Grand Army of the Republic Memorial in Washington, D.C.
Memorial Hall Sidney, Ohio which housed the GAR Post.
"Tea Tray Cadets" 1880 membership badge, an early women's auxiliary to the G.A.R.
Kady Brownwell
Sarah Emma Edmonds
Benjamin F. Stephenson, 1866
John Alexander Logan, 1868
Ambrose Burnside, 1871
John Frederick Hartranft, 1875-1877 [Medal of Honor]
Paul Vandervoort, 1882
John S. Kountz, 1884
John G. B. Adams, 1893 [Medal of Honor]
John Peter Shindel Gobin, 1897
Wilmon W. Blackmar, 1904 [Medal of Honor]
James R. Tanner,1905

In his General Order No. 11, dated May 5, 1868, first GAR Commander-in-Chief, General John A. Logan declared May 30 to be Memorial Day (also referred to for many years as "Decoration Day"), calling upon the GAR membership to make the May 30 observance an annual occurrence.

Logan Square, Chicago

Official community area, historical neighborhood, and public square on the northwest side of the City of Chicago.

Logan Square circa 1909
Norwegian Lutheran Memorial Church, 1993
St. Mary of the Angels is one of the three "Polish Cathedrals" located in Bucktown.
Kosciuszko Park is located by the intersection of Diversey and Pulaski.
Palmer Square Park
Congress Theater on Milwaukee Ave. (2008)

Logan Square is named for General John A. Logan, an American soldier and political leader.

1884 United States presidential election

The 25th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 4, 1884.

Campaign poster attacking Cleveland's morals
This campaign poster purports to show the area of land grants to railroads
Map of presidential election results by county
Dance card cover depicting the candidates
<center>Benjamin F. Butler from Massachusetts</center>
<center>Allen G. Thurman from Ohio</center>
<center>James B. Weaver from Iowa (Declined to be nominated) </center>
<center>Party Chairman Jesse Harper from Illinois</center>
<center>Samuel C. Pomeroy from Kansas (Withdrew Aug 27, 1884) (Endorsed John St. John) </center>
<center>John St. John from Kansas</center>
<center>Lawyer and Suffragette Belva Ann Lockwood from Washington, D.C.</center>
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote
Map of Democratic presidential election results by county
Map of Republican presidential election results by county
Map of "other" presidential election results by county

After nominating Blaine, the convention chose Senator John A. Logan from Illinois as the vice-presidential nominee.

Logan County, Oklahoma

County located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma.

A highway sign designating the border between Nicholas and Greenbrier counties in West Virginia along a secondary road

The county was named on August 5, 1890, for U. S. Senator, John A. Logan, of Illinois.

Logan Circle (Washington, D.C.)

Traffic circle park, neighborhood, and historic district in the Northwest quadrant of Washington, D.C. The primarily residential neighborhood includes two historic districts, properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and sites designated D.C. Historic Landmarks.

The Major General John A. Logan equestrian statue stands in the center of Logan Circle.
Row houses on the northeast corner of Logan Circle, including the former residence (corner building) of writer Ambrose Bierce
4-15 Logan Circle NW
The Central Union Mission's longtime facility in Logan Circle was sold in 2008. Redevelopment plans include new office space or luxury residential units.
John Wesley A.M.E. Zion Church, located on 14th Street NW
The Iowa, designed by Thomas Franklin Schneider in 1901, was the birthplace of anthropologist Julian Steward.
Garrison Elementary School

An equestrian statue of Major General John A. Logan stands at its center.

Logan County, Colorado

County located in the U.S. state of Colorado.

Counties of Estonia

The county was named for General John A. Logan.

Battle of Atlanta

Battle of the Atlanta Campaign fought during the American Civil War on July 22, 1864, just southeast of Atlanta, Georgia.

Battle of Atlanta, by Kurz and Allison (1888)
Palisades and chevaux de frise in front of the Potter (or Pondor) House, Atlanta, Georgia, 1864
ATLANTA CAMPAIGN: Atlanta and Vicinity (Summer 1864).
A sketch of the Battle of Atlanta, July 22, 1864.
Confederate sappers constructed a number of artillery emplacements covering the avenues of approach to Atlanta. The artillery in this fortification overlooks Peachtree Street.
Ruins of Atlanta Union Depot after burning by Sherman's troops, 1864
Georgia Historical Marker for the surrender of Atlanta
The Potter (or Ponder) House in Atlanta housed Confederate sharpshooters until Union artillery made a special target of it
Map of Atlanta Battlefield core and study areas by the American Battlefield Protection Program

Within Sherman's army, the XV Corps was commanded by Maj. Gen. John A. Logan, the XVI Corps was commanded by Maj. Gen. Grenville M. Dodge, and Maj. Gen. Frank P. Blair Jr. commanded the XVII Corps.

Murphysboro, Illinois

City in and the county seat of Jackson County, Illinois, United States.

A palm tree growing in Murphysboro
Jackson County Courthouse

The son of the site's donors, Major General John A. Logan, later became a volunteer general in the Civil War.

XV Corps (Union Army)

Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

XV Corps badge

It was commanded by Sherman in the siege of Vicksburg and then by Maj. Gen. John A. Logan in Sherman's Atlanta Campaign.