John A. Macdonald

Sir John A. MacdonaldJohn Alexander MacdonaldMacdonaldSir John Alexander MacdonaldPrime Minister MacdonaldSir John A MacdonaldJohn A MacDonaldJohn MacdonaldSir John Macdonaldfirst Prime Minister
Sir John Alexander Macdonald (11 January 1815 – 6 June 1891) was the first prime minister of Canada (1867–1873, 1878–1891).wikipedia
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Politics of Canada

Canadian politicsfederal governmentCanadian politician
Macdonald remains a controversial figure in Canadian Politics.

Chinese head tax in Canada

head taxChinese head taxHead tax (Canada)
He is criticized for his role in the Chinese Head Tax in Canada and the Canadian Pacific Railway Scandal.

Historical rankings of prime ministers of Canada

historical rankingsHistorical rankings of Canadian prime ministersranked
However, historical rankings have consistently placed Macdonald as one of the highest rated Prime Ministers in Canadian history.

Glasgow

Glasgow, United KingdomGlasgow, ScotlandCity of Glasgow
John Alexander Macdonald was born John Alexander Mcdonald in Ramshorn parish in Glasgow, Scotland, on the 10th (official record) or 11th (father's journal) of January 1815.

Midland District, Upper Canada

Midland DistrictMecklenburg DistrictMecklenburg
His father, in 1829, was appointed a magistrate for the Midland District.

York, Upper Canada

YorkTown of YorkOld Town of York
Macdonald travelled by steamboat to Toronto (known until 1834 as York), where he passed an examination set by The Law Society of Upper Canada, including mathematics, Latin, and history.

Law Society of Ontario

Law Society of Upper CanadaOntario BarThe Law Society of Upper Canada
Macdonald travelled by steamboat to Toronto (known until 1834 as York), where he passed an examination set by The Law Society of Upper Canada, including mathematics, Latin, and history.

Lower Canada

LowerProvince of Lower CanadaLower Canadian
Macdonald was a promising student, and in the summer of 1833, managed the Mackenzie office when his employer went on a business trip to Montreal and Quebec in Lower Canada (today the southern portion of the province of Quebec).

Quebec

QuébecProvince of QuebecQC
Macdonald was a promising student, and in the summer of 1833, managed the Mackenzie office when his employer went on a business trip to Montreal and Quebec in Lower Canada (today the southern portion of the province of Quebec).

Cholera

Asiatic choleracholera epidemicA cholera epidemic breaks out
In August 1834, George Mackenzie died of cholera.

Call to the bar

called to the barcalledcalled to Bar
Soon after Macdonald was called to the Bar in February 1836, he arranged to take in two students; both became, like Macdonald, Fathers of Confederation.

Lieutenant Governor of Ontario

Lieutenant-Governor of OntarioLieutenant GovernorLieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
Oliver Mowat became premier of Ontario, and Alexander Campbell a federal cabinet minister and Lieutenant Governor of Ontario.

Upper Canada Rebellion

rebellionRebellion of 1837Patriot War
Although most of the trials resulting from the Upper Canada Rebellion took place in Toronto, Macdonald represented one of the defendants in the one trial to take place in Kingston.

Prescott, Ontario

PrescottPrescott, ONPrescott, Upper Canada
The inept invaders had been captured after the Battle of the Windmill (near Prescott, Ontario), in which 16 Canadians were killed and 60 wounded.

Court-martial

court martialcourts-martialmilitary court
Macdonald could not represent the prisoners, as they were tried by court-martial and civilian counsel had no standing.

Lanterloo

LooIrish LooLoo (card game)
He left for the journey well supplied with money, as he spent the last three days before his departure gambling at the card game loo and winning substantially.

Alderman

aldermenBoard of AldermenAld
In February 1843, Macdonald announced his candidacy for the post of alderman in Kingston's Fourth Ward.

Parliament of the United Kingdom

ParliamentUK ParliamentBritish Parliament
The British Parliament had merged Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada effective in 1841.

Secret ballot

secretsecret voteAustralian Ballot
In the era preceding the secret ballot when votes were publicly declared, Macdonald defeated his opponent, Anthony Manahan, by 275 "shouts" to 42 when the two-day election concluded on 15 October 1844.

Savannah, Georgia

SavannahSavannah, GAConnect Savannah
John Macdonald took his wife to Savannah, Georgia, in the United States in 1845, hoping that the sea air and warmth would cure her ailments.

Queen's Counsel

QCKing's CounselKC
In 1846, he was made a Queen's Counsel.

Solicitor General of Canada

Solicitor GeneralSolicitor-GeneralMinistry of the Solicitor General
The same year, he was offered the non-cabinet post of Solicitor General, but declined it.

Clear Grits

Clear GritGritGrit hive
The Liberals, or Grits, maintained power in the 1851 election, but soon, they were divided by a parliamentary scandal.

Coalition

coalitionscoalition forcesStop Climate Chaos
In September, the government resigned, and a coalition government uniting parties from both parts of the province under Sir Allan MacNab took power.

Allan MacNab

Allan Napier MacNabSir Allan Napier MacNabSir Allan MacNab
In September, the government resigned, and a coalition government uniting parties from both parts of the province under Sir Allan MacNab took power.